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1.
In Vivo ; 36(4): 1959-1965, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1904088

ABSTRACT

AIM: To evaluate the feasibility and tolerability of low-dose radiotherapy (LDRT) delivered to both lungs in the treatment of SARS-CoV-2-immune-mediated pneumonia in the COLOR-19 study (NCT0437747). PATIENTS AND METHODS: From May 2020 to April 2021 at Brescia University Radiation Oncology Department, three patients with COVID-19-related pneumonia were treated with LDRT according to the COLOR-19 protocol. All patients were treated with a single fraction at the average prescription dose of 0.7 Gy to both lungs. RESULTS: Three patients were enrolled (two males and one female, aged 61-81 years) and underwent LDRT. Despite LDRT being safely performed without significant side-effects, two patients died (one 81-year-old male due to septic shock secondary to Escherichia coli infection and one 79-year-old male, already in poor condition, due to worsening of COVID-19). The remaining female patient (61 years old) underwent LDRT for less severe COVID-19: her clinical condition and chest X-ray improved, and she was discharged home completely asymptomatic 27 days after hospital admission. Blood levels of C-reactive protein and ferritin generally decreased after LDRT. CONCLUSION: Early results of the COLOR-19 study demonstrate the feasibility of LDRT for therapy of COVID-19-related pneumonia; no conclusions on the efficacy have been reached due to poor accrual.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , COVID-19/radiotherapy , Female , Humans , Lung , Male , Middle Aged , SARS-CoV-2 , Treatment Outcome
2.
EuropePMC; 2020.
Preprint in English | EuropePMC | ID: ppcovidwho-307447

ABSTRACT

Background: Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic had an overwhelming impact on healthcare worldwide. Outstandingly, the aftermath on neoplastic patients is still largely unknown, and only isolated cases of COVID-19 during radiotherapy have been published. We will report the two-months experience of our Department, set in Lombardy “red-zone”. Methods: : data of 402 cancer patients undergoing active treatment from February 24 to April 24, 2020 were retrospectively reviewed;several indicators of the Department functioning were also analyzed. Results: : dedicated measures allowed an overall limited reduction of the workload. Decrease of radiotherapy treatment number reached 17%, while the number of administration of systemic treatment and follow up evaluations kept constant. Conversely, new treatment planning faced substantial decline. Considering the patients, infection rate was 3.23% (13/402) and mortality 1.24% (5/402). Median age of COVID-19 patients was 69.7 years, the large majority were male and smokers (84.6%);lung cancer was the most common tumor type (61.5%), 84.6% of subjects were stage III-IV and 92.3% had comorbidities. Remarkably, 92.3% of the cases were detected before March 24. Globally, only 2.5% of ongoing treatments were suspended due to suspect or confirmed COVID-19 and 46.2% of positive patients carried on radiotherapy without interruption. Considering only the last month, infection rate among patients undergoing treatment precipitated to 0.43% (1/232) and no new contagions were reported within our staff. Conclusions: : although mortality rate in COVID-19 cancer patients is elevated, our results support the feasibility and safety of continuing anticancer treatment during SARS-Cov-2 pandemic by endorsing consistent preventive measures.

4.
Tumori ; 108(2): 177-181, 2022 Apr.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1197332

ABSTRACT

Lombardy has represented the Italian and European epicenter of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. Although most clinical efforts within hospitals were diverted towards the care of virally infected patients, therapies for patients with cancer, including radiotherapy (RT), have continued. During both the first and second pandemic waves, several national and regional organizations provided Italian and Lombardian RT departments with detailed guidelines aimed at ensuring safe treatments during the pandemic. The spread of infection among patients and personnel was limited by adopting strict measures, including triage procedures, interpersonal distance, and adequate implementation of personal protective equipment (PPE). Screening procedures addressed to both the healthcare workforce and patients, such as periodic nasopharyngeal swabs, have allowed the early identification of asymptomatic or pauci-symptomatic COVID-19 cases, thus reducing the spread of the infection. Prevention of infection was deemed of paramount importance to protect both patients and personnel and to ensure the availability of a minimum number of staff members to maintain clinical activity. The choice of treating COVID-19-positive patients has represented a matter of debate, and the risk of oncologic progression has been weighted against the risk of infection of personnel and other patients. Such risk was minimized by creating dedicated paths, reserving time slots, applying intensified cleaning procedures, and supplying personnel and staff with appropriate PPE. Remote working of research staff, medical physicists, and, in some cases, radiation oncologists has prevented overcrowding of shared spaces, reducing infection spread.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Neoplasms , Radiation Oncology , COVID-19/epidemiology , Humans , Italy/epidemiology , Neoplasms/epidemiology , Neoplasms/radiotherapy , Pandemics/prevention & control , Personal Protective Equipment , SARS-CoV-2
5.
Med Oncol ; 37(11): 108, 2020 Nov 04.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-928648

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Italy experienced one of the world's severest COVID-19 outbreak, with Lombardy being the most afflicted region. However, the imposed safety measures allowed to flatten the epidemic curve and hence to ease the restrictions and inaugurate, on the 4th of May 2020, the Italian phase (P) 2 of the pandemic. The present survey study, endorsed by CODRAL and AIRO-L, aimed to assess how radiotherapy (RT) departments in Lombardy have dealt with the recovery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A questionnaire dealing with the management of pandemic was developed online and sent to all CODRAL Directors on the 10th of June 2020. Answers were collected in full anonymity one week after. RESULTS: All the 33 contacted RT facilities (100%) responded to the survey. Despite the scale of the pandemic, during P1 14 (42.4%) centres managed to safely continue the activity (≤ 10% reduction). During P2, 10 (30.3%) centres fully recovered and 14 (42.4%) reported an increase. Nonetheless, 6 (18.2%) declared no changes and, interestingly, 3 (9.1%) reduced activities. Overall, 21 centres (63.6%) reported suspected or positive cases within healthcare workforce since the beginning of the pandemic. Staff units were quarantined in 19 (57.6%) and 6 (18.2%) centres throughout P1 and P2, respectively. In the two phases, about two thirds centres registered positive or suspected cases amongst patients. CONCLUSION: The study revealed a particular attention to anti-contagion measures and a return to normal or even higher clinical workload in most RT centres in Lombardy, necessary to carry out current and previously deferred treatments.


Subject(s)
Betacoronavirus , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Neoplasms/epidemiology , Neoplasms/radiotherapy , Oncology Service, Hospital/trends , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , Surveys and Questionnaires , COVID-19 , Coronavirus Infections/therapy , Health Personnel/trends , Humans , Italy/epidemiology , Pandemics , Personal Protective Equipment/trends , Pneumonia, Viral/therapy , SARS-CoV-2
7.
Med Oncol ; 37(10): 85, 2020 Aug 17.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-716386

ABSTRACT

Management of patients with head and neck cancers (HNCs) is challenging for the Radiation Oncologist, especially in the COVID-19 era. The Italian Society of Radiotherapy and Clinical Oncology (AIRO) identified the need of practice recommendations on logistic issues, treatment delivery and healthcare personnel's protection in a time of limited resources. A panel of 15 national experts on HNCs completed a modified Delphi process. A five-point Likert scale was used; the chosen cut-offs for strong agreement and agreement were 75% and 66%, respectively. Items were organized into two sections: (1) general recommendations (10 items) and (2) special recommendations (45 items), detailing a set of procedures to be applied to all specific phases of the Radiation Oncology workflow. The distribution of facilities across the country was as follows: 47% Northern, 33% Central and 20% Southern regions. There was agreement or strong agreement across the majority (93%) of proposed items including treatment strategies, use of personal protection devices, set-up modifications and follow-up re-scheduling. Guaranteeing treatment delivery for HNC patients is well-recognized in Radiation Oncology. Our recommendations provide a flexible tool for management both in the pandemic and post-pandemic phase of the COVID-19 outbreak.


Subject(s)
Betacoronavirus , Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Head and Neck Neoplasms/radiotherapy , Medical Oncology/standards , Pandemics/prevention & control , Pneumonia, Viral/prevention & control , Practice Guidelines as Topic/standards , COVID-19 , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Head and Neck Neoplasms/epidemiology , Humans , Italy/epidemiology , Medical Oncology/methods , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , Radiotherapy/methods , Radiotherapy/standards , SARS-CoV-2 , Societies, Medical/standards
8.
Radiat Oncol ; 15(1): 191, 2020 Aug 10.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-704646

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic had an overwhelming impact on healthcare worldwide. Outstandingly, the aftermath on neoplastic patients is still largely unknown, and only isolated cases of COVID-19 during radiotherapy have been published. We will report the two-months experience of our Department, set in Lombardy "red-zone". METHODS: Data of 402 cancer patients undergoing active treatment from February 24 to April 24, 2020 were retrospectively reviewed; several indicators of the Department functioning were also analyzed. RESULTS: Dedicated measures allowed an overall limited reduction of the workload. Decrease of radiotherapy treatment number reached 17%, while the number of administration of systemic treatment and follow up evaluations kept constant. Conversely, new treatment planning faced substantial decline. Considering the patients, infection rate was 3.23% (13/402) and mortality 1.24% (5/402). Median age of COVID-19 patients was 69.7 years, the large majority were male and smokers (84.6%); lung cancer was the most common tumor type (61.5%), 84.6% of subjects were stage III-IV and 92.3% had comorbidities. Remarkably, 92.3% of the cases were detected before March 24. Globally, only 2.5% of ongoing treatments were suspended due to suspect or confirmed COVID-19 and 46.2% of positive patients carried on radiotherapy without interruption. Considering only the last month, infection rate among patients undergoing treatment precipitated to 0.43% (1/232) and no new contagions were reported within our staff. CONCLUSIONS: Although mortality rate in COVID-19 cancer patients is elevated, our results support the feasibility and safety of continuing anticancer treatment during SARS-Cov-2 pandemic by endorsing consistent preventive measures.


Subject(s)
Betacoronavirus , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Neoplasms/radiotherapy , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , COVID-19 , Coronavirus Infections/mortality , Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Female , Humans , Italy/epidemiology , Male , Pandemics/prevention & control , Pneumonia, Viral/mortality , Pneumonia, Viral/prevention & control , Radiation Oncology , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2
12.
Radiother Oncol ; 149: 89-93, 2020 08.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-269365

ABSTRACT

Italy experienced one of the world's deadliest COVID-19 outbreaks and healthcare systems had to instantly reorganise activity. The Italian Radiation Oncology Departments adapted numerous solutions to minimize the disruptions. Information technologies, treatment prioritization and implementation of hypofractionation and protection procedures allowed balancing between cancer patient care and patient/healthcare workers safety.


Subject(s)
Betacoronavirus , Coronavirus Infections , Medical Oncology , Neoplasms/radiotherapy , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , COVID-19 , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Disease Outbreaks , Humans , Italy/epidemiology , Medical Oncology/legislation & jurisprudence , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , SARS-CoV-2 , Surveys and Questionnaires
13.
Radiol Med ; 126(1): 142-146, 2021 Jan.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-273535

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: To evaluate stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) in low-risk Prostate Cancer patients as preferred treatment option in emergency health conditions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From April 2013 to September 2015, 28 patients with low-risk prostate cancer were prospectively enrolled. The SBRT prescribed dose was 36.25 Gy in 5 fractions, twice a week. Primary endpoints were acute and late toxicity. Secondary endpoints were biochemical recurrence free survival (bRFS) and overall survival. RESULTS: Median follow-up was 65.5 months (range 52-81). No acute G3 or G4 toxicity was recorded. Acute G1 or G2 genitourinary (GU) toxicity occurred in 43% and acute G1-G2 gastrointestinal (GI) toxicity in 14%. Late G1 and G3 GU toxicity in 18% and 3.5%, respectively. The G3 toxicity was not directly attributable to radiotherapy. Late G1 GI toxicity occurred in 18%. 5yy bRFS was 96.5% (95% CI 82.3-99.4%). CONCLUSIONS: Stereotactic body radiotherapy for early prostate cancer reported safe toxicity profile and a good clinical outcome at the median follow-up of 5 years. It may be an useful option if radiotherapy is required in emergency medical conditions.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/epidemiology , Prostatic Neoplasms/radiotherapy , Radiosurgery , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Dose Fractionation, Radiation , Humans , Italy/epidemiology , Male , Middle Aged , Pandemics , Prospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2 , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
15.
Clin Transl Radiat Oncol ; 23: 65, 2020 Jul.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-23293
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