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1.
Appl Psychol Health Well Being ; 2022.
Article in English | PubMed | ID: covidwho-2001604

ABSTRACT

Mass lockdowns are a powerful infection-reduction strategy but are a significant stressor. This study aimed to explore whether various factors known to predict distress in normal contexts (e.g. social connectedness, emotional-regulation strategies, and health-related behaviors) are associated with daily distress under lockdown conditions. A time-based diary study evaluated how perceived social connectedness, health-promoting, and risk behaviors predicted within-person and between-person psychological distress. One hundred and nine adults completed surveys on these variables daily for 15 days while under stringent COVID-19 lockdown in Colombia. Emotional suppression and reappraisal were measured at the start of the study to explore whether they predicted distress. Distress was lower on the days that people experienced greater social connectedness (within-person analyses) but was not significantly predicted by between-participant differences in emotional regulation. Health-promoting behaviors such as exercising and meaningful activity were associated with lower distress, while watching COVID-19 news and eating high-calorie food were associated with higher distress. Looking at individual dynamics provides meaningful insights on daily behaviors associated with distress that might improve people's wellbeing during lockdown, such as social connectedness, meaningful activity, nutrition, exercise, and minimizing news exposure. Future research with alternative designs will enable causal conclusions to be drawn.

2.
Revista Espanola de Salud Publica ; 95(e202103049), 2021.
Article in Spanish | GIM | ID: covidwho-1870557

ABSTRACT

Background: During the state of alarm and once the confinement decreed by the COVID-19 pandemic ended, a cross-sectorial study was carried out in Spain between May 4th and 22nd, 2020 by volunteers who completed a self-administered online survey. The objective of this study was to know how the confinement period affected the consumption of tobacco and other related products in the adult Spanish population.

3.
Anesthesia and Analgesia ; 132(5S_SUPPL):56-59, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1696291
4.
United European Gastroenterology Journal ; 9(SUPPL 8):420, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1490955

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The respiratory infection caused by SARS-CoV2, known as COVID-19, has presented a fast worldwide expansion with significant sanitary repercussion as well as social and economic. Globally, patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) have been considered as population at risk for viral infections. To date, the evidence has not proved an increased risk for COVID-19 in this group. Aims & Methods: Our aim was to describe the main characteristics of our IBD patients who suffered SARS-CoV2 infection and to analyze both the evolution of their IBD and the infection's evolution. An observational, longitudinal, ambispective and multicentric study was performed. Patients with IBD with positive SARS-CoV2 PCR were included. Demographic variables along with data regarding to the COVID-19 infection were collected. SPSS® software version 20.0 was used for the statistic analysis. Results: We included 97 patients, 51.5% men. Overall mean age 43 (16-73) years old. Active smokers 13.5%, hypertensive 15.5%, diabetics 7.2% and obese 6.2%. According to the IBD 39.2% suffered from ulcerative colitis (UC), 55.7% Crohn's disease (CD), 2.1% linfocitic colitis and 2.1% indeterminate colitis. Mean IBD duration was 10.3 (SD 8.3) years. Perianal disease was present in 16.5% and extraintestinal manifestations (EIMs) 26.8% (77% joint involvement). Upon the time of infection 28.4% had active IBD. Regarding treatment, 55.7% were on aminosalycilates (5ASA), 45.8% on immunosuppressants, 25% on steroids and 41.7% on biologics. The main symptoms of SARS-CoV2 infection were astenia (62%), cough (60%), fever (58%), headache (52%) and diarrhoea (45%). Hospital admission was required in 24.2% (61% suffering from severe respiratory disease) and ICU was required in 17.4% of them. There were no deaths. Compared to those who did not need hospital admission;the admitted patients were older (50 vs 40 years old, p=0.006), were more likely to be obese (20% vs 2.8%, p=0.017), to suffer from hypertension (39% vs 8.3%, p=0.0001), from heart failure (13% vs 0%, p=0.002), had more EIMs (43.5% vs 22.2%, p= 0.047), had a higher previous hospitalization within the last 3 months (43.3% vs 8.3%, p=0.002), were more on 5ASA (91.3% vs 45.8%, p=0.0001) and showed higher C-reactive protein levels (71 vs 13.7, p=0.017). Hospitalized patients were more likely to present diarrhoea (63.8% vs 36.2%, p=0.009), dyspnoea (65.2% vs 20.6%, p=0.0001), hypoxemia (39.1% vs 1.5%, p=0.0001), hyporexia (60.9% vs 19.1%, p=0.0001), abdominal pain (36.4% vs 14.5%, p=0.025) and fever (82.6% vs 50%, p=0.006). Related to need of ICU admission, EIMs (75% vs 25.3%, p=0.029) and previous admission within the last 3 months (50% vs 13.2%, p=0.042), were more frequent. Neither immunosuppressant treatment (45.8% vs 47.8%, p=0.87) nor biologic therapy (43.1% vs 34.8%, p=0.48) were related to the need for hospital admission. Conclusion: A quarter part of the patients with IBD and SARS-CoV2 infection needed hospitalisation. An older age, presence of comorbidities, hospital admission within the previous 3 months, treatment with 5ASA and EIMs were more frequent in those requiring admission. There was not identified any relation between active IBD or the use of immunosuppressants/ biologics and a worse evolution of the infection.

5.
Revista de la Asociacion Espanola de Especialistas en Medicina del Trabajo ; 30(2):208-216, 2021.
Article in Spanish | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1441573

ABSTRACT

Due to the pandemic, teleworking was considered as an option to continue the work rhythm. Objectives: To assess the influence of presence at work on the prevalence of SARS-CoV-2 infection. Know the variables related to presence at work. Material and Methods: Prospective, descriptive, cross-sectional prevalence study. Variables: age, sex, weight, height, tobacco, comorbidities, flu vaccination, COVID-19 symptoms, contact, work modality. Carrying out rapid SARS-CoV-2 antibody test Results: The prevalence of workers is significantly related to: age, non-smoker, flu vaccine, suspicious symptoms, living with patients. Presence at work has been significantly related to: sex and smoker. The seroprevalence was higher in workers who did not go to their position compared to those who did always or occasionally. Conclusions: Teleworking does not seem to influence the reduction of seroprevalence due to Covid-19.The risk of contagion is lower at work than at the worker’s home. © 2021, Accion Medica S.A. All rights reserved.

6.
FMC Formacion Medica Continuada en Atencion Primaria ; 28(6):330-339, 2021.
Article in Spanish | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1392288
7.
FMC Formacion Medica Continuada en Atencion Primaria ; 28(6):330-339, 2021.
Article in Spanish | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1279581
8.
Odontoestomatologia ; 23(37):7, 2021.
Article in Spanish | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1237163

ABSTRACT

The Latin American region has become the most affected in the world by the COVID-19 pandemic. And people with special needs, a population already vulnerable, are suffering a significant impact from the current crisis. Since these people cannot stop being protected and cared for, a group of professors from 10 Latin American countries met to analyze the situation of dentistry for patients with special needs in the region. In all countries, it was evidenced that confinement and movement restrictions are interrupting access to essential goods and services for them. In dentistry, the general provision is to postpone routine procedures, unless they are clinically urgent or emergency;adopt strict personal protection measures and avoid or minimize interventions that may produce aerosols. Remote dentistry care, teledentistry, is considered a fundamental tool at this time, since it allows evaluating the need for face-to-face care and offering support, information and security to patients and families. The pandemic has shown us all that drive Health Promotion is the true path, and that we should not wait for conditions that affect the quality of life to come up.

9.
Frontiers in Public Health ; 9:651144, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1209495

ABSTRACT

Background: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). Healthcare workers (HCWs) constitute a population which is significantly affected by SARS-CoV-2 infection worldwide. In Mexico, the Instituto Nacional de Enfermedades Respiratorias (INER) is the principal national reference of respiratory diseases. Aim: To evaluate the efficiency of the INER-POL-TRAB-COVID19 program to mitigate the SARS-CoV-2 infection risk among the INER-healthcare workers (INER-HCW). Methods: Currently, the INER has 250 beds and 200 respiratory ventilators to support COVID-19 patients in critical condition. On March 1st, 2020, the INER-POL-TRAB-COVID19 program was launched to mitigate the SARS-CoV-2 infection risk among the INER-HCW. Findings: From March 1st to October 1st, 2020, 71.5% of INER-HCWs were tested for SARS-CoV-2 infection, and 77% of them were frontline workers. Among the tested INER-HCWs, 10.4% were positive for SARS-CoV-2 infection. Nonetheless, nosocomial infection represented only 3.8% of the cases and the mortality was null. Fifty-three of INER-HCWs positive to SARS-CoV-2 had a negative test 42-56 days post-diagnosis and were returned to service. Finally, although a change in the PPE implemented on May 11th, 2020, the incidence of SARS-CoV-2 infection was not affected. Conclusion: INER has a lower incidence of HCWs infected with SARS-CoV-2 as compared to the mean of the national report. The implementation of the INER-POL-TRAB-COVID19 program is efficient to decrease the risk of infection among the HCWs. Our findings suggest that the implementation of a similar program at a national level can be helpful to provide a safe environment to HCWs and to prevent the collapse of health institutions.

10.
Rev Esp Salud Publica ; 95, 2021.
Article in Spanish | PubMed | ID: covidwho-1187597

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: During the state of alarm and once the confinement decreed by the COVID-19 pandemic ended, a cross-sectorial study was carried out in Spain between May 4(th) and 22(nd), 2020 by volunteers who completed a self-administered online survey. The objective of this study was to know how the confinement period affected the consumption of tobacco and other related products in the adult Spanish population. METHODS: The survey consisted of 18 questions concerning sociodemographic characteristics, the consumption of tobacco and other related products, exposure to secondhand smoke and perception of COVID-19 risk associated with consumption. Questions about tobacco and other related products were posed in order to compare consumption prior to and during confinement. The survey was completed by 17,017 people. The analysis of association of variables was carried out with T-student. Variable frequency analysis was performed with χ(2). RESULTS: There was a reduction in the prevalence of daily tobacco smoking and no changes were observed in the products consumed in either period (6.73%). The prevalence of exposure to secondhand smoke at home during confinement among non-smokers decreased (61.83%). Most of survey respondents reported that tobacco and e-cigarette consumption increased the risk of contracting COVID-19 and suffering severe complications (39.09% and 31.80% respectively). CONCLUSIONS: During the COVID-19 lockdown in Spain, the tobacco consumption decreased. Also, secondhand smoke exposition reduces in Spain during this period.

11.
International Journal of Sociology of Education ; 9:79-104, 2020.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1097517

ABSTRACT

The exceptionality derived from the situation of confinement due to the COVID-19 pandemic has affected all areas of our functioning as a society: relational, health, economic, etc. and of course, education. This study focuses on the impact on these areas and the role played by aspects such as resilience, online social capital and life satisfaction. To this end, an exploratory quantitative study was carried out on 343 university students. The most important conclusion is to note the strong impact that confinement has had on the life situation of students, mainly in the psychological and academic fields, and the important role of the relationship with life satisfaction and resilience. We conclude with the need to work on the issue of resilience from the university and we offer a series of keys to that end.

12.
Medicina-Buenos Aires ; 80:1-6, 2020.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-964285

ABSTRACT

The disease named COVID-19, caused by the SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus, is currently generating a global pandemic. Vaccine development is no doubt the best long-term immunological approach, but in the current epidemiologic and health emergency there is a need for rapid and effective solutions. Convalescent plasma is the only antibody-based therapy available for COVID-19 patients to date. Equine polyclonal antibodies (EpAbs) put forward a sound alternative. The new generation of processed and purified EpAbs containing highly purified F(ab')(2 )fragments demonstrated to be safe and well tolerated. EpAbs are easy to manufacture allowing a fast development and scaling up for a treatment. Based on these ideas, we present a new therapeutic product obtained after immunization of horses with the receptor-binding domain of the viral Spike glycoprotein. Our product shows around 50 times more potency in in vitro seroneutralization assays than the average of convalescent plasma. This result may allow us to test the safety and efficacy of this product in a phase 2/3 clinical trial to be conducted in July 2020 in the metropolitan area of Buenos Aires, Argentina.

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