Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 21
Filter
1.
Chinese Journal of Virology ; 36(3):355-364, 2020.
Article in Chinese | GIM | ID: covidwho-1994543

ABSTRACT

Corona Virus Disease 2019 (COVID-IQ) occurred as new pneumonia of unknown cause at the end of 2019 and outbroke in the next two months in Wuhan, Hubei Province, China. Scientific and effective understanding of epidemic development is essential for the prevention and control. In this paper, a segmented Logistic model was built to describe confirmed cases, deaths and cured cases of COVID-19 based on the official data from National and Local Health Commissions. It is estimated that the total number of confirmed cases nationwide will reach 81,370 to 102,800 and the total number of deaths will reach 3,177 to 3, 960. with final mortality rate of 3.9%. All confirmed cases nationwide (exclude deaths) were expected to be cured by May 7, 2020 under current medical conditions and diagnostic criteria. The model can fit and forecast the trend of COVID-19 epidemics at two stages and provide scientific basis for epidemic prevention and control.

2.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 9: 813964, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1817975

ABSTRACT

The Global Evaluation of SARS-CoV-2/hCoV-19 Sequences 2 (GESS v2 https://shiny.ph.iu.edu/GESS_v2/) is an updated version of GESS, which has offered a handy query platform to analyze single-nucleotide variants (SNVs) on millions of high coverages and high-quality severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) complete genomes provided by the Global Initiative on Sharing Avian Influenza Data (GISAID). Including the tools in the first version, the GESS v2 is embedded with new functions, which allow users to search SNVs, given the viral nucleotide or amino acid sequence. The GESS v2 helps users to identify SNVs or SARS-CoV-2 lineages enriched in countries of user's interest and show the migration path of a selected lineage on a world map during specific time periods chosen by the users. In addition, the GESS v2 can recognize the dynamic variations of newly emerging SNVs in each month to help users monitor SNVs, which will potentially become dominant soon. More importantly, multiple sets of analyzed results about SNVs can be downloaded directly from the GESS v2 by which users can conduct their own independent research. With these significant updates, the GESS v2 will continue to serve as a public open platform for researchers to explore SARS-CoV-2 evolutionary patterns from the perspectives of the prevalence and impact of SNVs.

3.
Cell ; 185(13): 2265-2278.e14, 2022 06 23.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1803705

ABSTRACT

Breakthrough infections by SARS-CoV-2 variants become the global challenge for pandemic control. Previously, we developed the protein subunit vaccine ZF2001 based on the dimeric receptor-binding domain (RBD) of prototype SARS-CoV-2. Here, we developed a chimeric RBD-dimer vaccine approach to adapt SARS-CoV-2 variants. A prototype-Beta chimeric RBD-dimer was first designed to adapt the resistant Beta variant. Compared with its homotypic forms, the chimeric vaccine elicited broader sera neutralization of variants and conferred better protection in mice. The protection of the chimeric vaccine was further verified in macaques. This approach was generalized to develop Delta-Omicron chimeric RBD-dimer to adapt the currently prevalent variants. Again, the chimeric vaccine elicited broader sera neutralization of SARS-CoV-2 variants and conferred better protection against challenge by either Delta or Omicron SARS-CoV-2 in mice. The chimeric approach is applicable for rapid updating of immunogens, and our data supported the use of variant-adapted multivalent vaccine against circulating and emerging variants.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Vaccines , Animals , Antibodies, Neutralizing , Antibodies, Viral , COVID-19/prevention & control , COVID-19 Vaccines , Humans , Mice , SARS-CoV-2/genetics
4.
Frontiers in psychology ; 13, 2022.
Article in English | EuropePMC | ID: covidwho-1787254

ABSTRACT

The recent COVID-19 crisis caught many by surprise. Yet some firms were better prepared to weather the downturn than others. Using a comprehensive data set that observes over 15,000 firms in 27 countries, including several developing countries, shortly before and after the pandemic, we document that pre-crisis innovation affected firm’s survival odds and performance thereafter. The results show that innovative firms are less likely to close and perform better than non-innovators during the pandemic crisis. Innovative firms are also more optimistic about the future than non-innovators. Our results further indicate that firm’s adaptability mediates the relationship between innovation and survival outcomes. The study finding shows that innovative firms are more likely to introduce new products, remote work arrangements, increase delivery, pivoting, and online activities than non-innovators during the pandemic crisis.

5.
International Review of Economics & Finance ; 2022.
Article in English | ScienceDirect | ID: covidwho-1699405

ABSTRACT

This paper examines a broad range of driving factors of credit expansion using long-term cross-country panel data from 1994 to 2018 and the System GMM method. We discuss the role of macroeconomic fundamentals in explaining credit expansion by examining five categories of explanatory variables. Some structural patterns of weak linkages of credit expansion with macroeconomic fundamentals are identified. We further explore the possible causes that follow the theoretical logic of risk-taking in the private and public sectors. Controlling for the influence of macroeconomic fundamentals, we find the effects of various financial system characteristics, such as institutional features of the financial system, financial institutions' performance, asset markets booms, and macroeconomic and financial regulatory environment, on inducing credit expansion over the needs supported by macroeconomic fundamentals. Our study provides strong implications on regulatory policies on the rising credit during the COVID-19 Pandemic.

6.
Cell ; 185(4): 630-640.e10, 2022 02 17.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1611650

ABSTRACT

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic continues worldwide with many variants arising, some of which are variants of concern (VOCs). A recent VOC, omicron (B.1.1.529), which obtains a large number of mutations in the receptor-binding domain (RBD) of the spike protein, has risen to intense scientific and public attention. Here, we studied the binding properties between the human receptor ACE2 (hACE2) and the VOC RBDs and resolved the crystal and cryoelectron microscopy structures of the omicron RBD-hACE2 complex as well as the crystal structure of the delta RBD-hACE2 complex. We found that, unlike alpha, beta, and gamma, omicron RBD binds to hACE2 at a similar affinity to that of the prototype RBD, which might be due to compensation of multiple mutations for both immune escape and transmissibility. The complex structures of omicron RBD-hACE2 and delta RBD-hACE2 reveal the structural basis of how RBD-specific mutations bind to hACE2.


Subject(s)
Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme 2/chemistry , Receptors, Virus/chemistry , SARS-CoV-2/chemistry , Amino Acid Sequence , Cryoelectron Microscopy , Humans , Models, Molecular , Mutation/genetics , Phylogeny , Protein Binding , Protein Domains , Spike Glycoprotein, Coronavirus/chemistry , Spike Glycoprotein, Coronavirus/genetics , Spike Glycoprotein, Coronavirus/ultrastructure , Static Electricity , Structural Homology, Protein
7.
Annu Int Conf IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc ; 2021: 2119-2122, 2021 11.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1566186

ABSTRACT

To realize integration, organization and reusability of knowledge related to COVID-19, an ontology for COVID-19 (CIDO-COVID-19) was constructed which extended the Coronavirus Infectious Disease Ontology (CIDO) by adding terms of COVID-19 related to symptoms, prevention, drugs and clinical domains. First, terms from the existing ontologies, literature, clinical guidelines and other resources about COVID-19 were merged. Then, the Stanford seven-step approach was used to define and organize the acquired terms. Finally, the CIDO-COVID-19 was built on basis of the terms mentioned above using Protégé. The CIDO-COVID-19 is a more comprehensive ontology for COVID-19, covering multiple areas in the domain of COVID-19, including disease, diagnosis, etiology, virus, transmission, symptom, treatment, drug and prevention.Clinical Relevance- The CIDO-COVID-19 covers multiple areas related to COVID-19, including diseases, diagnosis, etiology, virus, transmission, symptoms, treatment, drugs, prevention. Compared with the CIDO, it is expanded to cover drugs, prevention, and clinical domain. The definition of terms in CIDO-COVID-19 refers to biomedical ontologies, Clinical glossaries and clinical guidelines for COVID-19, which can provide clinicians with standard terminology in the clinical domain.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Communicable Diseases , Humans , SARS-CoV-2
8.
Acupunct Med ; 40(2): 186-190, 2022 04.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1566464

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Students have had to adapt to a "new normal" of online education at home during the COVID-19 pandemic. This poses a considerable challenge to the conduct of online acupuncture courses. Here, we provide our experience and guidance for conducting an online experimental acupuncture course during the COVID-19 pandemic. We aimed to compare the different perceptions of undergraduates to the educational environment between online and face-to-face learning approaches. METHODS: This study included senior undergraduates majoring in acupuncture during the academic years 2015 (face-to-face) and 2020 (online only) for the Experimental Acupuncture course. A survey was conducted at the end of this course. The Dundee Ready Educational Environment Measure (DREEM) questionnaire was used to assess students' perceptions. The results of students' responses to online learning were compared with those assessed for face-to-face learning. RESULTS: In total, 56/70 (80%) students in 2015 and 49/54 (91%) students in 2020 completed the questionnaire, respectively. Total DREEM scores were higher in the online learning group than in the face-to-face learning group (160.3 ± 21.9 vs 147.6 ± 17.9, p = 0.007), with improved students' perceptions on four out of five dimensions (social self-perception, learning, atmosphere and academic self-perception). The positive aspects of their online learning experience included the acquisition of new knowledge and skills. The significant limitations of this course included the lack of practical classes. CONCLUSION: Students' perceptions regarding the Experimental Acupuncture program were satisfactory for both online and face-to-face learning approaches, but even better with online learning. Online learning may be encouraged in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) education. However, a combination of face-to-face and online methods is likely to be required to maximize the benefits. We hope that our online Experimental Acupuncture program practices may assist in the development of online curricula for acupuncture during the COVID-19 pandemic.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , COVID-19 , Education, Distance , Students, Medical , Humans , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2 , Surveys and Questionnaires
9.
J Med Virol ; 93(12): 6525-6534, 2021 12.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1544299

ABSTRACT

By analyzing newly collected SARS-CoV-2 genomes and comparing them with our previous study about SARS-CoV-2 single nucleotide variants (SNVs) before June 2020, we found that the SNV clustering had changed remarkably since June 2020. Apart from that the group of SNVs became dominant, which is represented by two nonsynonymous mutations A23403G (S:D614G) and C14408T (ORF1ab:P4715L), a few emerging groups of SNVs were recognized with sharply increased monthly incidence ratios of up to 70% in November 2020. Further investigation revealed sets of SNVs specific to patients' ages and/or gender, or strongly associated with mortality. Our logistic regression model explored features contributing to mortality status, including three critical SNVs, G25088T(S:V1176F), T27484C (ORF7a:L31L), and T25A (upstream of ORF1ab), ages above 40 years old, and the male gender. The protein structure analysis indicated that the emerging subgroups of nonsynonymous SNVs and the mortality-related ones were located on the protein surface area. The clashes in protein structure introduced by these mutations might in turn affect the viral pathogenesis through the alteration of protein conformation, leading to a difference in transmission and virulence. Particularly, we explored the fact that nonsynonymous SNVs tended to occur in intrinsic disordered regions of Spike and ORF1ab to significantly increase hydrophobicity, suggesting a potential role in the change of protein folding related to immune evasion.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/mortality , Genome, Viral/genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide/genetics , SARS-CoV-2/genetics , SARS-CoV-2/pathogenicity , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , COVID-19/pathology , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Mutation , Polyproteins/genetics , Spike Glycoprotein, Coronavirus/genetics , Viral Proteins/genetics , Virulence/genetics , Young Adult
10.
Journal of Medical Virology ; 93(12):i-i, 2021.
Article in English | Wiley | ID: covidwho-1469525

ABSTRACT

Front Cover Caption: The cover image is based on the Research Article Updated SARS-CoV-2 single nucleotide variants and mortality association by Shuyi Fang et al., https://doi.org/10.1002/jmv.27191.

11.
Front Psychol ; 12: 679661, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1295699

ABSTRACT

Since the end of 2019, the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic has engendered widespread fear and anxiety across China. Nearly half a million international students pursuing their studies in Chinese universities have also been exposed to the psychological distress triggered by the unfolding crisis. In addition to government and medical institutions' efforts, universities have also endeavored to mitigate concerns among these students under quarantine on campus by providing reliable information as well as medical, monetary, and emotional support. In this study, international students' trust in university management teams and its role in remediating their anxieties were evaluated using an online survey conducted after 10 days of the lockdown of Wuhan, China. The empirical analysis incorporates quantitative data from 180 international students. Ordinary least squares regression and probit regression were used in the analysis with the non-robust and robust models. The study found students' perception of trust in university management to be negatively associated with their anxiety levels. Additionally, having trust in university management was found to positively influence students' commitment to the self-quarantine guidelines. These results reinforce the important role of universities and their relationship with international students during public health emergencies.

12.
Synth Syst Biotechnol ; 6(3): 135-143, 2021 Sep.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1267929

ABSTRACT

SARS-CoV-2, the causative agent for COVID-19, infect human mainly via respiratory tract, which is heavily inhabited by local microbiota. However, the interaction between SARS-CoV-2 and nasopharyngeal microbiota, and the association with metabolome has not been well characterized. Here, metabolomic analysis of blood, urine, and nasopharyngeal swabs from a group of COVID-19 and non-COVID-19 patients, and metagenomic analysis of pharyngeal samples were used to identify the key features of COVID-19. Results showed lactic acid, l-proline, and chlorogenic acid methyl ester (CME) were significantly reduced in the sera of COVID-19 patients compared with non-COVID-19 ones. Nasopharyngeal commensal bacteria including Gemella morbillorum, Gemella haemolysans and Leptotrichia hofstadii were notably depleted in the pharynges of COVID-19 patients, while Prevotella histicola, Streptococcus sanguinis, and Veillonella dispar were relatively increased. The abundance of G. haemolysans and L. hofstadii were significantly positively associated with serum CME, which might be an anti-SARS-CoV-2 bacterial metabolite. This study provides important information to explore the linkage between nasopharyngeal microbiota and disease susceptibility. The findings were based on a very limited number of patients enrolled in this study; a larger size of cohort will be appreciated for further investigation.

13.
World J Clin Cases ; 9(8): 1953-1967, 2021 Mar 16.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1145712

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2, is a worldwide pandemic. Some COVID-19 patients develop severe acute respiratory distress syndrome and progress to respiratory failure. In such cases, extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) treatment is a necessary life-saving procedure. CASE SUMMARY: Two special COVID-19 cases-one full-term pregnant woman and one elderly (72-year-old) man-were treated by veno-venous (VV)-ECMO in the Second People's Hospital of Zhongshan, Zhongshan City, Guangdong Province, China. Both patients had developed refractory hypoxemia shortly after hospital admission, despite conventional support, and were therefore managed by VV-ECMO. Although both experienced multiple ECMO-related complications on top of the COVID-19 disease, their conditions improved gradually. Both patients were weaned successfully from the ECMO therapy. At the time of writing of this report, the woman has recovered completely and been discharged from hospital to home; the man remains on mechanical ventilation, due to respiratory muscle weakness and suspected lung fibrosis. As ECMO itself is associated with various complications, it is very important to understand and treat these complications to achieve optimal outcome. CONCLUSION: VV-ECMO can provide sufficient gas exchange for COVID-19 patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome. However, it is crucial to understand and treat ECMO-related complications.

14.
Nucleic Acids Res ; 49(D1): D706-D714, 2021 01 08.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1117393

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 outbreak has become a global emergency since December 2019. Analysis of SARS-CoV-2 sequences can uncover single nucleotide variants (SNVs) and corresponding evolution patterns. The Global Evaluation of SARS-CoV-2/hCoV-19 Sequences (GESS, https://wan-bioinfo.shinyapps.io/GESS/) is a resource to provide comprehensive analysis results based on tens of thousands of high-coverage and high-quality SARS-CoV-2 complete genomes. The database allows user to browse, search and download SNVs at any individual or multiple SARS-CoV-2 genomic positions, or within a chosen genomic region or protein, or in certain country/area of interest. GESS reveals geographical distributions of SNVs around the world and across the states of USA, while exhibiting time-dependent patterns for SNV occurrences which reflect development of SARS-CoV-2 genomes. For each month, the top 100 SNVs that were firstly identified world-widely can be retrieved. GESS also explores SNVs occurring simultaneously with specific SNVs of user's interests. Furthermore, the database can be of great help to calibrate mutation rates and identify conserved genome regions. Taken together, GESS is a powerful resource and tool to monitor SARS-CoV-2 migration and evolution according to featured genomic variations. It provides potential directive information for prevalence prediction, related public health policy making, and vaccine designs.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/prevention & control , Computational Biology/methods , Databases, Genetic , Genome, Viral/genetics , Genomics/methods , SARS-CoV-2/genetics , Algorithms , COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19/virology , Disease Outbreaks , Global Health , Humans , Internet , Mutation Rate , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Population Dynamics , SARS-CoV-2/metabolism , SARS-CoV-2/physiology , Viral Proteins/genetics , Viral Proteins/metabolism
15.
Diabetes Res Clin Pract ; 167: 108338, 2020 Sep.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-935529

ABSTRACT

AIMS: The objective of this study is to explore the association between documented diabetes, fasting plasma glucose (FPG), and the clinical outcomes of Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). METHODS: This retrospective study included 255 patients with COVID-19. Of these, 214 were admitted to isolation wards and 41were admitted to intensive care units (ICUs). Demographic, clinical, treatment, and laboratory data were collected and compared between ICU and non-ICU patients. Multivariable logistic regression models were used to explore the risk factors associated with poor clinical outcomes (ICU admission or death). RESULTS: There were significant changes in several clinical parameters in ICU patients (leukopenia, lymphopenia, elevated D-dimer, as well as higher levels of FPG, cardiac troponin, serum ferritin, IL-6, and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein)compared with non-ICU patients. The prevalence of known diabetes was substantially higher in ICU than non-ICU patients (31.7% vs. 17.8%, P = 0.0408). Multivariable regression analysis showed that a history of diabetes [odds ratio (OR), 0.099; 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.016-0.627; P = 0.014], high FPG at admission (OR, 1.587; 95% CI, 1.299-1.939, P < 0.001), high IL-6 (OR, 1.01; 95% CI, 1.002-1.018, P = 0.013), and D-dimer higher than 1 mg/L at admission (OR, 4.341; 95% CI, 1.139-16.547, P = 0.032) were independent predictors of poor outcomes. Cox proportional hazards analysis showed that compared with FPG < 7 mmol/L, FPG levels of 7.0-11.1 mmol/L and ≥ 11.1 mmol/L were associated with an increased hazard ratio (HR) for poor outcome (HR, 5.538 [95% CI, 2.269-13.51] and HR, 11.55 [95% CI, 4.45-29.99], respectively). CONCLUSION: Hyperglycemia and a history of diabetes on admission predicted poor clinical outcomes in COVID-19.


Subject(s)
Blood Glucose/metabolism , Coronavirus Infections/metabolism , Diabetes Mellitus/metabolism , Hyperglycemia/metabolism , Intensive Care Units , Pneumonia, Viral/metabolism , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Betacoronavirus , COVID-19 , China/epidemiology , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Coronavirus Infections/mortality , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiology , Female , Fibrin Fibrinogen Degradation Products/metabolism , Hospitalization , Humans , Hyperglycemia/epidemiology , Interleukin-6/metabolism , Logistic Models , Male , Middle Aged , Mortality , Multivariate Analysis , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , Pneumonia, Viral/mortality , Prognosis , Proportional Hazards Models , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , SARS-CoV-2 , Severity of Illness Index , Young Adult
16.
Journal of Third Military Medical University ; 42(14):1476-1483, 2020.
Article in Chinese | GIM | ID: covidwho-914865

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the levels of alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) in coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients.

17.
medRxiv ; 2020 Aug 05.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-900738

ABSTRACT

Four signature groups of frequently occurred single-nucleotide variants (SNVs) were identified in over twenty-eight thousand high-quality and high-coverage SARS-CoV-2 complete genome sequences, representing different viral strains. Some SNVs predominated but were mutually exclusively presented in patients from different countries and areas. These major SNV signatures exhibited distinguishable evolution patterns over time. A few hundred patients were detected with multiple viral strain-representing mutations simultaneously, which may stand for possible co-infection or potential homogenous recombination of SARS-CoV-2 in environment or within the viral host. Interestingly nucleotide substitutions among SARS-CoV-2 genomes tended to switch between bat RaTG13 coronavirus sequence and Wuhan-Hu-1 genome, indicating the higher genetic instability or tolerance of mutations on those sites or suggesting that major viral strains might exist between Wuhan-Hu-1 and RaTG13 coronavirus.

18.
Front Microbiol ; 11: 593548, 2020.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-853965

ABSTRACT

Four signature groups of frequently occurred single-nucleotide variants (SNVs) were identified in over twenty-eight thousand high-quality and high-coverage SARS-CoV-2 complete genome sequences, representing different viral strains. Some SNVs predominated but were mutually exclusively presented in patients from different countries and areas. These major SNV signatures exhibited distinguishable evolution patterns over time. A few hundred patients were detected with multiple viral strain-representing mutations simultaneously, which may stand for possible co-infection or potential homogenous recombination of SARS-CoV-2 in environment or within the viral host. Interestingly nucleotide substitutions among SARS-CoV-2 genomes tended to switch between bat RaTG13 coronavirus sequence and Wuhan-Hu-1 genome, indicating the higher genetic instability or tolerance of mutations on those sites or suggesting that major viral strains might exist between Wuhan-Hu-1 and RaTG13 coronavirus.

19.
Transl Lung Cancer Res ; 9(4): 1516-1527, 2020 Aug.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-782600

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Radiological manifestations of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) featured ground-glass opacities (GGOs), especially in the early stage, which might create confusion in differential diagnosis with early lung cancer. We aimed to specify the radiological characteristics of COVID-19 and early lung cancer and to unveil the discrepancy between them. METHODS: One hundred and fifty-seven COVID-19 patients and 374 early lung cancer patients from four hospitals in China were retrospectively enrolled. Epidemiological, clinical, radiological, and pathological characteristics were compared between the two groups using propensity score-matched (PSM) analysis. RESULTS: COVID-19 patients had more distinct symptoms, tended to be younger (P<0.0001), male (P<0.0001), and had a higher body mass index (P=0.014). After 1:1 PSM, 121 matched pairs were identified. Regarding radiological characteristics, patients with a single lesion accounted for 17% in COVID-19 and 89% in lung cancer (P<0.0001). Most lesions were peripherally found in both groups. Lesions in COVID-19 involved more lobes (median 3.5 vs. 1; P<0.0001) and segments (median 6 vs. 1; P<0.0001) and tended to have multiple types (67%) with patchy form (54%). Early lung cancer was more likely to have a single type (92%) with oval form (66%). Also, COVID-19 and early lung cancer either had some distinctive features on computed tomography (CT) images. CONCLUSIONS: Both COVID-19 and early lung cancers showed GGOs, with similar but independent features. The imaging characteristics should be fully understood and combined with epidemiological history, pathogen detection, laboratory tests, short-term CT reexamination, and pathological results to aid differential diagnosis.

20.
Bioinformatics ; 37(8): 1182-1183, 2021 05 23.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-739224

ABSTRACT

MOTIVATION: The 2019 novel coronavirus outbreak has significantly affected global health and society. Thus, predicting biological function from pathogen sequence is crucial and urgently needed. However, little work has been conducted to identify viruses by the enzymes that they encode, and which are key to pathogen propagation. RESULTS: We built a comprehensive scientific resource, SARS2020, which integrates coronavirus-related research, genomic sequences and results of anti-viral drug trials. In addition, we built a consensus sequence-catalytic function model from which we identified the novel coronavirus as encoding the same proteinase as the severe acute respiratory syndrome virus. This data-driven sequence-based strategy will enable rapid identification of agents responsible for future epidemics. AVAILABILITYAND IMPLEMENTATION: SARS2020 is available at http://design.rxnfinder.org/sars2020/. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Supplementary data are available at Bioinformatics online.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , SARS Virus , Consensus Sequence , Genome , Humans , SARS Virus/genetics , SARS-CoV-2
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL