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2.
24th International Conference on Business Information Systems, BIS 2021 ; 444 LNBIP:39-44, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1826260

ABSTRACT

The recent increase in the availability of medical data, possible through automation and digitization of medical equipment, has enabled more accurate and complete analysis on patients’ medical data through many branches of data science. In particular, medical records that include timestamps showing the history of a patient have enabled the representation of medical information as sequences of events, effectively allowing to perform process mining analyses. In this paper, we will present some preliminary findings obtained with established process mining techniques in regard of the medical data of patients of the Uniklinik Aachen hospital affected by the recent epidemic of COVID-19. We show that process mining techniques are able to reconstruct a model of the ICU treatments for COVID patients. © 2022, Springer Nature Switzerland AG.

3.
Atemwegs- und Lungenkrankheiten ; 46(4):245, 2020.
Article in German | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1710725
4.
Anaesthesist ; 70(Suppl 1): 19-29, 2021 12.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1574765

ABSTRACT

Since December 2019 a novel coronavirus (severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2, SARS-CoV-2) has rapidly spread around the world resulting in an acute respiratory illness pandemic. The immense challenges for clinicians and hospitals as well as the strain on many healthcare systems has been unprecedented.The majority of patients present with mild symptoms of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19); however, 5-8% become critically ill and require intensive care treatment. Acute hypoxemic respiratory failure with severe dyspnea and an increased respiratory rate (>30/min) usually leads to intensive care unit (ICU) admission. At this point bilateral pulmonary infiltrates are typically seen. Patients often develop a severe acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS).So far, remdesivir and dexamethasone have shown clinical effectiveness in severe COVID-19 in hospitalized patients. The main goal of supportive treatment is to ascertain adequate oxygenation. Invasive mechanical ventilation and repeated prone positioning are key elements in treating severely hypoxemic COVID-19 patients.Strict adherence to basic infection control measures (including hand hygiene) and correct use of personal protection equipment (PPE) are essential in the care of patients. Procedures that lead to formation of aerosols should be carried out with utmost precaution and preparation.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Critical Illness , Humans , SARS-CoV-2
6.
Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon ; 69(SUPPL 1), 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1240800

ABSTRACT

The role of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) in the management of critically ill COVID-19patients remains unclear. Our study aims to analyze the outcomes and risk factors from patients treated with ECMO. Methods: This retrospective, single-center study includes seventeen COVID-19 patients treated with ECMO. Univariate andmultivariate parametric survival regression identified predictors of survival. Result: Nine patients (53%) were successfully weaned from ECMO and discharged. The incidence of in-hospital mortalitywas 47%. In a univariate analysis, only four out of 83 pre-ECMO variables were significantly different;IL-6, PCT, and NT-proBNP were significantly higher in non-survivors compared with survivors. The Respiratory Extracorporeal MembraneOxygenation Survival Prediction (RESP) score was significantly lower in survivors. After a multivariate parametric survivalregression, IL-6, NT-proBNP and RESP scores remained significant independent predictors, with hazard ratios (HR) of 1.069[95% CI: 0.986-1.160], p = 0.016 1.001 [95% CI: 1.000-1.001], p = 0.012;and 0.843 [95% CI: 0.564-1.260], p = 0.040,respectively. A prediction model consisting of IL-6, NT-proBNP, and RESP score showed an area under the curve (AUC) of0.87, with a sensitivity of 87.5% and specificity of 77.8%, compared with an AUC of 0.79 for the RESP score alone. Conclusion: The present study suggests that ECMO is a potentially lifesaving treatment for select critically ill COVID-19patients. Considering IL-6 and NT-per-BNP, in addition to the RESP score, may enhance outcome predictions.

7.
American Journal of Public Health ; 111(5):854-859, 2021.
Article in English | GIM | ID: covidwho-1196329

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To examine shelter characteristics and infection prevention practices in relation to severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection point prevalence during universal testing at homeless shelters in the United States.

9.
European Journal of Psychiatry ; 35(1):64-65, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1065039
10.
Pneumologie ; 75(2): 88-112, 2021 Feb.
Article in German | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1033360

ABSTRACT

Since December 2019, the novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome - Corona Virus-2) has been spreading rapidly in the sense of a global pandemic. This poses significant challenges for clinicians and hospitals and is placing unprecedented strain on the healthcare systems of many countries. The majority of patients with Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) present with only mild symptoms such as cough and fever. However, about 6 % require hospitalization. Early clarification of whether inpatient and, if necessary, intensive care treatment is medically appropriate and desired by the patient is of particular importance in the pandemic. Acute hypoxemic respiratory insufficiency with dyspnea and high respiratory rate (> 30/min) usually leads to admission to the intensive care unit. Often, bilateral pulmonary infiltrates/consolidations or even pulmonary emboli are already found on imaging. As the disease progresses, some of these patients develop acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Mortality reduction of available drug therapy in severe COVID-19 disease has only been demonstrated for dexamethasone in randomized controlled trials. The main goal of supportive therapy is to ensure adequate oxygenation. In this regard, invasive ventilation and repeated prone positioning are important elements in the treatment of severely hypoxemic COVID-19 patients. Strict adherence to basic hygiene, including hand hygiene, and the correct wearing of adequate personal protective equipment are essential when handling patients. Medically necessary actions on patients that could result in aerosol formation should be performed with extreme care and preparation.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Respiratory Distress Syndrome , Humans , Inpatients , Pandemics , Practice Guidelines as Topic , SARS-CoV-2
11.
Anthropology in Action ; 27(2):68-72, 2020.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-985793

ABSTRACT

During the government-imposed contact restrictions in Germany, Austria and Switzerland, older adults feared that they may no longer be able to experience physical contact with family members. They were, however, given hope by a ‘cuddle curtain’, a device that promised to enable familial intimacy while blocking the exposure of older bodies to the coronavirus. Our research team traced how one such artefact was used in nursing homes in Switzerland. Here, we discuss its cultural biography to explore notions of intimacy by relating discussions about the curtain to anthropological discussions about entanglement and detach-ment. We contrast positive associations between the curtain and familial intimacy with regu-lations surrounding body fluid barriers in sex work, in order to relate the ‘thing’ to the larger context within which it circulates. © Berghahn Books and the Association for Anthropology in Action.

12.
Pneumologie ; 75(4): 284-292, 2021 Apr.
Article in German | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-936176

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic represents a huge burden on global health systems. Although far-reaching prevention measures such as the increase of intensive care capacities and drastic restrictions of public life have so far been able to avert an overload of the German health care system, the current situation implies an exceptionally high burden on medical professionals. The current study presents the results of an opinion evaluation among 513 pneumology specialists in Germany in the period from March 27th to April 11th, 2020. While the majority of respondents stated that Germany was "well" prepared for the pandemic, this assessment was significantly worse among participants from the outpatient sector compared to the hospital sector (p < 0.001). Furthermore, a lack of medical protective equipment was reported significantly more frequently by respondents from the outpatient sector (p < 0.001). The importance of telemedicine approaches during the COVID-19 pandemic was rated "high" (35.2 %) or "very high" (17.2 %) by most pneumology professionals, with participants from the hospital sector giving a higher rating (p < 0.001). Finally, 45.8 % of the respondents expressed a "negative" influence of the COVID-19 pandemic on their personal mood and 58.3 % expressed "strong" or "very strong" concerns about the health of their fellow human beings. This assessment was significantly stronger among female participants and participants from the nursing sector (p < 0.001). In summary, the current study analyses for the first time the professional and personal impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on pneumology professionals in Germany. The results could help to identify first starting points to better support health professionals during the current and future challenges.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Pulmonary Medicine , Female , Germany/epidemiology , Humans , Pandemics/prevention & control , Perception , SARS-CoV-2 , Surveys and Questionnaires
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