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1.
Neurology ; 2022 May 18.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1854908

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To compare the performance of different respiratory function testing in a multidisciplinary ALS clinic. METHODS: Demographics, clinical data, and respiratory testing parameters were abstracted from the medical records of patients who attended a multidisciplinary ALS clinic from 2008-2016. We compared the performance of the three primary respiratory test parameters used by Medicare for the initiation of non-invasive ventilation (NIV), (forced vital capacity (FVC) < 50% predicted, maximum inspiratory pressure (MIP) < 60 cm H20, and abnormal overnight pulse oximetry (OvOx)) on how they related to several clinically relevant attributes. RESULTS: 476 subjects were identified who underwent at least one respiratory test. Abnormalities of OvOx, MIP, and FVC occurred at a median of 1.6, 1.5, and 3.8 years from disease onset, respectively (p < 0.00001). Subjects with bulbar-onset ALS exhibited earlier abnormalities in MIP and FVC than in spinal-onset ALS (p <0.005). The median survival after an abnormal OvOx, MIP, or FVC test was 1.4, 1.4, and 0.9 years, respectively (p < 0.0001). Utilizing the ALS Functional Rating Score respiratory subscales, at the time of reported respiratory symptoms there were abnormalities in OvOx (60%), MIP (69%), and FVC (19%). Conversely, when respiratory parameter abnormalities preceded reported respiratory symptoms, this occurred with frequencies in OvOx (79%), MIP (42%) or FVC (24%). Four hundred forty-three subjects (93.1%) developed at least one abnormal respiratory measure meeting Medicare criteria for NIV consideration, but fewer than 50% in our cohort demonstrated NIV use. Improved survival in subjects using NIV was statistically significant in patients with bulbar-onset ALS. CONCLUSIONS: Abnormalities in OvOx and MIP perform better than FVC at early detection of neuromuscular respiratory weakness in ALS. Initiation of NIV in patients with respiratory insufficiency may improve overall survival in ALS. In the setting of the COVID-19 pandemic, FVC and MIP have not been routinely performed due to infectious aerosol generation. OvOx, which we now routinely mail to patients' homes, has been utilized exclusively during the COVID-19 pandemic, and allows for continued remote monitoring of respiratory status of patients with ALS.

2.
Neurol Clin Pract ; 11(2): e157-e164, 2021 Apr.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1304419

ABSTRACT

It is imperative in the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic that we serve our patients by implementing teleneurology visits for those who require neurologic advice but do not need to be seen face to face. The authors propose a thorough, practical, in-home, teleneurologic examination that can be completed without the assistance of an on-the-scene medical professional and can be tailored to the clinical question. We hope to assist trainees and practicing neurologists doing patient video visits for the first time during the COVID-19 pandemic, focusing on what can, rather than what cannot, be easily examined.

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