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Virologie ; 26(2):181, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1912989


Several COVID-19 vaccines have now been deployed to tackle the SARSCoV- 2 pandemic, most of them based on messenger RNA or adenovirus vectors. The duration of protection afforded by these vaccines is unknown, as well as their capacity to protect from emerging new variants. To provide sufficient coverage for the world population, additional strategies need to be tested. The live pediatric measles vaccine (MeV) is an attractive approach, given its extensive safety and efficacy history, along with its established large-scale manufacturing capacity. We develop an MeVbased SARS-CoV-2 vaccine expressing the prefusion-stabilized, membrane-anchored full-length S antigen, which proves to be efficient at eliciting strong Th1-dominant T-cell responses and high neutralizing antibody titers. In both mouse and golden Syrian hamster models, these responses protect the animals from intranasal infectious challenge. Additionally, the elicited antibodies efficiently neutralize in vitro the three currently circulating variants of SARS-CoV-2.

Mucosal Immunol ; 13(6): 877-891, 2020 11.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-724735


COVID-19 is causing a major once-in-a-century global pandemic. The scientific and clinical community is in a race to define and develop effective preventions and treatments. The major features of disease are described but clinical trials have been hampered by competing interests, small scale, lack of defined patient cohorts and defined readouts. What is needed now is head-to-head comparison of existing drugs, testing of safety including in the background of predisposing chronic diseases, and the development of new and targeted preventions and treatments. This is most efficiently achieved using representative animal models of primary infection including in the background of chronic disease with validation of findings in primary human cells and tissues. We explore and discuss the diverse animal, cell and tissue models that are being used and developed and collectively recapitulate many critical aspects of disease manifestation in humans to develop and test new preventions and treatments.

Antibodies, Viral/biosynthesis , Antiviral Agents/pharmacology , Betacoronavirus/pathogenicity , Coronavirus Infections/immunology , Disease Models, Animal , Pneumonia, Viral/immunology , Viral Vaccines/biosynthesis , Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme 2 , Animals , Animals, Genetically Modified , Antiviral Agents/chemical synthesis , Betacoronavirus/drug effects , Betacoronavirus/genetics , Betacoronavirus/physiology , COVID-19 , COVID-19 Vaccines , Cats , Chiroptera , Coronavirus Infections/drug therapy , Coronavirus Infections/genetics , Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Coronavirus Infections/virology , Cricetulus , Female , Ferrets , Haplorhini , Humans , Male , Mice , Organoids/drug effects , Organoids/immunology , Organoids/virology , Pandemics , Peptidyl-Dipeptidase A/genetics , Peptidyl-Dipeptidase A/immunology , Pneumonia, Viral/drug therapy , Pneumonia, Viral/genetics , Pneumonia, Viral/virology , SARS-CoV-2 , Severity of Illness Index , Species Specificity , Spike Glycoprotein, Coronavirus/genetics , Spike Glycoprotein, Coronavirus/immunology , Viral Vaccines/administration & dosage