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Comput Methods Programs Biomed ; 224: 106981, 2022 Jun 30.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1914265


BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The ever-mutating COVID-19 has infected billions of people worldwide and seriously affected the stability of human society and the world economic development. Therefore, it is essential to make long-term and short-term forecasts for COVID-19. However, the pandemic situation in different countries and regions may be dominated by different virus variants, and the transmission capacity of different virus variants diversifies. Therefore, there is a need to develop a predictive model that can incorporate mutational information to make reasonable predictions about the current pandemic situation. METHODS: This paper proposes a deep learning prediction framework, VOC-DL, based on Variants Of Concern (VOC). The framework uses slope feature method to process the time series dataset containing VOC variant information, and uses VOC-LSTM, VOC-GRU and VOC-BILSTM prediction models included in the framework to predict the daily newly confirmed cases. RESULTS: We analyzed daily newly confirmed cases in Italy, South Korea, Russia, Japan and India from April 14th, 2021 to July 3rd, 2021. The experimental results show that all VOC-DL models proposed in this paper can accurately predict the pandemic trend in the medium and long term, and VOC-LSTM model has the best prediction performance, with the highest average determination coefficient R2 of 96.83% in five nations' datasets. The overall prediction has robustness. CONCLUSIONS: The experimental results show that VOC-LSTM is the best predictor for such a series of data and has higher prediction accuracy in the long run. At the same time, our VOC-DL framework combining VOC variants has reference significance for predicting other variants in the future.

Comput Biol Med ; 138: 104868, 2021 11.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1401386


COVID-19 is one of the biggest challenges that human beings have faced recently. Many researchers have proposed different prediction methods for establishing a virus transmission model and predicting the trend of COVID-19. Among them, the methods based on artificial intelligence are currently the most interesting and widely used. However, only using artificial intelligence methods for prediction cannot capture the time change pattern of the transmission of infectious diseases. To solve this problem, this paper proposes a COVID-19 prediction model based on time-dependent SIRVD by using deep learning. This model combines deep learning technology with the mathematical model of infectious diseases, and forecasts the parameters in the mathematical model of infectious diseases by fusing deep learning models such as LSTM and other time prediction methods. In the current situation of mass vaccination, we analyzed COVID-19 data from January 15, 2021, to May 27, 2021 in seven countries - India, Argentina, Brazil, South Korea, Russia, the United Kingdom, France, Germany, and Italy. The experimental results show that the prediction model not only has a 50% improvement in single-day predictions compared to pure deep learning methods, but also can be adapted to short- and medium-term predictions, which makes the overall prediction more interpretable and robust.

COVID-19 , Deep Learning , Artificial Intelligence , Humans , Neural Networks, Computer , SARS-CoV-2
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 22454, 2020 12 31.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1003317


Since the outbreak of COVID-19, many COVID-19 research studies have proposed different models for predicting the trend of COVID-19. Among them, the prediction model based on mathematical epidemiology (SIR) is the most widely used, but most of these models are adapted in special situations based on various assumptions. In this study, a general adapted time-window based SIR prediction model is proposed, which is characterized by introducing a time window mechanism for dynamic data analysis and using machine learning method predicts the basic reproduction number and the exponential growth rate of the epidemic. We analyzed COVID-19 data from February to July 2020 in seven countries---China, South Korea, Italy, Spain, Brazil, Germany and France, and the numerical results showed that the framework can effectively measure the real-time changes of the parameters during the epidemic, and error rate of predicting the number of COVID-19 infections in a single day is within 5%.

COVID-19/epidemiology , Epidemiological Monitoring , Forecasting/methods , Models, Statistical , Basic Reproduction Number/statistics & numerical data , Brazil/epidemiology , China/epidemiology , France/epidemiology , Germany/epidemiology , Humans , Italy/epidemiology , Machine Learning , Republic of Korea/epidemiology , SARS-CoV-2 , Spain/epidemiology