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1.
Cogent Medicine ; 8, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1617067

ABSTRACT

Background: Vaccination against COVID-19 in pediatric age has been a hot topic recently. This study aimed to assess parents' intention to vaccinate their children against COVID-19 and identify which factors may influence this decision. Methods: An observational study was conducted between June and July 2021 by applying an anonymous questionnaire to a sample of caregivers of children and adolescents followed in ambulatory care in a Portuguese central hospital. We included sociodemographic data, immunization history, personal background, exposure to COVID-19 and caregivers' beliefs. At the time of the study, there was still no official recommendation from health authorities regarding vaccination in pediatric age. Results: A total of 78 questionnaires were conducted. The mean age of the children was 9.2 years (±5.9), 56.4% were male, 94.8% had an updated immunization history, and 65.8% had extra vaccines. Of these children, 22.1% had comorbidities. Among the caregivers, 83.3% were mothers, the mean age was 39.4 years (±9.4), and 26.9% had attended university. The vaccine was considered safe by 61.5%, and 34.6% answered they did not know whether to consider it safe or not. Information about the vaccine was obtained through television in 84.6%, social networks in 42.3% and 34.6% in the information given by health professionals. Regarding the intention to vaccinate their children, 76.9% answered "yes", 7.7% did not answer and 15.4% answered "no". The vaccine's ineffectiveness (n=5) and inappropriate age (n=3) were the most cited reasons not to vaccinate. In 82.9%, the number of doses of the vaccine would not influence the decision. Conclusions: The study results show that caregivers have considerable resistance to the vaccination of children and adolescents against COVID-19, mainly based on the belief in the vaccine's ineffectiveness. The majority obtained information about the vaccine in the media, which reinforces the importance and the opportunity for intervention by transmitting credible and perceptible information in these media.

2.
Revista Da Escola De Enfermagem Da Usp ; 55:11, 2021.
Article in Spanish | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1551354

ABSTRACT

Objective: to map the scientific production on interprofessional relationships in health in the first year of the COVID-19 pandemic. Method: this is a scoping review performed in PubMed, Scopus, LILACS, CINAHL, Web of Science, Google Scholar and Science Direct databases, covering the period of publication in 2020, using the acronym PCC (Population = health professionals;Concept = interprofessional relationships;Context = health services) and respective search strategies. Results: fourteen scientific articles were selected and the content discussed in the manuscripts was standardized, analyzed and organized into categories of affinities and similarities of their results: 1 - Interprofessional collaboration;2 - Collaborative practice;3 - Interprofessional work;4 - Interactive and interprofessional learning. Conclusion: the pandemic demanded quick and effective responses that were only possible through collaboration and interprofessionalism dimensions. Interprofessional work in health during the first year of the COVID-19 pandemic confirms the importance of interprofessional work and its dimensions for the provision of more comprehensive, resolute and safer health services.

3.
Rev Esc Enferm USP ; 55:e20210295, 2021.
Article in English, Portuguese | PubMed | ID: covidwho-1538264

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To map evidence on the use of digital technologies in the care of people with diabetes during the COVID-19 pandemic. METHOD: This is a scoping review, based on the JBI manual, which included scientific articles and gray literature from nine primary and seven secondary databases. Articles were independently assessed by two reviewers. Rayyan® was used to select the studies. The description of study characterization is presented in a table and tables, ending in a narrative synthesis. RESULTS: A total of 1,964 studies were identified and, after selection, 23 publications remained for analysis. It turned out that telemedicine was used in all studies and remote consultation support technologies included continuous glucose monitoring devices, glucose data analysis software, insulin delivery systems, applications, audio and/or voice communication devices, which facilitated remote diabetes mellitus monitoring and management. CONCLUSION: Telehealth, monitoring technologies, insulin delivery systems and communication devices were tools used to monitor patients with diabetes during the pandemic.

4.
Revista Da Escola de Enfermagem Da Usp ; 55:e20210207, 2021.
Article in English, Portuguese | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1528754

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: to map the scientific production on interprofessional relationships in health in the first year of the COVID-19 pandemic. METHOD: this is a scoping review performed in PubMed, Scopus, LILACS, CINAHL, Web of Science, Google Scholar and Science Direct databases, covering the period of publication in 2020, using the acronym PCC (Population = health professionals;Concept = interprofessional relationships;Context = health services) and respective search strategies. RESULTS: fourteen scientific articles were selected and the content discussed in the manuscripts was standardized, analyzed and organized into categories of affinities and similarities of their results: 1 - Interprofessional collaboration;2 - Collaborative practice;3 - Interprofessional work;4 - Interactive and interprofessional learning. CONCLUSION: the pandemic demanded quick and effective responses that were only possible through collaboration and interprofessionalism dimensions. Interprofessional work in health during the first year of the COVID-19 pandemic confirms the importance of interprofessional work and its dimensions for the provision of more comprehensive, resolute and safer health services.

5.
Acta Paulista De Enfermagem ; 33:9, 2020.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1011957

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the scientific evidence on palliative care implementation amidst the COVID-19 pandemic. Method: This is a scoping review based on the methodology proposed by the Joanna Briggs Institute. Virtual Health Library, Web of Science, Scopus, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, EBSCO, Embase, PsycInfo (R) and Science Direct were analyzed using the descriptors "palliative care" and "coronavirus" and the keyword "COVID-19". Thirty studies were selected for analysis. Results: This review showed strategies for palliative care implementation using protocols and telemedicine, to facilitate communication, and showed how palliative therapy approach has been, revealing the need to promote comfort and welcoming patients and family members in times of pain and grief. Conclusion: The palliative care principles contribute to comprehensive care, but its implementation amidst the crisis is a challenge. It is important to provide conditions to apply it in the daily life of health services, even in pandemic scenarios.

6.
Epidemiol Infect ; 148: e123, 2020 06 25.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-615328

ABSTRACT

This study aims to identify the risk factors associated with mortality and survival of COVID-19 cases in a state of the Brazilian Northeast. It is a historical cohort with a secondary database of 2070 people that presented flu-like symptoms, sought health assistance in the state and tested positive to COVID-19 until 14 April 2020, only moderate and severe cases were hospitalised. The main outcome was death as a binary variable (yes/no). It also investigated the main factors related to mortality and survival of the disease. Time since the beginning of symptoms until death/end of the survey (14 April 2020) was the time variable of this study. Mortality was analysed by robust Poisson regression, and survival by Kaplan-Meier and Cox regression. From the 2070 people that tested positive to COVID-19, 131 (6.3%) died and 1939 (93.7%) survived, the overall survival probability was 87.7% from the 24th day of infection. Mortality was enhanced by the variables: elderly (HR 3.6; 95% CI 2.3-5.8; P < 0.001), neurological diseases (HR 3.9; 95% CI 1.9-7.8; P < 0.001), pneumopathies (HR 2.6; 95% CI 1.4-4.7; P < 0.001) and cardiovascular diseases (HR 8.9; 95% CI 5.4-14.5; P < 0.001). In conclusion, mortality by COVID-19 in Ceará is similar to countries with a large number of cases of the disease, although deaths occur later. Elderly people and comorbidities presented a greater risk of death.


Subject(s)
Coronavirus Infections/mortality , Pneumonia, Viral/mortality , Adult , Age Factors , Aged , Brazil/epidemiology , COVID-19 , Cardiovascular Diseases/complications , Cohort Studies , Comorbidity , Coronavirus Infections/complications , Diabetes Complications/complications , Female , Hospitalization , Humans , Intensive Care Units , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Kidney Diseases/complications , Lung Diseases/complications , Male , Middle Aged , Nervous System Diseases/complications , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral/complications , Poisson Distribution , Proportional Hazards Models , Risk Factors , Sex Factors , Time Factors
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