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Chest ; 162(4):A838-A839, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2060702


SESSION TITLE: Sepsis: Beyond 30cc/kg and Antibiotics SESSION TYPE: Rapid Fire Original Inv PRESENTED ON: 10/19/2022 11:15 am - 12:15 pm PURPOSE: The Sepsis Prediction Model (SPM) is a proprietary decision support tool created by Epic Systems. The basis of the SPM is a Predicting Sepsis Score (PSS) calculated from demographic, comorbidity, vitals, labs, medication, and procedural data. We assessed the diagnostic accuracy and timeliness of the PSS for sepsis as defined by Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Adult Sepsis Event (ASE) criteria. The performance of the PSS was compared to, Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome (SIRS), quick Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (qSOFA), and SOFA scores. METHODS: Retrospective review of 62,460 adults admitted to 4 Wake Forest Baptist Health System hospitals from June 1, 2019 through December 31, 2020 with PSS scores calculated every 15 minutes. A sepsis event was defined as receipt of 4 or more days of antimicrobials, blood cultures collected within 48 hours of initial antimicrobial administration, and at least one organ dysfunction. This definition of sepsis was modified to also include Covid-19 infection with organ dysfunction. Time zero was defined as time of first contact for the healthcare encounter. 30-day readmissions, facility transfers, and deaths in the Emergency Department were excluded. RESULTS: The prevalence of sepsis in the sample was 4.5%. The optimal PSS threshold based on Youden’s J statistic was a score of 8 (sensitivity 0.72, specificity 0.74, Youden’s J 0.46). SIRS (sensitivity 0.90, specificity 0.42), qSOFA (sensitivity 0.64, specificity 0.69), and SOFA (sensitivity 0.89, specificity 0.43) had a Youden’s J statistic for sepsis of 0.32, 0.33, and 0.32, respectively. At a PSS score of ≥ 8, median time to score positivity among those who reached that score (28.4% of sample) was 217 minutes (IQR 74-1477 minutes). For SIRS, qSOFA and SOFA, median time to score positivity was 54 minutes (IQR 24-456), 360 minutes (IQR 53-1593) and 107 minutes (IQR 39-474), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Discrimination of the PSS for detection of sepsis was highest at a threshold score of 8. Overall, the PSS discriminated better than SIRS, qSOFA and SOFA. Positive SIRS and SOFA scores occurred at an earlier time-point than PSS score. The time to positivity appears to limit the tool’s best expected performance to improve time to initial antimicrobial and compliance with the 3-hour sepsis bundle. CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS: Clinical application of the Epic SPM to improve adherence with sepsis treatment goals is constrained by time to positive screen as compared to other screening tools. DISCLOSURES: No relevant relationships by Alain Bertoni No relevant relationships by Kristin Lenoir No relevant relationships by Beverly Levine No relevant relationships by Morgana Mongraw-Chaffin No relevant relationships by Adam Schertz Stock Ownership Interest relationship with Johnson & Johnson Please note: years Added 04/15/2022 by Karl Thomas, value=Ownership interest stock ownership relationship with Gilead Sciences Please note: years Added 04/15/2022 by Karl Thomas, value=Ownership Stock ownership interest relationship with Bristol-Myers Squibb Please note: years Added 04/15/2022 by Karl Thomas, value=Ownership interest Stock Ownership Interest relationship with Pfizer Please note: years Added 04/15/2022 by Karl Thomas, value=Ownership interest Stock Ownership Interest relationship with Doximity Please note: 1 year Added 04/15/2022 by Karl Thomas, value=Ownership interest No relevant relationships by Brian Wells No relevant relationships by Jack White