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1.
Biomol NMR Assign ; 15(2): 467-474, 2021 10.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1442185

ABSTRACT

The stem-loop (SL1) is the 5'-terminal structural element within the single-stranded SARS-CoV-2 RNA genome. It is formed by nucleotides 7-33 and consists of two short helical segments interrupted by an asymmetric internal loop. This architecture is conserved among Betacoronaviruses. SL1 is present in genomic SARS-CoV-2 RNA as well as in all subgenomic mRNA species produced by the virus during replication, thus representing a ubiquitous cis-regulatory RNA with potential functions at all stages of the viral life cycle. We present here the 1H, 13C and 15N chemical shift assignment of the 29 nucleotides-RNA construct 5_SL1, which denotes the native 27mer SL1 stabilized by an additional terminal G-C base-pair.


Subject(s)
5' Untranslated Regions , Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, Biomolecular , SARS-CoV-2/genetics , Nucleic Acid Conformation , RNA, Spliced Leader
2.
Jpn J Infect Dis ; 74(4): 367-368, 2021 Jul 21.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1380103

ABSTRACT

Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is currently a major worldwide concern. Guidelines have been issued regarding precautions for healthcare workers caring for SARS-CoV-2-infected patients. Despite accurate observance of infection control measures, including contact precautions, we encountered an OXA-23-producing Acinetobacter baumannii outbreak in 5 intensive care units of 10 beds each in our tertiary care teaching hospital.


Subject(s)
Acinetobacter Infections/epidemiology , COVID-19/epidemiology , Acinetobacter baumannii/pathogenicity , Adult , Aged , Disease Outbreaks , Female , Health Personnel , Humans , Infection Control/methods , Male , Middle Aged , SARS-CoV-2/pathogenicity , Tertiary Care Centers
3.
Eur J Dermatol ; 2021 Aug 26.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1379878

ABSTRACT

Various skin manifestations have been reported during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. Among these are acral vascular skin lesions in non-severe patients, but few studies have focused specifically on patients with severe COVID-19 admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) We aimed to assess the frequency of acral vascular skin manifestations (AVSM) in patients admitted to the ICU based on systematic dermatological examination We conducted a clinical, observational and prospective study in the ICU of Lille University Hospital (France). All adult patients with RT-PCR-confirmed severe acute respiratory syndrome-related coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection were included on May 5th and 6th, 2020 A total of 39 patients with severe COVID-19 were examined (34 males and five females; median age: 61 [55-59]). We observed AVSM in 11/39 patients (28%) including five with acral necrotic lesions, three with haemorrhagic blisters, one with acral livedoid rash, and one with erosive distal lesions. Chilblain or chilblain-like lesions were not seen, unlike ambulatory or non-severe patients described in the literature. There was no difference regarding the median length of stay in the ICU, initial symptoms of COVID-19 or baseline characteristics, except for a lower BMI in patients with AVSM. All patients had biological coagulation abnormalities (e.g. higher levels of fibrinogen or D-dimers), but there was no difference between patients with and without AVSM AVSM are infrequent and heterogenous and seem to be non-specific to patients with severe SARS-CoV-2, and possibly unrelated to COVID-19. The pathophysiology of AVSM described during the COVID-19 pandemic is not fully elucidated.

4.
Clin Neurophysiol ; 132(5): 1009-1017, 2021 05.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1101154

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To describe EEG patterns of critical Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients with suspicion of encephalopathy and test their association with clinical outcome. METHODS: EEG after discontinuation of sedation in all patients, and somesthesic evoked potentials and brainstem auditive evoked potentials when EEG did not show reactivity, were performed. Clinical outcome was assessed at day 7 and 14 after neurophysiological explorations. RESULTS: 33 patients were included for analysis. We found slowed background activity in 85% of cases, unreactive activity in 42% of cases, low-voltage activity in 21% of cases and rhythmic or periodic delta waves in 61% of cases. EEG epileptic events were never recorded. Clinical outcome at day 14 was associated with unreactive background activity and tended to be associated with rhythmic or periodic delta waves and with low-voltage activity. Results of multimodal evoked potentials were in favor of a preservation of central nervous system somatosensory and auditory functions. CONCLUSIONS: Among critical COVID-19 patients with abnormal arousal at discontinuation of sedation, EEG patterns consistent with encephalopathy are found and are predictive for short term clinical outcome. SIGNIFICANCE: The abnormal EEG with presence of periodic discharges and lack of reactivity could be related to encephalopathy linked to COVID-19.


Subject(s)
Arousal/physiology , COVID-19/diagnosis , COVID-19/physiopathology , Critical Care/methods , Electroencephalography/methods , Aged , Evoked Potentials, Auditory/physiology , Evoked Potentials, Somatosensory/physiology , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
5.
Crit Care Med ; 49(2): e191-e198, 2021 02 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-889603

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Treating acute respiratory failure in patients with coronavirus disease 2019 is challenging due to the lack of knowledge of the underlying pathophysiology. Hypoxemia may be explained in part by the loss of hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction. The present study assessed the effect of almitrine, a selective pulmonary vasoconstrictor, on arterial oxygenation in severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2-induced acute respiratory distress syndrome. DESIGN: Single-center retrospective observational study. SETTING: ICU of Lille Teaching Hospital, France, from February 27, 2020, to April 14, 2020. PATIENTS: Patients with coronavirus disease 2019 pneumonia confirmed by positive reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction for severe acute respiratory syndrome-coronavirus 2 and acute respiratory distress syndrome according to Berlin definition. Data focused on clinicobiological features, ventilator settings, therapeutics, outcomes, and almitrine-related adverse events. INTERVENTIONS: Almitrine was considered in patients with severe hypoxemia (Pao2/Fio2 ratio < 150 mm Hg) in addition to the recommended therapies, at an hourly IV delivery of 10 µg/kg/min. Comparative blood gases were done before starting almitrine trial and immediately after the end of the infusion. A positive response to almitrine was defined by an increase of Pao2/Fio2 ratio greater than or equal to 20% at the end of the infusion. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: A total of 169 patients were enrolled. Thirty-two patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome received an almitrine infusion trial. In most cases, almitrine was infused in combination with inhaled nitric oxide (75%). Twenty-one patients (66%) were responders. The median Pao2/Fio2 ratio improvement was 39% (9-93%) and differs significantly between the responders and nonresponders (67% [39-131%] vs 6% [9-16%], respectively; p < 0.0001). The 28-day mortality rates were 47.6% and 63.6% (p = 0.39) for the responders and nonresponders, respectively. Hemodynamic parameters remained similar before and after the trial, not suggesting acute cor pulmonale. CONCLUSIONS: Almitrine infusion improved oxygenation in severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2-induced acute respiratory distress syndrome without adverse effects. In a multistep clinical approach to manage severe hypoxemia in this population, almitrine could be an interesting therapeutic option to counteract the loss of hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction and redistribute blood flow away from shunting zones.


Subject(s)
Almitrine/therapeutic use , COVID-19/drug therapy , Respiratory Distress Syndrome/drug therapy , Respiratory System Agents/therapeutic use , COVID-19/complications , Critical Care/methods , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Female , Humans , Infusions, Intravenous , Male , Middle Aged , Pulmonary Gas Exchange/drug effects , Respiratory Distress Syndrome/etiology , Retrospective Studies
8.
Obesity (Silver Spring) ; 28(7): 1195-1199, 2020 07.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-46261

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The COVID-19 pandemic is rapidly spreading worldwide, notably in Europe and North America where obesity is highly prevalent. The relation between obesity and severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) has not been fully documented. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study analyzed the relationship between clinical characteristics, including BMI, and the requirement for invasive mechanical ventilation (IMV) in 124 consecutive patients admitted in intensive care for SARS-CoV-2 in a single French center. RESULTS: Obesity (BMI > 30) and severe obesity (BMI > 35) were present in 47.6% and 28.2% of cases, respectively. Overall, 85 patients (68.6%) required IMV. The proportion of patients who required IMV increased with BMI categories (P < 0.01, χ2 test for trend), and it was greatest in patients with BMI > 35 (85.7%). In multivariate logistic regression, the need for IMV was significantly associated with male sex (P < 0.05) and BMI (P < 0.05), independent of age, diabetes, and hypertension. The odds ratio for IMV in patients with BMI > 35 versus patients with BMI < 25 was 7.36 (1.63-33.14; P = 0.02). CONCLUSIONS: The present study showed a high frequency of obesity among patients admitted in intensive care for SARS-CoV-2. Disease severity increased with BMI. Obesity is a risk factor for SARS-CoV-2 severity, requiring increased attention to preventive measures in susceptible individuals.


Subject(s)
Betacoronavirus , Coronavirus Infections/therapy , Hospitalization/statistics & numerical data , Obesity/epidemiology , Pneumonia, Viral/therapy , Respiration, Artificial/statistics & numerical data , Adult , Aged , Body Mass Index , COVID-19 , Coronavirus Infections/complications , Female , France/epidemiology , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Obesity/virology , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral/complications , Prevalence , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , SARS-CoV-2 , Young Adult
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