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1.
J Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 36(1): 171-173, 2021 Jan.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1032414

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND AIM: It is unsure whether inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a risk factor for novel coronavirus infection (COVID-19). METHODS: IBD patients were identified from population-based databases in Hong Kong and Taiwan from January 21, 2020, until April 15, 2020. RESULTS: Total 2954 and 2554 IBD patients were identified in Hong Kong and Taiwan, respectively. None had COVID-19. Pooled analysis showed that 65.3%, 39.1%, 4.3%, and 12.8% IBD patients in Hong Kong and 75.8 %, 51.4 %, 26.1%, and 52.3 % in Taiwan were on 5-aminosalicylates, immunomodulators, corticosteroids, and biologics, respectively. CONCLUSION: There were no reported cases of COVID-19 infection amongst IBD patients in Hong Kong and Taiwan. IBD patients should continue their usual medications during the COVID-19 pandemic.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/epidemiology , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases/complications , Adult , Aged , COVID-19/diagnosis , Female , Hong Kong/epidemiology , Humans , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases/diagnosis , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases/drug therapy , Male , Middle Aged , Registries , Taiwan/epidemiology
2.
J Crohns Colitis ; 14(14 Suppl 3): S791-S797, 2020 Oct 21.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-883090

ABSTRACT

Endoscopy is an essential component in the management of inflammatory bowel disease [IBD]. There is a risk of SARS-CoV-2 transmission during endoscopic procedures. The International Organization for the study of IBD [IOIBD] has developed 11 position statements, based on an online survey, that focus on how to prioritise endoscopies in IBD patients during the COVID-19 pandemic, alternative modes for disease monitoring, and ways to triage the high number of postponed endoscopies after the pandemic. We propose to pre-screen patients for suspected or confirmed COVID-19 and test for SARS-CoV-2 before endoscopy if available. High priority endoscopies during pandemic include acute gastrointestinal bleed, acute severe ulcerative colitis, new IBD diagnosis, cholangitis in primary sclerosing cholangitis, and partial bowel obstruction. Alternative modes of monitoring using clinical symptoms, serum inflammatory markers, and faecal calprotectin should be considered during the pandemic. Prioritising access to endoscopy in the post-pandemic period should be guided by control of COVID-19 in the local community and availability of manpower and personal protective equipment. Endoscopy should be considered within 3 months after the pandemic for patients with a past history of dysplasia and endoscopic resection for dysplastic lesion. Endoscopy should be considered 3-6 months after the pandemic for assessment of postoperative recurrence or new biologic initiation. Endoscopy can be postponed until after 6 months of pandemic for routine IBD surveillance and assessment of mucosal healing.


Subject(s)
Betacoronavirus , Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal/standards , Health Care Rationing/standards , Infection Control/standards , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Pandemics/prevention & control , Pneumonia, Viral/prevention & control , Triage/standards , COVID-19 , COVID-19 Testing , Clinical Laboratory Techniques/standards , Coronavirus Infections/complications , Coronavirus Infections/diagnosis , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal/methods , Global Health , Health Care Rationing/methods , Health Services Accessibility/standards , Humans , Infection Control/methods , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases/complications , Pneumonia, Viral/complications , Pneumonia, Viral/diagnosis , SARS-CoV-2 , Triage/methods
3.
Semin Arthritis Rheum ; 50(5): 885-889, 2020 10.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-665551

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Patients with rheumatologic diseases might be more susceptible to COVID-19 and carry a poorer prognosis. The aim of this study is to examine the incidence and outcomes of all COVID-19 patients with rheumatologic conditions in Hong Kong. METHODS: This is a population-based retrospective study. All patients tested positive for SARS-CoV-2 by PCR with a previous diagnosis of rheumatologic diseases were reviewed. The incidence of COVID-19 in patients with rheumatologic conditions was calculated and compared to the general population in Hong Kong. Descriptive data of those rheumatologic patients with COVID-19 and the clinical course of the index infection were presented. RESULTS: Up till 27 May 2020, there were 1067 cases of COVID-19 diagnosed in Hong Kong which had a population of 7.5 million. Out of the 39,835 patients with underlying rheumatologic diseases, we identified 5 PCR confirmed COVID-19 cases. The estimated incidence of COVID-19 was 0.0126% patients with rheumatologic diseases, compared to 0.0142% in the general population. All 5 patients had inflammatory arthropathies. One patient was on hydroxychloroquine and sulphasalazine, and one was on methotrexate. None of the 3534 patients on b/tsDMARDs was infected. Four patients had leucopenia/lymphopenia and stool viral PCR was positive in 3 patients. All patients made uneventful recovery without complications or flare of underlying diseases. CONCLUSIONS: We found no alarming signals of increased frequency or severity of COVID-19 in patients with rheumatologic diseases, although extrapolation of the results to other populations with different infection control strategies should be made with caution.


Subject(s)
Antirheumatic Agents , Betacoronavirus/isolation & purification , Clinical Laboratory Techniques , Coronavirus Infections , Joint Diseases , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Rheumatic Diseases , Adult , Antirheumatic Agents/classification , Antirheumatic Agents/therapeutic use , COVID-19 , COVID-19 Testing , Clinical Laboratory Techniques/methods , Clinical Laboratory Techniques/statistics & numerical data , Comorbidity , Coronavirus Infections/diagnosis , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Female , Hong Kong/epidemiology , Humans , Incidence , Joint Diseases/drug therapy , Joint Diseases/epidemiology , Joint Diseases/etiology , Male , Middle Aged , Outcome Assessment, Health Care , Pneumonia, Viral/diagnosis , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Rheumatic Diseases/diagnosis , Rheumatic Diseases/epidemiology , Risk Assessment , Risk Factors , SARS-CoV-2
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