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Arch Endocrinol Metab ; 2022 Oct 11.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2239335


Objective: To evaluate the effects of the pandemic process on those with an endocrinological disease that will require close follow-up from the last visit before the pandemic. Materials and Methods: Patients of 3,903 with thyroid, calcium-bone metabolism, adrenal gland, pituitary diseases, and neuroendocrine tumor (NET) were retrospectively scanned. The remaining 855 (656 females and 199 males) patients with active disease or who still needed multidisciplinary approaches were included. The number of patients who continued the disease-related medical procedures and could complete these procedures on time in the pandemic period was determined, and medical deprivation rate (MDR) was calculated. Results: The prepandemic period of our patients with thyroid disease (n = 594), calcium-bone metabolism disorder (n = 130), adrenal disease (n = 85), pituitary disease, and NET (n = 46) had MDRs of 85%, 56%, 81%, and 89%, respectively. For each subgroup of patients, the lowest MDR (67%) was in medullary thyroid carcinoma, the highest MDR (89%) was in differentiated thyroid carcinoma; the lowest MDR (6%) was in osteoporosis, the highest MDR (100%) was in the active Paget's disease; the lowest MDR (0%) was in primary adrenocortical insufficiency, the highest MDR (100%) was in hyperfunctional adrenal adenomas; the lowest MDR (81%) was in pituitary nonfunctional adenomas, and the highest MDR (100%) was in Cushing's disease, active prolactinoma, TSHoma, and NET, respectively. Conclusion: This study showed that not only those who had COVID-19 but also those who had medical deprivation due to their current endocrinological disease were not to be underestimated during the pandemic period.

Updates Surg ; 74(1): 325-335, 2022 Feb.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1174027


PURPOSE: The COVID-19 pandemic brought unprecedented conditions for overall health care systems by restricting resources for non-COVID-19 patients. As the burden of the disease escalates, routine elective surgeries are being cancelled. The aim of this paper was to provide a guideline for management of endocrine surgical disorders during a pandemic. METHODS: We used Delphi method with a nine-scale Likert scale on two rounds of voting involving 64 experienced eminent surgeons and endocrinologists who had the necessary experience to provide insight on endocrine disorder management. All voting was done by email using a standard questionnaire. RESULTS: Overall, 37 recommendations were voted on. In two rounds, all recommendations reached an agreement and were either endorsed or rejected. Endorsed statements include dietary change in primary hyperparathyroidism, Cinacalcet treatment in secondary hyperparathyroidism, alpha-blocker administration for pheochromocytoma, methimazole ± ß-blocker combination for Graves' disease, and follow-up for fine-needle aspiration results of thyroid nodules indicated as Bethesda 3-4 cytological results and papillary microcarcinoma. CONCLUSION: This survey summarizes expert opinion for the management of endocrine surgical conditions during unprecedented times when access to surgical treatment is severely disrupted. The statements are not applicable in circumstances in which surgical treatment is possible.

COVID-19 , Pandemics , Consensus , Expert Testimony , Humans , SARS-CoV-2