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1.
Journal of Biomolecular Structure & Dynamics ; : 1-8, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2037152

ABSTRACT

There is an urgent requirement for drug discovery and more importantly drug repositioning due to infectious new Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus 2. As per the recent report published in the journal L'Encephale in May 2020, there is a planned ReCoVery Study examining the repurposing the chlorpromazine for the treatment of COVID-19. Here, we apply a combined Raman microspectroscopy and DFT-MD approach to investigate the structural dynamics of the Chlorpromazine (CPZ) drug with dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DPPC) lipid bilayer, identifying the specific position of the drug in the DPPC lipid bilayer. The intensity ratios of the Raman peaks I2935/I2880, I1097/I1064 and I1097/I1129 are representative of the interaction of drugs with lipid alkyl chains and furnish conformation of lipid alkyl chains. Raman imaging microscopy for the study of the distribution of CPZ inside the lipid vesicles is reported. We also investigated the influence of order and disorder ratio in the CPZ on the DPPC liposomes prepared on phase transition temperature. HIGHLIGHTSDrug-membrane interactions using micromolar concentrations of both lipid and drugs.Neuroleptic drug and DPPC vesicles composed of DPPC/drug mixtures reveal qualitative differences between the Raman spectraThe temperature-controlled Raman microspectroscopic study has demonstrated that below phase-transition temperature, the fatty acid chains of the phospholipids are stiff and packed in a highly ordered array.DFT and MD simulations to understand molecular interactions, structural dynamics, and Raman spectra.Above phase-transition temperature, the chains are disordered and possess more motional freedom.Communicated by Ramaswamy H. Sarma.

2.
International Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research ; 13(9):3433-3438, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2033425

ABSTRACT

COVID-19 is a disease caused by SARS-CoV-2 that can trigger respiratory tract infection. Due to its tendency to affect the upper respiratory tract (sinuses, nose and throat) or lower respiratory tract (windpipe and lungs), this disease is life-threatening and affects a large number of populations. This virus's unique and complex nature enhances the scope to look into the direction of herbal plants and their constituents for its prevention and treatment. The herbal remedies can have preventive as well as therapeutic actions. This review focuses on various aspects of using herbal medicines for COVID-19, as herbal constituents may also have adverse effects. Various studies revealed that some medicinal plants show life-threatening adverse effects, so selecting plants, and their related studies should be appropriate and strategic. This article includes various factors that should be considered before herbal drug use in COVID-19 patients. These are clinical trials, safety, molecular mechanism, and self-medication, which have been elaborated. This article also discusses the targets of covid-19 and different coronavirus strains. As before, treatment diagnosis of the disease is very important. Various patents have been filed and granted for its proper diagnosis so that its treatment can be easy.

4.
Journal of Environmental Management and Tourism ; 13(5):1361-1373, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2030372

ABSTRACT

Waste Management has become a big problem in India as a result of rapid urbanization. The urban population is around 377 million spread over 7,935 cities and towns who generates 62 million tones municipal solid waste per year. Only 43 million tons (MT) of the waste is collected, 11.9 MT is treated, and 31 MT is dumped in landfill sites. One of the essential services provided by Municipal Corporation is Solid Waste Management in order to keep the urban area clean. Further, The COVID-19 pandemic-induced catastrophe has altered the dynamics of waste generation in practically every sector around the world, necessitating specific attention. Unpredictable changes in trash quantity and composition also put pressure on policymakers to react quickly. Nevertheless, almost all the solid waste is dumped within the city haphazardly. It is believed that India had an unsound system of waste disposal management. This study was carried out to find out the issues if any regarding the solid waste management practices undertaken by Bhubaneswar Municipal Corporation and suggest certain remedial measures to improve the system. © 2022 by ASERS® Publishing. All rights reserved.

5.
Cureus ; 14(8):e27817, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2030313

ABSTRACT

Background In this study, we aimed to assess the outcomes of transcutaneous retrobulbar injection of amphotericin B (TRAMB) in rhino-orbital-cerebral mucormycosis (ROCM) among patients recovering from coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Methodology This retrospective study was conducted at a tertiary care center in eastern India from May 29th to July 31st, 2021, and included post-COVID-19 patients admitted with stage 3 and 4a ROCM who underwent TRAMB. The details of the ophthalmic examination, laboratory investigations, and radiological examination were retrieved from patients records. Patients were given TRAMB (3.5 mg/mL) on alternate days till they underwent debulking surgery and resumed from the second postoperative day alternatively till the patients showed clinical stabilization or improvement. Results In total, 45 eyes of 41 patients were included in the study. The median number of injections given was six (minimum = 3;maximum = 10). Following was the distribution of number of injection needed in each eye: eight eyes (three injections), six eyes (four injections), seven eyes (five injections), three eyes (six injections), eight eyes (seven injections), 11 eyes (eight injections), and one eye had received nine and ten injections each. Overall, 21/32 (65.62%) eyes had improvement in proptosis whereas 9/32 (28.12%) had improvement in ptosis. Six patients had improvement in extraocular movement. In total, 25 eyes had no improvement whereas seven eyes had improvement in vision. Four eyes underwent exenteration. All nine patients with limited orbital disease had good improvement with fewer injections (median = 4). None of the patients undergoing TRAMB had an intracranial extension of disease. Moreover, 8.88% (4/45) of the eyes had post-TRAMB transient inflammation which resolved without any intervention. Finally, 3/41 of the patients died. Conclusions TRAMB can be considered as an useful therapeutic adjunct in managing ROCM. Further, it can halt the progression of the disease while awaiting definitive surgical intervention.

6.
2nd IEEE International Conference on Intelligent Technologies, CONIT 2022 ; 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2029221

ABSTRACT

Human health is severely endangered by the novel coronavirus (COVID-19). It is viewed as the worst global health threat humans have faced since the second world war and the WHO recognized it as a pandemic on March 11, 2020. This pandemic led several nations to adopt statewide lockdowns, while the industrial, construction, and transportation activities in several nations were disrupted, which lead to a significant shift in air pollutants. The lockdown, however, significantly impacted the environment and air quality in distinct cities. There are numerous ground stations deployed by pollution control organizations to monitor and collect the air pollutants data, but it is not feasible to set up a ground station in every city. In places where ground stations are not available for data collection, Google Earth Engine (GEE) satellite captured data can be used for data analysis. This study aimed to analyze the changes in air pollutants during the different lockdowns in India, such as nitrogen dioxide(NO2), sulfur dioxide(SO2), and carbon monoxide(CO) that contribute significantly to air pollution. In India, lockdowns were imposed during different periods of 2020, 2021, and 2022, according to COVID-19 waves. The air pollutants data during different waves have been analyzed and compared with the pre-COVID year (2019) data for the same duration. According to the study results, N O2 and S O2 were drastically reduced, but only a minor reduction in CO. Delhi, Jaipur, Ahmedabad, and Mumbai were among the major cities that saw the largest reduction, which was up to 60%. © 2022 IEEE.

7.
2nd IEEE International Conference on Intelligent Technologies, CONIT 2022 ; 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2029208

ABSTRACT

In this paper, the relationship between COVID-19 Maximum Infection Rate (MIR) and the happiness indicators has been investigated for the prediction of Happiness Score of Countries using Random Forest (RF) algorithm. The per-formance of the proposed algorithm is also compared against five other algorithms such as Linear Regression (LR), Ada Boost Classifier (ABC), K-Nearest Neighbor (KNN), Gaussian Naive Bayes (NB) and Logistic Regression. The comparison of performance includes parameters like training accuracy, testing accuracy and computation time. It is clear from the observation that the proposed approach is superior to others. Then the parameters like MAE, MSE, RMSE, R2 Score, Adjusted R2 Score is calculated. This proposed algorithm can be used for other classification and regression work involving large amount of data with missing values like COVID- 19 datasets. © 2022 IEEE.

9.
International Journal of Health Sciences ; 6:11653-11672, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2026867

ABSTRACT

Domestic workers are one of the most unprotected groups of the global workforce in informal employment who remain outside the ambit of social security and legal protection. Despite their significant contribution to the economy and society, they are often invisible and undervalued. The pre-existing adversities and vulnerabilities became all the more evident during the recent health crisis. While different groups of workers faced constraints to support their livelihood, the women domestic workers were hardest hit, facing total or near unemployment, job losses and economic distress. This paper attempts to analyse the impact of pandemic on the lives and livelihoods of female domestic workers in five Indian cities including Pune, Lucknow, Jhansi, Katni and Bhopal. The analytical findings from the random sample survey of 250 female domestic worker provides a temporal analysis of the impact of covid-19 on the nature of work, income, expenditure and consumption across the various cities of India. Our findings not only increase our understanding on the impact of the crisis for domestic worker but also informal workers in general. This also help inform the policy response of authorities towards addressing the exclusion of domestic workers from the ambit of the privileges that workers employ in the formal sector. © International Journal of Health Sciences 2022.

10.
Healthline, Journal of Indian Association of Preventive and Social Medicine ; 13(1):83-89, 2022.
Article in English | GIM | ID: covidwho-2026834

ABSTRACT

Introduction: COVID-19 caused by SARS coronavirus two has halted life across the globe since its emergence in December 2019. Most of the infected persons are asymptomatic or have mild symptoms. Serosurvey is vital for the estimation of the burden of infection. In this context, our study objective is to estimate the Seroprevalence of SARS CoV 2 IgG among the first-year medical students after the first wave in February 2021. Method: A cross-sectional study was conducted among the first-year medical students of Veer Surendra Sai Institute of Medical Sciences and Research. All the students were enrolled, and their data & serum sample was collected. Serum samples were tested for the presence of Anti-Spike IgG. Data were analyzed by using appropriate statistical tests.

11.
Cureus ; 14(7):e27428, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2025388

ABSTRACT

Background A previous community-based severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) serosurvey in Delhi in January 2021 reported a seroprevalence of 50.52%. We conducted a repeat serosurvey to obtain a recent estimate of the seroprevalence of IgG SARS-CoV-2 in the general population of Delhi, India. Methods This cross-sectional study was conducted from September 24 to October 14, 2021, in 274 wards of Delhi among 27,811 participants through a multistage sampling technique. Results The crude seroprevalence was 89.5% (95% CI 89.1, 89.8), weight for age and sex was 88% (95% CI 87.6, 88.4), and after adjustment for assay performance was estimated as 97.5% (95% CI 97.0, 98.0). On adjusted analysis, the odds of seroconversion in the participants vaccinated with at least one dose of either COVID-19 vaccine (Covishield/Covaxin) was more than four times compared to the unvaccinated ones (aOR 4.2 (3.8, 4.6)). 86.8% of the seropositive individuals had a SARS-CoV-2 signal/cut-off >=4.0 although it was significantly lower in the pediatric age group. Post-second wave (August to October 2021), on average there were daily 39 new COVID-19 cases and 0.44 deaths which during Omicron driven the third wave in January to March 2022 increased to daily 4,267 cases and 11.6 deaths. Conclusion A high prevalence of IgG antibodies against SARS-CoV-2 with likely higher antibody titres in the vaccinated compared to the unvaccinated groups with evidence of hybrid immunity in a majority of the population was protective against severe disease during transmission of subsequent omicron variants.

12.
PLoS ONE [Electronic Resource] ; 17(8):e0273389, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2021915

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: COVID-19 has rapidly emerged as a global public health threat with infections recorded in nearly every country. Responses to COVID-19 have varied in intensity and breadth, but generally have included domestic and international travel limitations, closure of non-essential businesses, and repurposing of health services. While these interventions have focused on testing, treatment, and mitigation of COVID-19, there have been reports of interruptions to diagnostic, prevention, and treatment services for other public health threats. OBJECTIVES: We conducted a scoping review to characterize the early impact of COVID-19 on HIV, tuberculosis, malaria, sexual and reproductive health, and malnutrition. METHODS: A scoping literature review was completed using searches of PubMed and preprint servers (medRxiv/bioRxiv) from November 1st, 2019 to October 31st, 2020, using Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) terms related to SARS-CoV-2 or COVID-19 and HIV, tuberculosis, malaria, sexual and reproductive health, and malnutrition. Empiric studies reporting original data collection or mathematical models were included, and available data synthesized by region. Studies were excluded if they were not written in English. RESULTS: A total of 1604 published papers and 205 preprints were retrieved in the search. Overall, 8.0% (129/1604) of published studies and 10.2% (21/205) of preprints met the inclusion criteria and were included in this review: 7.3% (68/931) on HIV, 7.1% (24/339) on tuberculosis, 11.6% (26/224) on malaria, 7.8% (19/183) on sexual and reproductive health, and 9.8% (13/132) on malnutrition. Thematic results were similar across competing health risks, with substantial indirect effects of the COVID-19 pandemic and response on diagnostic, prevention, and treatment services for HIV, tuberculosis, malaria, sexual and reproductive health, and malnutrition. DISCUSSION: COVID-19 emerged in the context of existing public health threats that result in millions of deaths every year. Thus, effectively responding to COVID-19 while minimizing the negative impacts of COVID-19 necessitates innovation and integration of existing programs that are often siloed across health systems. Inequities have been a consistent driver of existing health threats;COVID-19 has worsened disparities, reinforcing the need for programs that address structural risks. The data reviewed here suggest that effective strengthening of health systems should include investment and planning focused on ensuring the continuity of care for both rapidly emergent and existing public health threats.

13.
Clinical Infectious Diseases ; 30:30, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2017869

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: In late 2021, the Omicron SARS-CoV-2 variant emerged and rapidly replaced Delta as the dominant variant globally. The increased transmissibility of the variant led to surges in case rates as well as increases in hospitalizations, however, the true severity of the variant remained unclear. We aimed to provide robust estimates of Omicron severity relative to Delta. METHODS: This study was conducted using a retrospective cohort design with data from the British Columbia COVID-19 Cohort - a large provincial surveillance platform with linkage to administrative datasets. To capture the time of co-circulation with Omicron and Delta, December 2021 was chosen as the study period. We included individuals diagnosed with Omicron or Delta infection, as determined by whole genome sequencing (WGS). To assess the severity (hospitalization, ICU admission, length of stay), we conducted adjusted Cox proportional hazard models, weighted by inverse probability of treatment weights (IPTW), accounting for age, sex, underlying comorbidities, vaccination, sociodemographic status, and geographical variation. RESULTS: The cohort was composed of 13,128 individuals (7,729 Omicron and 5,399 Delta). There were 419 COVID-19 hospitalizations, with 118 (22%) among people diagnosed with Omicron (crude rate = 1.5% Omicron, 5.6% Delta). In multivariable IPTW analysis, Omicron was associated with a 50% lower risk of hospitalization compared to Delta (aHR = 0.50;95%CI = 0.43-0.59), a 73% lower risk of ICU admission (aHR = 0.27;95%CI = 0.19-0.38), and a 5 days shorter hospital stay on average (as=-5.03;95% CI=-8.01, -2.05). CONCLUSIONS: Our analysis supports findings from other studies demonstrating lower risk of severe outcomes in Omicron-infected individuals relative to Delta.

14.
Journal of SAFOG ; 14(4):400-403, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2010448

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To evaluate the obstetrics outcome in terms of maternal mortality in severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infected pregnant women in both the waves of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. Design, settings, and participants: This is a prospective cohort study of obstetrics outcomes in SARS-CoV-2 infected pregnant women in both the waves of COVID-19 pandemic from 1 April 2020 to 30 May 2021 at Sri Aurobindo Institute of Medical Sciences with wide spread access to SARS-CoV-2 testing in outpatients, emergency department, and inpatient settings. Result: The primary outcome composed of maternal mortality in SARS-CoV-2 infected females during both waves of COVID-19 pandemic. Study shows that the second wave was more intense and fatal as compared to the first wave of COVID-19 pandemic in India with higher maternal mortality rate in the second wave than the first wave. Study also showed that an overall higher mortality with cesarean section was noted. Thus, our study concluded that the cesarean section is not the preferred mode of delivery in COVID-19 females suffering from respiratory distress. Conclusion: Our study concluded that cesarean section is not the preferred mode of delivery in COVID-19 with females suffering from respiratory distress. The SARS-CoV-2 infection during pregnancy was associated with adverse maternal outcomes post-delivery.

15.
Journal of Clinical Oncology ; 40(16), 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2009635

ABSTRACT

Background: Patients with SARS-CoV-2 with a diagnosis of cancer have increased risk of severe COVID-19 outcomes compared to patients without cancer. However, little is known regarding outcomes of patients with COVID-19 and cancer in the setting of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Given the unique risks of this population, we sought to understand COVID-19 outcomes using registry data. Methods: This is a descriptive research study utilizing the CCC19 registry, an international multi-institutional registry with healthcare provider-reported cases of patients with cancer and COVID-19. Between March 2020-December 2021, 116 persons with HIV (PWH) and 10,642 persons without HIV (PWOH) with laboratory-confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection were identified as eligible for the analysis. Results: Median follow-up time for both groups was 90 days, with interquartile range (IQR) 30-180 days. Most PWH were actively receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART) at the time of COVID-19 diagnosis, with 71% (n = 82) having named drug information available;bictegravir/emtricitabine/tenofovir was the most common ART (n = 25). PWH were of younger age (median 57.5 yrs [IQR 46.5-63.25] vs 65 yrs [IQR 55-74]), male (81% vs 47%), and either non-Hispanic Black or Hispanic (71% vs 34%) compared to PWOH. 12% of PWH (n = 14) were current smokers compared to 6% of PWOH (n = 638), and more than half in each group were never smokers (51% of PWH and 53% of PWOH). The following comorbidities were identified in PWH vs PWOH: cardiovascular (16% vs 20%), pulmonary (16% vs 20%), renal (15% vs 14%), and diabetes mellitus (18% vs 27%). A higher proportion of PWH had hematologic malignancy compared to PWOH (33% vs 19%). More PWH had active cancer which was progressing at the time of SARS-CoV-2 infection compared to PWOH (24% vs 14%). 44% of PWH (n = 51) had received active systemic anticancer therapy within the 3 months preceding SARS-CoV-2 infection (including cytotoxic, targeted, endocrine therapies, and immunotherapy) compared to 51% of PWOH (n = 5,420). PWH had an increased rate of hospitalization (58% vs 55%) compared to PWOH. Although a lower proportion of PWH required supplemental oxygen during hospitalization compared to PWOH (34% vs 38%) and ICU admission rates were identical between the two groups (16% vs 16%), PWH had an increased rate of mechanical ventilation (14% vs 10%) and death (24% vs 18%) compared to PWOH. Conclusions: This is the first known study describing outcomes of patients with cancer and COVID-19 in the PWH population from a large multinational dataset. PWH have characteristics associated with adverse outcomes in prior analyses (male sex, non-Hispanic Black or Hispanic, hematologic malignancy, progressing cancer) but are notably younger and have fewer comorbidities. HIV infection may portend increased risk of severe COVID-19 and death;however, additional analyses, including multivariable regression, are warranted.

16.
Journal of Clinical Oncology ; 40(16), 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2009620

ABSTRACT

Background: Most patients with cancer and COVID-19 will survive the acute illness. The longer-term impacts of COVID-19 on patients with cancer remain incompletely described. Methods: Using COVID-19 and Cancer Consortium registry data thru 12/31/2021, we examined outcomes of long-term COVID-19 survivors with post-acute sequelae of SARS-CoV-2 infection (PASC aka “long COVID”). PASC was defined as having recovered w/ complications or having died w/ ongoing infection 90+ days from original diagnosis;absence of PASC was defined as having fully recovered by 90 days, with 90+ days of follow-up. Patients with SARS-CoV-2 re-infection and records with low quality data were excluded. Results: 858 of 3710 of included patients (23%) met PASC criteria. Median follow-up (IQR) for PASC and recovered patients was 180 (98-217) and 180 (90-180) days, respectively. The PASC group had a higher rate of baseline comorbidities and poor performance status (Table). Cancer types, status, and recent anticancer treatment were similar between the groups. The PASC group experienced a higher illness burden, with more hospitalized (83% vs 48%);requiring ICU (29% vs 6%);requiring mechanical ventilation (17% vs 2%);and experiencing co-infections (19% vs 8%). There were more deaths in the PASC vs recovered group (8% vs 3%), with median (IQR) days to death of 158 (120-272) and 180 (130-228), respectively. Of these, 9% were attributed to COVID-19;15% to both COVID-19 and cancer;15% to cancer;and 23% to other causes. Conversely, no deaths in the recovered group were attributed to COVID-19;57% were attributed to cancer;and 24% to other causes (proximal cause of death unknown/missing in 38% and 19%, respectively). Cancer treatment modification was more common in the recovered group (23% vs 18%). Conclusions: Patients with underlying comorbidities, worse ECOG PS, and more severe acute SARS-CoV-2 infection had higher rates of PASC. These patients suffered more severe complications and incurred worse outcomes. There was an appreciable rate of death in both PASC and non-PASC, with cancer the dominant but not only cause in fully recovered patients. Further study is needed to understand what factors drive PASC, and whether longer-term cancer-specific outcomes will be affected.

18.
Journal of the International AIDS Society ; 25(9):e25994, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2007102

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Men who have sex with men (MSM) and people who inject drugs (PWID) are disproportionately impacted by the HIV epidemic in Canada. Having the second-highest provincial diagnosis rate, an improved understanding of the epidemic among these populations in Québec could aid ongoing elimination efforts. We estimated HIV incidence and other epidemic indicators among MSM and PWID in Montréal and across Québec using a back-calculation model synthesizing surveillance data. METHODS: We developed a deterministic, compartmental mathematical model stratified by age, HIV status and disease progression, and clinical care stages. Using AIDS and HIV diagnoses data, including self-reported time since the last negative test and laboratory results of CD4 cell count at diagnosis, we estimated HIV incidence in each population over 1975-2020 by modelling a cubic M-spline. The prevalence, undiagnosed fraction, fraction diagnosed that started antiretroviral treatment (ART) and median time to diagnosis were also estimated. Since the COVID-19 pandemic disrupted testing, we excluded 2020 data and explored this in sensitivity analyses. RESULTS: HIV incidence in all populations peaked early in the epidemic. In 2020, an estimated 97 (95% CrI: 33-227) and 266 (95% CrI: 103-508) HIV acquisitions occurred among MSM in Montréal and Québec, respectively. Among PWID, we estimated 2 (95% CrI: 0-14) and 6 (95% CrI: 1-26) HIV acquisitions in those same regions. With 2020 data, unless testing rates were reduced by 50%, these estimates decreased, except among Québec PWID, whose increased. Among all, the median time to diagnosis shortened to <2 years before 2020 and the undiagnosed fraction decreased to <10%. This fraction was higher in younger MSM, with 22% of 15-24 year-olds living with HIV in Montréal (95% CrI: 9-39%) and 31% in Québec (95% CrI: 17-48%) undiagnosed by 2020 year-end. Finally, ART access neared 100% in all diagnosed populations. CONCLUSIONS: HIV incidence has drastically decreased in MSM and PWID across Québec, alongside significant improvements in diagnosis and treatment coverage-and the 2013 introduction of pre-exposure prophylaxis. Despite this, HIV transmission continued. Effective efforts to halt this transmission and rapidly diagnose people who acquired HIV, especially among younger MSM, are needed to achieve elimination. Further, as the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on HIV transmission are understood, increased efforts may be needed to overcome these.

19.
Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine ; 26:S108, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2006399

ABSTRACT

Aim and background: Due to the resurgence of COVID cases many doctors, medical students, and nurses from varied backgrounds, many a time novice to COVID management are deployed in turn from time to time at different COVID care centers and hospitals across India, before they are properly trained and skilled for effective management of COVID and post COVID syndromes, as the disease is relatively new, leading to non-uniform management and documentation. COVID being a contagious disease with newer symptomatology and ongoing research outputs suggesting new guidelines from time to time, which sometimes are conflicting in nature for novice healthcare workers. For uniform and appropriate management to reduce morbidity and mortality, it mandates a unique and effective solution towards guided and error-free disease management, authentic high volume data capture for future research and to trace patient to post COVID condition in the community outside the hospital, virtual patient counselling cum relative visit, generation of the daily patient bulletin, simultaneous teleround of multiple units, and sharing patient's data across multiple specialities and investigation areas. Objective: To have all these above-mentioned facilities over one platform, we aim to test run a cloud-based dynamic mobile application based dedicated device, the C O V I D Device (Covid Operation Vital Information Delivery device) across many hospitals in India simultaneously for COVID and post COVID syndrome management and data retrieval for research. Materials and methods: Two institutes, namely IMS and SUM Hospital and ITER have collaborated to design a cloud-based device having recent COVID guidelines on the management of adult COVID patients. The software has been incorporated into a dedicated handheld device (tablet or android mobile phone), the COVID Device in a dynamic way (when new symptomatology surfaces and new research outcomes on management are published). The important modules pertaining to this COVID Device are Web-based application for Registration Desk and Device-based application for Doctor's Module/Care-givers Module and Patient's/Patient's relative's module. Results: In a pilot, we have successfully test run the COVID device on virtual patients and 2 actual patients in a secondary level COVID ICU and HDU to examine the different functionality of the cloud-based application, namely error-free and guided patient management without missing any point, daily patient relative's counselling and virtual patient visiting by relatives, generating daily patient bulletin, simultaneous tele round of multiple units, and sharing patient's data across multiple specialities and investigation areas and tracing patient to the community after discharge to enquire about post COVID condition and retrieval of data across all module and incorporation of new guideline in a dynamic way and checking the facilities for incorporating other modules namely pediatric module. Conclusion: COVID Device (Adult module) is a very effective tool for COVID and post COVID condition management and research. It has the potential to incorporate other modules namely obstetric, pediatric, and neonatal modules. If used across all hospital of India, it will be a real boost to digital health mission and centralized COVID data management and research in India.

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