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1.
J Endocrinol Invest ; 44(12): 2675-2684, 2021 Dec.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1504521

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Due to relevant repercussions on reproductive medicine, we aimed to evaluate feasibility of RT-PCR as a detection method of SARS-CoV-2 RNA in seminal fluid. METHODS: A qualitative determination of the RT-PCR assays in semen was performed through different approaches: (1) efficiency of RNA extraction from sperm and seminal plasma was determined using PRM1 and PRM2 mRNA and a heterologous system as control; (2) samples obtained by diluting viral preparation from a SARS-CoV-2 panel (virus cultured in Vero E6 cell lines) were tested; (3) viral presence in different fractions of seminal fluid (whole sample, seminal plasma and post-centrifugation pellet) was evaluated. Semen samples from mild and recovered COVID-19 subjects were collected by patients referring to the Infectious Disease Department of the Policlinico Umberto I Hospital - "Sapienza" University of Rome. Control subjects were recruited at the Laboratory of Seminology-Sperm Bank "Loredana Gandini'' of the same hospital. RESULTS: The control panel using viral preparations diluted in saline and seminal fluid showed the capability to detect viral RNA presence with Ct values depending on the initial viral concentration. All tested semen samples were negative for SARS-CoV-2, regardless of the nasopharyngeal swab result or seminal fluid fraction. CONCLUSION: These preliminary data show that RT-PCR for SARS-CoV-2 RNA testing appears to be a feasible method for the molecular diagnosis of SARS-CoV-2 in seminal fluid, supported by results of the control panel. The ability to detect SARS-CoV-2 in semen is extremely important for reproductive medicine, especially in assisted reproductive technology and sperm cryopreservation.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/diagnosis , Pathology, Molecular/methods , Semen/virology , Adult , Animals , Chlorocebus aethiops , Feasibility Studies , Humans , Male , RNA, Messenger/chemistry , RNA, Viral/chemistry , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Reproductive Techniques , Vero Cells
2.
Journal of the Neurological Sciences ; 429, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1466677

ABSTRACT

Background and aims: Many clinical trials on potentially disease-modifying drugs are focused to mild cognitive impairment (MCI) prodromal-to-Alzheimer's disease. The MCI population actually includes patients with higher risk of progression to AD. Since the new drugs, if effective, will carry both elevated unit costs and not marginal side effects, they should be administered selectively to high-risk subjects. The Italian INTERCEPTOR project, promoted by the Italian Medicine Agency and the Italian Ministry of Health, is a multicenter, interventional, nontherapeutic cohort study in subjects with MCI, with the primary aim of identifying biomarkers that better predict the conversion to AD after 3 years of follow-up. Methods: A sample of 500 subjects with MCI was planned to be enrolled. The biomarkers under investigation obtained by the analysis of MMSE, CSF, FDG-PET, FCRST, APOE4, EEG, Volumetric MRI. Multivariate prediction model will provide the predictive performance of each biomarker and combinations. In applying biomarkers, three scenarios are considered: 1) use of cut-offs indicated by experts 2) defining new optimal cut-offs for the specific population 3) use of values in a continuous form in order to evaluate all predictive information. Finally, nomograms will be defined for use in clinical practice. Results: Due to COVID-19, the target sample size was not reached. The enrolment was closed on October 31st 2020. Overall 498 patients were screened, 362 recruited into the study and 17 dropped out. Conclusions: The findings will support the diagnostic path redefinition to identify those patients in the early stage eligible to prescription for disease-modifying medications.

3.
Notiziario dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanita ; 34(5):3-6, 2021.
Article in Italian | GIM | ID: covidwho-1431609

ABSTRACT

The SARS-CoV-2 pandemic shows that residential care setting is the epicenter of this tragedy. The National Observatory of Dementia at the Italian National Institute of Health has conducted from 24 March to 5 May 2020 a survey in the 3,417 nursing home for the elderly. 1,356 (41.3%) structures replied to the survey;in 393 (29%) of these, the SARS-CoV-2 virus has been documented. The results show that out of 9,154 people who died from February 1st to day of participation in the survey, 7.4% were affected by COVID-19 and 33.8% had flu-like symptoms. An integrated public health approach is urgent to understand the real dimensions of the phenomenon.

4.
Journal of Endocrinological Investigation ; 30:30, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1209565

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Due to relevant repercussions on reproductive medicine, we aimed to evaluate feasibility of RT-PCR as a detection method of SARS-CoV-2 RNA in seminal fluid. METHODS: A qualitative determination of the RT-PCR assays in semen was performed through different approaches: (1) efficiency of RNA extraction from sperm and seminal plasma was determined using PRM1 and PRM2 mRNA and a heterologous system as control;(2) samples obtained by diluting viral preparation from a SARS-CoV-2 panel (virus cultured in Vero E6 cell lines) were tested;(3) viral presence in different fractions of seminal fluid (whole sample, seminal plasma and post-centrifugation pellet) was evaluated. Semen samples from mild and recovered COVID-19 subjects were collected by patients referring to the Infectious Disease Department of the Policlinico Umberto I Hospital - "Sapienza" University of Rome. Control subjects were recruited at the Laboratory of Seminology-Sperm Bank "Loredana Gandini'' of the same hospital. RESULTS: The control panel using viral preparations diluted in saline and seminal fluid showed the capability to detect viral RNA presence with C<sub>t</sub> values depending on the initial viral concentration. All tested semen samples were negative for SARS-CoV-2, regardless of the nasopharyngeal swab result or seminal fluid fraction. CONCLUSION: These preliminary data show that RT-PCR for SARS-CoV-2 RNA testing appears to be a feasible method for the molecular diagnosis of SARS-CoV-2 in seminal fluid, supported by results of the control panel. The ability to detect SARS-CoV-2 in semen is extremely important for reproductive medicine, especially in assisted reproductive technology and sperm cryopreservation.

5.
J Endocrinol Invest ; 43(8): 1153-1157, 2020 Aug.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-973722

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The recent pandemic of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) due to coronavirus (CoV) 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has raised several concerns in reproductive medicine. The aim of this review is to summarize available evidence providing an official position statement of the Italian Society of Andrology and Sexual Medicine (SIAMS) METHODS: A comprehensive Pubmed, Web of Science, Embase, Medline and Cochrane library search was performed. Due to the limited evidence and the lack of studies, it was not possible to formulate recommendations according to the Oxford 2011 Levels of Evidence criteria. RESULTS: Several molecular characteristics of the SARS-CoV-2 can justify the presence of virus within the testis and possible alterations of spermatogenesis and endocrine function. Orchitis has been reported as a possible complication of SARS-CoV infection, but similar findings have not been reported for SARS-CoV-2. Alternatively, the orchitis could be the result of a vasculitis as COVID-19 has been associated with abnormalities in coagulation and the segmental vascularization of the testis could account for an orchitis-like syndrome. Finally, available data do not support the presence of SARS-CoV-2 in plasma seminal fluid of infected subjects. CONCLUSION: Data derived from other SARS-CoV infections suggest that in patients recovered from COVID-19, especially for those in reproductive age, andrological consultation and evaluation of gonadal function including semen analysis should be suggested. Studies in larger cohorts of currently infected subjects are warranted to confirm (or exclude) the presence of risks for male gametes that are destined either for cryopreservation in liquid nitrogen or for assisted reproduction techniques.


Subject(s)
Andrology/standards , Betacoronavirus , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Cryopreservation/standards , Fertility Preservation/standards , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , Spermatozoa/physiology , Andrology/trends , COVID-19 , Coronavirus Infections/therapy , Cryopreservation/trends , Fertility Preservation/trends , Humans , Italy/epidemiology , Male , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral/therapy , SARS-CoV-2 , Semen Analysis/standards , Semen Analysis/trends , Sexual Health/standards , Societies, Medical/standards
6.
J Endocrinol Invest ; 44(5): 1091-1096, 2021 May.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-845546

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Sperm cryopreservation is fundamental in the management of patients undergoing gonadotoxic treatments. Concerns have risen in relation to SARS-CoV-2 and its potential for testicular involvement, since SARS-CoV-2-positive cryopreserved samples may have unknown effects on fertilization and embryo safety. This study therefore aimed to analyze the safety of sperm cryopreservation for cancer patients after the onset of the pandemic in Italy, through assessment of the risk of SARS-CoV-2 exposure and viral RNA testing of semen samples. METHODS: We recruited 10 cancer patients (mean age 30.5 ± 9.6 years) referred to our Sperm Bank during the Italian lockdown (from March 11th to May 4th 2020) who had not undergone a nasopharyngeal swab for SARS-CoV-2 testing. Patients were administered a questionnaire on their exposure to COVID-19, and semen samples were taken. Before cryopreservation, SARS-CoV-2 RNA was extracted from a 150 µl aliquot of seminal fluid in toto using QIAamp viral RNA kit (Qiagen) and amplified by a real time RT PCR system (RealStar SARS-CoV2 RT PCR, Altona Diagnostics) targeting the E and S genes. RESULTS: The questionnaire and medical interview revealed that all patients were asymptomatic and had had no previous contact with COVID-19 infected patients. All semen samples were negative for SARS-CoV-2 RNA. CONCLUSION: This preliminary assessment suggests that a thorough evaluation (especially in the setting of a multidisciplinary team) and molecular confirmation of the absence of SARS-CoV-2 in seminal fluid from asymptomatic cancer patients may assist in ensuring the safety of sperm cryopreservation.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Cryopreservation/statistics & numerical data , Pandemics , Semen Preservation/statistics & numerical data , Adolescent , Adult , COVID-19/epidemiology , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Neoplasms/complications , Patient Safety , RNA, Viral/analysis , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Rome/epidemiology , Sperm Banks , Young Adult
7.
Clin Radiol ; 75(11): 804-810, 2020 11.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-693338

ABSTRACT

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a newly emerging human infectious disease that has quickly become a worldwide threat to health, mainly causing severe acute respiratory syndrome. In addition to the widely described respiratory syndrome, COVID-19 may cause life-treating complications directly or indirectly related to this infection. Among these, thrombotic complications have emerged as an important issue in patients with COVID-19 infection, particularly in patients in intensive care units. Thrombotic complications due to COVID-19 are likely to occur due to a pro-coagulant pattern encountered in some of these patients or to a progressive endothelial thrombo-inflammatory syndrome causing microvascular disease. In the present authors' experience, from five different hospitals in Italy and the UK, imaging has proved its utility in identifying these COVID-19-related thrombotic complications, with translational clinical relevance. The aim of this review is to illustrate thromboembolic complications directly or indirectly related to COVID-19 disease. Specifically, this review will show complications related to thromboembolism due to a pro-coagulant pattern from those likely related to an endothelial thrombo-inflammatory syndrome.


Subject(s)
Anticoagulants/administration & dosage , Coronavirus Infections/complications , Pneumonia, Viral/complications , Pulmonary Embolism/etiology , Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome/complications , Thromboembolism/drug therapy , Thromboembolism/etiology , Adult , Aged , Brain Ischemia/diagnostic imaging , Brain Ischemia/etiology , Brain Ischemia/mortality , COVID-19 , Cause of Death , Communicable Diseases, Emerging/epidemiology , Coronavirus Infections/mortality , Coronavirus Infections/physiopathology , Female , Humans , Italy , Male , Middle Aged , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral/mortality , Pneumonia, Viral/physiopathology , Pulmonary Embolism/diagnostic imaging , Pulmonary Embolism/drug therapy , Pulmonary Embolism/mortality , Radiography, Thoracic/methods , Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome/diagnosis , Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome/mortality , Survival Analysis , Thromboembolism/diagnostic imaging , Thromboembolism/mortality , Thromboplastin/metabolism , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods
8.
J Endocrinol Invest ; 43(12): 1819-1822, 2020 Dec.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-108915

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: The recent appearance of SARS-CoV-2 in Wuhan in 2019 has started a pandemic which has involved over a million people worldwide. A matter of debate is the possible viral detection in different body fluids than respiratory droplets. Thus, we evaluated the possible presence of SARS-CoV-2 in semen and urine samples of a volunteer with confirmed COVID-19. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A 31-year-old man with fever, myalgia, anosmia, and ageusia was tested and found positive for SARS-CoV-2 through a pharyngeal swab. Eight days after he provided semen and urine samples in which viral RNA presence was measured using a Real time RT PCR system (RealStar SARS-CoV-2 RT-PCR, Altona Diagnostics) targeting E and S viral genes. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION: Semen and urine samples search for SARS-CoV-2 RNA was negative. Although this should be interpreted cautiously, it may be possible that either the viral clearance kinetics in these matrices matches the progressive clinical recovery of the patient or that the virus was never present in these fluids at the time of the laboratory diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Betacoronavirus/isolation & purification , Clinical Laboratory Techniques/standards , Coronavirus Infections/diagnosis , Pneumonia, Viral/diagnosis , RNA, Viral/analysis , Semen/virology , Specimen Handling/standards , Urinalysis/methods , Adult , COVID-19 , COVID-19 Testing , COVID-19 Vaccines , Clinical Laboratory Techniques/methods , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Coronavirus Infections/virology , Humans , Male , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , Pneumonia, Viral/virology , SARS-CoV-2
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