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1.
Cureus ; 13(11): e20007, 2021 Nov.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1604368

ABSTRACT

Adrenal hemorrhage is the most common cause of adrenal mass in newborns. We present a case of a full-term male, born by cesarean section due to acute fetal distress from a mother with severe coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) infection. He was diagnosed with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy, multifactorial shock, and early neonatal sepsis. On the seventh day of hospitalization, hemoglobin dropped and thus blood transfusion was required, and abdominal ultrasound showed bilateral adrenal hemorrhage. He developed relative adrenal insufficiency without either hemodynamic instability or electrolyte imbalances. The use of parenteral corticosteroids was not required. Follow-up ultrasonography and adrenal axis laboratory examination revealed complete resolution of adrenal hemorrhage. Neonatal adrenal hemorrhage has a wide variety of clinical manifestations. Ultrasound is preferred for both initial screening and follow-up evaluation. Adrenal insufficiency occurs rarely in neonatal adrenal hemorrhage. Treatment is usually conservative. We emphasize the importance of a timely diagnosis and clinical follow-up of adrenal hemorrhage in neonates with fetal distress born from mothers with severe COVID-19.

2.
Kidney360 ; 2(1): 63-70, 2021 Jan 28.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1102766

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: COVID-19 has affected millions of people, and several chronic medical conditions appear to increase the risk of severe COVID-19. However, our understanding of COVID-19 outcomes in patients with CKD remains limited. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of patients with and without CKD consecutively admitted with COVID-19 to three affiliated hospitals in New York City. Pre-COVID-19 CKD diagnoses were identified by billing codes and verified by manual chart review. In-hospital mortality was compared between patients with and without underlying CKD. Logistic regression was used to adjust this analysis for confounders and to identify patient characteristics associated with mortality. RESULTS: We identified 280 patients with CKD, and 4098 patients without CKD hospitalized with COVID-19. The median age of the CKD group was 75 (65-84) years, and age of the non-CKD group 62 (48-75) years. Baseline (pre-COVID-19) serum creatinine in patients with CKD was 1.5 (1.2-2.2) mg/dl. In-hospital mortality was 30% in patients with CKD versus 20% in patients without CKD (P<0.001). The risk of in-hospital death in patients with CKD remained higher than in patients without CKD after adjustment for comorbidities (hypertension, diabetes mellitus, asthma, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease), adjusted OR 1.4 (95% CI,1.1 to 1.9), P=0.01. When stratified by age, elderly patients with CKD (age >70 years) had higher mortality than their age-matched control patients without CKD. In patients with CKD, factors associated with in-hospital mortality were age (adjusted OR, 1.09 [95% CI, 1.06 to 1.12]), P<0.001, baseline and admission serum phosphorus (adjusted OR, 1.5 [95% CI, 1.03 to 2.1], P=0.03 and 1.4 [95% CI, 1.1 to 1.7], P=0.001), serum creatinine on admission >0.3 mg/dl above the baseline (adjusted OR 2.6 [95% CI, 1.2 to 5.4]P=0.01), and diagnosis of acute on chronic kidney injury during hospitalization (adjusted OR 4.6 [95% CI, 2.3 to 8.9], P<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: CKD is an independent risk factor for COVID-19-associated in-hospital mortality in elderly patients. Acute-on-chronic kidney injury increases the odds of in-hospital mortality in patients with CKD hospitalized with COVID-19.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , COVID-19/epidemiology , Hospital Mortality , Humans , Middle Aged , New York City/epidemiology , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/complications , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2
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