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Solmi, Marco, Thompson, Trevor, Estradé, Andrés, Agorastos, Agorastos, Radua, Joaquim, Cortese, Samuele, Dragioti, Elena, Leisch, Friedrich, Vancampfort, Davy, Thygesen, Lau Caspar, Aschauer, Harald, Schloegelhofer, Monika, Aschauer, Elena, Schneeberger, Andres, Huber, Christian G.; Hasler, Gregor, Conus, Philippe, Do Cuénod, Kim Q.; von Känel, Roland, Arrondo, Gonzalo, Fusar-Poli, Paolo, Gorwood, Philip, Llorca, Pierre-Michel, Krebs, Marie-Odile, Scanferla, Elisabetta, Kishimoto, Taishiro, Rabbani, Golam, Skonieczna-Żydecka, Karolina, Brambilla, Paolo, Favaro, Angela, Takamiya, Akihiro, Zoccante, Leonardo, Colizzi, Marco, Bourgin, Julie, Kamiński, Karol, Moghadasin, Maryam, Seedat, Soraya, Matthews, Evan, Wells, John, Vassilopoulou, Emilia, Gadelha, Ary, Su, Kuan-Pin, Kwon, Jun Soo, Kim, Minah, Lee, Tae Young, Papsuev, Oleg, Manková, Denisa, Boscutti, Andrea, Gerunda, Cristiano, Saccon, Diego, Righi, Elena, Monaco, Francesco, Croatto, Giovanni, Cereda, Guido, Demurtas, Jacopo, Brondino, Natascia, Veronese, Nicola, Enrico, Paolo, Politi, Pierluigi, Ciappolino, Valentina, Pfennig, Andrea, Bechdolf, Andreas, Meyer-Lindenberg, Andreas, Kahl, Kai G.; Domschke, Katharina, Bauer, Michael, Koutsouleris, Nikolaos, Winter, Sibylle, Borgwardt, Stefan, Bitter, Istvan, Balazs, Judit, Czobor, Pal, Unoka, Zsolt, Mavridis, Dimitris, Tsamakis, Konstantinos, Bozikas, Vasilios P.; Tunvirachaisakul, Chavit, Maes, Michael, Rungnirundorn, Teerayuth, Supasitthumrong, Thitiporn, Haque, Ariful, Brunoni, Andre R.; Costardi, Carlos Gustavo, Schuch, Felipe Barreto, Polanczyk, Guilherme, Luiz, Jhoanne Merlyn, Fonseca, Lais, Aparicio, Luana V.; Valvassori, Samira S.; Nordentoft, Merete, Vendsborg, Per, Hoffmann, Sofie Have, Sehli, Jihed, Sartorius, Norman, Heuss, Sabina, Guinart, Daniel, Hamilton, Jane, Kane, John, Rubio, Jose, Sand, Michael, Koyanagi, Ai, Solanes, Aleix, Andreu-Bernabeu, Alvaro, Cáceres, Antonia San José, Arango, Celso, Díaz-Caneja, Covadonga M.; Hidalgo-Mazzei, Diego, Vieta, Eduard, Gonzalez-Peñas, Javier, Fortea, Lydia, Parellada, Mara, Fullana, Miquel A.; Verdolini, Norma, Andrlíková, Eva, Janků, Karolina, Millan, Mark John, Honciuc, Mihaela, Moniuszko-Malinowska, Anna, Łoniewski, Igor, Samochowiec, Jerzy, Kiszkiel, Łukasz, Marlicz, Maria, Sowa, Paweł, Marlicz, Wojciech, Spies, Georgina, Stubbs, Brendon, Firth, Joseph, Sullivan, Sarah, Darcin, Asli Enez, Aksu, Hatice, Dilbaz, Nesrin, Noyan, Onur, Kitazawa, Momoko, Kurokawa, Shunya, Tazawa, Yuki, Anselmi, Alejandro, Cracco, Cecilia, Machado, Ana Inés, Estrade, Natalia, De Leo, Diego, Curtis, Jackie, Berk, Michael, Ward, Philip, Teasdale, Scott, Rosenbaum, Simon, Marx, Wolfgang, Horodnic, Adrian Vasile, Oprea, Liviu, Alexinschi, Ovidiu, Ifteni, Petru, Turliuc, Serban, Ciuhodaru, Tudor, Bolos, Alexandra, Matei, Valentin, Nieman, Dorien H.; Sommer, Iris, van Os, Jim, van Amelsvoort, Therese, Sun, Ching-Fang, Guu, Ta-wei, Jiao, Can, Zhang, Jieting, Fan, Jialin, Zou, Liye, Yu, Xin, Chi, Xinli, de Timary, Philippe, van Winkel, Ruud, Ng, Bernardo, Pena, Edilberto, Arellano, Ramon, Roman, Raquel, Sanchez, Thelma, Movina, Larisa, Morgado, Pedro, Brissos, Sofia, Aizberg, Oleg, Mosina, Anna, Krinitski, Damir, Mugisha, James, Sadeghi-Bahmani, Dena, Sheybani, Farshad, Sadeghi, Masoud, Hadi, Samira, Brand, Serge, Errazuriz, Antonia, Crossley, Nicolas, Ristic, Dragana Ignjatovic, López-Jaramillo, Carlos, Efthymiou, Dimitris, Kuttichira, Praveenlal, Kallivayalil, Roy Abraham, Javed, Afzal, Afridi, Muhammad Iqbal, James, Bawo, Seb-Akahomen, Omonefe Joy, Fiedorowicz, Jess, Carvalho, Andre F.; Daskalakis, Jeff, Yatham, Lakshmi N.; Yang, Lin, Okasha, Tarek, Dahdouh, Aïcha, Gerdle, Björn, Tiihonen, Jari, Shin, Jae Il, Lee, Jinhee, Mhalla, Ahmed, Gaha, Lotfi, Brahim, Takoua, Altynbekov, Kuanysh, Negay, Nikolay, Nurmagambetova, Saltanat, Jamei, Yasser Abu, Weiser, Mark, Correll, Christoph U..
Journal of Affective Disorders ; 2022.
Article in English | ScienceDirect | ID: covidwho-2165443

ABSTRACT

Background The Collaborative Outcome study on Health and Functioning during Infection Times (COH-FIT;www.coh-fit.com) is an anonymous and global online survey measuring health and functioning during COVID-19 pandemic. The aim of this study was to test concurrently the validity of COH-FIT items and the internal validity of the co-primary outcome, a composite psychopathology "P-score”. Methods The COH-FIT survey has been translated into 30 languages (two blind forward-translations, consensus, one independent English back-translation, final harmonization). To measure mental health, 1–4 items ("COH-FIT items”) were extracted from validated questionnaires (e.g. Patient Health Questionnaire 9). COH-FIT items measured anxiety, depressive, post-traumatic, obsessive-compulsive, bipolar and psychotic symptoms, as well as stress, sleep and concentration. COH-FIT Items which correlated r ≥ 0.5 with validated companion questionnaires, were initially retained. A P-score factor structure was then identified from these items using exploratory factor analysis (EFA) and confirmatory factor analyses (CFA) on data split into training and validation sets. Consistency of results across languages, gender and age was assessed. Results From >150,000 adult responses by May 6th, 2022, a subset of 22,456 completed both COH-FIT items and validated questionnaires. Concurrent validity was consistently demonstrated across different languages for COH-FIT items. CFA confirmed EFA results of five first-order factors (anxiety, depression, post-traumatic, psychotic, psychophysiologic symptoms) and revealed a single second-order factor P-score, with high internal reliability (ω = 0.95). Factor structure was consistent across age and sex. Conclusions COH-FIT is a valid instrument to globally measure mental health during infection times. The P-score is a valid measure of multidimensional mental health.

2.
Eating and Weight Disorders ; 26(8):2443-2452, 2022.
Article in English | APA PsycInfo | ID: covidwho-1717279

ABSTRACT

Purpose: The COVID-19 pandemic restrictions had negative impact on the psychopathology of people with Eating Disorders (EDs). Factors involved in the vulnerability to stressful events have been under-investigated in this population. We aimed to assess which factors contributed to COVID-19-induced worsening in both general and specific psychopathology. Methods: Three-hundred and twelve people with a clinically defined diagnosis of an ED and undergoing a specialist ED treatment in different Italian ED services before the spreading of COVID-19 pandemic filled in an online survey. ED specific and general psychopathology changes after COVID-19 quarantine were retrospectively evaluated. Factors related to COVID-19 concerns (financial condition, fear of contagion, perceived social isolation/support, satisfaction in peer, family or sentimental relationships), illness duration and treatment-related variables (type of treatment provided, type of access to care, satisfaction with therapeutic relationships) were included as predicting factors in a structural equational model, which included latent variables consisting of general and ED psychopathology items as outcomes. Results: A perceived low quality of therapeutic relationships, fear of contagion and increased isolation were positively associated with psychopathology worsening. Reduced satisfaction with family and with friends' relationships and reduced perceived social support were associated with ED and general symptoms deterioration, respectively. No significant effect emerged for intimate relationships, illness duration, economic condition and type of treatment. Conclusions: This study provides a comprehensive evaluation of clinical variables associated with psychopathological changes during the COVID-19 lockdown period highlighting potential risk and resilience factors and, possibly, informing treatment as well as prevention strategies for EDs. Level of evidence IV: Evidence obtained from multiple time series analysis such as case studies. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved)

3.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(21)2021 Oct 21.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1480798

ABSTRACT

Disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) is a severe condition characterized by the systemic formation of microthrombi complicated with bleeding tendency and organ dysfunction. In the last years, it represents one of the most frequent consequences of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). The pathogenesis of DIC is complex, with cross-talk between the coagulant and inflammatory pathways. The objective of this study is to investigate the anti-inflammatory action of ultramicronized palmitoylethanolamide (um-PEA) in a lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced DIC model in rats. Experimental DIC was induced by continual infusion of LPS (30 mg/kg) for 4 h through the tail vein. Um-PEA (30 mg/kg) was given orally 30 min before and 1 h after the start of intravenous infusion of LPS. Results showed that um-PEA reduced alteration of coagulation markers, as well as proinflammatory cytokine release in plasma and lung samples, induced by LPS infusion. Furthermore, um-PEA also has the effect of preventing the formation of fibrin deposition and lung damage. Moreover, um-PEA was able to reduce the number of mast cells (MCs) and the release of its serine proteases, which are also necessary for SARS-CoV-2 infection. These results suggest that um-PEA could be considered as a potential therapeutic approach in the management of DIC and in clinical implications associated to coagulopathy and lung dysfunction, such as COVID-19.


Subject(s)
Amides/therapeutic use , Blood Coagulation Disorders/drug therapy , Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation/drug therapy , Ethanolamines/therapeutic use , Palmitic Acids/therapeutic use , Sepsis/complications , Amides/chemistry , Amides/pharmacology , Animals , Blood Coagulation Disorders/etiology , COVID-19/pathology , COVID-19/virology , Cytokines/blood , Cytokines/metabolism , Disease Models, Animal , Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation/etiology , Ethanolamines/chemistry , Ethanolamines/pharmacology , Fibrin Fibrinogen Degradation Products/metabolism , Lipopolysaccharides/toxicity , Lung/metabolism , Lung/pathology , Male , Mast Cells/cytology , Mast Cells/drug effects , Mast Cells/metabolism , Palmitic Acids/chemistry , Palmitic Acids/pharmacology , Partial Thromboplastin Time , Prothrombin Time , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , SARS-CoV-2/isolation & purification , Sepsis/pathology , Serine Proteases/metabolism
4.
J Affect Disord ; 285: 77-83, 2021 04 15.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1087022

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: We assessed the impact of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic on specific Eating Disorder (ED) and general psychopathology in people with an ED diagnosis during the lockdown period and after the end of the related containment measures. METHODS: People with clinically defined diagnosis and undergoing treatment for an ED completed an online survey, which included adapted questions from standardized psychometric scales. Data relative to three different time periods (before, during and after the end of lockdown) were collected. Psychopathological changes over these periods were investigated and compared through one-way analysis of variance or covariance with repeated measures. RESULTS: Three hundred twelve people completed the survey (57.4% diagnosed with Anorexia Nervosa (AN) or atypical AN, 20.2% with Bulimia Nervosa, 15.4% with Binge Eating Disorder, 7.05% with Other Specified Feeding or Eating Disorders). The severity of both specific and general psychopathology increased during the lockdown and the rise of general symptoms persisted in the following re-opening phase, except for suicide ideation. Almost all of these findings were not affected by ED diagnosis, participants' age and illness duration. LIMITATIONS: The retrospective nature of data collection is the main limitation of the study. CONCLUSIONS: People with EDs showed a COVID-19 emergency-induced worsening of both general and specific psychopathology. The effect on general psychopathology persisted in the re-opening period. These findings suggest a high stress vulnerability of ED individuals with important effects on internalizing symptoms, which are worth of attention by clinicians.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Feeding and Eating Disorders , Communicable Disease Control , Feeding and Eating Disorders/epidemiology , Humans , Psychopathology , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2
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