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International Journal of Therapy & Rehabilitation ; 28(9):1-10, 2021.
Article in English | CINAHL | ID: covidwho-1444528


Background: Sinus tachycardia is a common arrhythmia in patients with COVID-19, and may pose challenges during rehabilitation. Case description: This is a case report of a 39-year-old critically ill patient with COVID-19 with no premorbid conditions, who presented with intensive care unit-acquired weakness and persistent sinus tachycardia after their stay in an intensive care unit. The sinus tachycardia and exertional symptoms contributed to a severely limited exercise capacity (assessed through the 6-Minute Walk Test and 2-Minute Step Test), which impaired the progress of inpatient rehabilitation. This was addressed through the use of bisoprolol for heart rate control and a rehabilitation programme based on cardiac rehabilitation principles. Results: The patient's intensive care unit-acquired weakness improved with exercise-based rehabilitation, and the Functional Independence Measure motor subscore improved from 54/91 to 91/91 on discharge after 6 weeks of inpatient rehabilitation. After bisoprolol was started for sinus tachycardia, the patient's resting heart rate improved from 106 beats per minute to less than 90 beats per minute during this period of inpatient rehabilitation. During the same period, the patient exhibited concurrent improvement in exercise capacity on weekly 6-Minute Walk Test measurements. Improvements in the 2-Minute Step Test were also documented. Conclusions: Patient assessment using submaximal exercise testing with serial 6-Minute Walk Tests and 2-Minute Step Tests, along with using beta-blockers and cardiac rehabilitation principles, can be useful in the post-acute rehabilitation of patients recovering from COVID-19 with persistent sinus tachycardia.

Am J Phys Med Rehabil ; 100(1): 39-43, 2021 01 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1066488


ABSTRACT: Apart from respiratory symptoms, encephalopathy and a range of central nervous system complications have been described in coronavirus disease 2019. However, there is a lack of published literature on the rehabilitative course and functional outcomes of severe coronavirus disease 2019 with encephalopathy. In addition, the presence of subclinical neurocognitive sequelae during postacute rehabilitation has not been described and may be underrecognized by rehabilitation providers. We report the rehabilitative course of a middle-aged male patient with severe coronavirus disease 2019 who required intensive care and mechanical ventilation. During postacute inpatient rehabilitation for severe intensive care unit-related weakness, an abnormal cognitive screen prompted brain magnetic resonance imaging, which revealed destructive leukoencephalopathy. Subsequently, detailed psychometric evaluation revealed significant impairments in the domains of processing speed and executive function. After 40 days of intensive inpatient rehabilitation, he was discharged home with independent function. This report highlights the need for an increased awareness of covert subclinical neurocognitive sequelae, the role of comprehensive rehabilitation, and value of routine cognitive screening therein and describes the neurocognitive features in severe COVID-19.

COVID-19/complications , COVID-19/rehabilitation , Critical Care , Leukoencephalopathies/etiology , Leukoencephalopathies/rehabilitation , COVID-19/diagnosis , Humans , Leukoencephalopathies/diagnosis , Male , Middle Aged , Patient Discharge