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Chest ; 162(4):A2274, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2060929


SESSION TITLE: Challenges in Asthma SESSION TYPE: Rapid Fire Case Reports PRESENTED ON: 10/18/2022 10:15 am - 11:10 am INTRODUCTION: Asthma is a chronic illness affecting 334 million people worldwide[1]. Asthma affects the respiratory gas exchange, which plays a significant role in acid-base balance. Acid-base disorders in asthma involve respiratory alkalosis, respiratory acidosis, and AG acidosis[2]. CASE PRESENTATION: A 37 years old Hispanic male with a PMH of intermittent asthma presents with progressive dyspnea for three days, worse with activity and decreases with rest. He reported no [cough, fever, rhinorrhea, chest pain]. No orthopnea. He is vaccinated for COVID ( 2 Pfizer doses), has no sickness exposure, and works as a driver. The patient is not a smoker. Physical Exam: Blood pressure 124/72 mmHg. Heart Rate 100 PPM. Temperature 97.1 F.Respiratory Rate 21BPM.SPO2 90% General appearance: acute distress with nasal flaring. Heart: Normal S1, S2. RRR. Lung: Poor air entry with diffuse wheeze bilaterally. He was placed on a 6 LPM NC. CBC and differential were unremarkable. He was started on methylprednisone, Ceftriaxone, and azithromycin. The patient was started on inhaled Salbutamol and Budesonide. Chest X-ray was unremarkable, Chemistry was unremarkable except for elevated Lactic acid 4.7, There was no concern for reduced tissue perfusion or hypoxia, with no evidence of an infectious process because both viral and bacterial causes for pneumonia were excluded, and antibiotics were stopped. A serial lactic acid level trend was 4.5/4.3/ 4.1/ 4 on the first day, while on the next day, it was 3.1/ 2.9/ 2.7/ 2.5/ 3.5, we stopped trending his lactic acid level. He improved and was discharged on an oral taper steroid and inhaled steroids with a B2 agonist. DISCUSSION: There are two types of Lactic acidosis in patients with asthma: 1- Type-A results from impaired oxygen delivery to tissues and reduced tissue perfusion in severe acute asthma may be accompanied by reduced cardiac output. 2- Type B where oxygen delivery is normal, but the cellular function is impaired due to increased norepinephrine in plasma, increasing metabolic rate and lactate production, drugs like beta-agonists increase glycogenolysis leading to an increased pyruvate concentration;pyruvate is converted to lactic acid. B2 agonist increases lipolysis and increases Acetyl CoA, this increase in Acetyl CoA inhibits the conversion of pyruvate to Acetyl CoA, increasing pyruvate which will be converted to lactic acid[2], Theophylline is a non-selective 5'-phosphodiesterase inhibitor and potentiates the activity of ß-adrenergic agents by increasing the intracellular concentration of cAMP, Glucocorticoids are also known to increase the ß-receptor's sensitivity to ß-adrenergic agonists. CONCLUSIONS: Providers are increasingly challenged by hyperlactatemia,it is not harmful but elevated Lactic acid levels and clearance rate is used for prognostication,hyperlactatemia might be misleading,and all possible causes of elevated lactic acid levels must be explored. Reference #1: 10.5334/aogh.2412 Reference #2: Reference #3: Edwin B. Liem, Stephen C. Mnookin, Michael E. Mahla;Albuterol-induced Lactic Acidosis. Anesthesiology 2003;99:505–506 doi: DISCLOSURES: No relevant relationships by Vasudev Malik Daliparty No relevant relationships by Abdallah Khashan No relevant relationships by Samer Talib No relevant relationships by MATTHEW YOTSUYA