Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 2 de 2
Filter
1.
30th IEEE International Conference on Robot and Human Interactive Communication (RO-MAN) ; : 1189-1195, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1532703

ABSTRACT

This work investigates the deployment of an affordable socially assistive robot (SAR) at an older adult day care setting for the screening of COVID-19 symptoms and exposure. Despite the focus on older adults, other stakeholders (clinicians and caregivers) were included in the study due to the need for daily COVID-19 screening. The investigation considered which aspects of human-robot-interaction (HRI) are relevant when designing social agents for patient screening. The implementation was based upon the current screening procedure adopted by the deployment facility, and translated into robot dialogues and gesturing motion. Post-interaction surveys with participants informed their preferences for the type of interaction and system usability. Observer surveys evaluated users' reaction, verbal and physical engagement. Results indicated general acceptance of the social agent and possible improvements to the current version of the robot to encourage a broader adoption by the stakeholders.

2.
BMC Public Health ; 21(1): 1888, 2021 10 19.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1477400

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Locally delivered, place-based public health interventions are receiving increasing attention as a way of improving health and reducing inequalities. However, there is limited evidence on their effectiveness. This umbrella review synthesises systematic review evidence of the health and health inequalities impacts of locally delivered place-based interventions across three elements of place and health: the physical, social, and economic environments. METHODS: Systematic review methodology was used to identify recent published systematic reviews of the effectiveness of place-based interventions on health and health inequalities (PROGRESS+) in high-income countries. Nine databases were searched from 1st January 2008 to 1st March 2020. The quality of the included articles was determined using the Revised Assessment of Multiple Systematic Reviews tool (R-AMSTAR). RESULTS: Thirteen systematic reviews were identified - reporting 51 unique primary studies. Fifty of these studies reported on interventions that changed the physical environment and one reported on changes to the economic environment. Only one primary study reported cost-effectiveness data. No reviews were identified that assessed the impact of social interventions. Given heterogeneity and quality issues, we found tentative evidence that the provision of housing/home modifications, improving the public realm, parks and playgrounds, supermarkets, transport, cycle lanes, walking routes, and outdoor gyms - can all have positive impacts on health outcomes - particularly physical activity. However, as no studies reported an assessment of variation in PROGRESS+ factors, the effect of these interventions on health inequalities remains unclear. CONCLUSIONS: Place-based interventions can be effective at improving physical health, health behaviours and social determinants of health outcomes. High agentic interventions indicate greater improvements for those living in greater proximity to the intervention, which may suggest that in order for interventions to reduce inequalities, they should be implemented at a scale commensurate with the level of disadvantage. Future research needs to ensure equity data is collected, as this is severely lacking and impeding progress on identifying interventions that are effective in reducing health inequalities. TRIAL REGISTRATION: PROSPERO CRD42019158309.


Subject(s)
Health Status Disparities , Public Health , Cost-Benefit Analysis , Exercise , Housing , Humans , Systematic Reviews as Topic
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL
...