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1.
Vaccines (Basel) ; 11(5)2023 May 10.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-20236666

ABSTRACT

For SARS-CoV-2 mutants, the effectiveness of the COVID-19 vaccines is still controversial. In this study, we aimed to investigate the clinical characteristics of Omicron-infected patients who completed primary immunization and booster immunization, respectively, during the rapid propagation of the Omicron variant in China. A total of 932 patients with confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection from 18 December 2022 to 1 January 2023 were included in this survey by filling out questionnaires online. The enrolled patients were divided into the primary immunization group and the booster immunization group according to their vaccination status. During the whole course of disease, the most frequent symptoms were fever (90.6%), cough (84.3%), weakness (77.4%), headache and dizziness (76.1%), and myalgia (73.9%). Nearly 90% of the patients had symptoms lasting for less than 10 days, and 39.8% of the patients ended the course of the disease in 4-6 days. A total of 58.8% of these patients had a fever with a maximum body temperature of over 38.5 °C. Moreover, 61.4% of the patients had a fever that lasted less than 2 days. There were no obvious differences in initial symptoms, cardinal symptoms, symptom duration time, maximum body temperature, and fever duration time between the two groups of patients. In addition, no significant difference was found in the positive or negative conversion time of SARS-CoV-2 antigen/nucleic acid between the two groups of patients. For mild patients with Omicron breakthrough infection, enhanced immunization has no significant impact on the clinical performance and duration of viral infection compared with primary immunization. The reasons behind the different clinical manifestations of patients with mild symptoms after the breakthrough infection of the Omicron strain are still worth further research. Heterologous vaccination may be a better strategy for enhanced immunization, which can help improve the immune protection ability of the population. Further research should be carried out on vaccines against mutant strains and spectral anti-COVID-19 vaccines.

2.
Bioengineering (Basel) ; 10(5)2023 Apr 26.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-20234096

ABSTRACT

Since the outbreak of COVID-19, as of January 2023, there have been over 670 million cases and more than 6.8 million deaths worldwide. Infections can cause inflammation in the lungs and decrease blood oxygen levels, which can lead to breathing difficulties and endanger life. As the situation continues to escalate, non-contact machines are used to assist patients at home to monitor their blood oxygen levels without encountering others. This paper uses a general network camera to capture the forehead area of a person's face, using the RPPG (remote photoplethysmography) principle. Then, image signal processing of red and blue light waves is carried out. By utilizing the principle of light reflection, the standard deviation and mean are calculated, and the blood oxygen saturation is computed. Finally, the effect of illuminance on the experimental values is discussed. The experimental results of this paper were compared with a blood oxygen meter certified by the Ministry of Health and Welfare in Taiwan, and the experimental results had only a maximum error of 2%, which is better than the 3% to 5% error rates in other studies The measurement time was only 30 s, which is better than the one minute reported using similar equipment in other studies. Therefore, this paper not only saves equipment expenses but also provides convenience and safety for those who need to monitor their blood oxygen levels at home. Future applications can combine the SpO2 detection software with camera-equipped devices such as smartphones and laptops. The public can detect SpO2 on their own mobile devices, providing a convenient and effective tool for personal health management.

3.
Psychol Health ; : 1-13, 2023 May 25.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-20230840

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: With the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic, many exercise programs moved online. The purpose of this study was to examine the extent to which older adults' social identification with other exercise program members contributed to their psychological flourishing and exercise program adherence. METHODS: The study represented a secondary analysis of data derived from the Seniors COVID-19 Pandemic and Exercise (SCOPE) Trial, in which older adults were randomized to a waitlist control condition or one of two online (personal v group) exercise programs. Only data from participants in the trial intervention conditions (N = 162; Mage = 73.52 years; SD = 5.61) were utilized in this secondary analysis. We assessed psychological flourishing and social identification at baseline and every two weeks, as well as program adherence over each 2-week block, for 12 weeks. RESULTS: Based on stepwise multilevel modeling the results revealed that older adults' social identification with others in their respective exercise program had a direct effect on psychological flourishing (ΔR2Unique Marginal = 0.063, p < .001) and program adherence (ΔR2Unique Marginal = 0.014, p = .03). CONCLUSIONS: The results highlight the value of bolstering older adults' social identification with others in an online exercise program to support adherence and well-being.

4.
J Patient Rep Outcomes ; 7(1): 45, 2023 05 17.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2322334

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The Symptoms of Infection with Coronavirus-19 (SIC) is a 30-item patient-reported outcome (PRO) measure scored by body system composites to assess signs/symptoms of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). In addition to cross-sectional and longitudinal psychometric evaluations, qualitative exit interviews were conducted to support the content validity of the SIC. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, adults diagnosed with COVID-19 in the United States completed the web-based SIC and additional PRO measures. A subset was invited to participate in phone-based exit interviews. Longitudinal psychometric properties were assessed in ENSEMBLE2, a multinational, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase 3 trial of the Ad26.COV2.S COVID-19 vaccine. Psychometric properties evaluated included structure, scoring, reliability, construct validity, discriminating ability, responsiveness, and meaningful change thresholds of SIC items and composite scores. RESULTS: In the cross-sectional study, 152 participants completed the SIC (mean age, 51.0 ± 18.6 years) and 20 completed follow-up interviews. Fatigue (77.6%), feeling unwell (65.8%), and cough (60.5%) were symptoms most frequently reported. SIC inter-item correlations were all positive and mostly moderate (r ≥ 0.3) and statistically significant. SIC items and Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System-29 (PROMIS-29) scores correlated as hypothesized (all r ≥ 0.32). Internal consistency reliabilities of all SIC composite scores were satisfactory (Cronbach's alpha, 0.69-0.91). SIC composite scores correlated moderately (r = 0.30-0.49) to strongly (r ≥ 0.50) with PROMIS-29 scores and Patient Global Impression of Severity (PGIS) ratings (all P < 0.01). A variety of signs/symptoms were cited in exit interviews, and participants considered the SIC straightforward, comprehensive, and easy to use. From ENSEMBLE2, 183 participants with laboratory-confirmed moderate to severe/critical COVID-19 were included (51.5 ± 14.8 years). Strong test-retest reliabilities were observed for most SIC composite scores (intraclass correlations ≥ 0.60). Statistically significant differences across PGIS severity levels were found for all but 1 composite score, supporting known-groups validity. All SIC composite scores demonstrated responsiveness based on changes in PGIS. CONCLUSIONS: The psychometric evaluations provided strong evidence for the reliability and validity of the SIC for measuring COVID-19 symptoms, supporting its use in vaccine and treatment trials. In exit interviews, participants described a broad range of signs/symptoms consistent with previous research, further supporting the content validity and format of the SIC.


Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a serious disease that continues to evolve globally. Researchers developed the Symptoms of Infection with Coronavirus-19 (SIC), a 30-item questionnaire designed for patients to report signs and symptoms of COVID-19. In this study, the researchers formally analyzed how well the SIC measures the patient experience with COVID-19, using survey and clinical trial data as well as telephone interviews. Adults with COVID-19 and at least 2 bothersome symptoms completed the web-based survey, and some of these individuals also participated in in-depth interviews. Participants in a clinical trial for a COVID-19 vaccine also completed the SIC measure. The SIC was compared with other commonly used questionnaires that evaluate patient experience. The most commonly reported symptoms of COVID-19 were fatigue, feeling unwell, cough, weakness, and headache. The items for individual symptoms (e.g., "cough") and combined scores for body systems (e.g., "respiratory system") performed well in statistical analyses. Participants found the SIC to be straightforward, comprehensive, and easy to use. The SIC may prove useful in the future for vaccine and treatment trials for COVID-19.


Subject(s)
Ad26COVS1 , COVID-19 , Adult , Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Cross-Sectional Studies , Psychometrics/methods , Reproducibility of Results , COVID-19 Vaccines , Surveys and Questionnaires
5.
Diabetes Res Clin Pract ; 200: 110694, 2023 Jun.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2316665

ABSTRACT

AIMS: This study aims to assess the effectiveness of COVID-19 vaccination against all-cause death in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). METHODS: Subjects were patients with T2DM who were administered by general practitioner (GP). Use electronic exchange platform to obtain the information on COVID-19 vaccination, all-cause deaths and risk factors. Logistic regression models were used to calculate the odd ratio (OR) and 95% CI for the association between COVID-19 vaccination and mortality. The vaccine effectiveness (VE) was calculated as (1- adjusted OR) × 100%. RESULTS: A total of 26,916 subjects had 53.81%, 17.65%, and 23.43% coverage for the booster, full, and partial COVID-19 vaccination, reported 328 deaths and a mortality of 1.2%. The adjusted OR (95%CI) was 0.85(0.60-1.21) for those received partial vaccination, 0.31(0.22-0.43) for those received full vaccination, and 0.12(0.08-0.18) for those received booster vaccination, compared to the unvaccinated individuals. The VE (95%CI) was 88.00%(82.30-91.80) of booster vaccination, 69.30%(56.60-78.30) of full vaccination, and 17.60%(-17.10-42.00) of partial vaccination. CONCLUSION: COVID-19 vaccination could effectively prevent the all-cause death in patients with T2DM during the omicron variant outbreak period, after the cancellation of the "Dynamic Zero Policy" in mainland China.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Humans , COVID-19 Vaccines/therapeutic use , COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19/prevention & control , SARS-CoV-2 , China/epidemiology , Policy , Vaccination
6.
Journal of Tropical Medicine ; 22(11):1529-1532, 2022.
Article in Chinese | GIM | ID: covidwho-2315469

ABSTRACT

Objective: To understand the epidemiological changes of children infected with 8 respiratory viral pathogens under the protection strategy of the new coronavirus epidemic in Guangzhou. Methods: A total of 13 606 children diagnosed with upper respiratory tract infection from January 2019 to December 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. Children were divided into four groups: infant group, toddler group, preschool group and school age group. Indirect immunofluorescence assay (IFA) was used to detect eight major respiratory virus pathogens, including: adenovirus (ADV), respiratory syncytial virus(RSV), influenza A virus (IV-A), influenza B virus (IV-B), parainfluenza virus (PIV), Chlamydia pneumonia(CP), Legionella pneumophila (LP) and Mycoplasma pneumonia (MP). Results: Sinc ethe outbreak of COVID-19, the positive rates of eight respiratory pathogens had decreased, especially influenza A and B. The positive rate of IV-A showed significant decrease from 30.126% to 12.930%, and the positive rate of IV-B from 25.597% to 19.268%, the defferences were statistically significant (X2=52.849, 369.778, all P < 0.05). Among different age groups, the positive rates of IV-A and ADV infection in each group decreased significantly, especially in infant group and toddler group. The positive rate of IV-A showed significant decrease from 4.588% to 1.979%, and the positive rate of ADV from 43.007% to 21.240%, the defferences were statistically significant(X2=18.910, 197.714, all P < 0.05). Before and after the outbreak of COVID-19, the differences in ADV, IV-A, IV-B, MP and PIV between the male and female groups were statistically significant (P < 0.05). Conclusion: Novel coronavirus protective measures were effective in preventing some common respiratory diseases in children.

7.
Front Immunol ; 13: 975533, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2320547

ABSTRACT

Background: COVID-19 has caused a global pandemic and the death toll is increasing. With the coronavirus continuously mutating, Omicron has replaced Delta as the most widely reported variant in the world. Studies have shown that the plasma of some vaccinated people does not neutralize the Omicron variant. However, further studies are needed to determine whether plasma neutralizes Omicron after one- or two-dose vaccine in patients who have recovered from infection with the original strain. Methods: The pseudovirus neutralization assays were performed on 64 plasma samples of convalescent COVID-19 patients, which were divided into pre-vaccination group, one-dose vaccinated group and two-dose vaccinated group. Results: In the three groups, there were significant reductions of sera neutralizing activity from WT to Delta variant (B.1.617.2), and from WT to Omicron variant (B.1.1.529) (ps<0.001), but the difference between Delta and Omicron variants were not significant (p>0.05). The average neutralization of the Omicron variant showed a significant difference between pre-vaccination and two-dose vaccinated convalescent individuals (p<0.01). Conclusions: Among the 64 plasma samples of COVID-19 convalescents, whether vaccinated or not, Omicron (B.1.1.529) escaped the neutralizing antibodies, with a significantly decreased neutralization activity compared to WT. And two-dose of vaccine could significantly raise the average neutralization of Omicron in convalescent individuals.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Viral Vaccines , Antibodies, Neutralizing , Antibodies, Viral , COVID-19/prevention & control , Humans , Neutralization Tests , SARS-CoV-2
8.
J Hazard Mater ; 455: 131587, 2023 08 05.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2309599

ABSTRACT

Discarded face masks from the global COVID-19 pandemic have contributed significantly to plastic pollution in surface water, whereas their potential as a reservoir for aquatic pollutants is not well understood. Herein, we conducted a field experiment along a human-impacted urban river, investigating the variations of antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs), pathogens, and water-borne contaminants in commonly-used face masks. Results showed that high-biomass biofilms formed on face masks selectively enriched more ARGs than stone biofilm (0.08-0.22 vs 0.07-0.15 copies/16 S rRNA gene copies) from bulk water, which mainly due to unique microbial communities, enhanced horizontal gene transfer, and selective pressure of accumulated contaminants based on redundancy analysis and variation partitioning analysis. Several human opportunistic pathogens (e.g., Acinetobacter, Escherichia-Shigella, Bacillus, and Klebsiella), which are considered potential ARG carriers, were also greatly concentrated in face-mask biofilms, imposing a potential threat to aquatic ecological environment and human health. Moreover, wastewater treatment plant effluents, as an important source of pollutants to urban rivers, further aggravated the abundances of ARGs and opportunistic pathogens in face-mask biofilms. Our findings demonstrated that discarded face masks provide a hotspot for the proliferation and spread of ARGs and pathogens in urban water, highlighting the urgent requirement for implementing stricter regulations in face mask disposal.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Genes, Bacterial , Humans , Masks , Rivers , Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology , Anti-Bacterial Agents/analysis , Pandemics , Water , Biofilms
9.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 23(1): 251, 2023 Apr 13.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2299015

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Since the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic outbreak, the incidence of mental health problems in perinatal women has been high, and particularly prominent in China which was the first country affected by COVID-19. This paper aims to investigate the current situation and the related factors of maternal coping difficulties after discharge during COVID-19. METHODS: General information questionnaires (the Perinatal Maternal Health Literacy Scale, Postpartum Social Support Scale and Post-Discharge Coping Difficulty Scale-New Mother Form) were used to investigate 226 puerperal women in the third week of puerperium. The influencing factors were analyzed by single factor analysis, correlation and multiple linear regression. RESULTS: The total score of coping difficulties after discharge was 48.92 ± 12.05. At the third week after delivery, the scores of health literacy and social support were 21.34 ± 5.18 and 47.96 ± 12.71. There were negative correlations among health literacy, social support and coping difficulties after discharge (r = -0.34, r = -0.38, P < 0.001). Primipara, family income, health literacy and social support were the main factors influencing maternal coping difficulties after discharge. CONCLUSION: During the COVID-19 pandemic, puerperal women in a low- and middle-income city had moderate coping difficulties after discharge and were affected by many factors. To meet the different needs of parturients and improve their psychological coping ability, medical staff should perform adequate assessment of social resources relevant to parturients and their families when they are discharged, so they can smoothly adapt to the role of mothers.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Pregnancy , Humans , Female , COVID-19/epidemiology , Pandemics , Patient Discharge , Aftercare , Postpartum Period/psychology , Adaptation, Psychological , Mothers/psychology
10.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 10: 1121256, 2023.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2296682

ABSTRACT

Objective: The effect of vitamin D status on adult COVID-19 pneumonia induced by Delta variant remains to be further explored. Methods: A longitudinal, real-world cohort study was performed. Artificial intelligence (AI) was used to identify and measure pneumonia lesions. All cases with pneumonia were divided into the vitamin D deficiency (VDD) and control groups according to serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentration. Lesion dynamics were observed within six time periods after the onset of pneumonia. Results: A total of 161 cases were included, of which 101 (63%) were male and 46 (29%) presented with pneumonia. The median age and baseline 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentrations were 37 years and 21 ng/ml, respectively. Age, fibrinogen, and SARS-CoV-2 IgG titer on admission were independent predictors for the onset of pneumonia. After the onset of pneumonia, patients in the VDD group (n = 18) had higher percentage of fever (33 vs. 7.1%; p = 0.04) than those in the control group (n = 28); the interval of pneumonia resolution was longer (28 vs. 21 days; p = 0.02); lesions progressed more rapidly (p = 0.01) within 3 to 7 days and improved more slowly (p = 0.007) within more than 28 days; notably, simultaneous interleukin-6 (18.7 vs. 14.6 pg/ml; p = 0.04) levels were higher, and cycle thresholds for N gene (22.8 vs. 31.3; p = 0.04) and ORF1ab gene (20.9 vs. 28.7; p = 0.03) were lower within 3 to 7 days. Conclusion: Vitamin D status may have effects on the progression and resolution, but not the onset of Delta variant-induced pneumonia in adults. Computed tomography image diagnosis system based on AI may have promising applications in the surveillance and diagnosis of novel SARS-CoV-2 variant-induced pneumonia.

11.
Univers Access Inf Soc ; : 1-16, 2021 Aug 21.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2252212

ABSTRACT

This study explores whether US post-secondary institutions (PPI) follow philosophies to foster inclusive communities, providing resources for those individuals with disabilities thrive socially, personally, and academically, while there have been no thorough studies conducted to determine web accessibility of the nation's top-ranked PPI library webpages. Additionally, this study pioneers in comparison with the accessibility of PPI's library homepages fighting COVID-19. The study evaluated the library homepages of the premium PPIs based on Money.com's 2019 list of "The Best Colleges in America" via the WAVE web accessibility evaluation tool. The outcomes determined that most of the library homepages analyzed were littered with numerous errors, and the shift to online-based research in learning had no significant impact on the number of errors WAVE detected. The disconcerting findings of this study demonstrate the overall failure to recognize the importance of web accessibility or perhaps even the indifference toward accessibility on the part of the PPI community.

12.
Nurse Educ Pract ; 69: 103619, 2023 May.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2254628

ABSTRACT

AIM: To identify factors influencing a behaviour of improving core competencies among nurses and midwives in the Maternity and Child Health Care Hospital using the capability, opportunity, motivation and behaviour (COM-B) model. BACKGROUND: With the increasing number of women with pregnancy complications and the COVID-19 pandemic, nurses and midwives are being challenged and enhancing their core competencies is imperative to ensure high-quality care. To develop effective intervention strategies, it is essential to systematically explore what influences nurses and midwives to improve their core competencies. To this end, this study applied the COM-B model of behavioural change. DESIGN: Qualitative study using the COM-B model. METHODS: This qualitative descriptive study was conducted in 2022 using face-to-face interviews, including 49 nurses and midwives. Topic guides for the interviews were developed based on the COM-B model. Transcribed verbatim interviews were analysed using deductive thematic analysis. RESULTS: The COM-B model captures several factors. Capability factors included clinical knowledge and self-directed learning abilities. Opportunity factors included professional education covering necessary clinical skills, adequate clinical practice, personalised training, available time, insufficient clinical learning resources, absence of scientific research resources and support from leadership. Motivational factors were access to long-term work, incentive policies based on individuals' work values and responses to upward social comparison. CONCLUSIONS: The findings of this study suggested that prior to developing intervention strategies to enhance the core competencies of nurses and midwives, processing barriers to nurses' and midwives' capabilities, opportunities and motivation can facilitate the implementation of interventions.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Midwifery , Nurses , Child , Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Motivation , Pandemics , Qualitative Research
13.
Adv Nutr ; 14(1): 1-11, 2023 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2262640

ABSTRACT

Food security has become a pressing issue in the modern world. The ever-increasing world population, ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, and political conflicts together with climate change issues make the problem very challenging. Therefore, fundamental changes to the current food system and new sources of alternative food are required. Recently, the exploration of alternative food sources has been supported by numerous governmental and research organizations, as well as by small and large commercial ventures. Microalgae are gaining momentum as an effective source of alternative laboratory-based nutritional proteins as they are easy to grow under variable environmental conditions, with the added advantage of absorbing carbon dioxide. Despite their attractiveness, the utilization of microalgae faces several practical limitations. Here, we discuss both the potential and challenges of microalgae in food sustainability and their possible long-term contribution to the circular economy of converting food waste into feed via modern methods. We also argue that systems biology and artificial intelligence can play a role in overcoming some of the challenges and limitations; through data-guided metabolic flux optimization, and by systematically increasing the growth of the microalgae strains without negative outcomes, such as toxicity. This requires microalgae databases rich in omics data and further developments on its mining and analytics methods.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Microalgae , Refuse Disposal , Humans , Food , Artificial Intelligence , Multiomics , Pandemics , Machine Learning
14.
Front Public Health ; 11: 1086889, 2023.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2261408

ABSTRACT

Objective: During the COVID-19 epidemic, vaccination staff had three main aspects of work: routine vaccination for children and adults, COVID-19 vaccination and COVID-19 prevention and control. All these works significantly increased the workload of vaccination staff. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence and influencing factors of burnout among vaccination staff in Hangzhou, China. Methods: A total of 501 vaccination staff from 201 community/township healthcare centers in Hangzhou were recruited using a cross-sectional survey through WeChat social platform. The Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Scale (MBI-GS) was used to assess the level of burnout. Descriptive statistics were made on the characteristics of participants. Univariate analysis using the chi-square test and multivariable analysis using binary logistic regression were conducted to determine the relative predictors of burnout. Univariate analysis and multiple linear regression were used to determine the relative predictors of exhaustive emotion, cynicism, and personal accomplishment. Results: During the COVID-19 pandemic, 20.8% of the vaccination staff experienced burnout. Educational level above undergraduate education level, medium professional title, and more working time in COVID-19 vaccination work reported a higher degree of job burnout. The vaccination staff was experiencing a high degree of exhaustive emotion, cynicism, and low personal accomplishment. Professional title, working place, and working time for COVID-19 vaccination were associated with exhaustive emotion and cynicism. Professional title and participation time for COVID-19 prevention and control were associated with personal accomplishment. Conclusions: Our findings suggest that the prevalence rate of burnout is high among vaccination staff during the COVID-19 pandemic, especially with a low level of personal accomplishment. Psychological intervention for vaccination staff is urgently needed.


Subject(s)
Burnout, Professional , COVID-19 , Health Personnel , Vaccination , Humans , Burnout, Professional/epidemiology , Burnout, Professional/psychology , COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19/prevention & control , COVID-19 Vaccines/administration & dosage , Cross-Sectional Studies , East Asian People , Job Satisfaction , Pandemics , Surveys and Questionnaires , Health Personnel/psychology
15.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 44(3): 1346-1356, 2023 Mar 08.
Article in Chinese | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2282973

ABSTRACT

Vehicle emissions are an important source of anthropogenic volatile organic compound (VOCs) emissions in urban areas and are commonly quantified using vehicle emission inventories. However, most previous studies on vehicle emission inventories have incomplete emission factors and emission processes or insufficient consideration of meteorological parameters. Based on the localized full-process emission factors attained from tested data and previous studies, a method to develop a monthly vehicular VOC emission inventory of full process for the long-term was established, which covered exhaust and evaporative emissions (including running loss, diurnal breathing loss, hot soak loss, and refueling emission). Then, the method was used to develop a full-process vehicular VOC emission inventory in Tianjin from 2000 to 2020. The results showed that the total vehicular VOC emissions in Tianjin rose slowly and then gradually decreased. In 2020, the total emissions were 21400 tons. The light-duty passenger vehicles were the dominant contributors and covered 75.00% of the total emissions. Unlike the continuous decline in exhaust emissions, evaporative emissions showed an inverted U-shaped trend with an increasing contribution to total emissions yearly, accounting for 31.69% in 2020. Monthly emissions were affected by both vehicle activity and emission factors. VOC emissions were high in autumn and winter and low in spring and summer. During the COVID-19 epidemic in 2020, vehicle activity was limited by closure and control, making VOC emissions significantly lower than those during the same period in previous years. The method and data in this study can provide technical reference and a decision-making basis for air pollution prevention and control.

16.
Cardiooncology ; 9(1): 15, 2023 Mar 20.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2272504

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) are currently widely used for treatment of various types of cancers. ICI-induced myocarditis, though uncommon, accounts for high risk of major adverse cardiac events and mortality, which makes appropriate diagnosis important. We here present a unique, challenging case of ICI-induced, refractory and isolated right ventricular (RV) myocarditis. CASE PRESENTATION: A 32-year-old female with breast cancer presented with newly onset chest pain and dyspnea shortly after initiation of Pembrolizumab. Coronary angiography showed normal coronary arteries and a cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) revealed myocarditis involving the right ventricle with chamber dilation and severe dysfunction. ICI therapy was stopped, and high dose steroid therapy was initiated and symptoms resolved. However, three months after initial presentation, the patient was hospitalized for DKA and decompensated right heart failure, and a repeat cardiac MRI at that time showed recurrent, isolated right ventricular myocardial inflammation/edema without LV involvement. High dose steroid therapy was started again and at 6-month follow up, surveillance CMR continued to show persistent right-sided myocarditis, patient was eventually treated with Abatacept with resolution of HF symptoms, RV dysfunction and biomarkers at 10-month follow up. CONCLUSIONS: We describe a unique case of isolated ICI-induced right ventricular myocarditis leading to right ventricular failure, that was refractory despite ICI therapy cessation and immune suppression by repeated high dose steroids. Co-stimulatory pathway modulation with Abatacept eventually lead to the normalization of RV function and dilation ten months after initial myocarditis onset.

17.
Hum Vaccin Immunother ; 19(1): 2197839, 2023 12 31.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2269368

ABSTRACT

This study aims to describe COVID-19 vaccination coverage and its influential factors in hypertensive patients who were administered by community general practitioners in China. A cross-sectional survey was carried out using data from electronic health record systems. The subjects were hypertensive patients who had been involved in the health management of the Essential Public Health Service (EPHS) program in Hangzhou City, China. As of Aug 3, 2022, the full and booster vaccination rates were 77.53% and 60.97% in randomly selected 96,498 subjects. There were disparities across regions, age, and gender in the distribution of COVID-19 vaccination coverage. Obesity and daily alcohol consumption were factors in the promotion of COVID-19 vaccination. Current smoking, non-daily physical exercise, irregular medication adherence, and comorbidities were risk factors for COVID-19 vaccination. Coverage rates have decreased depending on the number of risk factors. The ORs (95% CI) were 1.78 (1.61 ~ 1.96) of full vaccination and 1.74 (1.59 ~ 1.89) of booster vaccination in subjects with ≥4 risk factors, compared to those without risk factors. In summary, the progress of COVID-19 vaccination among community hypertensive patients lagged behind that of the general population during the same period. Individuals who lived in urban areas, were elderly, and had an irregular medication adherence, comorbidities, and multiple risk factors should be highlighted in the COVID-19 vaccination campaign.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Hypertension , Vaccination Coverage , Humans , COVID-19/prevention & control , COVID-19 Vaccines/administration & dosage , Cross-Sectional Studies , East Asian People , General Practitioners , Hypertension/epidemiology
18.
Front Cell Infect Microbiol ; 12: 1068015, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2268758

ABSTRACT

The number of words: 4645, the number of figures: 4, the number of tables: 1The outbreak of COVID-19 in December 2019 caused a global pandemic of acute respiratory disease, and with the increasing virulence of mutant strains and the number of confirmed cases, this has resulted in a tremendous threat to global public health. Therefore, an accurate diagnosis of COVID-19 is urgently needed for rapid control of SARS-CoV-2 transmission. As a new molecular biology technology, loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) has the advantages of convenient operation, speed, low cost and high sensitivity and specificity. In the past two years, rampant COVID-19 and the continuous variation in the virus strains have demanded higher requirements for the rapid detection of pathogens. Compared with conventional RT-PCR and real-time RT-PCR methods, genotyping RT-LAMP method and LAMP plus peptide nucleic acid (PNA) probe detection methods have been developed to correctly identified SARS-CoV-2 variants, which is also why LAMP technology has attracted much attention. LAMP detection technology combined with lateral flow assay, microfluidic technology and other sensing technologies can effectively enhance signals by nucleic acid amplification and help to give the resulting output in a faster, more convenient and user-friendly way. At present, LAMP plays an important role in the detection of SARS-CoV-2.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , SARS-CoV-2 , Humans , SARS-CoV-2/genetics , COVID-19/diagnosis , Clinical Laboratory Techniques/methods , COVID-19 Testing , Sensitivity and Specificity , Molecular Diagnostic Techniques/methods , RNA, Viral/analysis
19.
Molecules ; 28(6)2023 Mar 17.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2287535

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic caused by SARS-CoV-2 has majorly impacted public health and economies worldwide. Although several effective vaccines and drugs are now used to prevent and treat COVID-19, natural products, especially flavonoids, showed great therapeutic potential early in the pandemic and thus attracted particular attention. Quercetin, baicalein, baicalin, EGCG (epigallocatechin gallate), and luteolin are among the most studied flavonoids in this field. Flavonoids can directly or indirectly exert antiviral activities, such as the inhibition of virus invasion and the replication and inhibition of viral proteases. In addition, flavonoids can modulate the levels of interferon and proinflammatory factors. We have reviewed the previously reported relevant literature researching the pharmacological anti-SARS-CoV-2 activity of flavonoids where structures, classifications, synthetic pathways, and pharmacological effects are summarized. There is no doubt that flavonoids have great potential in the treatment of COVID-19. However, most of the current research is still in the theoretical stage. More studies are recommended to evaluate the efficacy and safety of flavonoids against SARS-CoV-2.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , SARS-CoV-2 , Humans , Pandemics , Flavonoids/pharmacology , Flavonoids/therapeutic use , Flavonoids/chemistry , Quercetin/pharmacology , Antiviral Agents/pharmacology , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , Antiviral Agents/chemistry
20.
Scientometrics ; 128(2): 1437-1439, 2023.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2287459
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