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Front Pharmacol ; 13: 867907, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2228099


Objectives: According to the National Cancer Institute, the integrative medicine (IM) approach to medical care combines standard medicine with complementary and alternative medicine practices that have proved safe and effective. Methods: We describe the clinical cases of four patients with malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM), diffuse malignant peritoneal mesothelioma (DMPM), intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma, and breast cancer (BC) who received supportive treatment (ST) according to an IM approach after the failure of standard cancer treatments or the appearance of serious adverse events caused by antiblastic chemotherapy. The critical role of complementary drugs in reducing the side effects of cancer treatments and normalizing the white cell count is especially apparent in the case of the patient with metastatic BC, who experienced prolonged neutropenia. Results: The IM approach was well-tolerated and had no adverse side effects. It improved the quality of life (QoL) of all patients and in two cases extended overall survival. Conclusion: The extended clinical and instrumental response to IM of the patients with malignant mesothelioma and the improved health-related QoL and good tolerance of the ST demonstrated in all cases support the value of this approach in patients whose cancer therapies have failed but who show a good performance status. Our data require confirmation in a well-designed prospective clinical trial.

American Journal of Transplantation ; 22(Supplement 3):767, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2063510


Purpose: Emerging evidence suggests that 3 doses of SARS-CoV-2 mRNA vaccine enhance immunity in kidney transplant (KT) patients. However, few studies have focused on humoral response after inactivated virus-based vaccines. Here we report the results of humoral response in KT recipients in comparison with healthy control group after homologous and heterologous regimens with inactivated virus (Coronavac) and mRNA vaccine BNT162b2. Method(s): A multicenter prospective study was conducted. KT recipients received heterologous vaccine schedule (2 doses of Coronavac and a booster of mRNA BNT162b2, n= 136) or homologous (3 doses of BNT162b2 n=19). Healthy control group received 2 doses or Coronavac (n=67) or BNT162b2 (n=15). Serum IgG antibodies against Receptor Binding Domain of SARS-CoV-2 Spike protein were determined 30 and 40 days after last dose. Result(s): Seroconversion was 52.2% and 57,9% with heterologous and homologous vaccination schedules in KT, p=0.789, figure 1. Among KT patients with seroconversion, antibody levels against RBD of SARS-CoV-2 were [1012 (183-3111) and 603 (41-1255) BAU/mL, with heterologous and homologous schedule, respectively. Levels were higher in KT compared to heathy control with 2 doses of inactivated virus 308 (209-335), p=0.03 and lower than heathy control with 2 doses of BNT162b2: 2638 (2608-3808) BAU/mL, p=0.001]. Conclusion(s): Seroconversion improves after a third dose with homologous or heterologous vaccine schedules. Among patients with seroconversion antibody levels were higher than in heathy control with two doses of inactivated virus. Measurement of antibody levels could help to improve vaccination policies.