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1.
Front Chem ; 10: 882787, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35494645

ABSTRACT

A series of composite catalysts with different Fe-based load amounts were prepared and applied to the experiment of biomass gasification assisted by steam. The structure of the catalyst was analyzed by XRD, SEM, TEM, N2 adsorption-desorption, and H2-TPR. The effect of the change of Fe load amounts on the catalytic activity was studied, and the optimal conditions of the gasification reaction were selected. The relationship between catalyst structure and catalytic capacity was clarified. The results showed that under the optimal reaction conditions, the catalyst showed better catalytic activity when Fe load amounts were 10%. The proportion of hydrogen in the gasification gas is as high as 42.2% and the hydrogen production is 27.65 g/kg. The tar content reaches the lowest value of 34.07g/Nm3.

2.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(18)2022 Sep 18.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36142817

ABSTRACT

As lower vertebrates, teleost species could be affected by dynamic aquatic environments and may respond to environmental changes through the hypothalamus-pituitary-gonad (HPG) axis to ensure their normal growth and sexual development. Chinese sea bass (Lateolabrax maculatus), euryhaline marine teleosts, have an extraordinary ability to deal with a wide range of salinity changes, whereas the salinity decrease during their sex-maturation season may interfere with the HPG axis and affect their steroid hormone metabolism, resulting in abnormal reproductive functioning. To this end, in this study, 40 HPG axis genes in the L. maculatus genome were systematically characterized and their copy numbers, phylogenies, gene structures, and expression patterns were investigated, revealing the conservation of the HPG axis among teleost lineages. In addition, freshwater acclimation was carried out with maturing male L. maculatus, and their serum cortisol and 11-ketotestosterone (11-KT) levels were both increased significantly after the salinity change, while their testes were found to be partially degraded. After salinity reduction, the expression of genes involved in cortisol and 11-KT synthesis (cyp17a, hsd3b1, cyp21a, cyp11c, hsd11b2, and hsd17b3) showed generally upregulated expression in the head kidneys and testes, respectively. Moreover, cyp11c and hsd11b2 were involved in the synthesis and metabolism of both cortisol and 11-KT, and after salinity change their putative interaction may contribute to steroid hormone homeostasis. Our results proved the effects of salinity change on the HPG axis and steroidogenic pathway in L. maculatus and revealed the gene interactions involved in the regulation of steroid hormone levels. The coordinated interaction of steroidogenic genes provides comprehensive insights into steroidogenic pathway regulation, as well as sexual development, in teleost species.

3.
Micromachines (Basel) ; 13(9)2022 Sep 16.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36144155

ABSTRACT

Metalenses play an important role in optoelectronic integrated devices, given their advantages in miniaturization and integration. Due to its high aspect ratio subwavelength structure, fabricating metalenses requires a high-level dry etching technology. Consequently, structure deformation of the metalens will exist if the etching process of the material is not mature enough, which will impair the metalens' performance. In this paper, a polarization-independent InP dielectric metalens is designed to focus the incident light from air into the substrate, which is used for monolithically integrating with the InGaAs/InP photodetector in the future. Subsequently, with the simulation method, we investigated the impact of the structure deformation on the metalens' performance, which was found in our InP dry etching process development. We have found that the sidewall slope and aspect ratio-dependent etching effect greatly impaired the focusing efficiency because of the phase modulation deviation. To solve this problem, we proposed a manufacturing-tolerant design method, which effectively improved the performance of the device with structural deformation. Our work is instructive for developing metalenses and can accelerate their integration application.

4.
Molecules ; 27(18)2022 Sep 10.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36144603

ABSTRACT

Hydroxymethylthiohydantoin, hydroxymethylthiohydantoin, and hydantoin, containing a pyridine group, were synthesized to study their androgen receptor antagonistic activities. Among them, compounds 6a/6c/7g/19a/19b exhibited excellent androgen receptor antagonistic activity, which was consistent with or even superior to enzalutamide. In addition, compounds 19a and 19b exhibited better antiproliferative activity than enzalutamide in prostate cancer cells. The results show that compound 19a has great potential as a new AR antagonist.

5.
J Comp Eff Res ; 2022 Sep 23.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36148921

ABSTRACT

Aim: To explore the effectiveness of home-based exercise programs with e-devices (HEPEs) on falls among community-dwelling older adults. Methods: Twelve randomized controlled trials were included in the meta-analysis considering four fall-related outcomes. Results: HEPEs significantly reduced the rate of falls (risk ratio: 0.82; 95% CI: 0.72-0.95; p = 0.006) and improved lower extremity strength (mean difference: -0.94; 95% CI: -1.71 to -0.47; p < 0.001). There was a significant improvement favoring HEPEs on balance if the participants were aged >75 years (mean difference: -0.55; 95% CI: -1.05 to -0.05; p = 0.03), or the intervention duration was at least 16 weeks (mean difference: -0.81; 95% CI: -1.58 to -0.05; p = 0.04). Conclusion: HEPEs demonstrated an overall positive effect on falls among community-dwelling older adults.

6.
Nanoscale Adv ; 2(9): 3865-3871, 2020 Sep 16.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36132749

ABSTRACT

Low-cost materials and facile processes to obtain novel electrode materials for assembling asymmetric supercapacitors (ASCs) are urgently needed. Herein, a vanadium nitride/nitrogen-doped carbon nanosphere (VN/NCS) composite composed of VN nanoparticles and N-doped carbon (NC) covering the surface of VN has been prepared by the nitridation of a V2O3/C nanocomposite. The hollow VN/NCS composite with a mesoporous structure and the dispersion of VN NPs in N-doped carbon result in a VN/NCS composite with good electrochemical behavior. Moreover, the N-doped carbon layer on the surface of VN effectively inhibits the oxidation of VN during cycling in an alkaline electrolyte. With the VN/NC composite utilized as a novel active electrode material for SCs, good rate capability, specific capacitance, and cycling stability are exhibited. Strikingly, using the VN/NCS composite as a negative electrode and its precursor, the V2O3/C composite, as a positive electrode, an asymmetric supercapacitor (ASC) device, with a good energy density of 19.8 W h kg-1 at 801 W kg-1 and a short charging time of 89 s, was assembled.

7.
Nanoscale Adv ; 2(9): 3963-3971, 2020 Sep 16.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36132801

ABSTRACT

Sluggish oxygen reduction reaction kinetics have been a main obstacle for commercial application of fuel cells. To replace Pt-based noble metal electrocatalysts, it is crucial to develop economical materials as electrocatalysts. Herein, we provide a strategy to prepare Co and N codoped carbon nanotubes for efficient oxygen reduction reaction. The composites are synthesized by hydrothermal reaction followed by calcination at 900 °C. Graphitic carbon nitride is used as a template and nitrogen source, and citric acid and cobalt nitrate hexahydrate are used as carbon and cobalt sources, respectively. Due to the synergistic effect of Co and N codoping and increased specific surface area, the resulting Co and N codoped carbon nanotubes exhibit excellent catalytic performance. The present results provide experimental support for further development of electrocatalysts.

8.
JAMA Netw Open ; 5(9): e2232133, 2022 Sep 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36129711

ABSTRACT

Importance: One of the ordinary manifestations of Parkinson disease (PD) is anxiety, which remains untreated. Anxiety is closely associated with the accelerated progression of PD. Efficacy of acupuncture for anxiety has been reported. However, to date, there are no data on acupuncture's effectiveness on anxiety for patients with PD. Objective: To investigate the effect of acupuncture vs sham acupuncture for treating anxiety in patients with PD. Design, Setting, and Participants: This is randomized, double-blinded, clinical trial enrolled patients between June 20, 2021, and February 26, 2022. Final follow-up was April 15, 2022. Patients with Parkinson disease and anxiety were allocated randomly (1:1) to receive acupuncture or sham acupuncture for 8 weeks. Acupuncture operators, outcome measures evaluators, and statistical analysts were blinded to the grouping of patients. Patients were blinded to their own grouping during the study. This study took place in the Parkinson clinic of a hospital in China. Interventions: Real acupuncture or sham acupuncture for 8 weeks. Main Outcomes and Measures: Primary outcome was Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAM-A) score. Secondary outcomes were scores on the Unified Parkinson Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS), 39-item Parkinson Disease Questionnaire (PDQ-39), and serum levels of the adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) and cortisol (CORT). Results: Seventy eligible patients were enrolled, including 34 women (48.5%) and 36 men (51.4%). Sixty-four patients (91%) completed the intervention and the 8-week follow-up, including 30 women (46.9%) and 34 men (53.1%) with a mean (SD) age of 61.84 (8.47) years. At the end of treatment, the variation of HAM-A score was 0.22 (95% CI, -0.63 to 1.07; P = .62) between the real acupuncture and sham acupuncture groups. At the end of follow-up, the real acupuncture group had a significant 7.03-point greater (95% CI, 6.18 to 7.88; P < .001) reduction in HAM-A score compared with the sham acupuncture group. Four mild adverse reactions occurred during the study. Conclusions and Relevance: This study found acupuncture to be an effective treatment for anxiety in patients with PD. These findings suggest that acupuncture may enhance the wellbeing of patients who have Parkinson disease and anxiety. Trial Registration: Chinese Clinical Trial Registry: ChiCTR2100047253.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , Parkinson Disease , Adrenocorticotropic Hormone , Anxiety/therapy , Female , Humans , Hydrocortisone , Male , Middle Aged , Parkinson Disease/complications , Parkinson Disease/therapy , Salicylamides
9.
Evid Based Complement Alternat Med ; 2022: 7792791, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36118077

ABSTRACT

Traumatic brain injuries (TBI) are the greatest source of death in trauma, and post-traumatic epilepsy (PTE) is one of the common complications of TBI. Oxidative stress and inflammatory responses play an important role in the process of PTE. Many studies have shown that Jujuboside A has powerful antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. However, it is not known whether Jujuboside A has an anti-epileptic effect. The influences of Jujuboside A in the experimental FeCl3-induced model of PTE were tested by estimating the grade of seizures and performing behavioral tests. Following that, we detected oxidative stress indicators and inflammatory factors. Additionally, western blotting was used to test the protein levels of signaling molecules in MAPK pathways. In this study, Jujuboside A was found to have improved the recognition deficiency and epilepsy syndromes in the experimental rat model. Moreover, oxidative stress and inflammatory responses induced by FeCl3 injection were relieved by Jujuboside A. In addition, Jujuboside A was found to be capable of reducing the increased expression of p-P38 and p-ERK1/2 caused by iron ions. Collectively, our results demonstrated that Jujuboside A exhibits an antiepileptogenic effect by alleviating oxidative stress and inflammatory responses via the p38 and ERK1/2 pathways.

10.
Clin Neurophysiol ; 143: 56-66, 2022 Sep 06.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36116424

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Preferential wasting of the thenar muscles, the split-hand sign, may be used for early diagnosis of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). METHODS: Electronic databases were searched for studies assessing the split-hand index (SHI) and the compound muscle action potential (CMAP) amplitudes of abductor pollicis brevis (APB), first dorsal interosseous (FDI), and abductor digiti minimi (ADM). The SHI was obtained by multiplying CMAP amplitudes of APB and FDI and dividing the product by the CMAP amplitude of ADM. The Bayesian analysis was used for validation. RESULTS: In total, 17 studies and 1635 patients were included. Our meta-analysis revealed that ALS patients had significantly decreased SHI (standardized mean difference [SMD], -1.60, P < 0.001), CMAP of the APB (SMD, -1.67, P < 0.001), FDI (SMD, -1.12, P < 0.001), and ADM (SMD, -1.09, P < 0.001). The binormal receiver operating characteristic curve analysis showed a threshold of < 7.4 for SHI, and cutoff values of < 6.4 mV for APB and < 8.4 mV for FDI, respectively. The Bayesian analysis validated decreased SHI in ALS patients (posterior mean difference of - 5.91). CONCLUSIONS: An SHI of < 7.4 can be used facilitating earlier diagnosis of ALS. SIGNIFICANCE: SHI can be used as a standard neurophysiological biomarker for early diagnosis.

11.
Am J Transl Res ; 14(8): 5491-5500, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36105022

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the effect of comprehensive traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) care on the clinical efficacy and psychological improvement of elderly patients with knee arthritis. METHODS: Retrospective analysis was conducted on 114 patients with knee osteoarthritis who underwent arthroscopic minimally invasive surgery in our hospital from January 2018 to January 2022. Among them, 55 patients received routine nursing served as the control group (CG), and the remaining 59 patients received comprehensive TCM care as the observation group (OG). Patients were re-examined two weeks after discharge from the hospital, and the knee joint function recovery effect, pain score, nursing satisfaction, as well as the changes in adverse mood, hospitalization expenses and length of hospitalization during the treatment were compared between two groups. Logistic regression analysis was used to identify factors affecting the curative effect of patients. RESULTS: Compared with the CG, the OG held a significantly better clinical efficacy and lower knee joint score and visual analogue scale (VAS) score (P<0.05). After intervention, the OG showed markedly higher SF-36 score as well as notably declined scores of anxiety and depression than the CG (P<0.05). Quadriceps peak torque ratio (H/Q), as well as satisfaction of patients on nursing in the OG was comparatively better than those of the CG (P<0.05). For hospitalization costs and length of stay, the OG has proven to be more economical and effective with lower cost in both two indexes (P<0.05). Age, course of disease, and nursing program were risk factors affecting the efficacy of treatment in patients (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: Comprehensive TCM care markedly improved the clinical efficacy of the elderly with knee arthritis, relieved patients' pain, and improved knee function and quality of life, as well as reduced patients' anxiety and economic pressure.

12.
Front Surg ; 9: 903334, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36090339

ABSTRACT

Aim: To analyze clinical associations between Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) and trauma. Material and Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the data of eight patients with post-traumatic GBS between July 2011 and December 2018 at the Second Xiangya Hospital, China, and analyzed the triggers, clinical manifestation, examination results, treatment, prognosis, and potential mechanism related to post-traumatic GBS. Results: The included patients had GBS preceded by no risk factors other than trauma. Their age ranged from 15 to 60 years (the median age was 52 years), and six patients were males. The potential traumatic triggers included spinal surgery (n = 2), high-intensity exercise (n = 2), traumatic brain injury (n = 1), excessive fatigue (n = 1), ischemic stroke (n = 1), and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (n = 1). The major manifestation was symmetrical limb weakness and/or numbness in all patients. The diagnosis of GBS was based on the results of electromyography, albumino-cytological dissociation, or antiganglioside antibody in cerebrospinal fluid, and other diseases were excluded. Immunotherapy improved symptoms, except in one patient who died. Conclusions: Trauma is a probable risk factor for GBS that is very easily overlooked, thereby leading to misdiagnosis in clinical practice. We emphasize a new concept of post-traumatic GBS to promote doctors' awareness when they meet people with weakness and sensory deficits after trauma, which benefit early diagnosis, timely treatment, and reduced mortality rate of GBS.

13.
Diabetes Metab Syndr Obes ; 15: 2725-2732, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36091484

ABSTRACT

Aim: Dickkopf-1 (DKK-1) is a major inhibitor of Wingless protein signaling pathway, which is involved in glucose metabolism and cardiovascular diseases. The aim of the study was to investigate the changes of serum DKK-1 levels after hypoglycemic treatments and the relationship between DKK-1 and clinical parameters. Materials and Methods: The study was a sub-study of a previously published clinical trial (the effect of Acarbose on glycemic variability in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus using premixed insulin compared to metformin). All subjects underwent anthropometric and biochemical assessments at baseline and endpoint. Serum DKK-1 levels of 92 subjects were measured at baseline and after 12-week hypoglycemic treatment. Results: DKK-1 levels were significantly decreased after hypoglycemic treatment for 12 weeks (P < 0.001). ΔDKK-1 levels were not correlated with improvement of metabolic parameters (all P > 0.05) but were negatively correlated with baseline DKK-1 levels (r = -0.263, P = 0.011). Spearman correlation showed that baseline DKK-1 levels were positively related to baseline total cholesterol (r = 0.226, P = 0.030) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) (r = 0.277, P = 0.007). Compared with the higher baseline DKK-1 group (≥3700 pg/mL), subjects in the lower baseline DKK-1 group (<3700 pg/mL) had significantly lower baseline glycated hemoglobin A1c levels (P = 0.008) and LDL-C levels (P = 0.048). Systolic and diastolic pressure were decreased more significantly in the lower baseline DKK-1 group than that in the higher baseline DKK-1 group (both P < 0.05). Conclusion: Serum DKK-1 levels were decreased after hypoglycemic treatments. Patients with lower baseline DKK-1 levels were featured by more favorable cardiometabolic factors.

14.
Risk Manag Healthc Policy ; 15: 1659-1669, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36092550

ABSTRACT

Purpose: Based on the diagnosis-related groups payment, China developed an innovative episode-based payment scheme, called "payment method by disease types with point counting", to control health expenditures inflation. This study aimed to investigate the impacts of this new payment method on volume, expenditures, and efficiency in Chinese public hospitals. Methods: The study sample consisted of 7 tertiary hospitals and 14 secondary hospitals in Jinhua (intervention group) and 4 tertiary hospitals and 14 secondary hospitals in Taizhou (control group). Monthly data points were collected for each sampled hospital from June 2016 to June 2019 using a self-administered questionnaire with impact evaluation indicators. Controlled interrupted time-series analysis was employed to estimate the effect of the new payment method. Results: The significant slowing trends in inpatient expenditures per visit (tertiary hospitals: ß7=-123.16, p=0.042; secondary hospitals: ß7=-89.24, p=0.021) and out-of-pocket payments (tertiary hospitals: ß7=-4.18, p=0.027; secondary hospitals: ß7=-4.87, p=0.019) were observed after policy intervention. However, outpatient expenditures per visit in tertiary (ß7=1.67, p=0.018) and secondary hospitals (ß7=1.24, p=0.003) rose faster with the new payment method. Additionally, payment reform also caused an increase in the number of inpatient visits (ß7=100.01, p=0.038) and reduced the length of stay (ß7=-0.10, p=0.036) in tertiary hospitals. Conclusion: The introduction of payment method by disease types with point counting causes the cost containment for inpatient care, whereas the increase in outpatient expenditures. The findings suggest this new payment scheme has the potential for rollout in other areas, but the cost-shifting from the inpatient to outpatient setting should be prevented.

15.
Front Cell Dev Biol ; 10: 925835, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36092711

ABSTRACT

Glaucoma is the most common cause of irreversible blindness worldwide. Elevated intraocular pressure (IOP) and relative hypoxia in the retina stimulate the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS), which, in turn, puts the retina and optic nerve under chronic oxidative stress. Emerging evidence has shown that oxidative stress can trigger PARP-1 overactivation, mitochondrial-associated endoplasmic reticulum membrane (MAM) dysregulation, and NLRP3 activation. Oxidative damage can trigger inflammasome activation, and NLRP3 is the only inflammasome associated with MAM dysregulation. In addition, multiple transcription factors are located on the MAM. This study aimed to investigate the protective effects and underlying mechanisms of a PARP-1 inhibitor (olaparib) against chronic ocular hypertension-associated retinal cell damage. We also mimicked hypoxic stimulation of a retinal precursor cell line by exposing the cells to 0.2% O2 in vitro. We discovered that chronic ocular hypertension (COH) induces oxidative damage and MAM dysregulation in the retinal ganglion cells (RGCs). The protein levels of cleaved-PARP and NLRP3 were upregulated in the retinas of the COH rats. Olaparib, a PARP-1 inhibitor, alleviated COH-induced RGC loss, retinal morphological alterations, and photopic negative response amplitude reduction. Olaparib also relieved hypoxic stimulation-induced loss of cell viability and MAM dysregulation. Additionally, some indicators of mitochondrial performance, such as reactive oxygen species accumulation, mitochondrial Ca2+ influx, and mitochondrial membrane potential collapse, decreased after olaparib treatment. Olaparib attenuated the hypoxia-induced upregulation of NLRP3 protein levels as well as the phosphorylation of ERK1/2 and histone H2A.X. These results suggest that olaparib protects RGCs from chronic intraocular pressure elevation in vivo and alleviates the abnormal MAM dysregulation and mitochondrial dysfunction caused by hypoxia in vitro. This protection may be achieved by inhibiting PARP-1 overactivation, NLRP3 upregulation, and phosphorylation of ERK1/2.

16.
J Med Virol ; 2022 Sep 11.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36089764

ABSTRACT

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic caused extensive loss of life worldwide. Further, the COVID-19 and influenza mix-infection had caused great distress to the diagnosis of the disease. To control illness progression and limit viral spread within the population, a real-time reverse-transcription PCR (RT-PCR) assay for early diagnosis of COVID-19 was developed, but detection was time-consuming (4-6 h). To improve the diagnosis of COVID-19 and influenza, we herein developed a recombinase polymerase amplification (RPA) method for simple and rapid amplification of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), the causative agent of COVID-19 and Influenza A (H1N1, H3N2) and B (influenza B). Genes encoding the matrix protein (M) for H1N1, and the hemagglutinin (HA) for H3N2, and the polymerase A (PA) for Influenza B, and the nucleocapsid protein (N), the RNA-dependent-RNA polymerase (RdRP) in the open reading frame 1ab (ORF1ab) region, and the envelope protein (E) for SARS-CoV-2 were selected, and specific primers were designed. We validated our method using SARS-CoV-2, H1N1, H3N2 and influenza B plasmid standards and RNA samples extracted from COVID-19 and Influenza A/B (RT-PCR-verified) positive patients. The method could detect SARS-CoV-2 plasmid standard DNA quantitatively between 102 and 105 copies/ml with a log linearity of 0.99 in 22 min. And this method also be very effective in simultaneous detection of H1N1, H3N2 and influenza B. Clinical validation of 100 cases revealed a sensitivity of 100% for differentiating COVID-19 patients from healthy controls when the specificity was set at 90%. These results demonstrate that this nucleic acid testing method is advantageous compared with traditional PCR and other isothermal nucleic acid amplification methods in terms of time and portability. This method could potentially be used for detection of SARS-CoV-2, H1N1, H3N2 and influenza B, and adapted for point-of-care (POC) detection of a broad range of infectious pathogens in resource-limited settings.

17.
Front Bioeng Biotechnol ; 10: 903779, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36082169

ABSTRACT

Background: Insufficient blood supply results in unsatisfactory wound healing, especially for challenging wound repair such as diabetic wound defects. Regular exercise training brings a lot of benefits to cardiovascular fitness and metabolic health including attenuation of T2DM progression. Circulating extracellular vesicles (EVs) are postulated to carry a variety of signals involved in tissue crosstalk by their modified cargoes, representing novel mechanisms for the effects of exercise. Prominently, both acute and chronic aerobic exercise training can promote the release of exercise-induced cytokines and enhance the angiogenic function of circulating angiogenic cell-derived EVs. Methods: We investigated the possible angiogenesis potential of aerobic exercise-induced circulating EVs (EXE-EVs) on diabetic wound healing. Circulating EVs were isolated from the plasma of rats subjected to 4 weeks of moderate aerobic exercise or sedentariness 24 h after the last training session. The therapeutic effect of circulating EVs was evaluated in vitro by proliferation, migration, and tube formation assays of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs), as well as in vivo by quantification of angiogenesis and cutaneous wound healing in diabetic rats. Results: The number of circulating EVs did not change significantly in exercised rats 24 h post-exercise in comparison with the sedentary rats. Nevertheless, EXE-EVs showed remarkable pro-angiogenic effect by augmenting proliferation, migration, and tube formation of HUVECs. Furthermore, the findings of animal experiments revealed that the EXE-EVs delivered by decellularized dermal matrix hydrogel (DDMH) could significantly promote the repair of skin defects through stimulating the regeneration of vascularized skin. Discussion: The present study is the first attempt to demonstrate that aerobic exercise-induced circulating EVs could be utilized as a cell-free therapy to activate angiogenesis and promote diabetic wound healing. Our findings suggest that EXE-EVs may stand for a potential strategy for diabetic soft tissue wound repair.

18.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 153: 113435, 2022 Sep.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36076551

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a leading cause of death and disability worldwide as well as a risk factor for neurodegenerative diseases later in life. Evodiamine (Evo), a compound derived from Evodia rutaecarpa, is known to possess pharmacological activities. However, whether Evo confers protection after TBI remains unknown. OBJECTIVE: To study whether Evo protects against TBI through inhibiting oxidative stress via the phosphoglycerate kinase 1 (PGK1)/nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (NRF2) pathway. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In vivo, adult male C57BL/6J mice were subjected to controlled cortical impact (impact velocity: 6 m/s; penetration depth: 2 mm) to establish a murine model of TBI. Evodiamine was administrated at 24 h, 30 min prior to TBI and 2, 24, 48, 72 h post TBI. In vitro, pheochromacytoma 12 (PC12) cells were pretreated with Evo for 24 h, then exposed to 300 µM H2O2 stimulation for another 24 h to induce oxidative stress. Furthermore, transfection of PGK1 overexpressing vectors or PGK1 siRNAs was performed to decipher the role of PGK1 in Evo-produced effect in TBI. RESULTS: Treatment with Evo alleviated TBI-induced neurological dysfunction, BBB breakdown, histopathological changes in H&E staining, and increased apoptosis. Importantly, Evo enhanced catalase (CAT) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activities, and reduced reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation through PGK1 inhibition-induced activation of the NRF2/heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) signaling in TBI mice or H2O2-exposed PC12 cells. Of note, the protective effect of Evo in the in vitro TBI was similar to that of PGK1 siRNAs; overexpression of PGK1 compromised Evo-produced protection in H2O2-stimulated PC12 cells. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONS: Taken together, we demonstrated that Evo improved the outcomes after TBI by targeting the PGK1/NRF2 signaling-regulated oxidative stress. Evo may represent a potential therapy to promote recovery from TBI.


Subject(s)
Brain Injuries, Traumatic , NF-E2-Related Factor 2 , Animals , Apoptosis , Brain Injuries, Traumatic/metabolism , Heme Oxygenase-1/metabolism , Hydrogen Peroxide/pharmacology , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , NF-E2-Related Factor 2/metabolism , Oxidative Stress , Phosphoglycerate Kinase , Quinazolines , Rats
19.
Int J Environ Res Public Health ; 19(17)2022 Aug 31.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36078555

ABSTRACT

China's education has developed rapidly in recent years, but the issue of educational equality still exists. Currently, there are few studies on educational resources, and their spatial pattern and fairness remain unclear. Thus, this study selected the point of interest data and spatial analysis methods to depict the spatial pattern of educational resources (containing the number of teachers, students, facilities, etc.). Then, we evaluated the equity of educational resources (including the number of schools and school teachers) in terms of geographic and population distribution by combining statistical yearbook data with two indices (the index of dissimilarity and agglomeration degree) to promote healthy urban development. The results show the following. (1) Educational resources have a multicenter spatial structure of "dual cores and multiple sub-centers". The Moran index reflects a weak positive spatial correlation between educational resources. (2) The index of dissimilarity is between 0.02 and 0.21, which shows that the allocation of resources is relatively balanced. Regarding internal units, obvious differences exist in the agglomeration degree and equilibrium of educational resources.


Subject(s)
Schools , Students , China , Educational Status , Humans , Spatial Analysis
20.
Front Public Health ; 10: 978159, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36081471

ABSTRACT

During the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020, a tuberculosis outbreak occurred in a university in eastern China, with 4,488 students and 421 staff on the campus. A 19-year-old student was diagnosed in August 2019. Later, the first round of screening was initiated among close contacts, but no active cases were found. Till September 2020, four rounds of screening were performed. Four rounds of screening were conducted on September 9, November 8, November 22-25 in 2019 and September 2020, with 0, 5, 0 and 43 cases identified, respectively. A total of 66 active tuberculosis were found in the same university, including 4 sputum culture-positive and 7 sputum smear-positive. The total attack rate of active tuberculosis was 1.34% (66/4909). The whole-genome sequencing showed that the isolates belonged to the same L2 sub-specie and were sensitive to all tested antituberculosis drugs. Delay detection, diagnosis and report of cases were the major cause of this university tuberculosis epidemic. More attention should be paid to the asymptomatic students in the index class. After the occurrence of tuberculosis cases in schools, multiple rounds of screening should be carried out, and preventive therapy should be applied in a timely manner.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Tuberculosis , Adult , COVID-19/epidemiology , China/epidemiology , Disease Outbreaks , Humans , Pandemics , Tuberculosis/diagnosis , Tuberculosis/epidemiology , Tuberculosis/prevention & control , Universities , Young Adult
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