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1.
Applied System Innovation ; 5(3):18, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1917268

ABSTRACT

Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are the leading cause of mortality globally. Despite improvement in therapies, people with CVD lack support for monitoring and managing their condition at home and out of hospital settings. Smart Home Technologies have potential to monitor health status and support people with CVD in their homes. We explored the Smart Home Technologies available for CVD monitoring and management in people with CVD and acceptance of the available technologies to end-users. We systematically searched four databases, namely Medline, Web of Science, Embase, and IEEE, from 1990 to 2020 (search date 18 March 2020). "Smart-Home" was defined as a system using integrated sensor technologies. We included studies using sensors, such as wearable and non-wearable devices, to capture vital signs relevant to CVD at home settings and to transfer the data using communication systems, including the gateway. We categorised the articles for parameters monitored, communication systems and data sharing, end-user applications, regulations, and user acceptance. The initial search yielded 2462 articles, and the elimination of duplicates resulted in 1760 articles. Of the 36 articles eligible for full-text screening, we selected five Smart Home Technology studies for CVD management with sensor devices connected to a gateway and having a web-based user interface. We observed that the participants of all the studies were people with heart failure. A total of three main categories-Smart Home Technology for CVD management, user acceptance, and the role of regulatory agencies-were developed and discussed. There is an imperative need to monitor CVD patients' vital parameters regularly. However, limited Smart Home Technology is available to address CVD patients' needs and monitor health risks. Our review suggests the need to develop and test Smart Home Technology for people with CVD. Our findings provide insights and guidelines into critical issues, including Smart Home Technology for CVD management, user acceptance, and regulatory agency's role to be followed when designing, developing, and deploying Smart Home Technology for CVD.

3.
Circulation ; 144(SUPPL 1), 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1632416

ABSTRACT

Cardiac microthrombi are postulated to underlie cardiac injury in critical COVID-19. To determine pathogenic mechanism(s) of cardiac injury in fatal COVID-19, we conducted a single-center prospective cohort study of 69 consecutive COVID-19 decedents. Microthrombi was the most commonly detected acute cardiac histopathologic feature (n=48, 70%). We tested associations of cardiac microthrombi with biomarkers of inflammation, cardiac injury, and fibrinolysis and with inhospital antiplatelet therapy, therapeutic anticoagulation, and corticosteroid treatment, while adjusting for multiple clinical factors, including COVID-19 therapies. Higher peak ESR and CRP during hospitalization were independently associated with higher odds of microthrombi (ESR, Pnonlinearity 0.015, Passociation=0.008;CRP per 20mg/L increase, OR 1.17, 95%CI 1.00-1.36). Using single nuclei RNA-sequence analysis, we discovered an enrichment of prothrombotic, anti-fibrinolytic, and extracellular matrix signaling amongst cardiac fibroblasts in microthrombi-positive COVID-19 hearts, compared with microthrombi-negative COVID-19 hearts and non-COVID-19 donor hearts. Our cumulative findings identify these specific transcriptomic changes in cardiac fibroblasts as salient features of COVID-19-associated cardiac microthrombi.

4.
Journal of Culinary Science & Technology ; : 18, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1585361

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic has certainly jeopardized the global food systems and affected consumer views on food safety and food purchasing patterns. The SARS-CoV-2 transfer to and from the fomites had heightened concerns about the safety in the entire food chain, although there is no evidence so far. In this context, this review gives an overview of existing knowledge on the effect of different food processing, storage, and handling conditions on the survivability of SARS-CoV-2, changing consumer preferences, and common solutions to recreate safe and sustainable food systems for a post-COVID-19 world.

5.
International Journal of Dentistry and Oral Science ; 8(3):2056-2059, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1172163
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