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Building and Environment ; : 109699, 2022.
Article in English | ScienceDirect | ID: covidwho-2068748


The application of ultraviolet germicidal irradiation (UVGI) technology inside the heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning (HVAC) air ducts to purify circulating air and improve indoor air quality has attracted extensive interest during the COVID-19 pandemic. In this study, a new view-factor-based mathematical model was developed to calculate the irradiation distribution for a typical twin-tube UV lamp placed at the center of a square duct, in which the contributions from direct emissive irradiance, specular reflection irradiance, and diffuse reflection irradiance were quantified. Furthermore, the “projection area” method was introduced to mathematically estimate the shadowing effects between the two lamps by considering multiple-lamp scenarios in real in-duct UVGI system designs. Subsequently, a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulation was employed to compute the average received UV dose and disinfection efficiency of the system. The mathematical model combined with the CFD simulation was validated using the experimental data. It is concluded that by increasing the UV lamps, UV lamp power, and using more reflective duct wall materials, the in-duct UVGI disinfection performance can be improved. For the multiple-lamp arrangements, placing lamps perpendicular to the airflow in the same row results in a more uniform irradiance distribution and higher overall irradiation than placing them in different rows along the duct, thus increasing the disinfection efficiency. In addition, the duct wall with highly diffusive reflection provides a more uniform irradiance distribution and overall higher average radiation, thus providing better disinfection performance for an in-duct UVGI reactor.