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1.
The Journal of the Association of Physicians of India ; 69(7):11-12, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1431386

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Since its first identification in December 2019, in WUHAN (CHINA), SARS-COV-2, causative agent of Corona virus pandemic, has affected millions of people worldwide, causing thousands of death. There is much speculation about the interplay between ACEI/ARB and Corona virus infection, as for internalization into host cell SARS-COV-2 binds through S spike protein to ACE-2, aided TMPRSS2. METHODS: A record based observational study has been conducted (data obtained from the clinics of fourteen physicians) in two worst affected districts of West Bengal, to find out the association of ACEI/ARB on patients, suffering from Corona virus infection. The study-protocol has already been approved by Clinical Research Ethics Committee of Calcutta School of Tropical Medicine. (IEC Ref. No: CREC-STM/2020-AS-37) Results: Increasing age, male sex and presence of co-morbidities (viz. Diabetes, COPD) are significantly associated with the occurrence of moderate and severe disease. Drugs (viz. ACEI/ARB), though are associated with less severe disease, have not achieved statistical significance, in the present study. CONCLUSION: Drugs, like ACEI/ARB, should be continued in patients suffering from COVID-19 infection, (if they are already on these drugs). © Journal of the Association of Physicians of India 2011.

2.
Journal of Association of Physicians of India ; 69(7):28-33, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1361002

ABSTRACT

Background: Since its first identification in December 2019, in WUHAN (CHINA), SARS-COV-2, causative agent of Corona virus pandemic, has affected millions of people worldwide, causing thousands of death. There is much speculation about the interplay between ACEI/ARB and Corona virus infection, as for internalization into host cell SARS-COV-2 binds through S spike protein to ACE-2, aided TMPRSS2. Methods: A record based observational study has been conducted (data obtained from the clinics of fourteen physicians) in two worst affected districts of West Bengal, to find out the association of ACEI/ARB on patients, suffering from Corona virus infection. The study-protocol has already been approved by Clinical Research Ethics Committee of Calcutta School of Tropical Medicine. (IEC Ref. No: CREC-STM/2020-AS-37) Results: Increasing age, male sex and presence of co-morbidities (viz. Diabetes, COPD) are significantly associated with the occurrence of moderate and severe disease. Drugs (viz. ACEI/ARB), though are associated with less severe disease, have not achieved statistical significance, in the present study. Conclusion: Drugs, like ACEI/ARB, should be continued in patients suffering from COVID-19 infection, (if they are already on these drugs). © 2021 Journal of Association of Physicians of India. All rights reserved.

3.
Exploratory Animal and Medical Research ; 10(2):97-99, 2020.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1037817
4.
Journal of the Indian Medical Association ; 118(5):66-68, 2020.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-762458
5.
Journal of the Indian Medical Association ; 118(5):41, 2020.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-699349
6.
Journal of the Indian Medical Association ; 118(6):85, 2020.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-681540
7.
Journal of the Indian Medical Association ; 118(6):31-34, 2020.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-678607

ABSTRACT

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has created a substantial burden on healthcare services worldwide. Since its first detection in 30th January, it has rapidly spread throughout India. Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection results in clusters of severe acute respiratory illness leading to intensive care unit (ICU) admission and considerable mortality. So, there has been an ardent need of data on the frequency of comorbidities in COVID-19 & to assess whether their presence is associated with increased ICU admission. We analysed data from 496 patients with laboratory-confirmed Covid-19 admitted in tertiary care centers of three states of India from 15th to 30th May, 2020. The mean age was 49.7 years & 41.13% of the patients were female. Hypertension (21.97%) was the most frequent comorbidity followed by diabetes (12.90%) & cardiovascular disease (8.87%). 39.92% of the study population had at least one comorbidity. Patients with comorbidities had higher ICU admission than those without comorbidity (35.35% vs. 20.47%). Associated comorbidity was more frequent among ICU patients in comparison to non-ICU patients (53.43% vs. 35.07%). Our study findings suggest that presence of comorbidity is associated with higher ICU admission thereby indicating more severe disease.

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