Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 1 de 1
Add filters

Document Type
Year range
Cardiology in the Young ; 32(Supplement 2):S239, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2062096


Background and Aim: Cardiac involvement in multisystem inflam-matory syndrome in children (MIS-C) associated with Coronavirus 2019 disease (COVID-19) is often observed with high risk of hearth failure. Early diagnosis and treatment are man-datory for a good outcome. The aim is to describe cardiovascular involvement, management and early outcome for patients with MIS-C and to analyze the differences in cardiovascular manifesta-tions between two groups: younger and older than 6 years old. Method(s): This retrospective observational study describes cardio-vascular clinical manifestations, laboratory findings, cardiac imag-ing, according to different age groups, and treatment in patients with diagnosis of MIS-C admitted to the Pediatric Istitute Giannina Gaslini between March 2020 and September 2021. Result(s): We collected 25 patients. Median age at onset of symptoms was 5 years old (interquartile range IQR, 3-12 y), 12 boys (56%). Immunoglobulin G antibodies were positive in 70% cases, Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) nasal/throat swab test for COVID-19 was positive in 15% cases, at the admission. The remaining cases had close contacts of COVID-19 positive cases. Predominant coronary artery abnormalities were observed in age group up to 6 years old (n.13) with development of small and medium aneurysms in half of cases and low rate of mild ventricular dysfunction. While children between 7-18 years of age present myopericardial involvement with ventricular dysfunction in 67% cases, from mild to moderate. Only two cases of transient coronary dilatation. Frequent electrocardiogram abnormalities: ventricular repolarization anomalies and reversibile QTc prolon-gation interval. Laboratory findings showed rised inflammatory markers and only mild elevation of cardiac enzymes compared to an early and significant NT-pro-BNP increase. All patients were treated with intravenous immunoglobulin and corticosteroids. Some cases needed anakinra. Aspirin and heparin was adminis-trated. No inotropes requied but only cardioprotective therapy. No need of Intensive Care Unit. Conclusion(s): This case-series shows the frequent cardiovascular involvement in MIS-C with a peculiar distribution, according to differents age's group: coronary artery anomalies in young ones, myopericardial disease in old ones. Prompt multi target anti-inflammatory therapy could have an effect to favorable outcome.