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medrxiv; 2023.
Preprint in English | medRxiv | ID: ppzbmed-10.1101.2023.02.02.23285352


Background: 500 mg intravenous (IV) sotrovimab has been shown to be well tolerated and efficacious against pre-Omicron strains in treating patients with mild to moderate coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) at high risk for disease progression. Methods: This was an open-label, single-arm substudy of phase 3 COMET-TAIL (NCT04913675) assessing the safety and tolerability of a 2000 mg IV dose of sotrovimab. Symptomatic patients (aged [≥]18 years) with COVID-19 at high risk for progression were enrolled from June 30 through July 11, 2022, when Omicron BA.5, BA.2.12.1, and BA.4 were the predominant circulating variants in the United States. The primary endpoint was occurrence of adverse events (AEs), serious AEs (SAEs), AEs of special interest, and COVID-19 disease-related events (DREs) through Day 8. Safety, pharmacokinetics, viral load, and hospitalization >24 hours for acute management of illness or death through Day 29 were assessed. Results: All participants (n=81) were Hispanic, 58% were female, and 51% were aged [≥]55 years. Through Day 8, no AEs, including infusion-related reactions or hypersensitivity, were reported; 2 participants reported DREs (mild cough, n=2). One SAE (acute myocardial infarction), which was considered unrelated to sotrovimab or COVID-19 by the investigator, occurred on Day 27 and was the only hospitalization reported. Maximum serum concentration (geometric mean) was 745.9 g/mL. Viral load decreased from baseline through Day 29; only 2 participants (3%) had persistently high viral load ([≥]4.1 log10 copies/mL) at Day 8. Conclusions: 2000 mg IV sotrovimab was well tolerated, with no new unanticipated safety signals observed.

Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions , Drug Hypersensitivity , COVID-19 , Myocardial Infarction , Death
medrxiv; 2022.
Preprint in English | medRxiv | ID: ppzbmed-10.1101.2022.11.23.22282478


Sotrovimab is a recombinant human monoclonal antibody that has been shown to prevent progression to hospitalization or death from severe disease in non-hospitalized high-risk patients with mild-to-moderate COVID-19 following either intravenous (IV) or intramuscular (IM) administration. Population pharmacokinetic (popPK) and exposure-response (ER) analyses were performed to characterize sotrovimab PK and the relationship between exposure and response (probability of progression), as well as covariates that may contribute to between-participant variability in sotrovimab PK and efficacy following IV or IM administration. Sotrovimab PK was described by a two-compartment model with linear elimination; IM absorption was characterized by a sigmoid absorption model. PopPK covariate analysis led to the addition of the effect of body weight on systemic clearance and peripheral volume of distribution, sex on IM bioavailability and first-order absorption rate (KA), and body mass index on KA. However, the magnitude of covariate effect was not pronounced and was therefore not expected to be clinically relevant based on available data to date. For ER analysis, sotrovimab exposure measures were predicted using the final popPK model. An ER model was developed using the exposure measure of sotrovimab concentration at 168 hours that described the relationship between exposure and probability of progression within the ER dataset for COMET-TAIL. The number of risk factors ([≤]1 vs >1) was incorporated as an additive shift on the model-estimated placebo response but had no impact on overall drug response. Limitations in the ER model may prevent generalization of these results to describe the sotrovimab exposure-progression relationship across SARS-COV-2 variants.

Death , COVID-19
medrxiv; 2021.
Preprint in English | medRxiv | ID: ppzbmed-10.1101.2021.12.21.21268197


Understanding who is at risk of progression to severe COVID-19 is key to effective treatment. We studied correlates of disease severity in the COMET-ICE clinical trial that randomized 1:1 to placebo or to sotrovimab, a monoclonal antibody for the treatment of SARS-CoV-2 infection. Several laboratory parameters identified study participants at greater risk of severe disease, including a high neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), a negative SARS-CoV-2 serologic test and whole blood transcriptome profiles. Sotrovimab treatment in these groups was associated with normalization of NLR and the transcriptomic profile, and with a decrease of viral RNA in nasopharyngeal samples. Transcriptomics provided the most sensitive detection of participants who would go on to be hospitalized or die. To facilitate timely measurement, we identified a 10-gene signature with similar predictive accuracy. In summary, we identified markers of risk for disease progression and demonstrated that normalization of these parameters occurs with antibody treatment of established infection.

medrxiv; 2021.
Preprint in English | medRxiv | ID: ppzbmed-10.1101.2021.11.03.21265533


Importance: Older patients and those with underlying comorbidities infected with SARS-CoV-2 may be at increased risk of hospitalization and death from COVID-19. Sotrovimab is a neutralizing antibody designed for treatment of high-risk patients to prevent COVID-19 progression. Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of sotrovimab in preventing progression of mild to moderate COVID-19 to severe disease. Design: Randomized, double-blind, multicenter, placebo-controlled, phase 3 study. Setting: 57 centers in 5 countries. Participants: Nonhospitalized patients with symptomatic, mild to moderate COVID-19 and at least 1 risk factor for disease progression. Intervention: Patients were randomized (1:1) to an intravenous infusion of sotrovimab 500 mg or placebo. Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary efficacy outcome was the proportion of patients with COVID-19 progression, defined as all-cause hospitalization longer than 24 hours for acute illness management or death through day 29. Key secondary outcomes included the proportion of patients with COVID-19 progression, defined as emergency room visit, hospitalization of any duration, or death, and proportion of patients developing severe/critical respiratory COVID-19 requiring supplemental oxygen. Results: Among 1057 patients randomized (sotrovimab, 528; placebo, 529), all-cause hospitalization longer than 24 hours or death was significantly reduced with sotrovimab (6/528 [1%]) vs placebo (30/529 [6%]) by 79% (95% CI, 50% to 91%; P

Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome , Acute Disease , Death , COVID-19
medrxiv; 2021.
Preprint in English | medRxiv | ID: ppzbmed-10.1101.2021.05.27.21257096


Background: Coronavirus disease 2019 (Covid-19) disproportionately results in hospitalization and death in older patients and those with underlying comorbidities. Sotrovimab is a pan-sarbecovirus monoclonal antibody designed to treat such high-risk patients early in the course of disease, thereby preventing Covid-19 progression. Methods: In this ongoing, multicenter, double-blind, phase 3 trial, nonhospitalized patients with symptomatic Covid-19 and at least one risk factor for disease progression were randomized (1:1) to an intravenous infusion of sotrovimab 500 mg or placebo. The primary efficacy endpoint was the proportion of patients with Covid-19 progression, defined as hospitalization longer than 24 hours or death, through day 29. Results: In this preplanned interim analysis, which included an intent-to-treat population of 583 patients (sotrovimab, 291; placebo, 292), the primary efficacy endpoint was met. The risk of Covid-19 progression was significantly reduced by 85% (97.24% confidence interval, 44% to 96%; P = 0.002) with a total of three (1%) patients progressing to the primary endpoint in the sotrovimab group versus 21 (7%) patients in the placebo group. All five patients admitted to intensive care, including one who died by day 29, received placebo. Safety was assessed in 868 patients (sotrovimab, 430; placebo, 438). Adverse events were reported by 17% and 19% of patients receiving sotrovimab and placebo, respectively; serious adverse events were less common with sotrovimab (2%) versus placebo (6%). Conclusion: Sotrovimab reduced progression of Covid-19 in patients with mild/moderate disease, was well tolerated, and no safety signals were identified. Funded by Vir Biotechnology, Inc. and GlaxoSmithKline; NCT04545060

Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome , Death , COVID-19