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HemaSphere ; 5(SUPPL 2):641-642, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1393455


Background: Thrombosis is frequently diagnosed in patients with Coronavirus disease (COVID - 19), despite the use of a standard-dose thromboprophylaxis in all hospitalized. Since conventional coagulation tests (CCTs) reflect only limited parts of the coagulation system and are insufficient to assess hypercoagulability, rotational thromboelastometry (ROTEM) could be more effective in identifying hypercoagulable pattern and patient in high-risk of thrombosis. Aims: 1. To analyze ROTEM parameters across the entire clinical COVID-19 pneumonia spectrum, from moderate to critical. 2. To determine the incidence of hypercoagulable ROTEM patterns and improve risk stratification. Methods: We evaluated coagulation abnormalities via CCTs and ROTEM in a group of 94 patients with confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection and different severity of pneumonia (34 moderate, 25 severe, 35 critical). Shorter than normal clotting time (CT) and higher than normal maximum clot firmness (MCF) in both extrinsic pathway (EXTEM) and fibrinogen pathway (FIBTEM), as well as shorter than normal EXTEM clot formation time (CFT) and higher than normal α-angle were classified as markers of hypercoagulable state. Results: At least one hypercoagulable ROTEM parameter had 62 (66%) patients. Increment in the number of patients with ≥ 2 hypercoagulable parameters, higher EXTEM MCF (P = 0.0001), higher FIBTEM MCF (P = 0.0001) and decrement in maximum lysis (P = 0.002) were observedwith increment in disease severity (P = 0.0001). Significant positive correlations between interleukine - 6 (IL6) and CT EXTEM (P = 0.003), MCF EXTEM (P = 0.033), MCF FIBTEM (P = 0.01) as well as negative with ML EXTEM (P = 0.006) were seen. Contrary to hypercoagulable ROTEM pattern which was not predictive for death, hypocoagulability represented by prolonged EXTEM CT (P = 0.0001) and CFT (P = 0.0001), smaller α angle (P = 0.014) and a prolonged FIBTEM CT (P = .0001) was a predictor. Summary/Conclusion: Our findings confirmed that a hypercoagulable ROTEM pattern characterized by clot formation acceleration, high clot strength, and reduced fibrinolysis was more frequent in advanced disease groups and patients with high IL6. These results support the need for different thromboprophylaxis approaches for different severity groups.