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1.
BRICS Law Journal ; 9(2):121-144, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1964938

ABSTRACT

The post-COVID-19 economic crisis has resulted in widespread unemployment and the migration of workers in India, particularly in the informal sector, which accounts for more than 90 percent of total employment in the country. Migrant workers are returning to their homes and will soon be looking for alternative sources of income. Entrepreneurship centered on locally made traditional products can provide revenue to migrant workers in such conditions. These returning underprivileged workers can use their traditional knowledge and skills to support their families and create new employment opportunities in their communities. Laws relating to geographical indications will aid in the protection and promotion of such traditional product lines in domestic consumer markets. The protection and promotion of such traditional product lines in domestic consumer markets will be aided by laws relating to geographical indications. The same can be further complemented by the new Geneva Act of the Lisbon Agreement, which went into effect in February 2020 and allows for the registration system of Geographical Indications in multiple countries through a single procedure with the World Intellectual Property Organization. As a result, it is proposed that the government should promote geographical indications as a policy instrument to help the rural economy during these ongoing difficult times. © 2022, University of Tyumen. All rights reserved.

2.
International Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research ; 14(7):163-167, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1955728

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Corona virus disease has several dermatological symptoms. Telogen effluvium is one of them. The present study presents a case series of post COVID Telogen effluvium from Central India region. Material and Method: This retrospective observational study included 72 patients (61 females & 11males), aged 29 to 62 years (median 49 yrs). The patient’s demography, history of hair fall, signs and symptoms, co morbidities and the treatment received for COVID-19 infection, Psychological perceived stress score, triggering factors for Telogen effluvium, Vitamin B12, Vitamin D and Ferritin levels were recorded & analysed. Result: The included patients were suffering from at least one co morbidity. Thirty patients had severe COVID-19 infection and were hospitalized. Psychological perceived stress score was low (12) in two, moderate (16-24) in twenty and high (29-38) in fifty patients. Vitamin B12 was low in twelve and Ferritin in ten patients. Seventy patients (97.2%) had positive hair pull test and 69 (95.8 %) had diffuse loss of hair. Discussion: Post covid Telogen effluvium was seen generally in females, and in middle aged. Most, 70/72 had moderate to severe psychological stress, Psychological perceived stress score was more than 16. Patients reported 2.2 to 6 months (median 3.5 months) after COVID-19 infection. Most 69 (95.8%) had diffuse hair loss. Post Covid patients may have several triggering factors for Telogen effluvium like psychological stress, nutritional deficiency or the drugs (heparin). Conclusion: Post Covid Telogen effluvium could be triggered by psychological stress, nutritional deficiencies (Vitamin B12, Iron) or drugs (heparin). Such cases could be managed by identification of triggering factors, proper counselling, high protein diet with vitamin supplementation.

3.
Journal of Urban Affairs ; 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1947849

ABSTRACT

This paper presents the current status of Indian smart cities and examines their preparedness and response to the COVID-19 outbreak. The study focuses on implemented & ongoing projects under the Smart City Mission of the Government of India, which have contributed significantly to controlling the pandemic along with other channels. The study finds that modern cities in both developed and developing countries were not well-prepared to deal with the emergency situations and struggled in providing a satisfactory response during the pandemic. The analysis of primary and secondary data has shown that digital surveillance and movement control through integrated control command centers (ICCC) were the most useful projects in monitoring the COVID-19 cases. However, the lack of technology integration in smart cities hinders the effective usage of implemented projects. Thus, the study recommends integrated network-based applications that include healthcare, essential services, mobility, and movement across smart cities in India. The proposed framework is expected to provide the much-needed alignment at the policy, objective, and implementation levels of smart city framework designs. © 2022 Urban Affairs Association.

4.
Enabling Healthcare 4.0 for Pandemics: A Roadmap Using AI, Machine Learning, IoT and Cognitive Technologies ; : 237-250, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1919213

ABSTRACT

The whole world at present is under the grasp of a pandemic termed as COVID-19. The World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines suggest that the social distancing norms are followed with contactless operations as far as possible. Therefore, the population around the world is turning towards efficient modes of operating the daily work with minimal human contact. To contain the spread of the novel coronavirus or COVID-19, it is important and suitable to deploy machinery for operating in conditions wherever social distancing is required. The multipurpose robot makes it feasible to minimize human contact and carry out operations without the risk of the spread of the virus. This chapter aims at the fabrication of a robot that can have multiple utilities and is employed in different areas as per the requirement of the user. © 2021 Scrivener Publishing LLC.

5.
ADCAIJ-ADVANCES IN DISTRIBUTED COMPUTING AND ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE JOURNAL ; 11(1):45-63, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1912222

ABSTRACT

The novel coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic has struck the whole world and is one of the most striking topics on social media platforms. Sentiment outbreak on social media enduring various thoughts, opinions, and emotions about the COVID-19 disease, expressing views they are feeling presently. Analyzing sentiments helps to yield better results. Gathering data from different blogging sites like Facebook, Twitter, Weibo, YouTube, Instagram, etc., and Twitter is the largest repository. Videos, text, and audio were also collected from repositories. Sentiment analysis uses opinion mining to acquire the sentiments of its users and categorizes them accordingly as positive, negative, and neutral. Analytical and machine learning classification is implemented to 3586 tweets collected in different time frames. In this paper, sentiment analysis was performed on tweets accumulated during the COVID-19 pandemic, Coronavirus disease. Tweets are collected from the Twitter database using Hydrator a web-based application. Data-preprocessing removes all the noise, outliers from the raw data. With Natural Language Toolkit (NLTK), text classification for sentiment analysis and calculate the score subjective polarity, counts, and sentiment distribution. N-gram is used in textual mining -and Natural Language Processing for a continuous sequence of words in a text or document applying uni-gram, bi-gram, and tri-gram for statistical computation. Term frequency and Inverse document frequency (TF-IDF) is a feature extraction technique that converts textual data into numeric form. Vectorize data feed to our model to obtain insights from linguistic data. Linear SVC, MultinomialNB, GBM, and Random Forest classifier with Tfidf classification model applied to our proposed model. Linear Support Vector classification performs better than the other two classifiers. Results depict that RF performs better.

6.
6th International Conference on Trends in Electronics and Informatics, ICOEI 2022 ; : 703-709, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1901456

ABSTRACT

Wireless communication has connected millions of people across the world to internet to enable them to reap benefits of digital economy in present scenario. Almost all the sectors of economy including healthcare, agriculture and transportation nowadays rely largely upon wireless communications. In the present context, the sudden outbreak of Covid-19 has caused governments to impose restrictions on various activities and employees have been directed to work from their homes to ensure safety. In such a situation, wireless communication has made it possible to connect with each other via the internet. Apart from this, Smart healthcare-system has been developed through utilisation of wireless communication systems. During this pandemic situation, delivery of healthcare services in remote areas has gained huge momentum and wireless communication plays a vital role in this regard. Aim of current critical assessment is to provide an in-depth analysis of the role played by wireless communication in establishment of a well-structured digital economy in present scenario. In literature-review, different applications of wireless technology via ICT in various sectors and aspects of life have been discussed through a conceptual and a theoretical framework. The Method section of current study has provided an in-depth insight into the ways required information have been collected in this study. As found in the results and discussion section, a positive relation exists between wireless-communication and establishment of digital economy in current situation. This study has concluded that there are certain challenges associated with wireless communication;however, it has significant influence in making processes smarter and faster as compared to earlier. © 2022 IEEE.

7.
Tourism Destination Management in a Post-Pandemic Context: Global Issues and Destination Management Solutions ; : 245-255, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1891282

ABSTRACT

Purpose: The purpose of the chapter is to analyze the impact of COVID-19 on the social sustainability of tourism in Uttarakhand, which is located in the Himalayan region in the developing country of India. The chapter also throws light on the state’s governmental level interventions amidst the pandemic to restore social sustainability in the tourist destinations and debates on how social sustainability can be restored in the region. Design/Methodology/Approach: The chapter is conceptual in nature and based upon secondary sources. Findings: The finding highlights how the current pandemic has exacerbated the social sustainability in tourist destinations in several ways and how government steps to restore social sustainability are appreciable in the short term, but much more needs to be done in the long run. Research Limitations/Implications: As the chapter is based on secondary literature, the study based on primary work is suggested to give a much clearer picture of the prevailing ground reality. Practical Implications: The chapter highlights the possibilities of bringing new sustainability ideas and initiating well-being programmes for the local community during and after a pandemic that the government can adopt. Social Implications: The chapter identifies critical social implications in terms of inequities and challenges in restoring social sustainability in tourist places amidst the pandemic. Originality/Value: This study provides novel insight into the change in social sustainability in tourism amidst the coronavirus pandemic, which has been overlooked in tourism studies. © 2021 Emerald Publishing Limited.

8.
Natural Volatiles & Essential Oils ; 8(4):16202-16217, 2021.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1863911

ABSTRACT

Risk management is defined as process of identification of risk factors, their assessment as well as prioritization of risks along with economical application of resources to minimize and control the occurrence of the risk events. The overall aim of this study is to analyze the practice of risk management, significant risk factors and its ranking in road construction in Sindhupal chowk district with the perspective of global pandemic of coronavirus disease (COVID-19). This research is conducted through questionnaire survey to collect the primary data. Response obtained from respondents is rated on a 5 point Likert scale and analyzed through MS Excel. The data are analyzed to find out mean and ranking of each risk factors for the severity of risk based on FMEA model regarding their probability of occurrence, its consequence and its detectability. Major risk factors based on risk priority number are time overrun risk, Safety Health and Environmental risk, cost overrun risk, financial and economic risk, force majeure and ecological risk, political legal and social risk, organizational risk, contractual risk, quality risk and design and specification risk in descending order of risk severity.

9.
Lung India ; 39(SUPPL 1):S155-S156, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1857503

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Many countries have seen a two-wave pattern in reported cases of coronavirus disease-19 during the 2020 pandemic and the dynamic changes of D-dimer and Hs-CRP levels during disease progression to evaluate their value for thrombo-embolic events and severity of disease during wave I and wave II of COVID 19 disease in critically ill patients became significant. Methods: In this study using data from two equal periods of 5 months, the first wave, between 20th July to 30th Nov and the second, between March to 30th July, characteristics are compared of hospitalised patients in Intensive Care Unit. Results: In this study, we reported 50 confirmed COVID 19 disease patients from wave I and wave II respectively. Patients in the second wave were younger and the duration of hospitalization and case fatality rate were higher than those in the first wave. These results might help to understand the characteristics of the second wave and the behaviour and danger of SARS-CoV-2 with the risk of thrombosis and bleeding. Conclusion: The second wave was more severe and yet more data required to study seasonal trend and severity of different COVID-19 strain.

10.
Lung India ; 39(SUPPL 1):S244, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1857502

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate chest computed tomography (CT) findings and inflammatory markers in diabetic Post COVID patients. Methods: 79 Post COVID-19 patients admitted to our Pulmonary Medicine Ward were included according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, their HRCT findings and markers of inflammation(ESR,CRP,S.LDH ,S.Ferretin ) were studied. Results: Out of 79,44 patients were diabetic and 35 were non-diabetic. Diabetic patients had more severe radiological involvement as indicated by high CT Severity Index(CTSI) [ W = 1070.000, p = 0.003] and high biochemical markers as indicated by high S.LDH[W = 1164.000, p = <0.001], S.Ferretin[W = 1183.000, p = <0.001], ESR [W = 977.500, p = 0.039] and CRP [W = 1170.000, p = <0.001], as compared to non diabetic patients.re Conclusions: Most COVID-19 survivors still had physiologically relevant CT abnormalities and deranged markers of inflammation and this derangement was more severe in diabetic patients.All these markers levels should be accurately evaluated in the long-term follow-up, with individualised consideration for prophylactic antiinflammatory therapy if indicated.

11.
Journal of Complementary Medicine Research ; 13(1):27-41, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1856110

ABSTRACT

COVID-19 is an acute and progressive respiratory illness, which is highly contagious. In 2020, COVID-19 has become a major health issue;its prevalence has been increasing at an alarming rate across the world. Less availability of COVID-19 drugs, high treatment cost, and side effects affect the quality of life of a person infected with COVID-19 in countries with poorly developed health systems. Through infection, patients can die due to acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) initiated by systemic inflammatory reactions due to the undue emancipation of chemokines and pro-inflammatory cytokines by the immune effector cells. The aim of this review is to summarize and evaluate the evidence of traditional medicine, which can facilitate the treatment options according to the clinical manifestations of COVID-19 patients and has proven effectiveness in prevention and control of disease. The systemic search for medicinal plants for the therapeutics of COVID-19 was performed considering the articles published through the different scientific databases. The results suggested that some important medicinal plants reported for antiviral and anti-allergic/anti-inflammatory activities are Withania somnifera "Ashwagandha", Asparagus racemosus "Shatavari", Ocimum sanctum "Basil", Foeniculum vulgare "Fennel", Allium Sativum "Garlic", Tinospora cordifolia "Giloy", Glycyrrhiza glabra "licorice", Organum vulgare "Oregano", Rosmarinus Officinalis "Rosemary", Salvia "Sage", Zinger officinale "Ginger", Torreya nucifera"Japenese torreya", Isatis indigotica "Ban-Lan-Gen" Echinacea, Panax ginseng, Houttuynia cordata, Cannabinoid (CBD). The traditional medicines against COVID-19, currently under clinical trials (NCT04494204, NCT04387643, NCT04395976, NCT04621903, NCT04621903, NCT04544605) and clinical application of traditional Indian and Chinese medicine for the treatment of COVID-19 are also found. This review highlights the major goal of herbal remedies and their significant role to cure antiviral diseases like COVID-19. It is suggested that promising polyherbal formulations and traditional plants must be investigated on the priority basis to solve current crisis.

12.
Journal of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology ; 38(1):92-97, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1811179

ABSTRACT

Since December 2019, the COVID-19 virus has been creating havoc and has spread to almost every corner of the world. The ongoing condition has several repercussions like deterioration in public mental health and rise in suicide cases. Amidst all the negativities, there is some good news. There have been fewer deaths due to road traffic and railway accidents. The aim of our study was to study the pattern of deaths occurring during the Covid 19 pandemic lockdown period. The specific objectives were to study the demographic profile of the deceased persons, to analyse the manner of deaths during the study period and to correlate the precipitating factors to the cause of deaths. A total of 809 cases in 2019 and 553 cases in 2020 were included in the study respectively. As compared to previous year study period there were fewer number of deaths due to crashes and accidents but there has been an increase in deaths due to suicides. In gender and age comparison, suicide rates in males is more than in females, and maximum number of suicides have been observed in the age group of 21-30 years. Poisoning has remained the most common manner of suicide in both the years. Even rate of homicide has increased in 2020. Number of sudden deaths and death due to natural disease has almost remained constant. © 2021, Medico Legal Society. All rights reserved.

13.
Surfactants from Renewable Raw Materials ; : 1-260, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1793732

ABSTRACT

Surfactants are often completely invisible to us and yet they are present in almost every chemical that we use in our daily life. They are found in toothpastes, cosmetics, sunscreens, mayonnaise, detergents, and an array of cleaning products. Traditional surfactants are known to have adverse environmental impacts spurring research into eco-friendly and cost-effective surfactants from renewable resources. Surfactants from Renewable Raw Materials examines the class of surfactants synthesized using plant-based raw materials detailing their properties, applications, bioavailability, and biodegradability. The concluding chapter reviews patent activity over the last decade. Additional features include: Addresses the tremendous variation found in the raw materials used to synthesize commercially available surfactants. Explores the selection of raw materials based upon the desired hydrophobic group or hydrophilic group to be incorporated into the product. Examines the characteristics and medicinal applications of pulmonary surfactants in preterm babies as well as their probable contribution in COVID-19 Discusses the biodegradability of surfactants to assist with the determination of truly green surfactants. This comprehensive reference will prove indispensable for professional and academic researchers creating or working with bio-based surfactants. © 2022 selection and editorial matter, Divya Bajpai Tripathy, Anjali Gupta, Arvind Kumar Jain, Anuradha Mishra. All rights reserved.

14.
Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research ; 13(1):236-241, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1791337

ABSTRACT

After the COVID 19 pandemic, wide varieties of clinical manifestations were identified globally. In addition to major pulmonary manifestations SARS-COV2 virus also causes neurological symptoms particularly anosmia and dysgeusia. In this review article we describe an unusual manifestation of COVID-19 in the form of erectile dysfunction. Apparently healthy young man with COVID 19 presented with erectile dysfunction and asymptomatic hypoxemia. Early diagnosis and treatment of happy hypoxemia and erectile dysfunction in COVID19 patients is deemed necessary for better management and outcome.

15.
Quality and Quantity ; 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1787853

ABSTRACT

The pandemic COVID has engulfed the entire world in general and India in particular. Almost the entire country is under lockdown now and then forcing the people to stay inside their homes for the safety of themselves and others. There is one section, i.e. Indian nurses, which is braving against all odds to ensure the proper functioning of the health care system and educate and persuade the patients and their relatives. This has necessitated the nurses to go an extra mile reflecting a sense of responsibility towards patients, colleagues, hospitals, society, and nation and discharge their duties performing activities beyond the formal job descriptions, formal reward system, or direct and explicit recognition. In the present study, the researchers have empirically investigated the nature, extent, and mechanism of the impact of variables transformational leadership, job satisfaction, and emotional intelligence that lead to nurses displaying the organizational citizenship behaviour at this unprecedented juncture of time in India. © 2022, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature B.V.

16.
6th International Conference on Advanced Production and Industrial Engineering, ICAPIE 2021 ; : 319-331, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1787789

ABSTRACT

Automation of processes through the use of industrial robots is a critical component of the transition to Industry 4.0. This paper aims to present the design of a biomedical robotic manipulator and attempt to simulate its trajectory in a virtual environment. The task of collecting samples for COVID-19 serves as a case study for the manipulator. Using the CAD tool, a suitable design was developed to meet the task requirements. After determining the end effector waypoints, path planning was carried out. Following that, a cubic polynomial trajectory was implemented in the MATLAB environment to obtain the time-scheduled third-order trajectories of the robot joints. Finally, the trajectory optimization algorithm based on the concept of via-points was developed to reduce the energy consumed by the robot while performing the task. The results from the optimization algorithm showed the energy savings of approximately 28% by following the optimized trajectory. © 2022, The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd.

17.
Economic and Political Weekly ; 56(51):39-45, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1787133

ABSTRACT

Multiple social assistance schemes were launched during the first lockdown to help the poor in India, but not all eligible households took advantage of them. Studying slum households in Delhi to evaluate the efficacy of nine central and state government schemes show that the average gain was only '992 per household for a month. If all eligible households had received benefits, this figure would have been '1,956 per household, making the distribution much fairer. The schemes decreased the indebtedness of households by an average of 12.24%, but this would have been 24% if all eligible households had been covered. © 2021 Economic and Political Weekly. All rights reserved.

18.
2021 International Conference on Control, Automation, Power and Signal Processing, CAPS 2021 ; 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1784477

ABSTRACT

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a contagious disease caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) which has spread worldwide, creating an unprecedented pandemic situation. Due to rapid spreading, the pandemic forced several nations to impose lockdown for isolating the population and new policies of quarantine were adopted. After the government eased the restrictions, the most prominent challenges faced by daily commuters (employees or students) include maintaining a safe distance from others, regular sanitization, and washing hands, wearing masks and face shields, contact tracing, etc. It is quite difficult to practice social distancing and always use hand sanitizer when using public transport or at the workplace and people do not have a track of their temperature, heart rate, and oxygen saturation level. Though it is ideal to avoid traveling, when necessary some factors need to be considered such as personal hygiene, contactless interaction, disinfection, and monitoring important health parameters. Given this, we aim to develop an IoT-enabled compact wearable system including all essential features like an electronic face mask, an automatic sanitizer dispenser, and a Temperature-SpO2 monitoring wearable to avoid any physical touch and discomfort and alert the nearby doctors about irregularity in any parameter through the GSM module. The results of the software simulation of the system and the web-scraping using Python software to extract coordinates of containment zones are discussed in the paper. © 2021 IEEE.

19.
Journal of Consumer Marketing ; : 12, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1779046

ABSTRACT

Purpose This research aims to examine the impact of consumers' anxiety on the three types of consumption activities (sharing, hoarding and regular buying) during the coronavirus pandemic. Further, it aims to investigate the moderating role of materialism on anxiety and how attitude toward the pandemic affects consumers' consumption behavior. Design/methodology/approach An online survey was conducted to test the proposed research model. The data were analyzed using SmartPLS and PROCESS tools. Findings Higher levels of anxiety lead to less sharing and more hoarding of resources but do not impact consumers' regular buying intentions. A positive attitude toward an external event such as lockdown and intrinsic materialism can help individuals to cope with the anxiety successfully. Furthermore, consumers are more likely to share and less likely to hoard when they develop a positive attitude toward pandemic. Research limitations/implications Future research can explore the role of health-efficacy and attitude toward health as coping strategy toward pandemic. A longitudinal research can explore the gradual changes in consumers' attitudes and consumption behavior. Practical implications Governments, marketers and policymakers should focus on reducing consumers' anxiety and to build a positive attitude toward pandemic to avoid the issues of hoarding and enable sharing of resources with others. Originality/value This study contributes to the literature on terror management theory and crisis management during a pandemic using a consumption context.

20.
Journal of Tourism ; 22(2):27-39, 2021.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1766673

ABSTRACT

The pandemic has drastically restructured the way education is delivered around the world. Institutions quickly turned to virtual/online due to the sudden shift away from classroom (face to face) teaching. This paper attempts to understand the impacts of the COVID 19 pandemic on tourism students of the Public Sector Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) in shifting classroom education to the online and e-Learning mode of teaching and learning. The Oman government has prioritized the tourism and education sector in its 10th Five Year plan;however, due to the COVID-19 pandemic, regular tourism classes, seminars, conferences, industrial visits, practical internships etc., were suspended in Oman. HEIs in Oman adopted many preventive measures to ensure that education quality and continuous teaching and learning as the government's priority sector should not suffer. Therefore, from regular teaching and learning mode, the HEIs in Oman shifted to the online and e- Learning mode of teaching and learning. The present study is empirical and utilizes primary research to gather statistical data of undergraduate tourism students from Oman's various public sector HEIs. The present study investigates tourism students' perceptions and experience about the education shift from classroom to online and e- Learning mode in general and influence of IT tools anxiety (technology acceptance), enjoyment, subjective norms, emotional life, and personal circumstances in their learning experience in particular. An online survey was administered to conduct the research and collect data. The findings of this study show that all four variables under study, i.e., perceived usefulness, perceived ease of use, environment readiness, and perceived selfefficacy, positively correlate with the behavioural intention of using e-learning. Thus, for effective e-learning to happen, prepare tourism students to accept technology, provide better infrastructure and internet accessibility, and train tourism teachers as per the new paradigm. The findings of this study may serve as a base for further research on tourism students' e-learning experience models.

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