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The International Journal of Religion and Spirituality in Society ; 12(2):237-253, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2100611


In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, the Indonesian government has established policies based on scientific and rational considerations. The ministry of religion introduced policies that are scientific and rational so that they have an impact on changing Islamic worship procedures. These policies are fully supported by the Indonesian Muslim Scholar Council and various mainstream Islamic organizations, such as Muhammadiyah and Nahdlatul Ulama. This can be attributed to their moderate and accommodative attitude toward government policies. However, some Muslim scholars seem irrational, rejecting the existence of and dangers associated with COVID-19. Irrational attitudes are often expressed openly and become viral on social media. Meanwhile, the government and mainstream Islamic organizations are conducting intensive socialization and education that are rational and proactive in handling the COVID-19 pandemic. Sometimes, they change to the path of rational choice by supporting government policies so as not to trigger problems.

The International Journal of Interdisciplinary Civic and Political Studies ; 17(2):73-84, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2030475


The COVID-19 pandemic occurred in Indonesia in early 2020, but the government (state) did not immediately respond to it through relevant policies. As a consequence, in 2021 there was an explosion of cases. In July 2021, for example, the number of cases and deaths from COVID-19 in Indonesia was the highest compared with India and Brazil. The Indonesian government has limitations in fighting the pandemic, and, therefore, the involvement of nonstate entities is important. This study focuses on the strategic role of Muhammadiyah as a mainstream Islamic organization representing the realm of civil society participating in the response to COVID-19. Muhammadiyah is engaged in health, education, and community empowerment and is actively participating through its many hospitals, educational institutions, and volunteers. The various programs are coordinated by the Muhammadiyah COVID-19 Command Center (MCCC). This study looks at how independent associations in Indonesia assist the state in handling the COVID-19 pandemic.