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Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(12): e25083, 2021 Mar 26.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1150005

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to investigate the predictive value of combined clinical and imaging features, compared with the clinical or radiological risk factors only. Moreover, the expected results aimed to improve the identification of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-COV-2) patients who may have critical outcomes.This retrospective study included laboratory-confirmed SARS-COV-2 cases between January 18, 2020, and February 16, 2020. The patients were divided into 2 groups with noncritical illness and critical illness regarding severity status within the hospitalization. Univariable and multivariable logistic regression models were used to explore the risk factors associated with clinical and radiological outcomes in patients with SARS-COV-2. The ROC curves were performed to compare the prediction performance of different factors.A total of 180 adult patients in this study included 20 critical patients and 160 noncritical patients. In univariate logistic regression analysis, 15 risk factors were significantly associated with critical outcomes. Of importance, C-reactive protein (1.051, 95% confidence interval 1.024-1.078), D-dimer (1.911, 95% CI, 1.050-3.478), and CT score (1.29, 95% CI, 1.053-1.529) on admission were independent risk factors in multivariate analysis. The combined model achieved a better performance in disease severity prediction (P = .05).CRP, D-dimer, and CT score on admission were independent risk factors for critical illness in adults with SARS-COV-2. The combined clinical and radiological model achieved better predictive performance than clinical or radiological factors alone.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19/physiopathology , Diagnostic Techniques and Procedures/statistics & numerical data , Adult , Aged , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Female , Fibrin Fibrinogen Degradation Products/analysis , Hospitalization/statistics & numerical data , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , ROC Curve , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , SARS-CoV-2 , Severity of Illness Index , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
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