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Obesity Science and Practice ; 2023.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2209168


Purpose: Obesity may alter the severity of infection with Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Age may impact the association between body weight and severity of COVID-19 in patients with obesity. The aim of the study was to examine the association between obesity and severity of infection in a Danish cohort hospitalized with COVID-19 in the initial wave of the pandemic. Patients and Methods: Based on data from the nationwide, clinical database: COVID-DK, risks of intensive care unit (ICU) admission, invasive mechanical ventilation (IMV), and mortality were compared among patients with and without obesity. Interaction with age was examined and we used Inverse Probability of Treatment Weighting regression for confounder adjustment. Result(s): Among 524 patients, 142 (27%) were admitted to the ICU, 112 (21%) required IMV, and 109 (21%) died. Compared to COVID-19 patients without obesity, patients with obesity displayed a non-significant increased risk of ICU admission (Relative Risk [RR] 1.19, 95% Confidence Interval [CI] 0.88;1.60), IMV (RR 1.23, CI 0.86;1.75) and mortality (RR 1.21, CI 0.84;1.75). COVID-19 patients with obesity, <60 years had highly increased risk of ICU admission (RR 1.92, CI 1.14;3.24) and IMV (RR 1.95, CI 1.09;3.49). Conclusion(s): In hospitalized COVID-19 patients, obesity conferred an approximately 20% increased risk for ICU admission, IMV, and death, although these relationships did not reach statistical significance. COVID-19 patients with obesity and <60 years had an almost doubled risk of ICU admission and IMV. Copyright © 2023 The Authors. Obesity Science & Practice published by World Obesity and The Obesity Society and John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

Danish Medical Journal ; 69(4):16, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1756046


INTRODUCTION: We aimed to evaluate post-COVID-19 fatigue, change in functional capacity and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) eight months after discharge from hospital due to COVID-19. METHODS: A total of 83 patients (35 women) admitted to the Copenhagen University Hospital - North Zealand Hospital, Denmark, for COVID-19 during the period from March to June 2020 were evaluated eight months after discharge using validated questionnaires quantifying fatigue, HRQoL and post-COVID-19 functional status. Follow-up data were correlated with measures of pre-COVID-19 status (anthropometrics, comorbidities) and measures of severity of the acute infection. RESULTS: A total of 22 (65%) women and 12 (26%) men reported excessive fatigue. In all, 20 women (67%) and 17 men (37%) reported decreased physical function. Female sex was associated with fatigue. Loss of physical function was associated with pre-COVID-19 presence of heart disease and absence of lung disease. Severity of the acute COVID-19 infection was not associated with fatigue or change in functional status. Fatigue and functional status were correlated with both generic HRQoL and lung disease-specific HRQoL. CONCLUSIONS: Female sex was associated with a higher risk of fatigue eight months after hospitalisation with COVID-19 infection. Regarding loss of functional capacity after COVID-19, we found an apparently protective effect of pre-COVID-19 lung disease. Our findings underscore the urgent need for further research and the importance of evaluating those recovering from COVID-19 for symptoms of excessive fatigue and change in functional capacity irrespective of the severity of the initial infection. FUNDING: none. TRIAL REGISTRATION: not relevant.

Danish Medical Journal ; 67(9), 2020.
Article in English | GIM | ID: covidwho-984502


INTRODUCTION: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is an ongoing pandemic associated with significant morbidity and mortality worldwide. Limited data are available describing the clinical presentation and outcomes of hospitalised COVID-19 patients in Europe. METHODS:This was a single-centre retrospective chart review of all patients with COVID-19 admitted to the North Zealand Hospital in Denmark between 1 March and 4 May 2020. Main outcomes include major therapeutic interventions during hospitalisation, such as invasive mechanical ventilation, as well as death. RESULTS: A total of 115 patients were included, including four infants. The median age of adults was 68 years and 40% were female. At admission, 55 (50%) patients had a fever, 29 (26%) had a respiratory rate exceeding 24 breaths/minute, and 78 (70%) received supplemental oxygen. The prevalence of co-infection was 13%. Twenty patients (18%) (median age: 64 years;15% female) were treated in the intensive care unit. Twelve (10.4%) received invasive mechanical ventilation and three (2.6%) renal replacement therapy. Nine patients (8%) developed pulmonary embolism. Sixteen patients (14%) died. Among patients requiring mechanical ventilation (n=12), seven (6.1%) were discharged alive, four (3.4%) died and one (0.9%) was still hospitalised. CONCLUSION: In this cohort of hospitalised COVID-19 patients, mortality was lower than in other Danish and European case series.