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1.
J Orthop ; 34: 8-13, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1966872

ABSTRACT

Purpose: This study aimed to audit the effects of vitamin D3 on the early functional outcomes, the incidence of nosocomial COVID-19 infection and complications in patients undergoing elective Total Knee Arthroplasty (TKA). Methods: This was a retrospective study involving patients undergoing primary unilateral TKA between January 2020 to May 2021 operated by a single surgeon using a single implant. Participants were divided into two cohorts, Deficient-vitamin D3 level <20 ng/ml and Sufficient-vitamin D3 level ≥20 ng/ml. Assessment for Knee Society Score and Oxford Knee Score (OKS) was done preoperatively and one year after TKA. Nosocomial COVID-19 infection rate, 30-day re-admissions and complications were noted during the study. Results: 235 patients were divided into 2 cohorts matched by age, gender and ASA grades. 74 patients belonged to the deficient group and 161 belonged to the sufficient group. The mean preoperative scores in the sufficient group were higher than the deficient group (OKS = 15.74 vs 12.95; KSS = 88.91vs 85.62). Similarly, the one-year postoperative scores in the sufficient group were significantly higher (OKS = 36.54 vs 35.16; KSS = 164.01 vs 161.22). A linear correlation was present between preoperative score (r = 0.273) & post-operative scores (r = 0.141) with serum vitamin D3 levels. Vitamin D3 deficient individuals had higher nosocomial COVID-19 infection rate (10.81% vs 4.96%,p = 0.16). The incidence of complications like DVT, embolism, stroke, infection and fracture were not statistically different in the two groups. Conclusion: Vitamin D positively influences the outcomes of TKA and protects against nosocomial COVID-19 infection in patients undergoing elective TKA.

2.
J Pediatr Endocrinol Metab ; 35(7): 895-900, 2022 Jul 26.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1879335

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Owing to increase in referrals for precocity observed during COVID-19 lockdown, this study was conducted to estimate the proportion of patients referred for precocity and within these, those with idiopathic central precocious puberty (iCPP) before vs. during the COVID lockdown, and to assess the differences in anthropometric and clinical characteristics among iCPP patients in the two groups. METHODS: Retrospective study conducted at a tertiary level paediatric endocrinology centre (Western India) evaluating proportion of referrals for precocity and comparing demographics, anthropometry, pubertal staging and bone age at presentation among children with iCPP divided into two groups (pre-lockdown-group 1, lockdown-group 2). RESULTS: During lockdown, 155 (5.1%; 146 girls) of 3,053 referrals for precocity as opposed to 59 (1.4%; 54 girls) of 4,208 before the lockdown (p<0.05) were seen; increase was higher in girls (p<0.05). Proportion of referrals for iCPP was significantly higher in the lockdown (4.4%; 136 children vs. 1%; 44 children in group 2) among both genders. Mean age at first visit was 7.8 ± 1.3 and 8.2 ± 1.2 years in groups 1 and 2, respectively. Mean height, weight, BMI and height minus mid-parental height Z scores were not significantly different between the groups. Children in group 2 had a significantly advanced mean bone age (10.7 ± 2 years) and difference in bone and chronological ages (2.5 ± 1.2 years) as compared to group-1 (9.7 ± 1.9; 1.9 ± 1.2) and a larger proportion presented in late puberty. CONCLUSIONS: We found an increase in the referrals for precocious puberty and an increase in number of children diagnosed with iCPP during COVID lockdown.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Puberty, Precocious , Body Height , COVID-19/epidemiology , Child , Child, Preschool , Communicable Disease Control , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Puberty, Precocious/diagnosis , Puberty, Precocious/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies
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