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Science ; 378(6620): 579, 2022 11 11.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2117329


Universities are one of the oldest human institutions, enduring with essentially the same blueprint for a thousand years. Before the current COVID-19 pandemic, there was much talk about the promise of massive open online courses, distance learning, and other innovations to scale and expand the reach of universities, but with only limited success. Given the experience gained from educating during the pandemic, it is time for educators to ask which innovations can be introduced and, importantly, sustained, to expand the accessibility of higher education to meet the needs of the 21st century.

Science ; 376(6599): 1249, 2022 06 17.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1916374


As the war in Ukraine enters its fourth month, Russian forces continue to destroy the nation's scientific institutions and infrastructure, signaling Russia's intent to obliterate the future for Ukraine. In Kharkiv, for instance, the renowned Institute of Physics and Technology and its newly built Neutron Source nuclear facility have been heavily damaged. Even the Plant Production Institute with its underground national seed bank-one of the world's largest-has been bombed. At the Chernobyl nuclear labs, Russian forces have looted or destroyed hundreds of computers, radiation dosimeters, and irreplaceable software and equipment. Although the response to each international science crisis is necessarily unique, the US National Academy of Sciences is once again joining with international and regional partners to support beleaguered colleagues, as it did last year in the successful extraction and resettlement of Afghanistan scientists at risk from the Taliban. To that end, the national science academies of Poland, Ukraine, and the United States recently convened a meeting of leaders from several national science academies (including the presidents of Germany's Leopoldina science academy, the Royal Danish Academy of Sciences and Letters, and the ALLEA European Federation of Academies of Sciences and Humanities, and leaders from the Royal Society of the United Kingdom) to explore how the global science community can best help Ukraine. The resulting 10-point action plan for the world's research community aims to help meet several immediate needs and also provide the building blocks for revitalizing Ukrainian science in the future.

Non-conventional | WHO COVID | ID: covidwho-261154


As coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) continues to claim lives around the planet, the United States observes the bitter anniversaries of two tragedies: its most damaging volcanic eruption and its largest marine oil spill. Forty years ago, on 18 May 1980, Mount St. Helens volcano erupted in Washington state, claiming 57 lives and triggering an enduring legacy of downstream sediment and hydrogeologic disruptions (see the Perspective by J. J. Major on page 704). Just 10 years ago, the Deepwater Horizon explosion and oil spill began on 20 April 2010 and continued to release oil for 87 days into the Gulf of Mexico from a damaged deep-sea well before it was finally capped. Eleven rig workers died in the explosion. As we all continue to struggle with the current pandemic crisis, it is an opportune time to ask what lessons in the response to previous catastrophes should not be forgotten.