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1.
Critical Care ; 26(SUPPL 1), 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1793858

ABSTRACT

Introduction: COVID-19 has a broad spectrum of severity and, although the majority of those infected are asymptomatic or have mild disease, many need hospitalization and organ support for respiratory failure. The approach to this dysfunction varied across the pandemic, influenced by retrospective data and centre experience. After initial unfavorable data, NIV resumed prominence during the 2nd wave, having been the modality of choice in our intermediate care unit (IU). We describe our NIV cohort and the results of our ventilatory strategy. Methods: Descriptive retrospective study. Data were collected from electronic medical records of 202 COVID-19 patients (PTS) under NIV at the IU between September/20 and March/21. Categorical data are presented as frequency (percentage) and were compared using χ2 -test. Continuous variables were compared using Mann-Whitney U test. Statistical significance was set at p < 0.05. Results: 202 of 469 PTS were submitted to NIV. Mean age was 66 years and 62.8% were male. Most common comorbidities were hypertension, dyslipidemia, obesity and diabetes. Mean admission SOFA score was 3.6. Most PTS underwent corticosteroid therapy, 86.7% in > 1 mg/ kg dosage equivalent. Remdesivir was used in 50%. In 88.6% NIV was the initial modality of ventilatory support, 11.4% after HFNC failure (23). The preferred mode was CPAP with mean maximum pressure of 13 (6-16), titrated to normalization of the work of breathing (WOB). Mean PaO2/FiO2 ratio at start of NIV was 122, < 100 in 43% of PTS. NIV failure occurred in 35.6%, intra-unit mortality was 25.6%. 35 PTS were submitted to invasive mechanical ventilation (IMV), 41% died. Advanced age, intolerance to awake prone and delirium were associated with higher mortality. Conclusions: NIV is a valid option for the management of respiratory failure secondary to COVID-19 ARDS, reducing the need for IMV. Elevated CPAP values, titrated to WOB control, complemented with prolonged periods of awake prone are essential for success.

2.
Critical Care ; 26(SUPPL 1), 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1793857

ABSTRACT

Introduction: COVID-19 has generated enormous difficulties globally due to the high number of critically ill patients and uncertainty of the best therapeutic approach, even after 18 months of pandemic and multiple clinical trials. The antiviral remdesivir (RDV) has shown to reduce time to clinical recovery and, in a subgroup with low flow O2 at time of drug initiation, to reduce mortality by 70% (ACTT-1). Subsequent openlabel RCT, Solidarity and Discovery, didn't confirm these findings. In our unit, a strict protocol was used, including a 5-day cycle of 20 mg dexamethasone and start of HFNC/CPAP when increased work of breathing became noticeable, along with prolonged periods of awake prone position. The use of RDV was a point of significant variability, allowing us to compare outcomes. We describe our unit's experience and RDV impact on patients under non-invasive ventilation (NIV). Methods: Descriptive retrospective study. Data were collected from 202 COVID-19 patients under NIV at our intermediate care unit between September/ 2020 and March/2021, through medical records in the electronic clinical file. Categorical data are presented as frequency (percentage) and were compared using χ2 -test. Continuous variables were compared using Mann-Whitney U test. Statistical significance was set at p < 0.05. Results: Each group consisted of 101 patients, with the group not submitted to RDV being slightly older (mean age 70.5 vs 63 years), more frail (mean CFS 3.5 vs 2.8) and with higher mean SOFA at admission (4.0 vs 3.2). The RDV group had a lower mortality rate (20.8 vs 52.5%;p < 0.001), less NIV failure (20.8 vs 50.5%;p < 0.001), shorter duration of ventilation in survivors (7.0 vs 8.5 days;p = 0.036) and less need for intensive care admission (14.9 vs 23.8%), with favorable impact on mortality (26.6 vs 50%) in this subgroup. Conclusions: In our cohort of patients under NIV, RDV use was associated with lower mortality, less need for IMV and shorter duration of ventilation.

3.
Magis ; 14:25, 2021.
Article in Spanish | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1791810

ABSTRACT

This research seeks to describe the teachers' perceptions about their conditions and the changes experienced in their pedagogical practices due to the health emergency caused by Covid-19. A sample of 541 Chilean and Peruvian teachers of all educational levels participated in the study (preschool, primary, secondary and higher ed), through a structured virtual questionnaire. The findings confirmed the impact of the social, demographic and historical inequalities present in both countries.

4.
Comunicacion y Sociedad (Mexico) ; (19)2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1754262

ABSTRACT

The covid-19 pandemic has impacted the digital public sphere considerably, causing influencers to reflect on their work and social responsibilities. Users and virtual communities have articulated the need for information to be provided to them on informal political spaces characterized by the coexistence of leisurely and entertainment activities. This exploratory qualitative study is based on in-depth interviews of 13 Peruvian influencers with varying levels of influence and hailing from different regions. Such an exploration facilitates an understanding of the influencers’ coping strategies in this scenario as well as their perspectives as media citizens. We conclude that the relationship between influencers and their communities can assume high levels of civility and social commitment in a critical context;such a relationship is further enhanced by means of content that integrates information and entertainment. © 2022 Universidad de Guadalajara. All rights reserved.

5.
MEDLINE; 2022.
Preprint in English | MEDLINE | ID: ppcovidwho-329703

ABSTRACT

Understanding immune memory to Common Cold Coronaviruses (CCCs) is relevant for assessing its potential impact on the outcomes of SARS-CoV-2 infection, and for the prospects of pan-corona vaccines development. We performed a longitudinal analysis, of pre-pandemic samples collected from 2016-2019. CD4+ T cells and antibody responses specific for CCC and to other respiratory viruses, and chronic or ubiquitous pathogens were assessed. CCC-specific memory CD4+ T cells were detected in most subjects, and their frequencies were comparable to those for other common antigens. Notably, responses to CCC and other antigens such as influenza and Tetanus Toxoid (TT) were sustained over time. CCC-specific CD4+ T cell responses were also associated with low numbers of HLA-DR+CD38+ cells and their magnitude did not correlate with yearly changes in the prevalence of CCC infections. Similarly, spike RBD-specific IgG responses for CCC were stable throughout the sampling period. Finally, high CD4+ T cell reactivity to CCC, but not antibody responses, was associated with high pre-existing SARS-CoV-2 immunity. Overall, these results suggest that the steady and sustained CCC responses observed in the study cohort are likely due to a relatively stable pool of CCC-specific memory CD4+ T cells instead of fast decaying responses and frequent reinfections.

6.
Embase;
Preprint in English | EMBASE | ID: ppcovidwho-326837

ABSTRACT

SARS-CoV-2 infection and COVID-19 vaccines elicit memory T cell responses. Here, we report the development of two new pools of Experimentally-defined T cell epitopes derived from the non-spike Remainder of the SARS-CoV-2 proteome (CD4RE and CD8RE). The combination of T cell responses to these new pools and Spike (S) were used to discriminate four groups of subjects with different SARS-CoV-2 infection and COVID-19 vaccine status: non-infected, non-vaccinated (I-V-);infected and non-vaccinated (I+V-);infected and then vaccinated (I+V+);and non-infected and vaccinated (I-V+). The overall classification accuracy based on 30 subjects/group was 89.2% in the original cohort and 88.5% in a validation cohort of 96 subjects. The T cell classification scheme was applicable to different mRNA vaccines, and different lengths of time post-infection/post-vaccination. T cell responses from breakthrough infections (infected vaccinees, V+I+) were also effectively segregated from the responses of vaccinated subjects using the same classification tool system. When all five groups where combined, for a total of 239 different subjects, the classification scheme performance was 86.6%. We anticipate that a T cell-based immunodiagnostic scheme able to classify subjects based on their vaccination and natural infection history will be an important tool for longitudinal monitoring of vaccination and aid in establishing SARS-CoV-2 correlates of protection.

8.
16th Iberian Conference on Information Systems and Technologies, CISTI 2021 ; 2021.
Article in Spanish | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1449475

ABSTRACT

This paper describes the changes in the content and production formats of Peruvian influencers in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic. Based on semi-structured interviews it was found that the process of adaptation was fast and consistent with their personal brand and style, taking into account originality and authenticity. Likewise, they assumed their social role as experts in a specific field, approaching the needs of their followers, and renewing their bonds with them based on relevant information. © 2021 AISTI.

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