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1.
Revista colombiana de psiquiatria ; 2022.
Article in Spanish | EuropePMC | ID: covidwho-2124749

ABSTRACT

Introducción La pandemia producida por el SARS-CoV-2 ha impactado en los sistemas educativos, lo cual justifica la necesidad de investigar acerca de las capacidades emocionales de los estudiantes universitarios para enfrentar los desafíos que la COVID-19 impone. Objetivo Analizar las evidencias de validez y confiabilidad de la Wong-Law Emotional Intelligence Scale (WLEIS) en estudiantes cubanos de Estomatología. Materiales y métodos Estudio transversal con diseño instrumental. La escala fue administrada mediante un cuestionario virtual y posteriormente distribuida a través de las redes sociales a 307 estudiantes (81 varones y 226 mujeres). Se realizó un análisis factorial confirmatorio y se evaluaron la consistencia interna y la relación de la escala con otras variables. Resultados Mediante el análisis factorial confirmatorio se evaluó el modelo de cuatro factores correlacionados y se encontró un ajuste adecuado, χ2(98) = 303,1, p < 0,001, CFI = 0,948, TLI = 0,937, RMSEA = 0,083 y SRMR = 0,064. Los resultados de las consistencias internas omega son de ωSEA = 0,84, ωOEA = 0,77, ωUOE = 0,83 y ωUROE = 0,91. Con respecto a la relación del WLEIS con otras variables, se tienen correlaciones entre 0,22 y 0,51 con bienestar general y correlaciones inversas entre −1 y −0,29 de tres de sus dimensiones con depresión, presentando así evidencias de validez convergente y discriminante. Conclusión La WLEIS en estudiantes cubanos de Estomatología en tiempos de COVID-19 resultó ser válida y confiable.

2.
Rev Colomb Psiquiatr ; 2022 Nov 21.
Article in Spanish | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2132204

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The pandemic produced by SARS-CoV-2 impacted on educative systems, which justifies the necessity of research about the emotional capacities of the university students to face the challenges that COVID-19 imposes. Objective: To analyze the evidences of validity and reliability of the Wong-Law Emotional Intelligence Scale (WLEIS) in Cuban dental students. Materials and methods: Cross-sectional study with instrumental design. The scale was administered through a virtual questionnaire and later distributed by means of social networks to 307 students (81 male and 226 female). A confirmatory factorial analysis was performed and the intern consistency and the relation between the scale and other variables were evaluated. Results: Through the confirmatory factorial analysis, the model of four correlationated factors was evaluated and an adequate adjust was found, χ2(98) = 303.1, P < .001, CFI = 0.948, TLI = 0.937, RMSEA = 0.083 and SRMR = 0.064. The results of the Omega intern consistency are ωSEA = 0.84, ωOEA = 0.77, ωUOE = 0.83 and ωUROE = 0.91. With respect to the relation of WLEIS with other variables, we had correlations ranging from 0.22 and 0.51 with general well-being, and inverse correlations ranging from -1 and -0.29 of three of its dimensions with depression, showing evidences of convergent and discriminant validity. Conclusion: The WLEIS in Cuban dental students in COVID-19 times resulted be valid and reliable.

3.
Sustainability ; 14(22):14799, 2022.
Article in English | MDPI | ID: covidwho-2110238

ABSTRACT

The pandemic brought various problems among workers, one of them being job insecurity, since many lost their jobs and others had the possibility of being fired, which could influence their mental health. The aim of this analytical cross-sectional study was to determine the relationship between job insecurity and mental health among workers in 25 Peruvian cities during the COVID-19 pandemic. Previously validated surveys were used to inquire about job insecurity and three mental health disorders (depression, anxiety, and stress) as well as other variables. Of the 1855 workers, 14% had moderate or higher levels of stress, 30% had anxiety, and 16% had depression. Having had job insecurity was associated with moderate or higher levels of depression (RPa: 1.71;95% CI: 1.51-1.94;p-value < 0.001), anxiety (RPa: 1.43;95% CI: 1.25-1.64;p-value < 0.001), and stress (RPa: 1.77;95% CI: 1.41-2.22;p-value < 0.001). Depression was also associated with having been fired during the pandemic and associated with eight professions. Anxiety was associated with being a man and having been fired, while stress was associated with three professions. There is a clear association between having job insecurity and suffering from the three mental pathologies evaluated, which highlights the importance of assessing the mental impact.

4.
Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría ; 2022.
Article in Spanish | ScienceDirect | ID: covidwho-2095946

ABSTRACT

Resumen Objetivo El presente estudio tiene por objetivo analizar las percepciones del duelo de los adultos que han perdido a un familiar durante la situación de pandemia en Lima Metropolitana. Métodos Se realizó una investigación cualitativa con un diseño de análisis temático reflexivo. Participaron 10 adultos de ambos sexos, de 23 a 54 años, que habían perdido a un familiar producto de la COVID-19 durante el periodo de pandemia, a quienes se aplicó una entrevista semiestructurada. Resultados Los resultados evidenciaron que los adultos en duelo a causa de la pérdida de un familiar en la pandemia perciben su duelo en distintos momentos. En primer lugar, perciben la imposibilidad de ver al ser querido debido a las medidas de bioseguridad que impiden acercarse a su familiar. Ello implica un momento de shock e incredulidad;luego se da la liberación de emociones reprimidas, en la que se dan los pensamientos y las emociones disfuncionales;más adelante se tiene la negociación de la carga emocional, periodo en el cual se da una reconciliación con las emociones desbocadas;a continuación, se encuentra el sentimiento de desesperanza, en el cual la persona experimenta tristeza profunda y falta de sentido de la vida;por último, se encuentra una adaptación ante la pérdida. Conclusiones Se concluye que la percepción del duelo de los adultos que perdieron a un familiar en la pandemia conforma un ciclo de percepción del duelo ajustado al contexto de pandemia. Objective The aim of this study was to analyse the perceptions of grief in adults who have lost a family member during the pandemic situation in Metropolitan Lima. Methods Qualitative research with a reflexive thematic analysis design was carried out. Ten adults of both sexes, between 23 and 54 years old, who had lost a family member as a result of COVID-19, during the pandemic period, participated in the study. A semi-structured interview was administered to them. Results The results showed that adults experiencing bereavement due to the loss of a family member in the pandemic scenario perceive their grief at different times. First, there is the impossibility of seeing their loved one due to the biosecurity measures that prevent them from being with their relative, which entails a moment of shock and disbelief;then there is the release of repressed emotions, where dysfunctional thoughts and emotions occur. Later, there is the negotiation of the emotional burden, a period in which there is a reconciliation with the unbridled emotions;followed by the feeling of hopelessness, in which the person experiences deep sadness and lack of meaning in life. Finally, there is an adaptation to the loss. Conclusions It is concluded that the perception of grief in adults who lost a family member in the pandemic forms a cycle of grief perception adjusted to the pandemic context.

5.
Propositos y Representaciones ; 10(2):1-10, 2022.
Article in Spanish | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2081245

ABSTRACT

Con el objetivo de determinar si el funcionamiento familiar predice el nivel de afrontamiento resiliente en padres de familia que enfrentan el impacto de la pandemia COVID-19, se realizó un estudio predictivo y transversal sobre una muestra de 183 padres de familia del departamento de La Libertad, quienes fueron seleccionados bajo un muestreo no probabilístico de tipo intencional. Para recolectar datos se usaron dos instrumentos: Escala de Evaluación de Cohesión y Adaptabilidad Familiar (CESF) y la Escala Breve de Afrontamiento Resiliente (BRC). Sobre la base de un análisis de regresión lineal, se observó un ajuste adecuado del modelo (Prueba F = 35.924, p < .001), donde, el funcionamiento familiar (ß = .407, p < .05) fue una variable que predice significativamente la resiliencia (R2 ajustado = .161). Asimismo, los valores t de los coeficientes de regresión beta de la variable predictora fueron altamente significativos (p < .01). En conclusión, el nivel de funcionamiento familiar predice el grado de afrontamiento resiliente en los padres de familia del departamento de La Libertad, durante la pandemia COVID-19.Alternate :To determine whether family functioning predicts the level of resilience in parents facing the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, a predictive and cross-sectional study was conducted on a sample of 183 parents from the department of La Libertad, who were selected under a non-probabilistic purposive sampling. Two instruments were used to collect data: Cohesion and Family Adaptability Evaluation Scale (CESF) and the Brief Resilient Coping Scale (BRC). Based on a linear regression analysis, an adequate model fit is observed (F-test = 35.924, p < .001), where family functioning (ß = .407, p < .05) is a variable that significantly predicts resilience (adjusted R2 = .161). Also, the t-values of the beta regression coefficients of the predictor variable are highly significant (p < .01). In conclusion, the level of family functioning predicts the degree of resilient coping in parents in the department of La Libertad during the COVID-19 pandemic.

6.
Heliyon ; 8(11): e11085, 2022 Nov.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2076134

ABSTRACT

The aim of the study was to explore the relationship between depression, emotional exhaustion, self-esteem, satisfaction with studies, academic self-efficacy, and the use of virtual media in Peruvian university students during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. A total of 569 college students (61.9% female), with a mean age of 21.73 years (standard deviation = 4.95), responded to the following questionnaires: Academic Self-Efficacy Scale, Single Item Self-Esteem Scale, Brief Scale of Satisfaction with Studies, Scale of Use of Virtual Media, Patient Health Questionnarie-2, and Single Item of Academic Emotional Exhaustion. Correlation statistics, regression models, and structural equation modeling (SEM) were used for data analysis. The results demonstrated a direct and significant correlation between virtual media use, academic self-efficacy, self-esteem, depression, and emotional exhaustion (p < .01). In addition, satisfaction with studies (ß = -0.13), academic self-efficacy (ß = -0.19), self-esteem (ß = -0.14), and emotional exhaustion (ß = 0.19) predicted depression significantly, whereas virtual media use (ß = 0.17), study satisfaction (ß = 0.09), and depression (ß = 0.20) predicted emotional exhaustion associated with academics. The SEM model indicated that self-esteem, satisfaction with studies, and academic self-efficacy negatively predict depression, whereas academic self-efficacy positively predicts virtual media use. Finally, both virtual media use and depression positively predict emotional exhaustion. This model presents optimal goodness-of-fit indices (X2 = 8.926, df = 6, p = .178; comparative fit = .991, Tucker-Lewis = .979, root mean square error of approximation = .029 [confidence interval 90% = .000-.067], standardized root mean square residual = .022). Thus, academic self-efficacy, self-esteem, satisfaction with studies, and virtual media use predict depression and emotional exhaustion among college students during the COVID-19 pandemic.

7.
Heliyon ; 8(10): e11025, 2022 Oct.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2069050

ABSTRACT

Due to the emotional impact of COVID-19 on university students, the goal was to explore the relationship between anxiety, depression, psychological well-being, and life satisfaction among pre-professional interns. The research was carried out using an explanatory cross-sectional design, with the participation of 1011 pre-professional interns of 13 health networks from the department of Puno (Peru). Data were collected using the Satisfaction with Life Scale, Generalized Anxiety Disorder Scale-2, Patient Health Questionnaire 2, and the Psychological Wellbeing Scale. The main data analysis was carried out using the R statistical software, and implementing the confirmatory factor analysis technique, which evidenced that the explanatory model provides an acceptable value. Based on the above, a negative relationship between depression and life satisfaction, (ß = -.60, p < .001) and a positive relationship between anxiety and life satisfaction (ß = .28, p < .001) was shown, in addition to a mediating effect of the psychological wellbeing related to depression and life satisfaction (p < .001). In conclusion, life satisfaction is explained concerning the degree of depression and anxiety, as well as the moderating effect of psychological well-being. Despite that, there is an urgent need to take preventive actions to strengthen the mental health of the pre-professional health interns, who have also been providing support during the COVID-19 pandemic.

8.
Sustainability ; 14(19):12354, 2022.
Article in English | MDPI | ID: covidwho-2066402

ABSTRACT

Monkeypox is causing great concern in society because of its great infective power and the possibility that it could become a new pandemic. This study aimed to adapt and validate the monkeypox concern scale in the Peruvian adult population (EP-VIR-MONK). An instrumental cross-sectional study was carried out under a non-probabilistic convenience sampling with 779 adults from the three regions of Peru (coast, highlands, and jungle). The instrument was adapted based on an instrument previously validated related to the concern caused by COVID-19 in Peru. Content-based validity was calculated with Aiken's V coefficient, internal structure with confirmatory factor analysis, and reliability with the omega coefficient. The first evidence of validity of EP-VIR-MONK based on its content, internal structure, and reliability in a sample of Peruvian adults is presented here. Accordingly, it can be helpful for the management of the prevention of mental health alterations resulting from the proliferation of monkeypox in Peru.

9.
Heliyon ; 8(9): e10746, 2022 Sep.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2041777

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The pandemic has caused fear, especially due to the daily disseminated news; however, there is not an instrument to measure this fear in multiple realities. Objective: To validate a scale for Latin American perception of fear and concern transmitted by the media during the pandemic. Methodology: This is an instrumental study. The survey was based on an instrument which was pre-validated in Peru and submitted to 15 experts in almost 10 countries. Subsequently, thousands of people were surveyed in 13 Latin American countries, whose answers were used for descriptive statistics for validation. Results: Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) generated two re-specifications, where four items were eliminated from the original scale. With these changes, the global goodness of fit (absolute and incremental) were satisfactory (CFI = 0.978; TLI = 0.964; GFI = 0.976; AGFI = 0.949; RMSEA = 0.075 and RMR = 0.029). The first factor measures the media exaggeration (three questions); the second, the fear transmitted by the media (three questions); and the third, the fear transmitted by others different from the media (two questions). The Cronbach's alpha coefficient was higher than 0.70 for the scale and its factors. Conclusion: The MED-LAT-COVID-19 scale reported a good adjustment. It has eight items in three factors, which could be measured in an isolated way, or along with other tests that assess mental health in the current pandemic context.

10.
Educacio´n Me´dica ; 23(3):100741-100741, 2022.
Article in Spanish | EuropePMC | ID: covidwho-2012419

ABSTRACT

Introducción el advenimiento de la pandemia de la COVID-19 ha obligado a los estudiantes a poder adaptarse a los nuevos medios de educación. El cierre de los centros educativos ha generado una migración masiva a la virtualidad y, en muchos casos, ni las instituciones ni los educandos se encontraban preparados para esta modalidad. Objetivo validar una escala que mida las repercusiones académicas a consecuencia de las medidas tomadas por la pandemia entre los universitarios de 13 países de Latinoamérica. Metodología estudio de tipo instrumental, analítico y de corte transversal. El muestreo fue no probabilístico y por conveniencia. Se realizaron evaluaciones de forma y fondo. La evaluación de fondo fue realizada por medio de juicio de expertos y se realizó un pequeño piloto para poder evaluar la forma de los ítems. Resultados en el análisis de fondo, el ítem 1 es el más relevante (V = 0,93;IC 95%: 0,82 – 0,98), lo mismo sucede en representatividad y claridad. Además, en el análisis preliminar de los ítems se aprecia que el ítem 6 tiene el mayor puntaje promedio (M = 2,67) y el ítem 1 el más bajo (M = 2,19). Respecto a la variabilidad, el ítem 4 (DE = 1,40) muestra la mayor dispersión. La pertinencia del análisis factorial exploratorio se justifica con el coeficiente Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin (0,854) y el test de Bartlett (17.716,5;gl = 15;p = 0,000) siendo aceptables y significativos. Conclusiones la escala REP-ACAD-COVID-19-LAT es una escala válida y confiable para medir las repercusiones de la virtualidad en tiempos de urgencia sanitaria como la pandemia de la COVID-19.

11.
Medwave ; 22(7): e002545, 2022 Aug 05.
Article in English, Spanish | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1988370

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Due to the measures imposed by governments to reduce the spread of this new virus, the economic sector was one of the most affected during the COVID-19 pandemic. Several labor sectors had to undergo a virtual adaptation process resulting in job instability and job loss. The objective of this study was to revalidate an ultra-short scale for measuring perceived job security in Latin America. Methods: A revalidation study was done on a short scale that measures worker's perceived security about losing or keeping their job in the near future. Results: The four items remained on the revalidated scale, where all four explained a single factor. The goodness-of-fit measures confirmed the single-factor model (χ: 7.06; df: 2; p = 0.29; mean square error: 0.015; goodness-of-fit index: 0.998; adjusted goodness-of-fit index: 0.991; comparative fit index: 0.999; Tucker-Lewis index: 0.997; normalized fit index: 0.998; incremental fit index: 0.999; and root mean square error of approximation: 0.036). The scale's reliability was calculated using McDonald's omega coefficient, obtaining an overall result of ω = 0.72. Conclusions: The scale was correctly revalidated in Latin America, and the four items were kept in a single reliable factor.


Introducción: El sector económico fue uno de los más afectados durante la pandemia de COVID-19, debido a las medidas impuestas por los gobiernos para reducir la propagación de este nuevo virus. En consecuencia, varios sectores laborales tuvieron que pasar por un proceso de adaptación virtual, resultando en la inestabilidad o pérdida de empleos. El objetivo fue revalidar una escala ultra corta para la medición de la seguridad percibida para conservar el trabajo en Latinoamérica. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio de validación de una escala corta que mide la seguridad percibida por el trabajador acerca de poder perder o mantener su trabajo en un corto tiempo. Resultados: Los cuatro ítems se mantuvieron en la escala revalidada, también estuvieron en un único factor. Los índices de bondad de ajuste confirmaron dicho factor único: χ2: 7,06; df: 2; p = 0,29; junto a los índices de error de cuadrático medio: 0,015; de bondad de ajuste: 0,998; ajustado de bondad de ajuste: 0,991; de ajuste comparativo: 0,999; de Tucker-Lewis: 0,997; de ajuste normalizado: 0,998; de ajuste incremental: 0,999 y el error cuadrático medio de aproximación: 0,036. En todo momento se mostró un ajuste adecuado. Posterior a eso se midió la confiabilidad, la cual se calculó con el coeficiente de Ω de McDonald, obteniendo un resultado de 0,72.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Pandemics , Humans , Latin America , Reproducibility of Results , Surveys and Questionnaires
12.
Salud UNINORTE ; 37(3): 539-552, sep.-dic. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | WHO COVID, LILACS (Americas) | ID: covidwho-1975425

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Objetivo: Determinar si la preocupación por la COVID-19, el apoyo social y la ansiedad son predictores de la depresión en enfermeras peruanas durante la emergencia sanitaria. Material y métodos: Estudio predictivo de corte transversal, realizado en 216 enfermeras peruanas, a quienes se aplicó la Escala de Apoyo Social en el Trabajo (EAST), la Escala de Preocupación por la COVID-19 (EPPC-Cov19), la Generalized Anxiety Disorder Scale-2 (GAD-2) y el Patient Health Questionnarie-2 (PHQ-2). Los datos se analizaron mediante coeficientes de correlación y modelos de regresión lineal múltiple. Resultados: Se reportaron correlaciones significativas entre la preocupación por la CO-VID-19, ansiedad y depresión. Los análisis de regresión muestran un ajuste adecuado del modelo (Prueba F = 76,064, p < .001), donde la preocupación por el contagio de la COVID-19 (β = ,316, p < .01) y la ansiedad (β = ,417, p < .01) son variables que predicen significativamente la depresión en enfermeras peruanas (R2 ajustado = .39). Asimismo, los valores t de los coeficientes de regresión beta de las variables predictoras son altamente significativas (p < 0.01). Conclusión: Se concluye que experimentar preocupación por el contagio de la COVID-19 y la ansiedad predicen la aparición de síntomas depresivos en enfermeras peruanas que se encontraron trabajando en el contexto de la emergencia sanitaria.


ABSTRACT Objective: To determine whether concern due to COVID-19, social support, and anxiety are predictors of depression in Peruvian nurses during a health emergency. Material and Methods: Cross-sectional predictive study, conducted on 216 Peruvian nurses, to whom the Social Support at Work Scale (EAST), the Concern for COVID-19 Scale (EPPC-Cov19), the Generalized Anxiety Disorder Scale-2 (GAD-2) and the Patient Health Questionnarie-2 (PHQ-2) were applied. Data were analyzed using correlation coefficients and multiple linear regression models. Results: Significant correlations were reported between concern over COVID-19, anxiety, and depression. Regression analyses show adequate model fit (F-test = 76.064, p < .001), where concern about COVID-19 (β = ,316, p < .01) and anxiety (β = ,417, p < .01), are variables that significantly predict depression in Peruvian nurses (adjusted R2 = .39). Likewise, the t-values of the beta regression coefficients of the predictor variables are highly significant (p < .01). Conclusion: It is concluded that experiencing concern about COVID-19 infection and anxiety predict the occurrence of depressive symptoms in Peruvian nurses that found themselves working in the context of the health emergency.

13.
Front Psychol ; 13: 809230, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1952578

ABSTRACT

The objective of this research study was to determine if psychological distress, anxiety, and academic self-efficacy predict satisfaction with studies in Peruvian university students during the COVID-19 pandemic. A cross-sectional and predictive design was used, in which 582 Peruvian university students participated, 243 men and 339 women, between the ages of 16 and 41. Student's t-statistics were used to analyze the differences in scores of psychological distress, anxiety, academic self-efficacy, and satisfaction with studies based on the sex of the participants, Pearson's R was used for the analysis of correlations between variables, and multiple linear regressions were used to evaluate the predictive model. In the analyses, the significance level was set at 0.05. The results show that men have higher levels of psychological distress, anxiety, and academic self-efficacy than women do (p < 0.01); high levels of psychological distress correlate with high levels of anxiety (r = 0.580, p < 0.01) and low levels of satisfaction with studies (r = -0.178, p < 0.01) and academic self-efficacy (r = -0.348, p < 0.01); high levels of anxiety correlate with low levels of satisfaction with studies (r = -0.122, p < 0.01) and academic self-efficacy (r = -0.192, p < 0.01); and high levels of academic self-efficacy correlate with high levels of satisfaction with studies (r = 0.429, p < 0.01). Academic self-efficacy was also found to predict satisfaction with studies (ß = 0.429, p < 0.01). This concludes that, although there are significant correlations between psychological distress, anxiety, academic self-efficacy, and satisfaction with studies, academic self-efficacy is the variable that most predicts satisfaction with studies in Peruvian university students.

14.
Ethiopian journal of health sciences ; 32(2):235-242, 2022.
Article in English | EuropePMC | ID: covidwho-1887841

ABSTRACT

Background Currently, there is a worldwide health crisis due to the COVID-19 pandemic;consequently, it is necessary to find effective vaccines in order to immunize the population and prevent the transmission of the disease. Likewise, it is important to know vaccine progress and efficacy research, mainly in Latin American countries where no studies have been conducted yet to know the scientific production on COVID-19. Methods A retrospective and descriptive study was carried out and COVID-19 vaccine publications in Scopus-indexed journals were considered as a unit of analysis for the period between 2020 and June 2021, with authors affiliated to Latin American institutions. Results We found 141 published Scopus-indexed COVID-19 vaccine articles with authors affiliated to Latin American institutions. Brazil has the highest scientific production with 33.33%, followed by Mexico, Colombia, Argentina and Chile. Regarding productivity by institution, 137 international institutions have participated in the Latin American COVID-19 vaccine production. The journals with the highest number of published articles are Vaccines and Vaccine. Both journals are located in Q1 of the SJR. The most frequently used descriptor was coronavirus disease 2019. Conclusion The Latin American scientific production on COVID-19 vaccines included 141 published Scopus-indexed articles. Likewise, Brazil is the Latin American country with the highest scientific production.

15.
Frontiers in psychiatry ; 12, 2021.
Article in English | EuropePMC | ID: covidwho-1728337

ABSTRACT

Introduction COVID-19 has generated great repercussions for the population globally;millions of deaths have been reported worldwide. The idea of death is especially exacerbated when there are close to death experiences that remind us how close we are to fatality. This is why it is important to measure fatalistic ideas of those who have not yet been infected. Objective To revalidate a scale that measures fatalistic perception prior to COVID-19 infection in a population of 13 Latin American countries. Methodology We conducted an instrumental study. We used a previously validated scale in Peru, with seven items divided into two factors and with five possible Likert-type responses (from strongly disagree to strongly agree). It was administered to a large population in 13 Spanish-speaking countries in Latin America;for each of the seven questions, 886 people were surveyed. With these results, descriptive and analytical statistics were performed. Results The mean, standard deviation, skewness, and kurtosis of the seven initial questions were adequate in most cases. In the confirmatory factor analysis, the lack of fit was improved with the indexes' modification technique, which let us delete items 1 and 6. Thus, we could obtain satisfactory goodness-of-fit indices (CFI = 0.972, TLI = 0.931, GFI = 0.990, AGFI = 0.961, RMSEA = 0.080, and RMR = 0.047). Therefore, the final two-factor structure had a fairly adequate Cronbach's α (0.72, with a 95% confidence interval = 0.70–0.73). Conclusions The scale that measures fatalism of Latin American countries in the face of the pandemic generated by COVID-19 was revalidated and shortened.

16.
Salud UNINORTE ; 37(3): 539-552, sep.-dic. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | WHO COVID, LILACS (Americas) | ID: covidwho-1675300

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Objetivo: Determinar si la preocupación por la COVID-19, el apoyo social y la ansiedad son predictores de la depresión en enfermeras peruanas durante la emergencia sanitaria. Material y métodos: Estudio predictivo de corte transversal, realizado en 216 enfermeras peruanas, a quienes se aplicó la Escala de Apoyo Social en el Trabajo (EAST), la Escala de Preocupación por la COVID-19 (EPPC-Cov19), la Generalized Anxiety Disorder Scale-2 (GAD-2) y el Patient Health Questionnarie-2 (PHQ-2). Los datos se analizaron mediante coeficientes de correlación y modelos de regresión lineal múltiple. Resultados: Se reportaron correlaciones significativas entre la preocupación por la CO-VID-19, ansiedad y depresión. Los análisis de regresión muestran un ajuste adecuado del modelo (Prueba F = 76,064, p < .001), donde la preocupación por el contagio de la COVID-19 (β = ,316, p < .01) y la ansiedad (β = ,417, p < .01) son variables que predicen significativamente la depresión en enfermeras peruanas (R2 ajustado = .39). Asimismo, los valores t de los coeficientes de regresión beta de las variables predictoras son altamente significativas (p < 0.01). Conclusión: Se concluye que experimentar preocupación por el contagio de la COVID-19 y la ansiedad predicen la aparición de síntomas depresivos en enfermeras peruanas que se encontraron trabajando en el contexto de la emergencia sanitaria.


ABSTRACT Objective: To determine whether concern due to COVID-19, social support, and anxiety are predictors of depression in Peruvian nurses during a health emergency. Material and Methods: Cross-sectional predictive study, conducted on 216 Peruvian nurses, to whom the Social Support at Work Scale (EAST), the Concern for COVID-19 Scale (EPPC-Cov19), the Generalized Anxiety Disorder Scale-2 (GAD-2) and the Patient Health Questionnarie-2 (PHQ-2) were applied. Data were analyzed using correlation coefficients and multiple linear regression models. Results: Significant correlations were reported between concern over COVID-19, anxiety, and depression. Regression analyses show adequate model fit (F-test = 76.064, p < .001), where concern about COVID-19 (β = ,316, p < .01) and anxiety (β = ,417, p < .01), are variables that significantly predict depression in Peruvian nurses (adjusted R2 = .39). Likewise, the t-values of the beta regression coefficients of the predictor variables are highly significant (p < .01). Conclusion: It is concluded that experiencing concern about COVID-19 infection and anxiety predict the occurrence of depressive symptoms in Peruvian nurses that found themselves working in the context of the health emergency.

17.
Rev Colomb Psiquiatr (Engl Ed) ; 2021 Jul 02.
Article in Spanish | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1340817

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: During the health emergency, there is concern about the mental health repercussions that Peruvian health workers, who represent the front line of care for COVID-19, may be experiencing. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether concern about COVID-19 and workloads predict psychological distress in healthcare workers. METHODS: Predictive study in which 367 workers (nurses, doctors, nursing assistants, obstetricians, dentists, psychologists, nutritionists, among others) from 12 health networks in the Puno region participated, selected through intentional non-probabilistic sampling. The data were collected via the Kessler Psychological Distress Scale, the COVID-19 Scale of Concern and the Workload Scale. RESULTS: It was found that there are no significant differences between men and women in psychological discomfort and concern about COVID-19 infection and workload. Furthermore, highly significant correlations were found between the study variables (p <0.01). Multiple regression analysis showed an adequate adjustment for the model (F = 94.834; p <0.001), where concern about COVID-19 (ß = -0.436; p <0.01) and workload (ß = 0.239; p <0.01) are variables that significantly predict psychological discomfort (adjusted R2 = 0.33). CONCLUSIONS: Concern about COVID-19 and work overload predict psychological distress in health personnel in the Puno region.

18.
Rev Colomb Psiquiatr (Engl Ed) ; 2021 Apr 28.
Article in Spanish | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1230731

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The global SARS-CoV-2 pandemic has generated concern about contagion, especially among healthcare workers who are on the front line.Objective: To design and analyse the evidence of content validity, internal structure and reliability of a measure of concern about the spread of COVID-19 among Peruvian healthcare workers.Material and methods: Quantitative study and instrumental design. The scale was administered to 321 health science professionals (78 males and 243 females), whose ages ranged from 22 to 64 years (38.12 ± 9.61).Results: Aiken's V-coefficient values were statistically significant. An exploratory factor analysis was performed which indicated the existence of a single factor, and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) confirmed a satisfactory six-factor model. The CFA solution obtained adequate fit indices (RMSEA = 0.079; p = 0.05; TLI = 0.967; IFC = 0.980; GFI = 0.971, and AGFI = 0.931), and showed good internal consistency based on Cronbach's alpha coefficient (α = 0.865; CI 95%, 0.83-0.89).Conclusions: The scale of concern for COVID-19 infection is a valid and reliable brief measure that can be used for research and professional purposes.

19.
Heliyon ; 7(5): e06939, 2021 May.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1228039

ABSTRACT

The objective of this study was to determine if religiousness and spirituality predict life satisfaction among Peruvian citizens during the COVID-19 pandemic. This is a non-experimental, predictive and cross-sectional study with a sample of 734 people of both sexes (39.5% males and 60.5% females) between 17-75 years of age (M = 32.05). To measure the variables, the Brief Multidimensional Measure of Religiousness/Spirituality (BMMRS) and the Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS) were used. A multiple regression analysis was performed to determine the variables that best predict life satisfaction, finding that the spirituality variable explains 10.7 % of the total variance of the life satisfaction variable. In summary, a positive and significant correlation between spirituality and life satisfaction is identified (r = .328, p < .01).

20.
Revista de la Asociación Española de Especialistas en Medicina del Trabajo ; 29(3):184-193, 2020.
Article in Spanish | GIM | ID: covidwho-1126028

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To determine the psychometric properties of the original four-item Occupational Insecurity Scale in Peruvian workers. Material and Methods: Transversal and instrumental study that took the Work Insecurity Scale to be able to validate it in the context of the COVID-19. With a sample of 332 workers from public and private entities, the form and content of the scale was validated. Results: Aiken’s V was found with values > 0.70 for the four items. The values of asymmetry and kurtosis were 24.3. In addition, AFE is justified with a KMO (0.780) and a Bartlett (654,235;gl = 6;p < 0.001). As a result, all items were condensed into a single factor. Finally, the values (λ) for the one-dimensional model were significant (item 1 = 0.85;item 2 = 0.90;item 3 = 0.84;item 4 = - 0.40). Conclusions: The Perceived Insecurity at Work Scale (LABOR-PE-COVID-19) is a valid, clear and representative scale.

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