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1.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 143: 112162, 2021 Nov.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1401248

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The global healthcare sector has been dealing with a situation known as a novel severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS-CoV-2) since the end of 2019. Covid-19 is an acronym for Covid-19 (Coronavirus Disease- 2019). It causes a respiratory infection that includes cold, sneezing and coughing, and pneumonia. In the case of an animal, it causes diarrhea and upper respiratory diseases. Covid-19 transmitted human to human via airborne droplets. First Covid-19 emerged in Wuhan market China and it spread rapidly throughout the World. As we know nanoparticles are a novel drug delivery system. They have various advantageous effects like increasing the efficacy of the drug, safety, etc. In this review, we study about the nanoparticles and summarize how it is effective during drug delivery system in Covid-19. Chitosan is a much focused biopolymeric nanoparticle. It delivers drugs to the specific target site. In a recent health crisis, chitosan nanoparticles are one of the ways to release drugs of Covid-19, and specifically in the lungs of the affected patients. We studied and extracted our data from various research papers, review papers, and some other articles. OBJECTIVE: The main goal is to study the nanoparticles and their future aspects which is an effective drug delivery system in Covid-19. METHODS: The bibliographic search was done through a systematic search. The terms "Nanoparticles", "Covid-19 ", "Drug delivery" etc. were used to search the databases/search engines like "Google Scholar", "NCBI", "PubMed", "Science Direct" etc. These databases and search engines used here perform the limited criteria of search to conduct a systematic literature survey for the study and report writing. All the text from the articles and research papers were studied and analyzed. The various articles and research papers were used in writing this report and all of which are mentioned in the reference section of this report. CONCLUSION: Our current studies reveal that nanoparticles may prove very helpful in the delivery of drugs for Covid-19 treatment. Many cases showed that patients, where drugs are delivered with the help of nanoparticles, produced very few side effects.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/drug therapy , Nanoparticles , Animals , Biopolymers/adverse effects , Biopolymers/chemistry , Biopolymers/therapeutic use , COVID-19/virology , Drug Delivery Systems/methods , Humans , Nanomedicine , Nanoparticles/adverse effects , Nanoparticles/chemistry , SARS-CoV-2/pathogenicity
2.
Int J Infect Dis ; 103: 378-380, 2021 Feb.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1385705

ABSTRACT

We analyzed the expression of ACE2 in the pharyngeal epithelium and examined its relationship with clinical features and serological parameters in patients with upper respiratory infection (URI). The expression level of the ACE2 gene was significantly higher in patients with URI (n = 125) than in healthy control (HC) individuals (n = 52) (p < 0.0001). The ACE2 gene expression level was significantly and positively correlated with age (r=0.1799, p = 0.0447) and body temperature (r=0.1927, p = 0.0427), which may help explain increasing coinfections with SARS-CoV-2 and other respiratory pathogens.


Subject(s)
Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme 2/genetics , Pharynx/enzymology , Respiratory Tract Infections/enzymology , Respiratory Tract Infections/genetics , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , COVID-19/enzymology , Child , Child, Preschool , Cohort Studies , Female , Gene Expression , Humans , Infant , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2 , Young Adult
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