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Libraries, Digital Information, and COVID: Practical Applications and Approaches to Challenge and Change ; : 119-133, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1787956

ABSTRACT

Higher education libraries are designed to provide access to information for students, teachers, and researchers, ensuring that they are satisfied. The objective of the study is to raise the perception of the students about the response of libraries during the COVID-19 pandemic to their information needs and to assess whether they consider themselves prepared to research, evaluate, and manage the retrieved information, now that they work autonomously and depend exclusively on digital content. Methods: Online questionnaire applied to three higher education libraries in Portugal-a public education institution, a polytechnic, and a private higher education institution. The questionnaire was submitted by institutional email and focused on the degree of satisfaction with the libraries and electronic resources made available and self-perceived evaluation of their information skills. The first results point that students are satisfied with access to electronic resources remotely;the highest levels of dissatisfaction are associated with B-ON;most are unaware of the availability of databases (Scopus, WoS, and RCAAP), favorable perception of their behaviour in information, in researching, citing, and referencing, but findings show the inverse in the qualitative analysis of data;master’s degrees reveal greater security of knowledge compared to undergraduate students. Conclusions: Is necessary to increase the coverage, dissemination, and training of electronic resources in the academic libraries as a formative and pedagogical strategy and to formally implement it in educational policies. © 2021 David Baker and Lucy Ellis Published by Elsevier Ltd.

2.
Pediatric Diabetes ; 22(SUPPL 30):78, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1571044

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The COVID-19 pandemic has imposed crucial changes to healthcare systems, which had to adapt to the new reality of social distancing with maintenance of care, especially for patients with chronic medical conditions such as diabetes. In that way, telemedicine has become a new standard of care. Objectives: To compare the number and rate of scheduled, completed and no-show medical visits prior to the COVID19 outbreak in Brazil, when visits were exclusively in person, and during the pandemic, when both in person and telehealth visits were conducted. Methods: From January 2019 to June 2021, statistical analysis of electronic health record data for all patients from an outpatient clinic of a Brazilian diabetes referral center were collected. Results: Before the COVID19 outbreak, there was an average of 100 scheduled visits, 82 completed appointments and 18 no-show visits per month. In the months following the outbreak there was a 50% reduction in the outpatient clinic's capacity, due to health restrictions imposed by local authorities. Therefore, in these months (in which the outpatient clinic used telehealth via mobile app), there was an average of 51 scheduled visits, 40 completed appointments and 11 no-show visits per month. Telehealth consultations replaced 12.5% of the in-person appointments, with a 350% increase in the number of online consultations between the first and the last month analyzed by the study. Moreover, regarding the communication between patients and health center, there was a 65% reduction in the number of emails exchanged and a 64% increase in the number of messages exchanged through mobile telehealth app. Conclusions: Despite the poor infrastructure and technology access in a low-income country like Brazil, our service was able to replace 12.5% of in-person care with telemedicine, which allowed the patients safety during medical care in the context of the pandemic.

3.
Allergy: European Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology ; 76(SUPPL 110):465-466, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1570398

ABSTRACT

Background: Dupilumab has been recently approved for treatment in patients with severe AD in Portugal-until now there is no published data regarding Portuguese experience in Allergy centers. Method: Cross sectional clinical and laboratory assessment of 33 patients (pts) with moderate to severe AD treated with dupilumab (dupi) for at least 16 weeks (W): prospective evaluation of severity scores (SCORAD-Scoring Atopic Dermatitis, EASI-Eczema Area and Severity Index, P-VAS-Pruritus Visual Analogic Scale), report of adverse events up to 52 weeks of treatment. SCORAD and EASI were assessed in 23 pts at W52, P-VAS in 21 pts at W52. Results: Of the 33 pts, 18 were female (55%) with a mean age (SD, range) of 35.3 years (13.2, 15-60). In 16 pts the age of onset was before 2 years old, mean (SD) disease duration 28.1 years (12);94% patients had a diffuse pattern of skin lesions;97% of pts had allergic rhinitis, 82% asthma, 52% conjunctivitis and 30% food allergy. Median total IgE at baseline was of 6313 U/ml (P25-P75: 2842-12491) with a 76% reduction at W52 in 16 pts. Median eosinophil count at baseline was 520 eosinophils/mm3 (P25-P75: 270-740). Before starting dupi 29 pts had been treated with cyclosporine. At the beginning, 15 pts were under oral corticosteroids, 14 under oral systemic immunosuppressive drugs (all pts but two stopped both until W12 of dupi) and 5 switched from omalizumab. At baseline, median SCORAD and EASI were 69.3 and 24.2 points. At W16, W36 and W52, median SCORAD was 27.4, 22.3 and 21.5, and median EASI 5.3, 4.1 and 2.1. At W16, the EASI-50, EASI-75 and EASI-90 were achieved by 91%, 61% and 18% pts, and at W52, by 87%, 70% and 52% pts. The mean percentage of SCORAD reduction at W16 and W52 was 55% and 73%;and of EASI was 76% and 82%. At W16 and W52, an improvement of ≥4 points in P-VAS was achieved by 77% and 95% pts. There was a mean reduction of P-VAS at W2, W4, W16 and W52 of 2.6;3.6;4.7 and 6.3 points, respectively. Conjunctivitis was reported in 10 (30%) pts, two of them with keratoconjunctivitis and blepharitis, without needing to interrupt treatment;two pts also had facial erythema. One patient had COVID, and dupilumab scheme treatment was maintained. Conclusion: The majority of AD patients had a significant and consistent improvement in all the severity scores, after one year of treatment with dupilumab. No relevant adverse events were reported.

4.
15th ACM/IEEE International Symposium on Empirical Software Engineering and Measurement, ESEM 2021 ; 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1501791

ABSTRACT

Background The emergence of the COVID-19 pandemic has impacted all human activity, including software development. Early reports seem to indicate that the pandemic may have had a negative effect on software developers, socially and personally, but that their software development productivity may not have been negatively impacted. Aims: Early reports about the effects of the pandemic on software development focused on software developers well-being and on their productivity as employees. We are interested in a different aspect of software development: The developers public contributions, as seen in GitHub and Stack Overflow activities. Did the pandemic affect the developers public contributions and, of so, in what way? Method: Considering the data from between 2017 and till 2020, we study the trends within GitHubs push, create, pull request, and release events, and within Stack Overflows new users, posts, votes, and comments. We performed linear regressions, correlation analyses, outlier analyses, hypothesis testing, and we also contacted individual developers in order to gather qualitative insights about their unusual public contributions. Results: Our study shows that within GitHub and Stack Overflow, the onset of the pandemic (March/April 2020) is reflected in a set of outliers in developers contributions that point to an increase in activity. The distributions of contributions during the entire year of 2020 were, in some aspects, different, but, in other aspects, similar from the recent past. Additionally, we found one noticeably disrupted pattern of contribution in Stack Overflow, namely the ratio Questions/Answers, which was much higher in 2020 than before. Testimonials from the developers we contacted were mixed: while some developers reported that their increase in activity was due to the pandemic, others reported that it was not. Conclusion: In Github, there was a noticeable increase in public software development activity in 2020, as well as more abrupt changes in daily activities;in Stack Overflow, there was a noticeable increase in new users and new questions at the onset of the pandemic, and in the ratio of Questions/Answers during 2020. The results may be attributed to the pandemic, but other factors could have come into play. © 2021 IEEE Computer Society. All rights reserved.

5.
Journal of Economic and Administrative Sciences ; ahead-of-print(ahead-of-print):14, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1483730

ABSTRACT

Purpose This study aimed to (1) analyze whether the perceived organizational support (POS) was a significant predictor of performance and stress and (2) explore the mediating role of engagement in these relations. Design/methodology/approach To test the hypotheses, the authors collected data with 200 working adults in a mandatory quarantine due to COVID-19 pandemic crisis. Findings The results showed that the POS contributed to increase engagement, and consequently, job performance. These relations also proved to be significant for stress, because when the POS increased, the work engagement also increased, and as a result decreased occupational stress. Research limitations/implications This study relied on a cross-sectional design. Therefore, future research should consider a daily design to replicate this study and analyze daily fluctuations. Overall, the authors can conclude that work engagement is an affective process through which POS decreases stress and increases performance. Originality/value This study tests the mediating effect of work engagement on the link between POS, stress and performance, and its theoretical and practical implications of these findings are discussed.

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Revista Juridica ; 5(62):229-250, 2020.
Article in Portuguese | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1154987
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