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Ann Indian Acad Neurol ; 25(1): 7-10, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1726287


During the second wave of COVID-19 pandemic, there is a sudden increase in number of cases mucormycosis infection in India. This communication by the Tropical Neurology subsection expert group of the Indian Academy of Neurology (IAN) describes the clinical and diagnostic features, treatment of the disease and gives recommendations about the ways forward.

Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg ; 115(10): 1153-1159, 2021 10 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1243511


BACKGROUND: Tuberculous meningitis (TBM) is the most severe form of tuberculosis and these patients need close follow-up because of a high frequency of complications. The coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic and lockdown resulted in an interruption in physical follow-up. In this situation, tele-follow-up may be helpful. We report the feasibility and usefulness of a telephonic follow-up in patients with TBM. METHODS: Patients with TBM managed by us from January 2017 to March 2020 were included from the TBM registry. Their presenting symptoms, and clinical and investigation findings were noted. We contacted these patients telephonically and their clinical status was obtained using a questionnaire. Based on the telephonic information, outcomes were categorized as death, poor or good. Patients with the new medical problems were advised as to relevant investigations and the reports were obtained through WhatsApp for prescribing treatment. RESULTS: The telephone numbers of 103 of 144 (71.5%) patients were viable. Twenty-seven (26.2%) patients died, 15 (19.7%) had a poor outcome and 61 (80.2%) had a good outcome. Twenty-five (32.9%) patients had new medical problems: 18 TBM related and 7 TBM unrelated. The medical problems of 23 patients could be managed telephonically and only 3 (4%) patients needed a physical visit. Sixty-five (85.5%) patients happily answered the questionnaire and willing responders needed a treatment modification more frequently than the reluctant responders (p=0.008). Patients on active antitubercular treatment needed treatment modification more frequently (80% vs 21.3%). CONCLUSIONS: Tele-follow-up is feasible in 96% of TBM patients and is beneficial, cost effective and overcomes the barrier of distance.

COVID-19 , Tuberculosis, Meningeal , Communicable Disease Control , Feasibility Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , SARS-CoV-2 , Tuberculosis, Meningeal/diagnosis , Tuberculosis, Meningeal/drug therapy
Clin Neurol Neurosurg ; 202: 106488, 2021 03.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1025588


OBJECTIVE: Myasthenia gravis (MG) is characterized by fluctuating muscle weakness due to immune mediated damage of acetylcholine receptor (AchR). COVID-19 infection, mental stress and non-availability of drugs following lockdown may worsen myasthenic symptoms. We report the impact of COVID 19, and lockdown on the physical and mental health, and quality of sleep in a cohort of MG. METHODS: Thirty-eight MG patients were telephonically interviewed 2months after the declaration of lockdown in India. The difficulty in procuring drugs, complications, and worsening in the MG Foundation of America (MGFA) stage were noted. The patients were enquired about MG Quality of Life 15 (MGQOL15), MG Activity of Daily Living (MGADL), Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) using a prefixed questionnaire. Their pre-COVID parameters were retrieved from our earlier trial data, which was completed 4months back. The scores of the above mentioned parameters before and after COVID were compared. RESULTS: Their median age was 45 years, and the median duration of treatment for MG was 4.5years. Eleven (28.9 %) patients were hypertensive and 3(7.9 %) diabetic. All were on prednisolone and 18(47.4 %) received azathioprine. None developed COVID, but three had other infections. Two patients needed hospitalization because of wrong medication in one and severe anxiety-insomnia in another. Following COVID19 and lockdown, MG patients had worsening in MGQOL15, MGADL, HADS and PSQI scores. Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index score correlated with MGQOL15 and dose of acetylcholine esterase inhibitors. CONCLUSION: COVID-19 and lockdown were associated with anxiety, depression, poor MGQOL and sleep especially in severe MG patients.

COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19/psychology , Myasthenia Gravis/epidemiology , Myasthenia Gravis/psychology , Pandemics , Quarantine/psychology , Activities of Daily Living/psychology , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Cohort Studies , Communicable Disease Control/trends , Female , Humans , India/epidemiology , Male , Middle Aged , Quality of Life/psychology , Quarantine/trends , Self Report , Young Adult