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1.
Int J Fertil Steril ; 16(3): 244-246, 2022 Aug 21.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2072397

ABSTRACT

Over the past two years, COVID-19 pandemic is an unprecedented health emergency. All countries have taken their
own measures to mitigate the spread of the virus in the first and subsequent mini-outbreaks of infection. In view of the
current situation of small outbreaks of COVID-19, guidelines on epidemic prevention should be developed specifically
for reproductive medical centers. It is necessary to establish a dynamic patient assessment and management system
to identify patients who need priority fertility treatment during epidemic control. Female Patients were assigned
as grade A and required hospitalization in the inpatient ward after egg retrieval. Patients who underwent controlled
ovarian stimulation were classified as grade B, and they can choose to be hospitalizedat home according to their own
convenience. Patients undergoing frozen embryo transfer (FET) cycle or planned downregulation with gonadotropinreleasing
hormone agonists were defined as grade C, who could continue the assisted reproductive technology (ART)
treatment cycle with negative COVID-19 nucleic acid test and there was no fever or respiratory symptoms. This brief
comment summarizes the working procedure of the reproductive medical center in the first hospital of Lanzhou University
in China to minimize the probability of hospital infection and ensure the safe conduct of assisted reproductive
technology therapy.

2.
Chinese Journal of Virology ; 36(6):1004-1008, 2020.
Article in Chinese | GIM | ID: covidwho-2034524

ABSTRACT

SARS-CoV-Z treated at 56 degrees C for 30 min can be inactivated effectively. However, the effect of heat treatment on subsequent detection of the RNA of SARS-CoV-2 by real-time reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase Chain reaction (RT-qPCR) has not been reported. We filled this knowledge gap in present study. We used five SARS'CoV-Z-positive throat swabs. Each throat swab was divided into four parts and assigned to a group: control;56 degrees C for 30 min;56 degrees C for 45 min;56 degrees C for 60 min. After heat treatment, SARS-CoV-Z RNA was extracted and detected by RT-qPCR (absolute quantitation using a standard curve). We found that SARS- CoV-Z RNA was reduced by ~40% after treatment at 56 degrees C for 30 ' 60 min. There was no significant difference (P > 0.05 for all) in the test results between the treatment groups (56 degrees C for 30 min;56 degrees C for 45 min;56 degrees C for 60 min). Our study suggested that SARS-CoV-Z specimens could be inactivated at 56 degrees C for 30 min, before RNA extraction and RT-qPCR detection, which could protect the safety of personnel and the environment during testing. Heat inactivation had a limited effect upon RT-qPCR detection but it should be used with caution if the specimen result is near the critical value.

3.
Front Public Health ; 10: 877843, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1903223

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the patient and visitor workplace violence (PVV) toward health workers (HWs) and identify correlations between worker characteristics, measures against violence and exposure to PVV in COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: A cross-sectional survey utilizing the international questionnaires in six public tertiary hospitals from Beijing in 2020 was conducted, and valid data from 754 respondents were collected. Multilevel logistic regression models were used to determine the association between independents and exposure to PVV. Results: During COVID-19 pandemic and regular epidemic prevention and control, doctors were 5.3 times (95% CI = 1.59~17.90) more likely to suffer from physical PVV than nurses. HWs most frequently work with infants were 7.2 times (95% CI = 2.24~23.19) more likely to suffer from psychological PVV. More than four-fifth of HWs reported that their workplace had implemented security measures in 2020, and the cross-level interactions between the security measures and profession variable indicates that doctors in the workplace without security measures were 11.3 times (95% CI = 1.09~116.39) more likely to suffer from physical PVV compared to nurses in the workplace with security measures. Conclusion: Doctors have higher risk of physical PVV in COVID-19 containment, and the security measures are very important and effective to fight against the physical PVV. Comprehensive measures should be implemented to mitigate hazards and protect the health, safety, and well-being of health workers.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Workplace Violence , COVID-19/epidemiology , China/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Humans , Pandemics , Regression Analysis
4.
J Int Med Res ; 50(5): 3000605221103525, 2022 May.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1874964

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To identify factors associated with high-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) therapy failure in patients with severe COVID-19. METHODS: We retrospectively examined clinical and laboratory data upon admission, treatments, and outcomes of patients with severe COVID-19. Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) scores were also calculated. RESULTS: Of 54 patients with severe COVID-19, HFNC therapy was successful in 28 (51.9%) and unsuccessful in 26 (48.1%). HFNC therapy failure was more common in patients aged ≥60 years and in men. Compared with patients with successful HFNC therapy, patients with HFNC therapy failure had higher percentages of fatigue, anorexia, and cardiovascular disease; a longer time from symptom onset to diagnosis; higher SOFA scores; a higher body temperature, respiratory rate, and heart rate; more complications, including acute respiratory distress syndrome, septic shock, myocardial damage, and acute kidney injury; a higher C-reactive protein concentration, neutrophil count, and prothrombin time; and a lower arterial partial pressure of oxygen/fraction of inspired oxygen (PaO2/FiO2). However, male sex, a low PaO2/FiO2, and a high SOFA score were the only independent factors significantly associated with HFNC therapy failure. CONCLUSIONS: Male sex, a low PaO2/FiO2, and a high SOFA score were independently associated with HFNC therapy failure in patients with severe COVID-19.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Respiratory Insufficiency , COVID-19/therapy , Cannula/adverse effects , Humans , Male , Oxygen , Respiratory Insufficiency/etiology , Respiratory Insufficiency/therapy , Retrospective Studies
6.
Travel Med Infect Dis ; 47: 102315, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1815223

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Travellers' perception of their risk for acquiring travel-related conditions is an important contributor to decisions and behaviors during travel. In this study, we aimed to assess the differences between traveller-perceived and expert-assessed risk of travel-related conditions in children and adults travelling internationally and describe factors that influence travellers' perception of risk. METHODS: Children and adults were recruited at the Hospital for Sick Children's Family Travel Clinic between October 2014 and July 2015. A questionnaire was administered to participants to assess their perceived risk of acquiring 32 travel-related conditions using a 7-point Likert scale. Conditions were categorized as vector-borne diseases, vaccine-preventable diseases, food and water borne diseases, sexually transmitted infections and other conditions. Two certified travel medicine experts reviewed each patient's chart and assigned a risk score based on the same 7-point Likert scale. Traveller and expert risk scores were compared using paired t-tests. RESULTS: In total, 207 participants were enrolled to participate in this study, 97 children (self-reported, n = 8; parent-reported, n = 89), and 110 adults. Travel-related risk for adults and parents answering for their children were significantly underestimated when compared to expert-assessed risk for 26 of the 32 assessed conditions. The underestimated conditions were the same for both adults and parents answering for children. Travel-related risk was not over-estimated for any condition. CONCLUSIONS: Adults underestimated their children's and their own risk for most travel-related conditions. Strategies to improve the accuracy of risk perception of travel-related conditions by travellers are needed to optimize healthy travel for children and their families.


Subject(s)
Travel Medicine , Travel , Adult , Child , Cross-Sectional Studies , Hospitals , Humans , Surveys and Questionnaires
7.
Evid Based Complement Alternat Med ; 2022: 2266023, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1794383

ABSTRACT

Objective: Zuojin pill (ZJP) is used as the classical prescription for a wide variety of digestive diseases. However, there is a lack of direct evidence for its use in the treatment of chronic nonatrophic gastritis (CNG). In particular, there is a lack of rigorous trials of randomized controlled designs. In this study, a randomized active-controlled clinical trial was performed to verify the efficacy and safety of ZJP in detail. Methods: Patients with CNG were divided into the ZJP group and the Marzulene-S granule group. Patients were enrolled from September 2019 to February 2021 (ChiCTR2000040549). Endoscopy and histology scores were evaluated as the primary outcome measure. The Helicobacter pylori positive rate and the disappearance rate of symptoms were also measured to reflect the outcomes. Finally, adverse events were also calculated as the index of safety. Results: A total of 68 eligible patients were enrolled in this trial and randomly divided into two groups with baseline comparability. ZJP was able to improve the red plaques as well as bile reflux scores compared with Marzulene-S granule (P=0.043 and P=0.019, respectively). Moreover, it also remarkably alleviated the active chronic inflammation score (P=0.043). However, there was no difference between the Helicobacter pylori positivity rate (P=0.752). The symptom scores of abdominal distension (P=0.004), belching (P=0.010), and loss of appetite (P=0.019) were alleviated by ZJP, but nausea and vomiting were not (P=0.616). ZJP can also be considered safe with no obvious adverse effects. Conclusion: ZJP might decrease mucosal injury and alleviate symptoms in CNG. In addition, more large-scale clinical trials should be carried out to further confirm its clinical efficacy and safety.

8.
Disaster Med Public Health Prep ; : 1-5, 2021 Apr 30.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1704036

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Since December 2019, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has been discovered in Wuhan and spread rapidly across China and worldwide. Characteristics of infected patients are needed to get insight into the full spectrum of the disease. METHODS: Epidemiological and clinical information of 1738 diagnosed patients during February 7-26, 2020 in Wuhan Dongxihu Fangcang Hospital were analyzed. A total of 709 patients were followed up on symptom, mental health, isolation site, and medication after discharge. RESULTS: There were 852 males and 886 females in the cohort. The average age of the patients was 48.8 y. A total of 79.98% of the patients were from Wuhan, Hubei Province. The most common initial symptoms were fever, cough, and shortness of breath. Among all the patients, 1463 had complications, with respiratory distress as the most common complication. The average duration of hospitalization was 15.95 ± 14.69 d. The most common postdischarge symptom is cough. After discharge, most patients were full of energy and chose hotel as their self-isolation site. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) Chinese medicine No.2 prescription is the medication used most commonly by the patients after discharge. CONCLUSIONS: The population is generally susceptible to SARS-CoV-2. After receiving aggressive treatment of combined Chinese and Western medicine, most patients had a good prognosis and mental health after discharge.

9.
mBio ; : e0287521, 2022 Feb 15.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1688867

ABSTRACT

Bats are well-recognized reservoirs of zoonotic viruses. Several spillover events from bats to humans have been reported, causing severe epidemic or endemic diseases including severe acute respiratory syndrome-coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), SARS-CoV, Middle East respiratory syndrome-CoV (MERS-CoV), henipaviruses, and filoviruses. In this study, a novel rhabdovirus species, provisionally named Rhinolophus rhabdovirus DPuer (DPRV), was identified from the horseshoe bat (Rhinolophus affinis) in Yunnan province, China, using next-generation sequencing. DPRV shedding in the spleen, liver, lung, and intestinal contents of wild bats with high viral loads was detected by real-time quantitative PCR, indicating that DPRV has tropism for multiple host tissues. Furthermore, DPRV can replicate in vitro in multiple mammalian cell lines, including BHK-21, A549, and MA104 cells, with the highest efficiency in hamster kidney cell line BHK-21, suggesting infectivity of DPRV in these cell line-derived hosts. Ultrastructure analysis revealed a characteristic bullet-shaped morphology and tightly clustered distribution of DPRV particles in the intracellular space. DPRV replicated efficiently in suckling mouse brains and caused death of suckling mice; death rates increased with passaging of DPRV in suckling mice. Moreover, 421 serum samples were collected from individuals who lived near the bat collection site and had fever symptoms within 1 year. DPRV-specific antibodies were detected in 20 (4.75%) human serum samples by indirect immunofluorescence assay. Furthermore, 10 (2.38%) serum samples were DPRV positive according to plaque reduction neutralization assay, which revealed potential transmission of DPRV from bats to humans and highlighted the potential public health risk. Potential vector association with DPRV was not found with negative viral RNA in bloodsucking arthropods. IMPORTANCE We identified a novel rhabdovirus from the horseshoe bat (Rhinolophus thomasi) in China with probable infectivity in humans. DPRV was isolated in vitro from several mammalian cell lines, indicating wide host tropism, excluding bats, of DPRV. DPRV replicated in the brains of suckling mice, and the death rate of suckling mice increased with passaging of DPRV in vivo. Serological tests indicated the possible infectivity of DPRV in humans and the potential transmission to humans. The present findings provide preliminary evidence for the potential risk of DPRV to public health. Additional studies with active surveillance are needed to address interspecies transmission and determine the pathogenicity of DPRV in humans.

10.
EuropePMC; 2020.
Preprint in English | EuropePMC | ID: ppcovidwho-316035

ABSTRACT

Background: Acute hypoxemic respiratory failure is prevalent in severe Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19). High-flow nasal canula (HFNC) is currently the most common ventilation strategy for COVID-19 patients with respiratory failure. This study is to analyze the risk factors associated with high-flow nasal canula (HFNC) oxygen therapy failure in patients with severe COVID-19. Methods: : In this single-center, retrospective, observational study, we enrolled patients with confirmed severe COVID-19 admitted to Renmin Hospital of Wuhan university (Wuhan, China) from 1 February 2020 to 26 March 26 2020. Epidemiological, clinical, and laboratory data, and treatments and outcomes upon hospital admission, were obtained from electronic medical records. Sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) scores were calculated. Results: : Of 54 patients with severe COVID-19, HFNC was successful in 28 (51.9%) and unsuccessful in 26 (48.1%). HFNC failure was seen more commonly in patients aged ≥60 years and in men. In addition, compared with patients successfully treated with HFNC, patients with HFNC failure had the following characteristics: higher percentage of fatigue and anorexia as well as cardiovascular disease;increased time from onset to diagnosis and SOFA scores;elevated body temperature, respiratory rate, and heart rate;more complications including ARDS, septic shock, myocardial damage, and acute kidney injury;increased neutrophil counts and prothrombin time;and decreased arterial partial pressure of oxygen/fraction of inspired oxygen (PaO 2 /FiO 2 ) (all P < 0.05). However, binary logistic regression analysis showed that only male gender and PaO 2 /FiO 2 were independent risk factors significantly associated with HFNC failure (both, P < 0.05). Conclusion: Patients with severe COVID-19 had a high HFNC treatment failure rate. Male gender and decreased PaO 2 /FiO 2 were independent risk factors associated with HFNC failure in severe COVID-19 patients.

11.
J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci ; 1181: 122884, 2021 Sep 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1364212

ABSTRACT

Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) vaccines are the most promising approach to control the COVID-19 pandemic. There are eminent needs to develop robust analytical methods to ensure quality control, as well as to evaluate the long-term efficacy and safety of vaccine. Although in vivo animal tests, such as serum-based ELISA, have been commonly used for quality control of vaccines, these methods have poor precision, are labor intensive, and require the availability of expensive, specific antibodies. Thus, there is growing interest to develop robust bioanalytical assays as alternatives for qualitative and quantitative evaluation of complex vaccine antigens. In this study, a liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry method was developed using optimized unique peptides for simultaneous determination of spike (S) and nucleocapsid (N) protein. Method sensitivity, linearity, repeatability, selectivity, and recovery were evaluated. The amount of S and N proteins in 9 batches of inactivated COVID-19 vaccines were quantified, and their compositions relative to total protein content were consistent. We believe this method can be applied for quality evaluation of other S and/or N protein based COVID-19 vaccine, and could be extended to other viral vector, and protein subunit-based vaccines.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 Vaccines/analysis , Chromatography, Liquid/methods , Coronavirus Nucleocapsid Proteins/analysis , SARS-CoV-2/chemistry , Spike Glycoprotein, Coronavirus/analysis , Tandem Mass Spectrometry/methods , COVID-19/virology , Humans , Quality Control , Vaccines, Inactivated/analysis
12.
Emerg Microbes Infect ; 10(1): 1683-1690, 2021 Dec.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1341091

ABSTRACT

At the end of 2019, A new type of beta-CoV, SARS-CoV-2 emerged and triggered the COVID-19 pandemic, which spread overwhelmingly around the world in less than a year. However, the origin and direct ancestral viruses of SARS-CoV-2 remain unknown. RaTG13, a novel coronavirus found in bats in China's Yunnan Province, is the closest relative virus of the SARS-CoV-2 identified so far. In this study, a new SARS-CoV-2 related virus, provisionally named PrC31, was discovered in Yunnan province by retrospectively analyse bat next generation sequencing (NGS) data of intestinal samples collected in 2018. PrC31 shared 90.7% and 92.0% nucleotide identities to the genomes of SARS-CoV-2 and the bat SARSr-CoV ZC45, respectively. Sequence alignment of PrC31 showed that several genomic regions, especially orf1a and orf8 had the highest homology with those corresponding genomic regions of SARS-CoV-2 than any other related viruses. Phylogenetic analysis indicated that PrC31 shared a common ancestor with SARS-CoV-2 in evolutionary history. The differences between the PrC31 and SARS-CoV-2 genomes were mainly manifested in the spike genes. The amino acid homology between the receptor binding domains of PrC31 and SARS-CoV-2 was only 64.2%. Importantly, recombination analysis revealed that PrC31 underwent multiple complex recombination events (including three recombination breakpoints) involving the SARS-CoV and SARS-CoV-2 sub-lineages, indicating that PrC31 evolved from yet-to-be-identified intermediate recombination strains. Combined with previous studies, it is revealed that the beta-CoVs may possess a more complex recombination mechanism than we thought.


Subject(s)
Chiroptera/virology , Recombination, Genetic , SARS-CoV-2/genetics , SARS-CoV-2/isolation & purification , Amino Acid Sequence , Animals , China , Genome, Viral , Phylogeny , SARS-CoV-2/classification , Sequence Alignment , Viral Proteins/genetics
13.
Ann Palliat Med ; 10(4): 3960-3975, 2021 Apr.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1175841

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The complication, pulmonary fibrosis (PF) secondary to COVID-19, may have a second wave of late mortality, given the huge number of individuals infected by COVID-19. However, the molecular mechanisms of PF secondary to COVID-19 haven't been fully elucidated, making the identification of novel strategies for targeted therapy challenging. This study aimed to systematically identify the molecular mechanisms and high-frequency core traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) targeting PF secondary to COVID-19 through network pharmacology and data mining. METHODS: The molecular mechanisms of PF secondary to COVID-19 were identified by mapping the COVID-19 differentially expressed gene and known targets associated with PF, protein-protein interactions network analysis, and enrichment pathway analysis; then the high-frequency core TCM targeting PF secondary to COVID-19 were identified by data mining and "Key targets related to PF secondary to COVID-19 - Ingredients" and "Key ingredients-key herbs" network analysis; and last we validated the interaction between the key ingredients and key targets by molecular docking. RESULTS: The molecular mechanisms of PF secondary to COVID-19 were mainly related to tumor necrosis factor (TNF) signaling pathway, cytokine-cytokine receptor interaction pathway, and NF-κB signaling pathway. Among these, cytokines interleukin 6 (IL-6), TNF, and IL-1ß were identified as the key targets associated with PF secondary to COVID-19. The high-frequency core TCM targeting these key targets were identified, including ingredients of quercetin, epigallocatechin-3-gallate, emodin, triptolide, resveratrol, and herb of Polygonum cuspidatum. Finally, our results were validated by quercetin and resveratrol both well docked to IL-6, TNF, and IL-1ß protein, with the estimated docking energy <0 kcal/mol. CONCLUSIONS: This study identified the cytokines-related molecular mechanisms of PF secondary to COVID-19, and the high-frequency core TCM against PF by targeting IL-6, TNF, and IL-1ß. Which provides new ideas for the discovery of small molecular compounds with potential therapeutic effects on PF secondary to COVID-19.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pulmonary Fibrosis , Data Mining , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Molecular Docking Simulation , SARS-CoV-2
14.
Biopreserv Biobank ; 18(6): 511-516, 2020 Dec.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1124927

ABSTRACT

Biobanking has been playing a crucial role in the development of new vaccines, drugs, biotechnology, and therapeutics for the prevention and treatment of a wide range of human diseases. This puts biobanks at the forefront of responding to the ongoing worldwide outbreak of the severe pandemic, coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). The leading public health institutions around the world have developed and established interim policies and guidelines for researchers and biobank staff to handle the infectious biospecimens safely and adequately from COVID-19 patients. A study of these important and complementary policies and guidelines is conducted in this study. It should be emphasized that the COVID-19 biospecimens must be collected, processed, and preserved by trained personnel equipped with right personal protective equipment to prevent the transmission of the coronavirus and ensure the specimen quality for testing and research. Six of the leading global public health organizations or institutions included in this study are the World Health Organization, the Pan American Health Organization, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the Public Health England, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, and the Office of Research at the University of California, San Francisco. In conclusion, following the recommended guidance and policies with extreme precautions is essential to ensure the quality of the collected COVID-19 biospecimens and accuracy of the conducted research or treatment, and prevent any possible transmission. Efforts from cryobiologist and biobanking engineers to optimize the protocol of COVID-19 biospecimen cryopreservation and develop the user-friendly and cost-effective devices are urgently required to meet the urgent and increased needs in the specimen biobanking and transportation.


Subject(s)
Biological Specimen Banks , Biomedical Research , COVID-19/epidemiology , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2 , Specimen Handling , Humans , Practice Guidelines as Topic
15.
SciFinder; 2020.
Preprint | SciFinder | ID: ppcovidwho-4425

ABSTRACT

A review. Moxibustion, as a traditional treatment method of traditional Chinese medicine, has been one of the important means to prevent plague since ancient times. In recent years, with the continuous deepening of the research on the mechanism and application rules of moxibustion, the role of moxibustion in reducing fever, regulating immune function and anti-virus has been confirmed. In 2019 coronavirus disease epidemic, the role of traditional Chinese medicine has been highly valued, and moxibustion therapy as one of its important components has also been applied to the frontline of anti-epidemic. This article will review the ancient literature and modern research on the prevention and treatment of infectious diseases by moxibustion, and combine with the clin. practice of TCM moxibustion in the prevention and treatment of COVID-19, with a view to providing reference and reference for moxibustion to play a greater role in this outbreak.

16.
Sustainable Cities and Society ; : 102652, 2020.
Article in English | ScienceDirect | ID: covidwho-974593

ABSTRACT

In recent years, major emergencies have occurred frequently all over the world. When a major global public heath emergency like COVID-19 broke out, an increasing number of fake news in social media networks are exposed to the public. Automatically detecting the veracity of a news article ensures people receive truthful information, which is beneficial to the epidemic prevention and control. However, most of the existing fake news detection methods focus on inferring clues from text-only content, which ignores the semantic correlations across multimodalities. In this work, we propose a novel approach for Fake News Detection by comprehensively mining the Semantic Correlations between Text content and Images attached (FND-SCTI). First, we learn image representations via the pretrained VGG model, and use them to enhance the learning of text representation via hierarchical attention mechanism. Second, a multimodal variational autoencoder is exploited to learn a fused representation of textual and visual content. Third, the image-enhanced text representation and the multimodal fusion eigenvector are combined to train the fake news detector. Experimental results on two real-world fake news datasets, Twitter and Weibo, demonstrate that our model outperforms seven competitive approaches, and is able to capture the semantic correlations among multimodal contents.

17.
World J Clin Cases ; 8(20): 4908-4916, 2020 Oct 26.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-918545

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The global pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 pneumonia poses a particular challenge to the emergency surgical treatment of elderly patients with high-risk acute abdominal diseases. Elderly patients are a high-risk group for surgical treatment. If the incarceration of gallstones cannot be relieved, emergency surgery is unavoidable. CASE SUMMARY: We report an 89-year-old male patient with acute gangrenous cholecystitis and septic shock induced by incarcerated cholecystolithiasis. He had several coexisting, high-risk underlying diseases, had a history of radical gastrectomy for gastric cancer, and was taking aspirin before the operation. Nevertheless, he underwent emergency laparoscopic cholecystectomy, with maintenance of postoperative heart and lung function, successfully recovered, and was discharged on day 8 after the operation. CONCLUSION: Emergency surgery for elderly patients with acute abdominal disease is safe and feasible during the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic, the key is to abide strictly by the hospital's epidemic prevention regulations, fully implement the epidemic prevention procedure for emergency surgery, fully prepare before the operation, accurately perform the operation, and carefully manage the patient postoperatively.

18.
Ann Glob Health ; 86(1): 128, 2020 10 06.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-887660

ABSTRACT

Background: COVID-19 first appeared in China in December 2019, with a high rate of infectivity and morbidity, which brought tremendous psychological pressure to healthcare workers. Purpose: To understand the psychological health status of healthcare workers during the COVID-19 outbreak and decline, and to provide a theoretical reference for the future establishment of a psychological crisis intervention system. Methods: Healthcare workers were recruited using convenience sampling and snowball sampling methods, and the electronic version of the SCL-90 scale and a sociodemographic questionnaire were administered. In the pretest, a total of 5018 responses were collected; after six weeks, random sampling was performed. The SCL-90 and measures of other epidemic-related problems were administered, with 1570 responses received; then, the final data analysis was performed. Results: After six weeks, the post-test GSI score; SCL-90 total score; and PST, PSDI, O-C, I-S, DEP, ANX, PHOB, PAR, PSY, and HOS scores were significantly lower than the corresponding pretest scores (p < 0.05). The results by occupational category showed that the scores of nursing staff decreased significantly for 12 indexes and that the scores of the doctors and other hospital staff also significantly decreased. There was a significant difference between the pretest (50.78 ± 28.18) and post-test (45.00 ± 28.49) scores for the degree of worry about the epidemic. Healthcare workers believed that the top three aspects of life affected by the epidemic were economic problems (816 people), interpersonal communication problems (731 people), and mental health (728 people). Conclusion: Over the course of the epidemic, the item scores generally declined significantly. Therefore, during an outbreak period, attention should be paid to psychological crisis interventions for healthcare workers; problems caused by psychological pressure, and even other psychological conditions, can be significantly alleviated to reduce the probability of subsequent health problems.


Subject(s)
Anxiety , Coronavirus Infections , Crisis Intervention/methods , Depression , Health Personnel/psychology , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Stress, Psychological , Adult , Anxiety/diagnosis , Anxiety/etiology , Betacoronavirus , COVID-19 , China/epidemiology , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Coronavirus Infections/psychology , Depression/diagnosis , Depression/etiology , Female , Humans , Male , Mental Health/statistics & numerical data , Occupational Stress/classification , Occupational Stress/diagnosis , Occupational Stress/prevention & control , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , Pneumonia, Viral/psychology , Psychiatric Status Rating Scales , SARS-CoV-2 , Stress, Psychological/diagnosis , Stress, Psychological/etiology
19.
Microbes Infect ; 22(4-5): 212-217, 2020.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-197499

ABSTRACT

Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2(SARS-CoV-2) is continuously and rapidly circulating at present. Asymptomatic patients have been proven to be contagious and thus pose a significant infection control challenge. Here we describe the characteristics of asymptomatic patients with SARS-CoV-2 infection in Jinan, Shandong province, China. A total of 47 patients with confirmed COVID-19 were recruited. Among them, 11 patients were categorized as asymptomatic cases. We found that the asymptomatic patients in Jinan were relatively young and were mainly clustered cases. The laboratory indicators and lung lesion on chest CT were mild. No special factors were found accounting for the presence or absence of symptoms. The presence of asymptomatic patients increased the difficulty of screening. It is necessary to strengthen the identification of such patients in the future.


Subject(s)
Asymptomatic Infections/epidemiology , Betacoronavirus , Coronavirus Infections/diagnosis , Coronavirus Infections/pathology , Pneumonia, Viral/diagnosis , Pneumonia, Viral/pathology , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , COVID-19 , Child , Child, Preschool , China/epidemiology , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Coronavirus Infections/virology , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Middle Aged , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , Pneumonia, Viral/virology , SARS-CoV-2 , Young Adult
20.
World J Clin Cases ; 8(8): 1343-1349, 2020 Apr 26.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-189069

ABSTRACT

The pneumonia caused by the coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) outbreak in Wuhan, China constitutes a public health emergency of international concern. The gastrointestinal symptoms of vomiting, diarrhea and abdominal pain and the detection of COVID-19 nucleic acid from fecal specimens in a small number of patients suggest the possibility of transmission via the gastrointestinal tract. People of all ages are vulnerable to this virus, including children. Digestive endoscopy is an invasive procedure during which children cannot wear masks; therefore, they have higher risks of exposure to COVID-19, and the digestive endoscopy center is a relatively high-risk area for COVID-19 infection. Based on these factors and in combination with related policies and regulations, a prevention and control program for the COVID-19 pneumonia in a children's digestive endoscopy center was established to prevent the COVID-19 nosocomial infection.

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