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Clin Otolaryngol ; 46(3): 614-618, 2021 May.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1061071


OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine contamination from otolaryngologic procedures involving high-speed drilling, specifically mastoid surgery, and to assess the adequacy of PPE in such procedures. DESIGN AND SETTING: Mastoid surgery was simulated in a dry laboratory using a plastic temporal bone, microscope and handheld drill with irrigation and suction. Comparisons of distance of droplet and bone dust contamination and surgeon contamination were made under differing conditions. Irrigation speed, use of microscope and drill burr size and type were compared. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Measurement of the distance of field contamination while performing simulated mastoidectomy and location of surgeon contamination. RESULTS: There was a greater distance field contamination and surgeon contamination without the use of the microscope. Contamination was reduced by using a smaller drill burr and by using a diamond burr when compared to a cutting burr. The use of goggles and a face mask provided good protection for the surgeon. However, the microscope alone may provide sufficient protection to negate the need for goggles. CONCLUSIONS: While the risks of performing mastoid surgery during the coronavirus pandemic cannot be completely removed, they can be mitigated. Such factors include using the microscope for all drilling, using smaller size drill burrs and creating a safe zone around the operating table.

COVID-19/prevention & control , COVID-19/transmission , Infection Control , Infectious Disease Transmission, Patient-to-Professional/prevention & control , Mastoidectomy , Personal Protective Equipment , Dust , Humans , Models, Anatomic , Suction , Therapeutic Irrigation