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1.
Int J Infect Dis ; 2022 Jan 02.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1587609
2.
Front Neurol ; 12: 732194, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1512044

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Thromboembolic events, including ischemic stroke, are major complications of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). The clinical characteristics of COVID-19-related stroke are not clearly defined, and few controlled studies assessed the underlying mechanisms of cerebrovascular complications of COVID-19. This single-center retrospective observational study compared stroke characteristics between patients with and without COVID-19. Methods: This study included all patients hospitalized between March 1, 2020, and April 30, 2020, in Colmar Hospital for ischemic stroke as confirmed by imaging. The characteristics of patients with laboratory-confirmed severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection by real-time reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction or serology were compared with those without SARS-CoV-2 infection. Result: Among 772 patients, nine COVID-19 patients were compared with 50 patients without COVID-19. The following inflammatory and procoagulant marker levels were significantly higher in the COVID-19 group than those in the control group: C-reactive protein, 57.3 ± 43.4 vs. 15.0 ± 30.6 mg/L, p < 0.001; fibrinogen, 5.89 ± 1.75 vs. 4.03 ± 1.26 g/L, p < 0.001; and D-dimer, 4,833.9 ± 6,549.4 vs. 1,028.6 ± 942.6 ng/ml, p < 0.001. The rates of multifocal cerebral territory involvement (4 vs. 7, p = 0.05), microvascular involvement (4 vs. 6, p = 0.04), and thrombophilia (4 vs. 4, p = 0.014) were significantly higher in the COVID-19 group than in the control group, whereas no significant intergroup differences were found in the stroke mechanisms, i.e., cardio-embolic, atherosclerotic, small vessel disease, and cryptogenic. Conclusion: COVID-19-related stroke is characterized by hypercoagulability and hyperinflammation that may favor strokes via microvascular circulation abnormalities, microthrombus formation, and multifocal lesions.

3.
J Med Virol ; 2021 Nov 09.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1508791

ABSTRACT

Five percent of patients infected with SARS-CoV-2 require advanced respiratory support. The high-flow nasal cannula oxygenotherapy (HFNCO) appears to be effective and safe to reduce the need for mechanical ventilation. However, the factors associated with HFNCO failure as well as the outcomes of patients receiving this noninvasive respiratory strategy remain unclear. Thus, we performed this study to determine factors leading to intubation of SARS-CoV-2 patients treated with HFNCO and patients' outcomes. We retrospectively analyzed the medical charts of patients admitted in our ICU center for acute respiratory failure due to SARS-CoV-2 infection and who initially benefited from HFNCO, between September 1, 2020, and March 1, 2021. We included all adults patients who received HFNCO and compared two groups: those treated with HFNCO alone and those who failed HFNCO. Patients treated with HFNCO and secondarily limited to the use of mechanical ventilation were excluded from the analysis. Sixty-nine patients were included, 33 were treated with HFNCO alone and 36 failed HFNCO. We found more patients with shock in the HFNCO failure group (p = 0.001). The mean IGSII score was higher in the HFNCO failure group (p < 0.001). The minimum PaO2 /FiO2 was lower in the HFNCO failure group (p = 0.024). The length of stay in ICU was higher in the HFNCO failure group (p < 0.001). The mean duration of HFNCO before intubation was 1.77 days. Six-week mortality was higher in the HFNCO failure group (p = 0.034). Ten patients had a complication during intubation. The HFNCO leads to reduce the intubation rate, the length of stay in ICU, and the mortality. Determining the factors associated with HFNCO failure is important to avoid complications following late intubation.

4.
Clin Infect Dis ; 73(7): e1762-e1765, 2021 10 05.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1455264

ABSTRACT

Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is a newly discovered virus for which remdesivir is the only antiviral available. We report the occurrence of a mutation in RdRP (D484Y) following treatment with remdesivir in a 76-year-old female with post-rituximab B-cell immunodeficiency and persistent SARS-CoV-2 viremia. A cure was achieved after supplementation with convalescent plasma.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , RNA-Dependent RNA Polymerase , Adenosine Monophosphate/analogs & derivatives , Aged , Alanine/analogs & derivatives , B-Lymphocytes , COVID-19/drug therapy , COVID-19/therapy , Female , Humans , Immunization, Passive , Mutation , SARS-CoV-2
6.
Open Forum Infect Dis ; 7(10): ofaa405, 2020 Oct.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1003713

ABSTRACT

We developed a score, with easily accessible data (age, sex, body mass index, dyspnea, inflammatory parameters), to predict the risk of rapid progression to severe coronavirus disease 2019. Using a cutoff of >6 points, the negative predictive value was 87%.

7.
Blood ; 136(20): 2290-2295, 2020 11 12.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-950941

ABSTRACT

Anti-CD20 monoclonal antibodies are widely used for the treatment of hematological malignancies or autoimmune disease but may be responsible for a secondary humoral deficiency. In the context of COVID-19 infection, this may prevent the elicitation of a specific SARS-CoV-2 antibody response. We report a series of 17 consecutive patients with profound B-cell lymphopenia and prolonged COVID-19 symptoms, negative immunoglobulin G (IgG)-IgM SARS-CoV-2 serology, and positive RNAemia measured by digital polymerase chain reaction who were treated with 4 units of COVID-19 convalescent plasma. Within 48 hours of transfusion, all but 1 patient experienced an improvement of clinical symptoms. The inflammatory syndrome abated within a week. Only 1 patient who needed mechanical ventilation for severe COVID-19 disease died of bacterial pneumonia. SARS-CoV-2 RNAemia decreased to below the sensitivity threshold in all 9 evaluated patients. In 3 patients, virus-specific T-cell responses were analyzed using T-cell enzyme-linked immunospot assay before convalescent plasma transfusion. All showed a maintained SARS-CoV-2 T-cell response and poor cross-response to other coronaviruses. No adverse event was reported. Convalescent plasma with anti-SARS-CoV-2 antibodies appears to be a very promising approach in the context of protracted COVID-19 symptoms in patients unable to mount a specific humoral response to SARS-CoV-2.


Subject(s)
Antibodies, Viral/immunology , B-Lymphocytes/pathology , Betacoronavirus/immunology , Coronavirus Infections/immunology , Immune Sera/administration & dosage , Lymphopenia/therapy , Pneumonia, Viral/immunology , Adult , Aged , B-Lymphocytes/immunology , Blood Component Transfusion , COVID-19 , Coronavirus Infections/blood , Coronavirus Infections/therapy , Coronavirus Infections/virology , Female , France , Hematologic Neoplasms/complications , Humans , Immunization, Passive , Lymphopenia/etiology , Lymphopenia/pathology , Male , Middle Aged , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral/blood , Pneumonia, Viral/therapy , Pneumonia, Viral/virology , SARS-CoV-2
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