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Journal of Clinical Rheumatology ; 29(4 Supplement 1):S7, 2023.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2322571


Objectives: To evaluate the safety and immunogenicity of CoronaVac and ChAdOx1 vaccines against SARS-CoV-2 in patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA). Method(s): These data are from the 'SAFER (Safety and Efficacy on COVID-19 Vaccine in Rheumatic Diseases)' study, a Brazilian multicentric longitudinal phase IV study to evaluate COVID-19 vaccine in immunomediated rheumatic diseases (IMRDs). Adverse events (AEs) in patients with RA were assessed after two doses of ChAdOx1 or CoronaVac. Stratification of postvaccination AEs was performed using a diary, filled out daily. The titers of neutralizing antibodies against the receptor-biding domain of SARS-CoV-2 (anti-RBD) were measured by chemilumine scence test after each dose of immunizers. Proportions between groups were compared using the Chi-square and Fisher's exact tests for categorical variables. Clinical Disease Activity Index (CDAI) before and after vaccination was assessed using the McNemar test. Result(s): A total of 188 patients with RA were included in the study, most of them were female. CoronaVac was used in 109 patients and ChAdOx1 in 79. Only mild AEs were observed. The more common AEs after the first dose were pain at injection site (46,7%), headache (39,4%), arthralgia (39,4%) and myalgia (30,5%), and ChAdOx1 had a higher frequency of pain at the injection site (66% vs 32 %, p alpha 0.001) arthralgia (62% vs 22%, p alpha 0.001) and myalgia (45% vs 20%, p alpha 0.001) compared to CoronaVac. The more common AEs after the second dose were pain at the injection site (37%), arthralgia (31%), myalgia (23%) and headache (21%). Arthralgia (41,42 % vs 25 %, p = 0.02) and pain at injection site (51,43% vs 27%, p = 0.001) were more common with ChAdOx1. No patients had a flare after vaccination. The titers of anti-RBDafter two doses of ChAdOx1 were higher compared to two doses of CoronaVac (6,03 BAU/mL vs 4,67 BAU/mL, p alpha 0,001). Conclusion(s): The frequency of local adverse effects, particularly pain at injection site, was high. AEs were more frequent with ChAdOx1, especially after the first dose. The use of the immunizers dis not change the degree of inflammatory activity of the disease. In patients with RA, ChAdOx1 was more immunogenic than CoronaVac. .

Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases ; 81:980, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2009208


Background: Patients with autoimmune infammatory diseases (AID) have been prioritized for urgent vaccination to mitigate COVID-19 risk. However, few studies in the literature assessed the immunogenicity and safety of the COVID-19 vaccine in patients with AID. Objectives: In this context, the present study aims to evaluate the immunogenic-ity and safety of the vaccine against COVID-19 in patients with AID. Methods: These data are from 'Safety and efficacy on COVID-19 Vaccine in Rheumatic Disease'-SAFER study, a Brazilian multicentric prospective phase IV study to evaluate COVID-19 Vaccine in AID, in the real-life, in Brazil. Immunogenicity and adverse events (AE) from a single center were assessed, after 2 doses of ChAdOx1 (Oxford/AstraZeneca), 8 weeks of interval, in patients with AID and healthy controls (HC). Inclusion criteria were age ≥ 18 years and fulflling criteria according to international classifcation for AID. Exclusion criteria: pregnancy, previous severe AE to any vaccine, other immunosuppression causes. Stratifcation of post-vaccination AE was performed using a diary, flled out daily and returned at the end of 28 days for each dose. Participants were followed up through blood collection for measurement of IgG antibodies against SARS-CoV-2 spike receptor-binding domain by chemiluminescence (SARS-CoV-2 IgG II Quant assay, Abbott Laboratories, Abbott Park, IL, USA) at baseline and 28 days after the second dose. The seropositivity was defned for titers ≥50 AU/mL. Quantitative analyses were presented as observed frequency, percentage, central tendency, and variability measurements. The sample's normal distribution was verifed through the Shapiro-Wilk test. The Kruskal-Wallis test and the post-hoc Dwass-Steel-Critchlow-Fligner pairwise comparisons test were used to compare the IgG-S titers between the groups through the evaluation period. Categorical data were addressed using the Fisheŕs exact or Chi-squared (χ2) test. An alpha level of 5% signifcance was used in all analyses. Results: A total of 377 volunteers with AID and 50 HC were included in the study. Patients with spondyloarthritis (N=64), systemic lupus erythematosus (N=63), rheumatoid arthritis (N=61), primary Sjögren's syndrome (N=61), vasculitis (N=31), systemic sclerosis (N=14), inflammatory myopathy (N=9), Crohńs disease (N=49), ulcerative colitis (N=11) and other systemics AID (N=12) were evaluated. Both groups had female predominance (73.5% vs. 74.0%, p=0.937) and were homogeneous for age (43.5 vs. 41.7,p=0.308). The seroconversion among those not reactive (IgG-S negative at baseline) (46 HC and 191 AID), 28 days after second dose was 97.1% for spondyloar-thritis (p=0.425), systemic lupus erythematosus 88.2% (0.006), rheumatoid arthritis 93.5% (0.158), primary Sjögren's syndrome 92.6% (0.133), systemic sclerosis or inflammatory myopathy 47.1% (0.001), inflammatory bowel disease 100% (0.999) and vasculitis 80% (0.006), while in healthy control was 100%. In comparison with HC, there was a statistically significant difference in IgG-S titles only in systemic sclerosis or inflammatory myopathy (1.694 AU/ml vs. 3.719 AU/ml;p=0.006). Both groups only presented mild AE. Pain at the injection (85.7% vs. 78.4%, p=0.239), headache (67.3% vs. 53.8, p=0.074) and fatigue (59.2% Vs. 46.2%, p=0.089) were more common in HC than AID. Overall, reactions like arthralgia (52.6 vs. 22.4%, p<0.001), hematoma (14.1 vs. 4.1%, p=0.05), cutaneous rash (9.5 vs. 0%, p=0.024) were more frequent in AID. Most participants related that they felt safer after receiving a COVID-19 vaccination, and 52.4% did not reported a worse patient global assessment (PGA) index. Conclusion: In conclusion, our data indicated that ChAdOx1 vaccine is safe and induced high titers and seroconversion rate in AID. More severe AID, such as vasculitis, systemic lupus erythematosous, and systemic sclerosis and myositis showed a lower seroconversion rate. Further analysis will explore the association between immunossupressant and reactivity, and booster dose.