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Revista de Enfermagem Referencia ; 2021(8), 2021.
Article in English, Portuguese | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1753975

ABSTRACT

Background: The COVID-19 pandemic crisis has brought about changes in the lives of higher education students that may influence their psychological well-being. Objective: To analyze the association between nursing students’ coping strategies and their psychological well-being during the COVID-19 quarantine. Methodology: Cross-sectional, descriptive-correlational study using a convenience sample of 136 students. Data were collected online using the Portuguese version of the Échelle de Mesure des Mani-festations du Bien-être Psychologique and the Brief COPE. Results: Students in the last years of their undergraduate studies used the instrumental support (p = 0.015) and emotional support (p = 0.009) coping strategies more often and had higher levels of psychological well-being (p = 0.012). Psychological well-being is associated with household income changes (p = 0.024), as well as with religion (r = 0.36;p ≤ 0.01), positive reframing (r = 0.47;p ≤ 0.01), and humor (r = 0.37;p ≤ 0.01) coping strategies. Conclusion: Students’ coping strategies seem to be associated with their psychological well-being during the COVID-19 quarantine. © 2021, Escola Superior de Enfermagem de Coimbra. All rights reserved.

2.
Journal of Vascular Access ; 22(6):12NP-13NP, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1582633

ABSTRACT

The use of renal replacement therapies in patients with SARS-COV2 infection accounts for up to 20% of patients admitted to the intensive care unit. Therefore, for an adequate dialysis therapy, the placement of an adequate catheter is imperative. In patients who develop a severe SIRA, the American and European guidelines recommend the prone position to improve pulmonary ventilation, so the placement of an catheter, becomes a great challenge, the use of technology such as ultrasound, helps reduce complications, however, when it is not available, the importance of an anatomical knowledge is vital for success. A 62-year-old male, with non-productive cough, asthenia, adynamia, adding, increasing dyspnea, even meriting ventilator mechanical support, with high ventilatory parameters, Therefore, as an added therapeutic measure, the patient was pronated, presenting ventilatory improvement. After 6 days of stay in the intensive care unit, renal compromise is added with evolution of oliguric AKIN 3 acute kidney injury, requiring initiate renal replacement therapy so it is decided to place a temporary catheter to start therapy. Because the patient's requirement to remain in pronation position, it is decided to place a temporary double- lumen catheter in that position, after not having an ultrasound available, the use of anatomical reference is chosen. The challenges that doctors have faced over the last few months, due to the recent coronavirus, have required new protocols and procedures to which techniques and procedures have had to be adapted to obtain better results, and improve the health status of each of the patients. A review of this case was carried out to refer the importance of anatomical knowledge, that the nephrologist, in the interventional area, is of utmost importance for reducing complications and increasing the success rate in each of their procedures.

4.
Applied Sciences (Switzerland) ; 11(5):1-12, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1143449

ABSTRACT

Diabetes is a life-long condition that is well-known in the 21st century. Once known as a disease of the West, the rise of diabetes has been fed by a nutrition shift, rapid urbanization and increasingly sedentary lifestyles. In late 2019, a new public health concern was emerging (COVID-19), with a particular hazard concerning people living with diabetes. Medical institutes have been collecting data for years. We expect to achieve predictions for pathological complications, which hopefully will prevent the loss of lives and improve the quality of life using data mining processes. This work proposes a comparative study of data mining techniques for early diagnosis of diabetes. We use a publicly accessible data set containing 520 instances, each with 17 attributes. Naive Bayes, Neural Network, AdaBoost, k-Nearest Neighbors, Random Forest and Support Vector Machine methods have been tested. The results suggest that Neural Networks should be used for diabetes prediction. The proposed model presents an AUC of 98.3% and 98.1% accuracy, an F1-Score, Precision and Sensitivity of 98.4% and a Specificity of 97.5%. © 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

5.
Revista Sitio Novo ; 4(4):242-259, 2020.
Article in Portuguese | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1106776

ABSTRACT

This paper was made during social distancing, when the COVID-19 contaminations increases in Brazil, counting 27.276 deaths on May 29th of 2020, besides several not accounted cases and recent alteration in accounting methods. In this context, to write about something which is in course is challenging and, why not to say, risky, because the lack of deep analyses. It is also a singular opportunity to talk about the intends of the social and economic project in course in Brazil at and the combat actions to the virus pandemic by the federal government. Therefore, we want to demonstrate the current contradictions of neoliberalism - within the Brazilian political-ideological project - in view of the exposure of social, economic and spatial vulnerabilities and inequalities in urban spaces (cities) to fight COVID-19. The methodology used consists of a bibliographic review based on scientific journals and newspaper articles. Lastly, this article emphasizes the need to redefine the urban dynamic facing the unitary logic of the capital - labor, because we should not understand social distancing as a privilege. We are assertive in believing that social distancing is a right, which for now is being denied and placed as a class privilege.

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