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1.
Atmospheric Environment ; : 119192, 2022.
Article in English | ScienceDirect | ID: covidwho-1850685

ABSTRACT

The Chinese Spring Festival (CSF) is the most solemn traditional festival in China, and the substantial changes in anthropogenic activities in megacities provide a unique natural experiment to assess the influence of short-term emission changes on air quality. Here we applied a machine learning based random forest algorithm to six-year aerosol composition measurements in urban Beijing during the CSFs of 2012–2020 to quantify the relative contributions of meteorology and emission changes to air quality. Our results demonstrate large variabilities of air pollutants during the CSF due to the meteorological changes and holiday effect. By removing the meteorological effect, we found that the reduced emissions during CSF caused an average decrease of 5.1% for non-refractory PM2.5 with chloride and primary organic aerosol being the largest (8.8–18.7%) while the changes in secondary species were small. The COVID-19 lockdown during 2020 led to additional reductions of primary species by 16.3–36.8%, yet increases in nitrate and secondary organic aerosol due to enhanced secondary production. Our study has a significant implication that reducing local traffic and cooking emissions is far from enough for mitigating air pollution in winter in megacities due to the nonlinear effect of secondary production and regional transport. A synergetic control of multiple precursors, e.g., NOx and ammonia, is of great importance to reduce secondary aerosol and improve air quality.

2.
Frontiers in chemistry ; 10, 2022.
Article in English | EuropePMC | ID: covidwho-1837947

ABSTRACT

The pandemic caused by SARS-CoV-2 is the most widely spread disease in the 21st century. Due to the continuous emergence of variants across the world, it is necessary to expand our understanding of host–virus interactions and explore new agents against SARS-CoV-2. In this study, it was found exopolysaccharides (EPSs) from halophilic archaeon Haloarcula hispanica ATCC33960 can bind to the spike protein of SARS-CoV-2 with the binding constant KD of 2.23 nM, block the binding of spike protein to Vero E6 and bronchial epithelial BEAS-2B cells, and inhibit pseudovirus infection. However, EPSs from the gene deletion mutant △HAH_1206 almost completely lost the antiviral activity against SARS-CoV-2. A significant reduction of glucuronic acid (GlcA) and the sulfation level in EPSs of △HAH_1206 was clearly observed. Our results indicated that sulfated GlcA in EPSs is possible for a main structural unit in their inhibition of binding of SARS-CoV-2 to host cells, which would provide a novel antiviral mechanism and a guide for designing new agents against SARS-CoV-2.

3.
Hum Vaccin Immunother ; : 1-5, 2022 Apr 26.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1806176

ABSTRACT

Alum adjuvant has always been the first choice when designing a vaccine. Conventional aluminum adjuvant includes aluminum hydroxide, aluminum phosphate, and amorphous aluminum hydroxyphosphate (AAHS), which could effectively induce the humoral, and to a lesser extent, cellular immune responses. Their safety is widely accepted for a variety of vaccines. However, conventional alum adjuvant is not an ideal choice for a vaccine antigen with poor immunogenicity, especially the subunit vaccine in which cellular response is highly demanded. The outbreak of COVID-19 requires a delicately designed vaccine without the antibody-dependent enhancement (ADE) effect to ensure the safety. A sufficiently powerful adjuvant that can induce both Th1 and Th2 immune responses is necessary to reduce the risk of ADE. These circumstances all bring new challenges to the conventional alum adjuvant. However, turning conventional microscale alum adjuvant into nanoscale is a new solution to these problems. Nanoscale alum owns a higher surface volume ratio, can absorb much more antigens, and promote the ability to stimulate the antigen-presenting cells (APCs) via different mechanisms. In this review, the exceptional performance of nano alum adjuvant and their preparation methods will be discussed. The potential safety concern of nano alum is also addressed. Based on the different mechanisms, the potential application of nano alum will also be introduced.

4.
International Journal of Logistics Management ; 33(2):590-619, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1794924

ABSTRACT

Purpose>This study looks beyond firm boundaries to depict supply chain (SC) adaptability and classifies it into internal, customer and supplier dimensions to investigate their performance implications, respectively. This study also examines the enablers of SC adaptability based on information processing theory.Design/methodology/approach>This study applies the structural equation modeling method to investigate relationships among SC information sharing, SC adaptability and operational performance using data collected from 216 manufacturers in China.Findings>Internal information sharing has a positive impact on three dimensions of SC adaptability, whereas supplier and customer information sharing only have a positive impact on supplier adaptability. Customer and supplier information sharing interact to positively influence the three dimensions of SC adaptability, while internal and customer information sharing interact to negatively affect customer adaptability. We also find that all the three dimensions of SC adaptability can enhance operational performance.Originality/value>This study contributes to providing a holistic definition of SC adaptability and classifies it into three dimensions. It also investigates antecedents and performance outcomes of SC adaptability.

5.
Chemical Engineering Journal ; : 135583, 2022.
Article in English | ScienceDirect | ID: covidwho-1719419

ABSTRACT

The high incidence of kidney disease caused by various factors (such as COVID-19) has triggered an extreme desire for wearable artificial kidney (WAK). Nevertheless, the dialysate regeneration system in WAK presents a very low adsorption capacity of urea, and must rely on the help of urease and zirconium compounds, which make the device too complex and costly, thus limiting their application. In this study, we employ the adsorption activity of defect-rich MoS2 nanosheets with widened interlayer spacing (WDR-MoS2) for the elimination of three crucial uremic toxins (urea, creatinine, and uric acid). The high adsorption performances of WDR-MoS2 are owing to the presence of abundant S atoms between the two MoS2 sheets that can efficiently adsorb uremic toxins through the unique S-N bond. Furthermore, widening the layer spacing of MoS2 is similar to adjusting the aperture of a filter, which can not only speed up the transport of uremic toxins but also prevent the passage of large molecules (such as proteins). Thus, the WDR-MoS2 can neither affect cell viability nor produce hemolysis and coagulation in the blood. Finally, a home-made WDR-MoS2 fixed-bed system without urease and zirconium compounds is used to efficiently remove uremic toxins in the dialysate. WDR-MoS2 is expected to fundamentally solve the materials science challenges in WAK and provide a new design idea for the development of high-performance 2D material-based adsorbents.

6.
EuropePMC; 2020.
Preprint in English | EuropePMC | ID: ppcovidwho-321361

ABSTRACT

Background: Since December 2019, coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), as an infectious disease with cytokine storm, has become an emerging global challenge. To assess the duration of SARS-COV-2 viral shedding and associated risk factors in COVID-19 patients. Methods: : COVID-19 patients with interleukin (IL)-1b, soluble interleukin-2 receptor (sIL-2R), IL-6, IL-8, IL-10 and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α cytokines data consecutively admitted to Tongji Hospital from January 27, 2020 through February 5, 2020 were enrolled and been followed up until March 24, 2020. We utilized Kaplan-Meier method and Cox proportional hazards regression analysis to assess the duration of viral shedding and risk factors affecting virus clearance. Results: : 246 inpatients with laboratory confirmed COVID-19 were enrolled. The median duration of viral shedding was 24 days, ranging from 6 to 63 days. Age, severity of COVID-19, albumin, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), D-dimer, ferritin and sIL-2R were associated with duration of viral shedding. Administration of lopinavir-ritonavir, arbidol, oseltamivir and intravenous immunoglobulin did not shorten viral shedding time. Multivariate cox regression analysis revealed that sIL-2R, LDH and severity of COVID-19 were independent factors associated with duration of viral shedding. At stratified analysis, the viral shedding time was positively correlated with age, sIL-2R and LDH in non-corticosteroid subgroup, while negatively correlated with lymphocyte count in corticosteroid group. Conclusions: : The present study demonstrated that elevated sIL-2R, increased LDH and severe status were related to prolongation of viral shedding in COVID-19 inpatients. Further research is urgent to investigate the mechanism of immune reaction involved in the virus clearance process and aim to the optimal antiviral therapy.

7.
EuropePMC; 2021.
Preprint in English | EuropePMC | ID: ppcovidwho-315893

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic has stimulated the shift of work and life from the physical to a more digital format. To survive and thrive, companies have integrated more digital-enabled elements into their businesses to facilitate resilience, by avoiding potential close physical contact. Following Design Science Research Methodology (DSRM), this paper builds a workflow management system for contactless digital resilience when customers are purchasing in a store. Customer behavior, in coping with digital resilience against COVID-19, is illustrated and empirically tested, using a derivative model in which the constructs are from classical theories. Data was collected from individual customers via the Internet, and 247 completed questionnaires were examined.

8.
EuropePMC; 2020.
Preprint in English | EuropePMC | ID: ppcovidwho-315684

ABSTRACT

Background: COVID-19 is “public enemy number one” and has placed an enormous burden on health authorities across the world. Given the wide clinical spectrum of COVID-19, understanding the factors that can predict disease severity will be essential since this will help frontline clinical staff to stratify patients with increased confidence. Purpose: To investigate the diagnostic value of the temporal radiographic changes, and the relationship to disease severity and viral clearance in COVID-19 patients. Methods: : In this retrospective cohort study, we included 99 patients admitted to the Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University, with laboratory confirmed moderate or severe COVID-19. Temporal radiographic changes and viral clearance were explored using appropriate statistical methods. Results: : Radiographic features from HRCT scans included ground-glass opacity, consolidation, air bronchogram, nodular opacities and pleural effusion. The HRCT scores (peak) during disease course in COVID-19 patients with severe pneumonia (median: 24.5) were higher compared to those with pneumonia (median: 10) (p=3.56×10 -12 ), with more frequency of consolidation (p=0.025) and air bronchogram (p=7.50×10 -6 ). The median values of days when the peak HRCT scores were reached in pneumonia or severe pneumonia patients were 12 vs . 14, respectively (p=0.048). Log-rank test and Spearman's Rank-Order correlation suggested temporal radiographic changes as a valuable predictor for viral clearance. In addition, follow up CT scans from 11 pneumonia patients showed full recovery. Conclusion: Given the values of HRCT scores for both disease severity and viral clearance, a standardised HRCT score system for COVID-19 is highly demanded.

9.
EuropePMC;
Preprint in English | EuropePMC | ID: ppcovidwho-328594

ABSTRACT

Background: Meteorological factors and air pollutants have been reported to be associated with hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) epidemics before the introduction of vaccine. However, there is limited evidence from studies with long-term dimensions. Methods: : We collected the daily HFMD counts, weather and air pollution data from 2014 to 2020 in Chengdu. Distributed lag non-linear models (DLNM) were used to assess the associations of meteorological factors and air pollutants on HFMD cases. Results: : From 2014-2020, high relative humidity and precipitation and extremely high and low levels of PM 10 , O 3 , SO 2 and CO increased the risk of HFMD. In pre-vaccination period, extreme high and low temperatures, PM 10 and NO 2 , low precipitation and high concentrations of PM 2.5 and O 3 significantly increase the risk of HFMD;In post-vaccination period, low temperature and high relative humidity, O 3 , NO 2 and CO can significantly increase the incidence of HFMD;During the period of COVID-19, only low temperature will significantly increase the risk of HFMD;Low concentration of air pollutants has the greatest impact on the 6-14 age group, while the high concentration of air pollutants has the greatest impact on the 0-1 age group. Conclusions: Our study suggest that high relative humidity and precipitation and extremely high and low levels of PM 10 , O 3 , SO 2 and CO increased the risk of HFMD from 2014 to 2020. The results of this study provide a reference for local authorities to formulate intervention measures and establish an environment-based disease early warning system.

10.
EuropePMC;
Preprint in English | EuropePMC | ID: ppcovidwho-326166

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic has stimulated the shift of work and life from the physical to a more digital format. To survive and thrive, companies have integrated more digital-enabled elements into their businesses to facilitate resilience, by avoiding potential close physical contact. Following Design Science Research Methodology (DSRM), this paper builds a workflow management system for contactless digital resilience when customers are purchasing in a store. Customer behavior, in coping with digital resilience against COVID-19, is illustrated and empirically tested, using a derivative model in which the constructs are from classical theories. Data was collected from individual customers via the Internet, and 247 completed questionnaires were examined.

11.
EuropePMC; 2020.
Preprint in English | EuropePMC | ID: ppcovidwho-325164

ABSTRACT

Background: The novel coronavirus pneumonia (COVID-19) is a highly contagious and highly pathogenic disease caused by a novel coronavirus(SARS-CoV-2)and has become pandemic within a short period of time. The epidemic has brought not only the risk of death from infection but also unbearable psychological pressure. College students as a special group, their mental health status need to be studied during the outbreak of COVID-19.MethodsWe used the Self-Rating Anxiety Scale (SAS), Self-Rating Depression Scale (SDS), and the compulsive behavior part of the Yale-Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Scale (YBOCS), combined with demographic information, using online questionnaires to research, and the study was conducted between February 21 and 24, 2020. A total of 2270 valid questionnaires were collected, the respondents of these questionnaires included 563 medical students and 1707 non-medical students. We separately analyzed the mental health status of medical and non-medical students during the outbreak of COVID-19.ResultsOf the 563 medical students, 20 (3.55%) students had anxiety symptoms, and 57 (10.12%) students had depressive symptoms. Gender, PMH, compulsive behavior, and regularity of daily life during the epidemic outbreak were correlated with their anxiety symptoms and age, PMH, compulsive behavior, and regularity of daily life during the epidemic outbreak were associated with their depressive symptoms. Of the 1707 non-medical students, 66 (3.87%) students had anxiety symptoms, and 180 (10.54%) students had depressive symptoms. Gender, contact history of similar infectious disease, PMH, compulsive behavior, regularity of daily life and exercise during the epidemic outbreak and concern on COVID-19 were correlated with their anxiety symptoms and contact history of similar infectious disease, PMH, compulsive behavior, regularity of daily life and exercise during the epidemic outbreak and concern on COVID-19 were associated with their depressive symptoms.ConclusionsResults indicated that gender, age, contact history of similar infectious disease, past medical history (PMH), compulsive behavior, regularity of daily life, and exercise during the epidemic outbreak are the key factors making college students anxious or depressed. The results provided a theoretical basis for relevant interventions;it is also essential for medical education and public health epidemic prevention.

12.
Front Aging Neurosci ; 13: 762907, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1686506

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The follow-up study on neuropsychiatric changes after the lifting of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) quarantine in patients with cognitive impairment and their caregivers is still lacking, and relative information is needed to formulate more comprehensive healthcare prevention measures worldwide. AIMS: To provide data on the changes in neuropsychiatric performance after the lifting of COVID-19 quarantine in patients with cognitive disorders and their caregivers. METHODS: Two surveys in Chongqing, China were conducted via telephonic interview with 531 patients and their caregivers. The baseline survey was performed from February 11 to 23, 2020, and the follow-up was from October 24 to November 9, 2020. The data of neuropsychiatric symptoms (NPSs), sleep, nutrition, and chronic diseases of patients, as well as the burden of care, anxiety, and depression of caregivers were evaluated. RESULTS: Significant alleviation of NPSs after the lifting of COVID-19 quarantine was observed in patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and dementia (both P < 0.05). Compared with baseline, the prevalence for NPSs of all participants dropped from 57.94 to 38.82%. Among NPS subdomains, apathy displayed the biggest decline at follow-up by 10.72%, followed by nighttime behavior by 8.65%. Mixed effect generalized estimation equation analysis showed significant amelioration in hallucination, depression, apathy, irritability, aberrant motor behavior, and nighttime behavior (all P < 0.05), with the most prominent changes in nighttime behavior and apathy. Among the patients with unsatisfactory control of chronic disease, the medication adherence rate dropped by approximately 30% after the lifting of quarantine. More importantly, around 13% increase of care burden was observed among the caregivers at follow-up, with both depression and anxiety rising by nearly 4%. CONCLUSION: The prolonged quarantine may exacerbate NPS in patients with memory disorders, while the care burden and mental stability of the caregivers after the pandemic should also be concerned.

13.
Journal of Intensive Medicine ; 2022.
Article in English | ScienceDirect | ID: covidwho-1665214

ABSTRACT

Background The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is an ongoing pandemic since December 2019. Invasive mechanical ventilation (IMV) is essential for the management of COVID-19 with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). We aimed to assess the impact of compliance with a respiratory decision support system on the outcomes of patients with COVID-19-associated ARDS who required IMV. Methods In this retrospective, single-center, case series, 46 patients with COVID-19-associated ARDS who required IMV at Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University, China, from January 8, 2020, to March 24, 2020, with the final follow-up date of April 20, 2020, were included. Demographic, clinical, laboratory, imaging, and management information were collected and analyzed. Compliance with the respiratory support decision system was documented, and its relationship with 28-day mortality was evaluated. Results The median age of the 46 patients with COVID-19-associated ARDS requiring IMV was 68.5 years, and 31 were men. The partial pressure of arterial oxygen (PaO2)/fraction of inspired oxygen (FiO2) ratio at intensive care unit (ICU) admission was 104 mmHg. The median total length of IMV was 12.0 (interquartile range [IQR], 6.0–27.3) days, and the median respiratory support decision score was 11.0 (IQR, 7.8–16.0). To 28 days after ICU admission, 18 (39.1%) patients died. Survivors had a significantly higher respiratory support decision score than non-survivors (15.0 [10.3–17.0] vs. 8.5 (6.0–10.3), P = 0.001). Using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve to assess the discrimination of respiratory support decision score to 28-day mortality, the area under the curve (AUC) was 0.796 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.657–0.934, P = 0.001) and the cut-off was 11.5 (sensitivity = 0.679, specificity = 0.889). Patients with a higher score (>11.5) were more likely to survive at 28 days after ICU admission (log-rank test, P < 0.001). Conclusions For severe COVID-19-associated ARDS with IMV, following the respiratory support decision and assessing completion would improve the progress of ventilation. With a decision score of >11.5, the mortality at 28 days after ICU admission showed an obvious decrease.

14.
Neuromodulation ; 24(3): 441-447, 2021 Apr.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1593901

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Due to the impact of COVID-19 epidemic, face-to-face follow-up treatments for patients with chronic pain and implanted spinal cord stimulation (SCS) devices are forced to be delayed or stopped. This has led to more follow ups being done remotely. Meanwhile, with the development of 4G/5G networks, smartphones, and novel devices, remote programming has become possible. Here, we investigated the demand and utility of remote follow-ups including remote programming for SCS for patients with chronic pain. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A questionnaire including questions on demographic characteristics, pain history, postimplantation life quality, standard follow-up experience, remote follow-up, and remote programming experience was sent to patients diagnosed as chronic intractable pain and treated with SCS during January 2019 to January 2020. RESULTS: A total of 64 participants completed the questionnaire. About 70% of participants expressed demands for remote follow-ups due to the inconvenience, high costs, and time consumption of traditional follow-up visits. Nearly 97% of participants have attempted remote follow-ups, and about 81% of participants have further tried remote programming. Approximately, 96% of them recognized the benefits. CONCLUSIONS: The remote programming was in high demand among participants. Most of the participants have tried remote follow-ups or even remote programming. The remote programming appeared to be more efficient, economic and were widely recognized among participants.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/prevention & control , Chronic Pain/therapy , Disease Outbreaks/prevention & control , Implantable Neurostimulators , Remote Sensing Technology/methods , Spinal Cord Stimulation/methods , Adult , COVID-19/epidemiology , China/epidemiology , Chronic Pain/epidemiology , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pain Measurement/methods
15.
Lancet Respir Med ; 9(7): 747-754, 2021 07.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1433967

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The consequences of COVID-19 in those who recover from acute infection requiring hospitalisation have yet to be clearly defined. We aimed to describe the temporal trends in respiratory outcomes over 12 months in patients hospitalised for severe COVID-19 and to investigate the associated risk factors. METHODS: In this prospective, longitudinal, cohort study, patients admitted to hospital for severe COVID-19 who did not require mechanical ventilation were prospectively followed up at 3 months, 6 months, 9 months, and 12 months after discharge from Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University, Wuhan, China. Patients with a history of hypertension; diabetes; cardiovascular disease; cancer; and chronic lung disease, including asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; or a history of smoking documented at time of hospital admission were excluded at time of electronic case-note review. Patients who required intubation and mechanical ventilation were excluded given the potential for the consequences of mechanical ventilation itself to influence the factors under investigation. During the follow-up visits, patients were interviewed and underwent physical examination, routine blood test, pulmonary function tests (ie, diffusing capacity of the lungs for carbon monoxide [DLCO]; forced expiratory flow between 25% and 75% of forced vital capacity [FVC]; functional residual capacity; FVC; FEV1; residual volume; total lung capacity; and vital capacity), chest high-resolution CT (HRCT), and 6-min walk distance test, as well as assessment using a modified Medical Research Council dyspnoea scale (mMRC). FINDINGS: Between Feb 1, and March 31, 2020, of 135 eligible patients, 83 (61%) patients participated in this study. The median age of participants was 60 years (IQR 52-66). Temporal improvement in pulmonary physiology and exercise capacity was observed in most patients; however, persistent physiological and radiographic abnormalities remained in some patients with COVID-19 at 12 months after discharge. We found a significant reduction in DLCO over the study period, with a median of 77% of predicted (IQR 67-87) at 3 months, 76% of predicted (68-90) at 6 months, and 88% of predicted (78-101) at 12 months after discharge. At 12 months after discharge, radiological changes persisted in 20 (24%) patients. Multivariate logistic regression showed increasing odds of impaired DLCO associated with female sex (odds ratio 8·61 [95% CI 2·83-26·2; p=0·0002) and radiological abnormalities were associated with peak HRCT pneumonia scores during hospitalisation (1·36 [1·13-1·62]; p=0·0009). INTERPRETATION: In most patients who recovered from severe COVID-19, dyspnoea scores and exercise capacity improved over time; however, in a subgroup of patients at 12 months we found evidence of persistent physiological and radiographic change. A unified pathway for the respiratory follow-up of patients with COVID-19 is required. FUNDING: National Natural Science Foundation of China, UK Medical Research Council, and National Institute for Health Research Southampton Biomedical Research Centre. TRANSLATION: For the Chinese translation of the abstract see Supplementary Materials section.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/physiopathology , COVID-19/therapy , Hospitalization , Aged , Cohort Studies , Female , Humans , Longitudinal Studies , Male , Middle Aged , Prospective Studies , Respiratory Function Tests , Time Factors
16.
Journal of Management Analytics ; : 1-19, 2021.
Article in English | Taylor & Francis | ID: covidwho-1294654
17.
Aging Clin Exp Res ; 33(8): 2317-2325, 2021 Aug.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1279508

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: COVID-19 is erupting globally. Mass quarantine had been implemented all around China which could influence the psychological status of patients with memory disorders and their caregivers. AIM: To investigate the psychological impact of mass quarantine on patients with memory disorders and their caregivers in China. METHODS: We completed a cross-sectional study in 787 patients and their caregivers registered from 2010 to 2019 in Memory Clinic, The First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, by telephone interviews. The performance in neuropsychiatric symptoms (NPSs), sleep, nutrition, chronic diseases of patients, and the burden of care, anxiety and depression of caregivers was assessed by six assessment scales (MNA-SF, PSQI, NPI, RSS, PHQ-9 and GAD-7). RESULTS: Only 68 (8.6%) patients worried about the outbreak of COVID-19. The prevalence of NPSs among all subjects was nearly 60.0%. Approximately 50.0% of the caregivers reported distress. More than 70.0% of patients remained stable in NPSs. However, anxiety, depression, aberrant motor disorder and delusion were exacerbated (22.9%, 18.6%, 17.1% and 16.8%, respectively). Appetite and eating disorder led alleviation rate by 25.8% while disappearing rate of agitation led by 5.8%. 7.5% of caregivers manifested depressive symptoms while 4.9% expressed anxiety symptoms, and 40.8% showed care burden. The coefficients of RSS and PHQ-9, RSS and GAD-7, RSS and NPI-D, PHQ-9 and GAD-7 were 0.7, 0.5, 0.5 and 0.6, respectively (p < 0.01). CONCLUSION: Changes in NPSs during COVID-19 were observed in some patients with memory disorders and their caregivers, and adherence to medication contributed to the stabilization of NPSs.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Dementia , Anxiety/epidemiology , Caregivers , China/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Humans , Memory Disorders/epidemiology , SARS-CoV-2
18.
Clin Nucl Med ; 46(11): 931-932, 2021 Nov 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1165594

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT: A 64-year-old woman with malignant carcinoid tumor of the ileum received right ileocolectomy 9 years ago. Series follow-up imaging studies including most recent 68Ga-DOTATATE PET/CT scan in June 2020 have been negative for disease. Current 68Ga-DOTATATE PET/CT scan showed new cluster of bilateral axillary and subpectoral lymphadenopathy with normal CT morphology, but with avid DOTATATE uptake. There was no other abnormal DOTATATE-avid lesion or suspicious CT image findings. The medical history revealed that the patient received 2 doses of COVID-19 (coronavirus disease 2019) mRNA vaccine at bilateral upper arm deltoid muscles at 21 and 42 days prior to the PET/CT examination, respectively.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Lymphadenopathy , Organometallic Compounds , Vaccines, Synthetic , Axilla , Female , Humans , Lymphadenopathy/chemically induced , Lymphadenopathy/diagnostic imaging , Middle Aged , Positron Emission Tomography Computed Tomography , RNA, Messenger , SARS-CoV-2 , Vaccination , Vaccines, Synthetic/adverse effects
19.
Clin Nucl Med ; 46(4): 353-354, 2021 04 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1112131

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT: We present here a 72-year-old man with mantle cell lymphoma who has completed chemotherapy and achieved complete metabolic response to the therapy 10 months ago. Series follow-up FDG PET/CT scans have been negative for lymphoma. Current FDG PET/CT scan showed a new cluster of subcentimeter left axillary lymphadenopathy with avid FDG uptake. There was also focal FDG uptake in the left upper arm deltoid muscle and adjacent subcutaneous soft tissue, with no other abnormal FDG-avid lesion or suspicious CT image findings. The medical history revealed that the patient received COVID-19 mRNA vaccine 2 days before the FDG PET/CT examination.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 Vaccines/adverse effects , COVID-19/prevention & control , Diagnosis, Differential , Lymphadenopathy/diagnostic imaging , Lymphoma/diagnostic imaging , Aged , Disease Progression , Fluorodeoxyglucose F18 , Humans , Lymphadenopathy/chemically induced , Lymphoma/chemically induced , Male , Positron Emission Tomography Computed Tomography/methods , RNA, Messenger , SARS-CoV-2 , Subcutaneous Tissue , Vaccination
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