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1.
Ann Med ; 54(1): 2875-2884, 2022 12.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2106904

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Since the emergence of the novel corona virus (SARS-Cov-2) in the late 2019 and not only the endoscopy practice and training but also the health care systems around the globe suffers. This systematic review focused the impact of Corona Virus Disease (COVID-19) on the endoscopy practice. METHODS: A web search of different databases combining different search terms describing the endoscopy practice and the COVID-19 pandemic was done. Articles were screened for selection of relevant articles in two steps: title and abstract step and full-text screening step, by two independent reviewers and any debate was solved by a third reviewer. RESULTS: Final studies included in qualitative synthesis were 47. The data shown in the relevant articles were evident for marked reduction in the volume of endoscopy, marked affection of colorectal cancer screening, impairments in the workflow, deficiency in personal protective equipment (PPE) and increased likelihood of catching the infection among both the staff and the patients. CONCLUSION: The main outcomes from this review are rescheduling of endoscopy procedures to be suitable with the situation of COVID-19 pandemic in each Country. Also, the endorsement of the importance of PPE use for health care workers and screening of COVID-19 infection pre-procedure.Key messagesThe data focussing Gastrointestinal Endoscopy and COVID-19 emerged from different areas around the globe. The data presented on the published studies were heterogeneous. However, there were remarkable reductions in the volume of GI endoscopy worldwideStaff reallocation added a burden to endoscopy practiceThere was a real risk for COVID-19 spread among both the staff and the patients.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Pandemics , Humans , Pandemics/prevention & control , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19/diagnosis , COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19/prevention & control , Infection Control , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal
2.
Infection and drug resistance ; 15:1995-2013, 2022.
Article in English | EuropePMC | ID: covidwho-2047112

ABSTRACT

Background & Aims Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a global health problem, presenting with symptoms ranging from mild nonspecific symptoms to serious pneumonia. Early screening techniques are essential in the diagnosis and assessment of disease progression. This consensus was designed to clarify the role of lung ultrasonography versus other imaging modalities in the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods A multidisciplinary team consisting of experts from different specialties (ie, pulmonary diseases, infectious diseases, intensive care unit and emergency medicine, radiology, and public health) who deal with patients with COVID-19 from different geographical areas was classified into task groups to review the literatures from different databases and generate 10 statements. The final consensus statements were based on expert physically panelists’ discussion held in Cairo July 2021 followed by electric voting for each statement. Results The statements were electronically voted to be either “agree,” “not agree,” or “neutral.” For a statement to be accepted to the consensus, it should have 80% agreement. Conclusion Lung ultrasonography is a rapid and useful tool, which can be performed at bedside and overcomes computed tomography limitations, for screening and monitoring patients with COVID-19 with an accepted accuracy rate.

3.
The Egyptian Journal of Bronchology ; 16(1), 2022.
Article in English | EuropePMC | ID: covidwho-2034205

ABSTRACT

Background This pilot study included 68 cases with post-COVID-19 persistent cough (> 8 weeks), randomly allocated into two groups;intervention group (32 patients) received standard cough therapy, and montelukast 10 mg/day for 14 days and control group (36 patients) received only cough sedatives. Results We found a significant improvement in the number of cough paroxysms/day, cough severity visual analog scale, cough severity index and cough quality of life, shorter duration improvement, and minimal side effects in the interventional group. Conclusions We suggest that montelukast may be effective to reduce the duration and severity of the persistent post-COVID-19 cough and further improve quality of life.

4.
Recent Adv Antiinfect Drug Discov ; 2022 Sep 07.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2022311

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: COVID- 19 vaccines have been released, giving a major hope of getting rid of the dark pandemic crisis. Availability of vaccine does not necessarily mean that the mass vaccination program is a success. We aimed to investigate COVID-19 vaccination knowledge level, acceptance rate, and perception state among Egyptians. METHODS: An analytical cross-sectional online survey was carried out utilizing a self-administered adult questionnaire which assesses vaccination acceptance with related socio-demographic factors and perceptions based on health belief model perspectives. Predictors of vaccination acceptance were based on logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: We analyzed data for 957 participants, aged 18-78 years, 55.7% were females, and 66.9% were healthcare workers (HCWs). About one-fourth had history of confirmed COVID-19 infection and 56.5% would accept to have one of COVID-19 vaccines where "Pfizer" was the most preferable one (37.8%), while "AstraZeneca" was the most rejected vaccine (26.8%). The 1st vaccine dose was received by 273 (28.5%) of which 260 were intended to receive the 2nd dose. Vaccine efficacy, side effects, protection time, and administration route were essentially among factors that may influence their decision to accept COVID-19 vaccines. About 83.1% had good knowledge about vaccination which was significantly higher with increased age, among graduates/professionals, governmental workers, HCWs in addition to those able to save/invest money, had history of confirmed COVID-19 infection, and intending to have COVID-19 vaccine.. Perceptions that vaccination decreases chance of getting COVID-19 or its complications (OR=9.28; CI: 5.03-17.12), vaccination makes less worry about catching COVID-19 (OR=6.76; CI: 3.88-11.76), and being afraid of getting COVID-19 (OR=2.04; CI: 1.26-3.31) were strong significant predictors for vaccine acceptance. CONCLUSIONS: Vaccine campaigns should emphasize vaccine benefits and highlight severity of infection, while addressing barriers to vaccination in order to improve vaccine coverage among populations.

5.
Egypt J Immunol ; 29(3): 29-35, 2022 Jul.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1904970

ABSTRACT

The identification of novel antibodies that could neutralize SARS-CoV-2 is one of the novel approaches to use in combating COVID-19. This study aimed to explore the level of neutralizing antibodies (NAbs) in asymptomatic close contacts of COVID-19 patients and asymptomatic healthcare workers. In vitro qualitative detection of serum antibodies of participants from both populations was done using an anti-SARS-CoV-2 immunoassay. The study included 107 participants, of which 59.8% were healthcare workers and 40.2% were family contacts of confirmed COVID-19 cases. Their median age was 22 years. The percentage of positivity and median titer for NAbs were significantly higher among family contacts than mong healthcare workers (P = 0.013 and < 0.001, respectively). We also measured C-reactive protein (CRP) levels and the median value of CRP was significantly higher in the family members who had been in contact with COVID-19 patients than in healthcare workers (P < 0.001). In the family contact group, there was a significant negative correlation between the absolute lymphocyte count and CRP (r = -0.409, P = 0.034). There was no significant correlation between neutralizing antibody titers and either CRP or absolute lymphocyte count (P > 0.05 for both). In conclusion, the indication of elevated NAb titers in asymptomatic family contacts could help lay the groundwork for further studies to explore the potential utility of these antibodies to provide future immunity from infection within a family as well as for potential use in general during passive antibody therapies for COVID-19 patients.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Adult , Antibodies, Neutralizing , Antibodies, Viral , Health Personnel , Humans , SARS-CoV-2 , Young Adult
6.
Infect Drug Resist ; 15: 1995-2013, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1822314

ABSTRACT

Background & Aims: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a global health problem, presenting with symptoms ranging from mild nonspecific symptoms to serious pneumonia. Early screening techniques are essential in the diagnosis and assessment of disease progression. This consensus was designed to clarify the role of lung ultrasonography versus other imaging modalities in the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: A multidisciplinary team consisting of experts from different specialties (ie, pulmonary diseases, infectious diseases, intensive care unit and emergency medicine, radiology, and public health) who deal with patients with COVID-19 from different geographical areas was classified into task groups to review the literatures from different databases and generate 10 statements. The final consensus statements were based on expert physically panelists' discussion held in Cairo July 2021 followed by electric voting for each statement. Results: The statements were electronically voted to be either "agree," "not agree," or "neutral." For a statement to be accepted to the consensus, it should have 80% agreement. Conclusion: Lung ultrasonography is a rapid and useful tool, which can be performed at bedside and overcomes computed tomography limitations, for screening and monitoring patients with COVID-19 with an accepted accuracy rate.

7.
Ann Clin Transl Neurol ; 9(6): 778-785, 2022 06.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1782552

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The association between autonomic dysfunction and long-COVID syndrome is established. However, the prevalence and patterns of symptoms of dysautonomia in long-COVID syndrome in a large population are lacking. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence and patterns of symptoms of dysautonomia in patients with long-COVID syndrome. METHODS: We administered the Composite Autonomic Symptom Score 31 (COMPASS-31) questionnaire to a sample of post-COVID-19 patients who were referred to post-COVID clinic in Assiut University Hospitals, Egypt for symptoms concerning for long-COVID syndrome. Participants were asked to complete the COMPASS-31 questionnaire referring to the period of more than 4 weeks after acute COVID-19. RESULTS: We included 320 patients (35.92 ± 11.92 years, 73% females). The median COMPASS-31 score was 26.29 (0-76.73). The most affected domains of dysautonomia were gastrointestinal, secretomotor, and orthostatic intolerance with 91.6%, 76.4%, and 73.6%, respectively. There was a positive correlation between COMPASS-31 score and long-COVID duration (p < 0.001) and a positive correlation between orthostatic intolerance domain score and post-COVID duration (p < 0.001). There was a positive correlation between orthostatic intolerance domain score and age of participants (p = 0.004). Two hundred forty-seven patients (76.7%) had a high score of COMPASS-31 >16.4. Patients with COMPASS-31 >16.4 had a longer duration of long-COVID syndrome than those with score <16.4 (46.2 vs. 26.8 weeks, p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Symptoms of dysautonomia are common in long-COVID syndrome. The most common COMPASS-31 affected domains of dysautonomia are gastrointestinal, secretomotor, and orthostatic intolerance. There is a positive correlation between orthostatic intolerance domain score and patients' age.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Orthostatic Intolerance , Primary Dysautonomias , COVID-19/complications , COVID-19/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , Humans , Male , Prevalence , Primary Dysautonomias/epidemiology , Primary Dysautonomias/etiology , Syndrome
9.
Egypt Liver J ; 11(1): 14, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1388851

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The current SARS-CoV-2 pandemic may negatively impact the care of liver transplant candidates and recipients. MAIN BODY OF THE ABSTRACT: Accordingly, each country must have its national guidelines based on the current situation and according to available tools. Liver Transplantation Scientific Committee of Waiting List Project in Egypt was established in 13 April 2020. One of the major objectives of this Scientific Committee is the preparation of national protocol for Transplant Centers in Egypt to deal with living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) during SARS-CoV-2 pandemic. CONCLUSIONS: The protocol highlights basic hospital requirements for LDLT during SARS-CoV-2 pandemic, the patient selection from the waiting list, management of patients on the waiting list, and post-transplant management. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The online version contains supplementary material available at 10.1186/s43066-020-00074-4.

10.
World J Gastroenterol ; 26(43): 6880-6890, 2020 Nov 21.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-955270

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The current coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has affected routine endoscopy service across the gastroenterology community. This led to the suspension of service provision for elective cases. AIM: To assess the potential barriers for resuming the endoscopy service in Egypt. METHODS: A national online survey, four domains, was disseminated over a period of 4 wk in August 2020. The primary outcome of the survey was to determine the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the endoscopy service and barriers to the full resumption of a disabled center(s). RESULTS: A hundred and thirteen Egyptian endoscopy centers participated in the survey. The waiting list was increased by ≥ 50% in 44.9% of areas with clusters of COVID-19 cases (n = 49) and in 35.5% of areas with sporadic cases (n = 62). Thirty nine (34.8%) centers suffered from staff shortage, which was considered a barrier against service resumption by 86.4% of centers in per-protocol analysis. In multivariate analysis, the burden of cases in the unit locality, staff shortage/recovery and the availability of separate designated rooms for COVID-19 cases could markedly affect the resumption of endoscopy practice (P = 0.029, < 0.001 and 0.02, respectively) and Odd's ratio (0.15, 1.8 and 0.16, respectively). CONCLUSION: The COVID-19 pandemic has led to restrictions in endoscopic volumes. The staff shortage/recovery and the availability of COVID-19 designed rooms are the most important barriers against recovery. Increasing working hours and dividing endoscopy staff into teams may help to overcome the current situation.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/epidemiology , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal , Facility Design and Construction , Health Workforce , Personnel Staffing and Scheduling , Waiting Lists , Disease Hotspot , Egypt/epidemiology , Humans , Personal Protective Equipment/supply & distribution , Surveys and Questionnaires
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