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1.
Dermatologia, Revista Mexicana ; 66(1):16-24, 2022.
Article in Spanish | GIM | ID: covidwho-2056849

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: During the pandemic, the use of multiple products for disinfection and prevention of COVID-19 transmission was widespread, many of them topically administered. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence and factors associated with the perception and use of topical products for the prevention of COVID-19 in Peruvian populations., MATERIALS AND METHODS: Analytical cross-sectional study of secondary data analysis was done applying a survey to Peruvian adults, who were asked about the belief or use of different products, according to whether they believed in or used at least one of them. In addition, the association was sought according to socio-educational and occupational characteristics. RESULTS: There were included 3509 participants. The product that they perceived the most that could prevent COVID-19 was the mixture of 4% sodium hypochlorite, vinegar and alcohol (37%), but the one they used the most was 4% sodium hypochlorite (11%). In the multivariate analysis, it was found that women were those who had a positive perception of the topical use of these products (p value < 0.001), adjusted for the marital status of the respondents. However, when the use was analyzed, women were the ones who used these products the least (p value = 0.028), those who were working used these products the most (p value = 0.010). CONCLUSIONS: The results show that the Peruvian population does not perceive or use topical products to prevent COVID-19.

2.
Revista Ciencias de la Salud ; 20(3):1-14, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2056416

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The pandemic has brought about social changes, which may have affected mental health. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of and associations between anxiety, depression, and stress among Peruvian university students during the covid-19 pandemic. Materials and Methods: This was an analytical, multi-centered, cross-sectional study conducted with 2,572 university students from 16 Peruvian cities. Depression, anxiety, and stress diagnoses were obtained with the dass-21 scale (stress alpha: 0.85;anxiety alpha: 0.84;and depression alpha: 0.87). The values were crossed with significant social and educational variables. Results: Anxiety was the most common condition (extremely severe in 4%, severe in 3%, and moderate in 10%). Whereas stress and depression were not associated with the course of studies (p > 0.330 and p > 0.440, respectively), anxiety was lower among students pursuing health-related degrees (p = 0.011). Women showed higher levels of stress (p = 0.040) and anxiety (p = 0.017). Older participants had relatively lower stress (p = 0.002), depression (p = 0.006), and anxiety (p = 0.044) levels. Third-year students had higher depression levels than first-year students (p = 0.011). Conclusions: Significant prevalence levels and associations were identified for the three conditions, which should be monitored to determine their current status, given the possible future occurrence of panic attacks or post-traumatic stress, among other complications. © 2022, Universidad del Rosario. All rights reserved.

3.
Revista Cubana de Medicina Militar ; 51(3), 2022.
Article in Spanish | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2046181

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Health personnel represent the first response of the health system in the COVID-19 pandemic. Therefore, it is important to assess their knowledge about the identification and care of patients with COVID-19. Objective: To identify the factors associated with the perception of knowledge of Peruvian resident physicians regarding the care of patients with COVID-19 and to describe the perception of mental health during the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: Cross-sectional study, carried out in 2020 in hospitals in Peru. The "Perception of Knowledge in Health Workers" scale was used (Cronbach's Alpha: 0.77). And also, the "Mental Health COVID-19" scale was used (Cronbach's Alpha: 0.88). Bivariate and multivariate statistics were performed. © 2022, Editorial Ciencias Medicas. All rights reserved.

4.
Revista Cubana de Medicina General Integral ; 37, 2021.
Article in Spanish | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2045251

ABSTRACT

Introduction: COVID-19 is considered a biological risk due to its high contagiousness. In the measure in that people possess knowledge on the illness they will be able to be more protected. Objective: To characterize the level of knowledge about general aspects of COVID-19 infection and to identify some factors associated in a Cuban population. Methods: Cross-sectional and analytic study performed with people belonging to “Edor de los Reyes Martínez Áreas” polyclinic, Jiguaní municipality, Granma province. The sample was constituted by 326 people. A validated scale was used and it was considered as appropriate knowledge the punctuation located in the higher global tertil. Frequencies and percentages are described, and generalized linear models were used to establish statistical associations. Results: In the 326 participants, mean age was 52.47 years and 63.50% were female. The better responded question was the related with the behavior in case of symptoms of a cold and suspicions for SARS-CoV-2 infection (98% success). In the multivariate analysis, had an appropriate level of knowledge those of smaller age (cPR: 0.995;CI 95%: 0.994-0.995;p< 0.001), the university graduates (cPR: 1.230;CI 95%: 1.141-1.327;p<0.001), the state workers (cPR: 1.100;CI 95%: 1.054-1.148;p< 0.001), as well as, those that had been informed by television (cPR: 1.331;CI 95%: 1.233-1.436;p< 0.001). Conclusions: The majority of the people had an adequate level of knowledge and it is associated to had less age, university studies, being state worker and have been informed through television. © 2021, Editorial Ciencias Medicas. All rights reserved.

5.
Boletin de Malariologia y Salud Ambiental ; 61(Edicion Especial II 2021):163-169, 2021.
Article in Spanish | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2040744

ABSTRACT

The main objective of the research was to try to see the perception of virtual classes and the possible academic repercussions that university students had in Peru, and their associated factors, during the COVID-19 pandemic. Analytical cross-sectional study in Peruvian university students during the first wave of the pandemic, the variable that mediates perception was obtained through a validated scale. In the analytical statistics, it was found that women had a higher frequency of perception of academic repercussions (PRa: 1.37;95% CI: 1.18-1.59;p value <0.001), this adjusted for age, study career and university. Women were the ones who perceived the most repercussions. Although an association was only found with the sex of the respondents, larger studies should be carried out and in more advanced stages of the pandemic, since our results can be taken as baseline, but the influence of others should be followed up and determine the influence of other variables.

6.
Boletin de Malariologia y Salud Ambiental ; 61(Edicion Especial II 2021):156-162, 2021.
Article in Spanish | GIM | ID: covidwho-2040743

ABSTRACT

One of the main causes of deterioration in mental health in the pandemic was the mishandling of information. The objective of this study was to evaluate the frequency of fear or perception of misinformation transmitted by the media and its influence on the mental health of the Peruvian population after the first wave. Analytical cross-sectional study. Which measured in almost 10,000 Peruvian inhabitants the perception of fear or exaggeration of the news with a previously validated instrument (global Cronbach's Alpha: 0.92), but this was post-first wave. The main perceptions were shown and it was associated with sex, age and educational level. Television broadcast more fear (12% strongly agree and 27% agree) and exaggeration (13% strongly agree and 26% agree);followed by social media. Men had a higher fear score in general (Coefficient: 1.83;95% CI: 1.01-3.31;p value = 0.047);Furthermore, according to the level of education, compared to those who had up to primary school, those who had secondary school had a higher overall score (Coefficient: 4.53;95% CI: 1.93-10.64;p value = 0.001), of exaggeration (Coefficient: 1.73;95% CI: 1.31-2.28;p value < 0.001), of fear (Coefficient: 1.73;95% CI: 1.31-2.28;p value < 0.001) and communication by friends / health personnel (Coefficient: 1.72;95% CI: 1.29-2.30;p value < 0.001);adjusted for age and department of residence. In general, it was observed that those with only secondary education were more afraid and were influenced by relatives and acquaintances.

7.
Boletin de Malariologia y Salud Ambiental ; 61(Edicion Especial II 2021):148-155, 2021.
Article in Spanish | GIM | ID: covidwho-2040742

ABSTRACT

There was a lot of confusion and fear when COVD-19 arrived to the country, so much so that some were of the opinion that extreme measures should be taken for confirmed cases, however, this had not been evaluated. The objective of the research was to determine the factors associated with agreement to sacrifice people with severe COVD-19 during the first weeks of the pandemic in Peru. Cross-sectional analytical study, using secondary data, the dependent variable was the perception of agreement that if someone has a severe case of coronavirus they should be sacrificed/euthanized or similar, to avoid contagion;this was crossed with other influential variables. Of the 3331 respondents, 8% (269) strongly agreed and 9% (297) agreed that people with severe COVID-19 should be euthanized. In multivariate analysis, agreeing with culling was associated with sex (women were less in agreement with sacrificing, aPR: 0.73;95%CI: 0.62-0.86;p<0.001), also according to religious orientation (atheists were more in agreement with culling, aPR: 1.40;95%CI: 1.16-1.69;p<0.001), and to the scores they obtained in the fatalism test's (aPR: 1.09;CI95%: 1.07-1.11;p<0.001), level of knowledge (aPR: 0.85;CI95%: 0.81-0.88;p<0.001) and the perception of fear or exaggeration by the media (aPR: 1.02;CI95%: 1.01-1.03;p<0.001). A significant percentage agreed with sacrificing the sick people, being this associated with fear, fatalism and a low level of knowledge.

8.
Boletin de Malariologia y Salud Ambiental ; 61(Edicion Especial II 2021):139-147, 2021.
Article in Spanish | GIM | ID: covidwho-2040741

ABSTRACT

Having been previously infected does not guarantee that one is safe in this pandemic, therefore, it is important to estimate the change in perceptions. The aim was to determine the fatalistic perception of patients recovered from COVID-19 in Peru and to identify the sociodemographic differences that influence the fatalistic perception of recovered and uninfected patients. Observational, retrospective cohort. The exposure variable was whether the patient had already been infected by COVID-19, the dependent variable was the fatalistic perception in the event of becoming ill with COVID-19 (in the case of those who had already been ill, the question was asked in the event of reinfection);this was measured with a validated test and being fatalistic was defined as those who were in the upper third of the scores;analytical statistics were obtained. Of the 8957 respondents, 37% reported that they had already been infected by COVID-19. In bivariate analysis, there was no difference in fatalism according to having been previously infected (p=0.426). In multivariate analysis, there was a lower risk of fatalism among men (aRR: 0.85;95%CI: 0.80-0.90;p-value<0.001), but an increased risk among those who believed they could be reinfected (aRR: 1.39;95%CI: 1.23-1.56;p-value<0.001), adjusted for three variables. Un conclusion, there is no association between fatalistic perception of the pandemic and having been infected with COVID-19 in Peru. However, being a woman and believing in a possible reinfection were risk factors for presenting fatalistic ideas.

9.
Boletin de Malariologia y Salud Ambiental ; 61(Edicion Especial II 2021):132-138, 2021.
Article in Spanish | GIM | ID: covidwho-2040740

ABSTRACT

Fatalism prevents a person from responding adequately to different stressful life situations, but this has not been assessed in a COVID-19 informed population, such as medical students. The objective was to determine whether basic knowledge is associated with fatalism that was generated by COVID-19 in Bolivian medical students. Analytical cross-sectional study, generated through a virtual survey, with validated scales to measure knowledge and fatalism before the possibility of getting sick by COVID-19, this in 4 medical schools in Bolivia. Descriptive and analytical results were obtained for this association, adjusted for other variables. In the multivariate analysis it was found that there was a higher level of knowledge as the academic year increased (3rd year p=0.012, 4th year p=0.031, 5th year p=0.001 and internship p=0.013;all compared to 1st year), on the other hand, there was more knowledge among students who were less fatalistic (RPa: 0.76;95%CI: 0.68-0.85%;p-value<0.001) and among those who studied at some universities (UNIFRANZ p<0.001 and UNITEPC p<0.001, both as compared to UMSS);adjusted for gender and age of respondents. In conclusion, the fact that students had fatalistic perceptions was inversely associated with the knowledge they had regarding the disease;in addition, there was an association according to the year of studies and the university where they studied.

10.
Boletin de Malariologia y Salud Ambiental ; 61(Edicion Especial II 2021):106-113, 2021.
Article in Spanish | GIM | ID: covidwho-2040739

ABSTRACT

It is very likely that if a child is anxious, stressed or depressed, someone at home is also anxious, stressed or depressed. That is why the objective was to determine the association between the mental health of parents according to that of undergraduated students in a Peruvian population during the first wave of COVID-19. An analytical, multicenter, cross-sectional research was carried out, where parents and children were surveyed with the DASS-21 scale, making crosses and adjusting for some other variables. Of the 1832 students and 1832 heads of family surveyed, according to having a severe presentation, 35% of the parents had stress (p<0.001) and 25% had depression (p<0.001), if their children had severe stress, anxiety or depression, respectively. If the head of the family presented moderate/severe depression it was associated with their children having depression or anxiety;the father of the family having moderate/severe anxiety was associated with the children also having depression or anxiety and the heads of the family presenting moderate/severe stress had an association with the children having anxiety and stress (up to here all values p<0.002);as well as, that the heads of the household were women (p=0.034). An evident association was found between the mental health problems of the children and those of their parents, which should alert us to the fact that there are entire households with mental problems, and that they are related to the pathologies they suffer from.

11.
Boletin de Malariologia y Salud Ambiental ; 61(Edicion Especial II 2021):61-69, 2021.
Article in Spanish | GIM | ID: covidwho-2040736

ABSTRACT

Knowledge is key to face any disease, but there are few baseline studies from the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic. The objective was to determine the association between being a vulnerable population and the low knowledge of the population in 17 Peruvian cities at the beginning of the pandemic. Knowledge was measured using a nine-question scale, which asks about the mechanism, symptoms and consequences;this was crosschecked against socio-demographic variables using analytical statistics. Of the 3913 respondents, the lowest knowledge was about how to react to cold symptoms and what treatment a person with an initial non-severe coronavirus infection should follow (37% and 53% correct answers;respectively). In the multivariate analysis, those who had lower percentages of a poor level of knowledge of the disease were those with higher education (aPR: 0.74;95%CI: 0.62-0.88;p-value=0.001), among those with some postgraduate studies (aPR: 0.59;95%CI: 0.43-0.68;p-value < 0.001), among those who were part of the health personnel (aPR: 0.15;95%CI: 0.05-0.46;p-value=0.001) and among women (aPR: 0.84;95%CI: 0.73-0.96;p-value=0.009), on the other hand, the older the age, the worse the level of knowledge of the disease (aPR: 1.012;95%CI: 1.005-1.018;p-value=0.001), adjusted by 4 variables. There was a low level of knowledge in some aspects and this is associated with some specific characteristics according to being considered a vulnerable population.

12.
Boletin de Malariologia y Salud Ambiental ; 61(Edicion Especial II 2021):45-52, 2021.
Article in Spanish | GIM | ID: covidwho-2040735

ABSTRACT

Now that COVID-19 vaccines are available for pregnant women, it is important to know their perception and intention to be vaccinated. The objective was to determine the attitude of pregnant women towards vaccination against COVID-19 in Peru and the factors associated with it. This cross-sectional analytical study was conducted in the 24 Peruvian departments during the months of December 2020 and January 2021. Fifty percent of the respondents had not yet decided whether they would be vaccinated, 36% said they would be vaccinated, 8% said they would not be vaccinated under any circumstances, and 6% would only be vaccinated if they were forced to do so. In the multivariate analysis, it was found that they would not be vaccinated because they did not trust the health system (p-value=0.002;more pregnant women did not trust the health sector), on the other hand, in the reasons why they would be vaccinated, it was found that this vaccination would improve the health of their family or loved ones (p-value=0.005;fewer pregnant women would be vaccinated for this reason). It is concluded that the percentage of pregnant women who would get vaccinated is low, being the main reason for the improvement of the health of your family, while distrust in the health system, lack of knowledge of the development of vaccines and not considering themselves a population at risk were the main factors associated with resistance to vaccination.

13.
Boletin de Malariologia y Salud Ambiental ; 61(Edicion Especial II 2021):123-131, 2021.
Article in Spanish | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2034323

ABSTRACT

It has been observed that some groups of patients had the perception that if they fell ill from COVID-19 they could have greater complications. The aim of this study was to determine the association between fatalistic thinking about the possible infection of coronavirus according to the type of disease suffered by Peruvian patients. An analytical study of secondary data was carried out, which used a previous data to obtain respondents who had a disease (according to 9 groups/medical specialties), and cross-checked this according to fatalistic thinking (from a validated test). Of the 4483 respondents, 15% had a disease. Those with a respiratory disease perceived that they would be complicated post infection (p<0.001), also those with a cancer or tumor (p<0.001) or those with an endocrinological disease (p=0.002). Those who thought they would become depressed if they became ill were those with a respiratory (p=0.013) or gastroenterological disease (p=0.001). Those who perceived that they might die were those with a respiratory disease (p<0.001), those with any cancer or tumor (p=0.007), endocrinological (p<0.001) and neurological or psychiatric diseases (p<0.001). They could make a fatal decision upon learning of the infection are those who had an endocrinological disease (p=0.039). In conclusion, some groups of patients have a higher perception of getting sick, getting complicated, dying or even taking other fatal actions after learning that they have coronavirus infection;therefore, they should be given psychological support.

14.
Boletin de Malariologia y Salud Ambiental ; 61(2):352-359, 2021.
Article in Spanish | GIM | ID: covidwho-2034187

ABSTRACT

The pandemic caused many changes due to social distancing, one of them is in terms of virtual university classes. Therefore, the objective was to validate an instrument that measures the perception of the effects of COVID-19 on distance education in university students of health sciences and other careers in Peru. An instrumental and cross-sectional study was carried out. Thousands of distance learning students from health sciences and other careers participated during the first wave of the Coronavirus. The survey on the perception that it has of the repercussions caused by the health emergency on face-to-face and distance education was designed and validated;in addition, another scale was exploratory to measure the perception of the spread of the coronavirus. The analysis showed high reliability and good internal consistency, with adequate Cronbach's alpha values. For the Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA), the Bartlett test and the Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin coefficient were used. All the items received a favorable evaluation by the experts (Aiken's V> 0.70);this with respect to relevance, representativeness and clarity. Three virtual average factors were identified, their use and presence, all saturation indices were greater than 0.50. The survey proved to be reliable and representative, this above all because it was evaluated in students from the different Peruvian departments;which can be used to evaluate this in diverse similar populations.

15.
Boletin de Malariologia y Salud Ambiental ; 61(Edicion Especial II 2021):181-187, 2021.
Article in Spanish | GIM | ID: covidwho-2033928

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic has wreaked havoc in the lives of workers in different parts of the world. The instability inherent to this stage of health emergency has had repercussions on the mental health of this population. The aim was to evaluate the psychometric properties of a financial stress scale for Peruvian dependent workers. Observational, analytical, instrumental and cross-sectional study in 749 workers. An exploratory factor analysis (EFA), by unweighted least squares, was performed after analysis of Bartlett's test and the Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin coefficient (KMO). The absolute and incremental goodness of fit was determined by means of the comparative fit index (CFI) and the Tucker-Lewis Index (TLI). A PFA was performed after analysis of the Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin index (KMO = 0.903) and Bartlett's test of sphericity (1751.9;gl = 36;p < 0.001), which were adequate. The items converged into a single factor. The EFT-Cov19 correlated positively with the LABOR-PE (r = 0.564, p < 0.01) and with a medium effect size. The reliability of the EFT-Cov19 was calculated with Cronbach's a coefficient, obtaining an acceptable value (a = 0.896;95% CI = 0.88 - 0.90). In conclusion, the EFT-Cov19 scale is a valid, reliable and adequate scale to measure financial stress in dependent workers during the COVID-19 pandemic.

16.
Boletin de Malariologia y Salud Ambiental ; 61(Edicion Especial II 2021):53-60, 2021.
Article in Spanish | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2033822

ABSTRACT

At the beginning of the pandemic, an excessive purchase of some products was observed, but this has not been evaluated if it is related to mental health. Therefore, the objective was to determine the factors associated with the purchase of basic necessities in the Peruvian population at the beginning of the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic. An analytical cross-sectional study was carried out, based on a secondary data analysis. Information from 3379 Peruvians from all regions was used, they were asked about the purchases they made, crossing these with the results of the "KNOW-P-COVID-19", "F-COVID-19" and "MED-COVID-19" scales;obtaining descriptive and analytical results. The most purchased products were disinfectant (43.9%), followed by soap (43.6%) and alcohol (40.8%). In the multivariate analysis, the purchase of disinfectants (p=0.009), soap (p < 0.001) and alcohol (p=0.002) was found to be associated with sex;the purchase of personal protective equipment (p=0.027), antibacterial gel (p=0.010) and face masks (p=0.015) was associated with age;to the fatalism score the purchase of food (p=0.005), personal protective equipment (p < 0.001), soap (p=0.014), alcohol (p=0.043) and face masks (p < 0.001);to the score of fears and concern conveyed by the media the purchase of personal protective equipment (p=0.007), soap (p < 0.001) and face masks (p=0.005) and to the score of knowledge of the disease the purchase of soap (p < 0.001), antibacterial gel (p=0.011) and toilet paper (p=0.009). Significant associations were found with the purchase of supplies (p < 0.011).

17.
Boletin de Malariologia y Salud Ambiental ; 61(Edicion Especial II 2021):114-122, 2021.
Article in Spanish | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2033749

ABSTRACT

Due to the pandemic, an increase in mental health problems has been reported in members of the health personnel, with the self-report being an initial way of evaluating it. The objective was to determine the factors associated with the perception of repercussions in the mental sphere in health professionals in Latin America before COVID-19. An analytical cross-sectional study was carried out between June and August 2020 in Latin America. The perception of repercussions was measured through an instrument previously validated in Peru, which was taken virtually from 406 doctors, nurses and others;this was crossed versus other variables. The main concern was returning home and infecting their family (22% strongly agree), followed by feeling the abuse because they do not give them the necessary amount of personal protective equipment (13% strongly agree) and perceiving mental exhaustion for all the activities they did (12% strongly agree). In the multivariate analysis, the older there was a lower perception of mental repercussion (aPR: 0.98;95% CI: 0.97-0.99;p value = 0.012);In addition, those who had a greater perception of repercussions in the mental sphere also had more anxiety at a low level (aPR: 1.84;95% CI: 1.14-2.98;p value = 0.013) and post-traumatic stress (aPR: 2.28;95% CI: 1.61-3.22;p value <0.001), adjusted for depression and stress. Despite being an exploratory analysis, important associations were found in the mental sphere;which should continue to be investigated in larger studies.

18.
Boletin de Malariologia y Salud Ambiental ; 61(Edicion Especial II 2021):97-105, 2021.
Article in Spanish | GIM | ID: covidwho-2033720

ABSTRACT

COVID-19 has generated an unprecedented pandemic. This scenario could affect the mental health of healthcare personnel, influencing their work performance with the possibility of leaving long-term sequelae. The objective was to determine the socio-occupational factors associated with suffering from anxiety, depression and stress in health professionals in the Peruvian highlands during the pandemic. Cross-sectional study. Doctors and other professionals at the Ramiro Priale Priale National Hospital in the Peruvian highlands were surveyed virtually. Depression, anxiety and stress were measured with the DASS-21 scale;these were associated with different socio-labour variables. More severe depression was found at older ages and if a family member had been ill at home, but less severe depression was found among those who had children, those who had more years of professional practice and those who had social security. Those who had children had less anxiety;less severe anxiety and those who had a relative away from home who became ill;on the other hand, those who worked more hours per day had more moderate anxiety, severe anxiety if the respondent had become ill and both types if a family member had died had more moderate anxiety. Those who worked more hours per day and those who had a deceased family member had more stress. The most relevant characteristics of health workers with mental health problems were older age, family history of COVID-19, history of death of a family member from COVID-19 and longer working hours.

19.
Revista de la Asociacion Espanola de Especialistas en Medicina del Trabajo ; 31(2):135-145, 2022.
Article in Spanish | Es | ID: covidwho-2003196

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The perception of being vaccinated against COVID-19 has been determined in multiple working populations, but this has not been measured in the rural population,which often has important differences from the urban one. Objective: To determine the sociolaboral factors associated with the refusal of vaccination against COVID-19 in rural workers of the central Peruvian highlands. Material and Methods: Analytical cross-sectional study, the VAC COVID-19 Scale was used to measure the perception about vaccination, this was crossed with sociolaboral variables and descriptive and analytical statistics were obtained. Results: In the multivariate analysis, those who did not want to be vaccinated belonged to the agricultural sector (PRa: 1.88;p-value=0.003), those who had not yet had the disease (PRa: 1.61;p-value=0.045) or who did not know if they had had it (PRa: 1.85;p-value=0.017).Those who most wanted to be vaccinated were those in the health sector (RPa: 0.12;p-value=0.031). Conclusion: The highest percentage of refusal to vaccination was in those who belonged to the agricultural sector, those who had not yet had the disease or did not know if they had had it, and the highest percentage of acceptance was in the health sector.

20.
Revista de la Asociacion Espanola de Especialistas en Medicina del Trabajo ; 31(2):146-154, 2022.
Article in Spanish | Es | ID: covidwho-2003046

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Low back pain continues to be one of the main symptoms in personnel carrying out loads, but this was not widely investigated in the context of COVID-19. Objective: To determine the socio-occupational factors associated with low back pain in technicians and nurses of critical medical services who treated COVID-19 patients. Material and Methodos: Cross-sectional analytical study. Through a virtual survey, information was collected from the nursing staff of the general ICU, COVID-19 ICU and Traumatology services of a Social Security hospital in Lima-Peru. The main variable was low back pain, this was crossed with other variables of interest through descriptive and analytical statistics. Results: Of the 265 responses, 62% (165) reported having low back pain. In the multivariate model, it was found that there was a greater suffering from low back pain according to having more years of work (RPa: 1,03;CI: 95%: 1,01-1,06;p-value=0,008) and if they had previously had a work disability (RPa: 1.45;95% CI: 1.25-1.68;p-value=<0.001), on the other hand, the older the respondents, the less low back pain (RPa: 0.97;CI95%: 0.95-0.99;p value=0.0013), adjusted for five variables. Discussion: The majority of respondents had low back pain, being associated with more years of work, having previously had a work disability and age. This situation may be repeating itself in similar populations, so occupational health services should carry out evaluations and interventions to improve this reality.

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