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Journal of Clinical Outcomes Management ; 28(6):280, 2021.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1547799


Objective: To ascertain the extent of nasogastric tube (NGT) dislodgment in COVID-19 intensive care unit (ICU) patients after the introduction of NGT bridle kits as a standard of practice, to see whether this would reduce the number of NGT insertions, patient irradiation, missed feeds, and overall cost. Background: Nasogastric feeding is the mainstay of enteral feeding for ICU patients. The usual standard of practice is to secure the tube using adhesive tape. Studies show this method has a 40% to 48% dislodgment rate. The COVID-19 ICU patient population may be at even greater risk due to the need for proning, long duration of invasive ventilation, and emergence delirium. Design: This was a 2-cycle quality improvement project. The first cycle was done retrospectively, looking at the contemporaneous standard of practice where bridle kits were not used. This gave an objective measure of the extent of NGT displacement, associated costs, and missed feeds. The second cycle was carried out prospectively, with the use of NGT bridle kits as the new standard of practice. Setting: A large United Kingdom teaching hospital with a 100-bed, single-floor ICU. Participants: Patients admitted to the ICU with COVID-19 who subsequently required sedation and invasive ventilation. Measurements: Measurements included days of feeding required, hours of feeding missed due to NGT dislodgment, total number of nasogastric tubes required per ICU stay, and number of chest radiographs for NGT position confirmation. NGT-related pressure sores were also recorded. Results: When compared to the bridled group, the unbridled group required a higher number of NGTs (2.5 vs 1.3;P<.001) and chest radiographs (3.4 vs 1.6;P<.001), had more hours of feeding missed (11.8 vs 5.0), and accumulated a slightly higher total cost (cost of NGT, chest radiographs +/- bridle kit: £211.67 vs £210, [US $284.25 vs US $282.01]). Conclusions: The use of NGT bridle kits reduces the number of NGT insertions patients require and subsequently reduces the number of chest radiographs for each patient. These patients also miss fewer feeds, with no appreciable increase in cost.

J Neuroimmunol ; 356: 577590, 2021 07 15.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1217589


A 50-years old male presented with quadriplegia and paresthesia and was diagnosed as Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS). He was found positive for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) six weeks prior to the onset of weakness. GBS disability score was 4. Electrophysiology showed acute inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculopathy. Anti-SARS-CoV-2 IgG was found positive. Immunological tests for Campylobacter jejuni, Zika virus, Hepatitis E virus, Herpes Simplex virus, Haemophilus influanzae and Mycoplasma pneumoniae were negative. Patient received standard dose of intravenous immunoglobulin and after six months had almost complete recovery of muscle power. This case represents possible association of SARS-CoV-2 infection and GBS with good clinical outcome.

COVID-19/complications , Guillain-Barre Syndrome/virology , Follow-Up Studies , Guillain-Barre Syndrome/drug therapy , Humans , Immunoglobulins, Intravenous/therapeutic use , Immunologic Factors/therapeutic use , Male , Middle Aged , SARS-CoV-2 , Time
Ann Surg Oncol ; 28(9): 4816-4826, 2021 Sep.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1190139


INTRODUCTION: The COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in unparalleled changes to patient care, including the suspension of cancer surgery. Concerns regarding COVID-19-related risks to patients and healthcare workers with the re-introduction of major complex minimally invasive and open surgery have been raised. This study examines the COVID-19 related risks to patients and healthcare workers following the re-introduction of major oesophago-gastric (EG) surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was an international, multi-centre, observational study of consecutive patients treated by open and minimally invasive oesophagectomy and gastrectomy for malignant or benign disease. Patients were recruited from nine European centres serving regions with a high population incidence of COVID-19 between 1 May and 1 July 2020. The primary endpoint was 30-day COVID-19-related mortality. All staff involved in the operative care of patients were invited to complete a health-related survey to assess the incidence of COVID-19 in this group. RESULTS: In total, 158 patients were included in the study (71 oesophagectomy, 82 gastrectomy). Overall, 87 patients (57%) underwent MIS (59 oesophagectomy, 28 gastrectomy). A total of 403 staff were eligible for inclusion, of whom 313 (78%) completed the health survey. Approaches to mitigate against the risks of COVID-19 for patients and staff varied amongst centres. No patients developed COVID-19 in the post-operative period. Two healthcare workers developed self-limiting COVID-19. CONCLUSIONS: Precautions to minimise the risk of COVID-19 infection have enabled the safe re-introduction of minimally invasive and open EG surgery for both patients and staff. Further studies are necessary to determine the minimum requirements for mitigations against COVID-19.

COVID-19 , Pandemics , Health Personnel , Humans , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , SARS-CoV-2