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Behav Anal Pract ; : 1-16, 2021 Jul 12.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1312328


The field of applied behavior analysis (ABA) has utilized telehealth for clinical supervision and caregiver guidance with research supporting the use of both modalities. Research demonstrating effectiveness is crucial, as behavior analysts must ensure the services they provide are effective in order to be ethical. With the increased need for patients to access more services via telehealth, due to the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic, the current study evaluated the efficacy of telehealth direct therapy to teach new skills to individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). This study examined the utility of natural environment teaching and discrete trial training strategies provided over a videoconferencing platform to teach new skills directly to seven individuals with varying ASD severity levels. The targeted skills were taught solely through telehealth direct therapy with varying levels of caregiver support across participants and included skills in the language, adaptive, and social domains. In a multiple baseline design, all seven participants demonstrated mastery and maintenance for all targets; in addition, generalization to family members was assessed for some targets. The evidence suggests that telehealth is a modality that is effective and can be considered for all patients when assessing the appropriate location of treatment.

Behav Anal Pract ; 14(2): 422-433, 2021 Jun.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1173373


As telehealth direct therapy sessions are being increasingly provided for safety reasons during the COVID-19 pandemic, it is critical to ensure that sessions are implemented with integrity by direct service providers. Although existing research addresses the efficacy of the telehealth model, there is no literature on integrity measures tied to this service model. Without a framework or point of reference, clinicians new to the field of telehealth direct therapy may not be able or willing to attempt to implement it. The Telehealth Therapy Treatment Integrity Measure is designed to delineate components of effective telehealth direct therapy, including aspects of both instruction that should be generalized from in-person sessions to telehealth direct therapy sessions and new elements that are unique to telehealth direct therapy. A description of how the measure can be used to support the training, both initial and ongoing, of direct service providers is included. This measure can support clinicians in ensuring that direct service providers are working within their scope of competence when providing telehealth direct therapy.