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Clin Nutr ; 41(3): 661-672, 2022 03.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1683011


BACKGROUND & AIMS: The Remote Malnutrition Application (R-MAPP) was developed during the COVID-19 pandemic to provide support for health care professionals (HCPs) working in the community to complete remote nutritional assessments, and provide practical guidance for nutritional care. The aim of this study was to modify the R-MAPP into a version suitable for children, Pediatric Remote Malnutrition Application (Pedi-R-MAPP), and provide a structured approach to completing a nutrition focused assessment as part of a technology enabled care service (TECS) consultation. METHODS: A ten-step process was completed: 1) permission to modify adult R-MAPP, 2) literature search to inform the Pedi-R-MAPP content, 3) Pedi-R-MAPP draft, 4) international survey of HCP practice using TECS, 5) nutrition experts invited to participate in a modified Delphi process, 6) first stakeholder meeting to agree purpose/draft of the tool, 7) round-one online survey, 8) statements with consensus removed from survey, 9) round-two online survey for statements with no consensus and 10) second stakeholder meeting with finalisation of the Pedi-R-MAPP nutrition awareness tool. RESULTS: The international survey completed by 463 HCPs, 55% paediatricians, 38% dietitians, 7% nurses/others. When HCPs were asked to look back over the last 12 months, dietitians (n = 110) reported that 5.7 ± 10.6 out of every 10 appointments were completed in person; compared to paediatricians (n = 182) who reported 7.5 ± 7.0 out of every 10 appointments to be in person (p < 0.0001), with the remainder completed as TECS consultations. Overall, 74 articles were identified and used to develop the Pedi-R-MAPP which included colour-coded advice using a traffic light system; green, amber, red and purple. Eighteen participants agreed to participate in the Delphi consensus and completed both rounds of the modified Delphi survey. Agreement was reached at the first meeting on the purpose and draft sections of the proposed tool. In round-one of the online survey, 86% (n = 89/104) of statements reached consensus, whereas in round-two 12.5% (n = 13/104) of statements reached no consensus. At the second expert meeting, contested statements were discussed until agreement was reached and the Pedi-R-MAPP could be finalised. CONCLUSION: The Pedi-R-MAPP nutrition awareness tool was developed using a modified Delphi consensus. This tool aims to support the technological transformation fast-tracked by the COVID-19 pandemic by providing a structured approach to completing a remote nutrition focused assessment, as well as identifying the frequency of follow up along with those children who may require in-person assessment.

Child Health , Consensus , Delphi Technique , Nutrition Assessment , Remote Consultation/instrumentation , Remote Consultation/methods , Adult , COVID-19 , Child , Dietetics/instrumentation , Dietetics/methods , Evidence-Based Practice , Female , Humans , Male , Nutritional Status , Pediatrics/instrumentation , Pediatrics/methods , SARS-CoV-2
World J Pediatr Congenit Heart Surg ; 12(4): 500-507, 2021 07.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1317117


INTRODUCTION: The purpose was to explore the experience, information and support needs, and decision-making of parents of children with congenital heart disease (CHD), as well as the children/young people themselves, during the COVID-19 crisis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A survey study of parents of children with CHD, children and young people, capturing experiences, decision-making, information, and support needs during the COVID-19 crisis was conducted. The survey launched for one month (April 9, 2020) during the first infection wave in the United Kingdom and subsequent restriction of free movement under lockdown rules from March 23, 2020, until May 31, 2020. RESULTS: One hundred eighty-four parents and 36 children/young people completed the survey. Parents were more likely to worry about the virus (86.4%) than children/young people (69.4%), while (89%) parents were more vigilant for symptoms of the virus versus children/young people (69.4%). A thematic analysis of the qualitative comments covered 34 subthemes, forming eight overarching themes: Virus-(1) risk of infection; (2)information, guidance, and advice; (3) change in health care provision; and (4) fears and anxieties, and lockdown and isolation-(5) psychological and social impact, (6) keeping safe under lockdown, (7) provisions and dependence on others, and (8) employment and income. CONCLUSIONS: There was widespread concern over the virus especially among parents. Parents and children/young people, however, were frustrated with the lack of specific and pediatric-focused information and guidance, expressing disappointment with the adult-centric information available. Parents also felt alone, especially with their concerns around the implications of cardiac service suspension and the implication for their child's health. In order to better support children and their families, resources need to be developed to address families' and children/young people's concerns for their health during this pandemic.

COVID-19 , Heart Defects, Congenital , Adolescent , Adult , Child , Communicable Disease Control , Heart Defects, Congenital/surgery , Humans , Parents , SARS-CoV-2
Clin Nutr ; 40(3): 895-900, 2021 03.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1198670


There are reports of children COVID-19 or COVID-19 like symptoms with hyperinflammatory multisystem syndrome, ARDS, gastrointestinal and atypical Kawasaki disease presenting to PICU worldwide temporally associated with COVID-19, for which there are important nutrition support considerations. As a result, the European Society of Pediatric and Neonatal Intensive Care - Metabolism, Endocrine and Nutrition group (ESPNIC-MEN) and paediatric nutritionists working in PICUs are being consulted regarding nutrition management of critically ill children with COVID-19 or COVID-19 like symptoms. Therefore, the aim of this short report is to provide a summary of nutrition support recommendations for critically ill children with COVID-19. They are based on the ESPNIC-MEN section recommendations published in January 2020 and surviving sepsis recommendations from February 2020.

COVID-19/therapy , Nutritional Support/methods , SARS-CoV-2 , Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome/therapy , Child , Critical Care/methods , Critical Illness , Enteral Nutrition/methods , Humans , Intensive Care Units, Pediatric , Nutritional Status